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1.
Biochem Mol Biol Educ ; 50(4): 401-402, 2022 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1866505

ABSTRACT

As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, it is crucial for an introductory course in biochemistry to move from in-person instruction to total remote learning. There are four transferable skills in the course: problem-solving, laboratory psychomotor skills, data analysis and interpretation skills, and presentation skills. Since all lab buildings were closed for learning activities, we responded quickly to ensure the transferability of the skills. We modified the laboratory activity as a home discovery approach to achieve the desired skills. Students showed confidence and gratitude as they learned in a new way. In summary, modifying the laboratory activity helped students acquire laboratory-related skills but presented challenges in using laboratory equipment. This suggests that Home Discovery can be considered a hybrid approach to learning biochemistry.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Biochemistry/education , COVID-19/epidemiology , Humans , Laboratories , Learning , Pandemics
2.
Essays Biochem ; 66(1): 65-73, 2022 04 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1784057

ABSTRACT

The present paper addresses a case study on the implementation of an online learning exercise utilising infographics in undergraduate Biochemistry and General Chemistry courses at the University of Roehampton (UoR) and Hostos Community College (HCC) of the City University of New York (CUNY). Students at UoR were asked to create infographics on topics related to the four major classes of biomolecules: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids, and these infographics were shared with HCC students in an active learning exercise which incorporated peer evaluation and feedback. We highlight the various teaching and learning strategies, as well as the challenges related to the implementation of digital tools, in the educational process during the COVID-19 pandemic to maintain student engagement and active learning. Student feedback revealed positive learning gains on biochemistry concepts related to the four biomolecules. The exercise was viewed favourably by students, with learners indicating the acquisition of digital skills to effectively represent and visualise their understanding of biochemical concepts and explain these processes to peers.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Biochemistry/education , Data Visualization , Humans , Peer Group
3.
Biochem Mol Biol Educ ; 50(3): 312-318, 2022 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1782574

ABSTRACT

Virtual laboratories have started to be the leading alternative teaching tools during the Covid-19 pandemic process. The "Acid-Base" subject is among those that form the foundations of biochemistry. Students can learn the "Acid-Base" subject in a secure environment, with remote access through the use of virtual laboratory simulations. Simulation was applied to fourth-year undergraduate students in Turkey who want to obtain a bachelor's degree in science teaching during the present study. During the application process, the students conducted different experiments on the concepts of strong acid, strong base and pH, which are the basic concepts of biochemistry. In addition, student opinions regarding the application were also obtained. It was thus determined that the majority of the students were able to write hypotheses, test their accuracy and report the test findings correctly; a small number of students started to apply the simulations after examining them in accordance with scientific terminology. At the end of the application, the students also stated that they had fun during the application which also provided effective learning. It is recommended that classroom activity which is integrated with simulation be used in Chemistry, Biochemistry and Science Laboratory Applications courses.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Biochemistry/education , COVID-19/epidemiology , Humans , Laboratories , Pandemics , Students , Teaching
4.
PLoS One ; 17(4): e0266419, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1779768

ABSTRACT

The pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus (COVID-19) is still a major health issue. The COVID-19 pandemic has forced the university teaching to consider in high priority the switch from in-presence teaching to remote teaching, including laboratory teaching. While excellent virtual-laboratory teaching has been proposed and turned out to be very useful, the need of a real-laboratory in-presence teaching is still a major need. This study was aimed at presenting a laboratory exercise focusing (a) on a very challenging therapeutic strategy, i.e. SARS-CoV-2 diagnostics, and (b) on technologies that are playing a central role in applied biochemistry and molecular biology, i.e. PCR and RT-PCR. The aims of the practical laboratory were to determine: (a) the possibility to identify SARS-CoV-2 sequences starting from a recombinant plasmid and (b) the possibility to discriminate cells with respect to the expression of SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein. This activity is simple (cell culture, RNA extraction, RT-qPCR are all well-established technologies), fast (starting from isolated and characterized RNA, few hours are just necessary), highly reproducible (therefore easily employed by even untrained students). We suggest that this laboratory practical exercises should be considered for face-to-face teaching especially if the emergency related to the COVID-19 pandemic is maintained. The teaching protocol here described might be considered in order to perform fast but meaningful in-presence teaching, making feasible the division of crowded classes in low-number cohorts of students, allowing the maintenance of the required social distance.


Subject(s)
Biochemistry , Pharmacology , SARS-CoV-2 , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus , Teaching , Biochemistry/education , Pharmacology/education , RNA , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/genetics
5.
Biochem Mol Biol Educ ; 50(1): 120-121, 2022 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1544213

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic emphasized the importance of peer communication networks for student outcomes. Herein, we describe the use of supplemental instructional videos created by former students and integrated into electronic lab notebooks, to restore the lost community-learning component using student voices in a de-densified upper-division biochemistry laboratory.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Laboratories , Biochemistry/education , Curriculum , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Students
7.
Biochem Mol Biol Educ ; 48(5): 516-517, 2020 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1248679

ABSTRACT

The rush to remote learning during the COVD-19 pandemic has caused instructors to rapidly adapt mechanisms of learning. Here, I describe an online concept mapping activity for membrane transport mechanisms that can be accomplished by students working together remotely and either synchronously or asynchronously.


Subject(s)
Biochemistry/education , COVID-19 , Cell Membrane , Education, Distance , Learning , Pandemics , Biological Transport, Active , Curriculum , Humans , Students
8.
Biochem Mol Biol Educ ; 49(3): 323-325, 2021 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1202669

ABSTRACT

While we have been looking for alternative educational materials for our undergraduate students, we found ourself in Covid-19 pandemic and had to think postgraduate education. On the first day of restrictions, our major problem was to learn and find the best communication tool. The first experiences for online meetings were boring, we were not feeling our emotions but as days past we got used to it. We all understand the importance of having alternatives and have to be ready for second choices. During those challenging days, all had more time to work on our completed data, time to write, complete the proofreading of written materials. Other vital scientific activities for career development and profile building such as reading (every meeting with new articles/reviews), publishing and preparing oral presentation were fully completed during the online meetings as a part of lab meeting activities. They learned to improve communication skills, be active participants, and fight.


Subject(s)
Biochemistry/education , COVID-19 , Education, Distance , COVID-19/epidemiology , Curriculum , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Turkey/epidemiology , Universities
9.
Biochem Mol Biol Educ ; 49(3): 318-319, 2021 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1178980

ABSTRACT

The influence of bioinformatics is pervasive affecting many biological disciplines resulting in changes in biosciences globally but not so in, Nigeria as the course is never taught in any public tertiary institution. This article describes development and teaching of bioinformatics integrated into bachelor's degree programme in biochemistry, during the COVID-19 pandemic. Resources from the course are available for use by colleagues and students.


Subject(s)
Biochemistry/education , COVID-19 , Computational Biology/education , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/epidemiology , Curriculum , Education, Distance , Humans , Nigeria/epidemiology , Pandemics , Students , Universities
10.
Biochem Mol Biol Educ ; 49(3): 457-463, 2021 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1116305

ABSTRACT

Objectively Structured Clinical/Practical Examination (OSCE/OSPE) has been the backbone of the assessment system of graduate medical education for over three decades. We have developed an electronic Objectively Structured Practical Examination (e-OSPE) in Medical Biochemistry using the freely available Google forms to mitigate the academic disruption posed by COVID-19 pandemic in our resource-poor setting. Ten e-OSPE stations created, interlinked, and time-restricted. Fifty undergraduate students appeared for the e-OSPE examination on a prefixed date and time. Learner feedback was collected immediately after the completion of the examination. Facilitator feedback was also collected. Students' mean scores in e-OSPE and traditional OSPE were 78.15% and 74.56%, respectively. Their difference was not statistically significant (paired t-test two-tailed p-value 0.0979). Thus, the results of e-OSPE are reliable as compared to traditional OSPE. Bland Altman Plot revealed 92% of students had scores that were in the agreeable limit of both traditional OSPE and e-OSPE. Both the learners and facilitators were in consensus that the online format of e-OSPE is a good alternative for assessment (0.67 and 0.82); their experience was good (0.72 and 0.92) and conduction was well organized (0.73 and 0.86). Several suggestions were also received to make e-OSPE even more effective. In conclusion, this pilot study showed e-OSPE can be an effective alternative to traditional OSPE when "in-person" evaluation is not possible such as in the current era of COVID-19 even in resource-limited settings.


Subject(s)
Biochemistry/education , Education, Distance , Education, Medical, Undergraduate/standards , Educational Measurement/methods , Educational Measurement/standards , COVID-19/epidemiology , Curriculum , Humans , India/epidemiology , Online Systems , Pandemics , Pilot Projects , SARS-CoV-2 , Students, Medical , User-Computer Interface
11.
Biochem Mol Biol Educ ; 49(1): 9-14, 2021 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-973313

ABSTRACT

Like many institutions around the world, the COVID-19 pandemic prompted us to shift our summer 2020 in-person undergraduate experiential learning program to a remote, virtual format. Here, we present our observations, summarized in 10 best practices, for moving a STEM-focused research experience for undergraduates, experiential learning program or research-based course online. We will also discuss how our program was originally designed and implemented, and how we adapted our activities to deliver an at-home research experience that maintained student engagement, mentorship, and a shared sense of community.


Subject(s)
Biochemistry/education , COVID-19 , Education, Distance , Education, Graduate , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Humans
12.
Biochem Mol Biol Educ ; 48(6): 670-674, 2020 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-866029

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 outbreak has shut down universities and prompted the teaching faculty to move to online resources. In view of upcoming of new Medical Council of India (MCI) curriculum and outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic, keeping pace with medical education became a challenge. To keep on par with learning activities of undergraduate students during this period, the teaching faculty adopted the use of online resources. E-learning tools were utilized to engage first-year undergraduate students and satisfy majority of aspects of Competency-Based Undergraduate Medical Curriculum/Education (CBMC/E) in Biochemistry.


Subject(s)
Biochemistry/education , COVID-19/epidemiology , Competency-Based Education/methods , Curriculum , Education, Distance/methods , Education, Medical, Undergraduate/methods , Pandemics , Schools, Medical/organization & administration , Clinical Competence , Competency-Based Education/standards , Education, Distance/standards , Education, Medical, Undergraduate/standards , Educational Measurement , Humans , India/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Teaching Materials
13.
Biochem Mol Biol Educ ; 49(3): 326-332, 2021 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-856009

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a case that can be used as a biochemistry learning resource in relation to the topic of viruses. Learning to use cases will be effective if students are assigned to produce reports, articles, or other scientific papers. Self-assessment can be used to assess the competencies that have been learnt in the writing process. This study aims to analyze the scientific papers and self-assessment of students using the COVID-19 pandemic case. It includes qualitative research with scientific paper and self-assessment questionnaire analyses. The research sample was chemistry education study program students (N = 57) following biochemistry course, out of a population of 87 students. The results show that the students have a good understanding of explaining COVID-19. Self-assessment analysis shows that 80% of the students responded positively to eight statements; those who gave positive responses to each questionnaire statement were able to produce scientific papers. Good self-assessment is in line with the ability of students to compile good scientific papers.


Subject(s)
Biochemistry/education , COVID-19 , Curriculum , COVID-19/epidemiology , Education, Distance , Female , Humans , Indonesia/epidemiology , Male , Pandemics , Publications , Research Report , SARS-CoV-2 , Self-Assessment , Students , Surveys and Questionnaires , Young Adult
14.
Biochem Mol Biol Educ ; 48(6): 655-656, 2020 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-856007

ABSTRACT

A biochemistry class was transformed to implement student-centered, active-learning pedagogies to help improve competencies associated with the scientific method. In responding to the COVID-19 pandemic, the course content switched from the biochemistry of nucleic acids to the science of the newly discovered virus, SARS-CoV-2. This provided a unique opportunity to model authentic science inquiry through cycles of questioning, investigating, assessing, and critical thinking on a rapidly evolving, interdisciplinary topic. This learning experience helped enhance science literacy, supported self-directed learning and curiosity, and emphasized the importance of evaluating information sources to recognize misinformation.


Subject(s)
Biochemistry/education , COVID-19/virology , Pandemics , Problem-Based Learning/methods , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/epidemiology , Curriculum , Humans , SARS-CoV-2/chemistry , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Students , Thinking
15.
Biochem Mol Biol Educ ; 48(6): 659-661, 2020 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-846105

ABSTRACT

Virtual laboratory activities are flexible approaches to engage undergraduate students in scientific practices during the COVID-19 pandemic. By utilizing online simulations, students can conduct virtual experiments on important biochemical reactions that occur during photosynthesis. The learning module described here provides students with this experience and was implemented for first-year students in a virtual summer bridge program. It introduces new biochemistry majors and nonmajors to the discipline, and it is based on an in-person photosynthesis laboratory module taught for the summer bridge program before the emergence of COVID-19. This virtual laboratory module can be readily adapted for use during the academic year in introductory biochemistry courses.


Subject(s)
Biochemistry/education , COVID-19/epidemiology , Education, Distance/methods , Photosynthesis , Virtual Reality , Humans , Pandemics , Research Design , Research Report , SARS-CoV-2
17.
Biochem Mol Biol Educ ; 48(5): 442-447, 2020 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-628899

ABSTRACT

The recent COVID-19 pandemic has led to widespread lock-down strategies that force universities to perform all educational activities remotely. In this context, laboratory lessons pose a significant challenge. Here, I present an on-line tool that simulates the kinetics of chemical reactions. Enzymatic mechanisms can be easily modeled and followed through time. In addition, professors can customize the interface to hide the reaction mechanism. This setting will force students to design virtual experiments to uncover the mechanism and obtain the relevant enzymatic parameters. While some of the skills developed in a practical lesson cannot be simulated, this tool can be used to teach students important concepts about data acquisition and processing.


Subject(s)
Biochemistry/education , COVID-19/epidemiology , Education, Distance , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Universities , Virtual Reality , Humans , Laboratories
18.
Biochem Mol Biol Educ ; 48(6): 646-647, 2020 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-754888

ABSTRACT

Readily available, free, computational approaches, adaptable for topics accessible for first to senior year classes and individual research projects, emphasizing contributions of noncovalent interactions to structure, binding and catalysis were used to teach Course-based Undergraduate Research Experiences that fulfil generally accepted main CURE components: Scientific Background, Hypothesis Development, Proposal, Experiments, Teamwork, Data Analysis of quantitative data, Conclusions, and Presentation.


Subject(s)
Biochemistry/education , Computer Simulation , Proteins , Software , Teaching , Humans , Protein Conformation , Structure-Activity Relationship
19.
Biochem Mol Biol Educ ; 48(5): 523-525, 2020 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-738512

ABSTRACT

This article illustrates the use of Microsoft OneNote as an Electronic Notebook for undergraduate biochemistry lab reports as well as student opinions of this use both before and during the online coursework shift during the pandemic.


Subject(s)
Biochemistry/education , COVID-19/epidemiology , Education, Distance , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Software , Humans
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