Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 281
Filter
1.
BMC Neurol ; 23(1): 206, 2023 May 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20238613

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic has had an impact on the emergency department (ED). Door-to-needle time (DNT) could be prolonged for intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) treatment. We aimed to investigate the impact of two COVID-19 pandemics on the workflow of IVT in our neurovascular ED. METHOD: We performed a retrospective analysis of patients who received IVT treatment in the neurovascular ED of Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Beijing, from January 20, 2020, to October 30, 2020, covering two COVID-19 pandemics in China. The time-based performances of IVT treatment including onset-to-arrival time, arrival-to-CT time, CT-to-needle time, door-to-needle time, and onset-to-needle time were recorded. Data on clinical characteristics and imaging information were also collected. RESULTS: Four hundred forty patients that received IVT were enrolled in this study. The number of patients admitted to our neurovascular ED began to decrease in December 2019 and was the lowest in April 2020 (n = 95). Longer DNT (Wuhan pandemic: 49.00 [35.00, 64.00] min; Beijing pandemic: 55.00 [45.50, 77.00] min) interval delays were observed during the two pandemics (p = .016). More patients admitted during the two pandemics had an 'unknown' subtype (Wuhan pandemic: 21.8%; Beijing pandemic: 31.4%. p = .008). The percentage of the cardiac embolism subtype was higher during the Wuhan pandemic (20.0%) than during other periods. The median admission NIHSS score increased during the Wuhan pandemic and the Beijing pandemic (8.00 [4.00, 12.00], 7.00 [4.50, 14.00], respectively, p < .001). CONCLUSION: The number of patients who received IVT decreased during the Wuhan pandemic. Higher admission NIHSS scores and prolonged DNT intervals were also observed during the Wuhan pandemic and the Beijing pandemic.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , COVID-19 , Ischemic Stroke , Stroke , Humans , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Stroke/drug therapy , Pandemics , Ischemic Stroke/drug therapy , Thrombolytic Therapy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Time-to-Treatment , China/epidemiology , Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome
2.
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova ; 123(4): 53-58, 2023.
Article in Russian | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2322425

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study clinico-psychological profile and life quality of patients with post-COVID syndrome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We examined 162 patients aged 24-60 years with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection which having symptoms that served as the basis for the diagnosis of post-COVID syndrome. Patients underwent general neurological and somatic examination with allocation of the corresponding neurological syndromes. The intensity and quality of pain were assessed using the McGill Pain questionnaire. The level of psychosocial stress was determined by the Holmes-Ray questionnaire, the identification and severity of asthenia - by the MFI-20 asthenia scale. The level of reactive and personal anxiety was studied according to the Spielberger-Khanin questionnaire, depression - according to the Beck scale. The assessment of life quality was carried out using the Russian version of SF-36 questionnaire. To correct the identified disorders, Mexidol was used according to the scheme: 500 mg once daily intravenously for 14 days, followed by Mexidol FORTE 250 750 mg per day orally (250 mg 3 times a day) for 2 months. RESULTS: The course of treatment with Mexidol in patients with post-COVID syndrome led to decrease in the severity of subjective and objective symptoms, asthenic, anxiety and depressive disorders, and improved the life quality of patients. CONCLUSION: The high efficacy and safety of sequential therapy with Mexidol (injections followed by tablets of Mexidol FORTE 250) has been shown.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , COVID-19 , Humans , Brain Ischemia/psychology , COVID-19/complications , Asthenia , Syndrome , SARS-CoV-2 , Quality of Life
3.
Rev Alerg Mex ; 67(4): 338-349, 2020.
Article in Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2293749

ABSTRACT

The clinical manifestations of COVID-19 are reminiscent of those of acute respiratory distress syndrome induced by cytokine release syndrome and secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis that is observed in patients with other coronaviruses such as SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV. Neurologists face the challenge of assessing patients with pre-existing neurological diseases who have contracted SARS-CoV-2, patients with COVID-19 who present neurological emergencies, and patients who are carriers of the virus and have developed secondary neurological complications, either during the course of the disease or after it. Some authors and recent literature reports suggest that the presence of neurological manifestations in patients who are carriers of SARS-CoV-2 may be associated with a greater severity of the disease.


Las manifestaciones clínicas de COVID-19 recuerdan las del síndrome de insuficiencia respiratoria aguda inducido por el síndrome de liberación de citocinas y la linfohistiocitosis hemofagocitica observada en pacientes con otros coronavirus como SARS-CoV y MERS-CoV. Los neurólogos tienen el reto de evaluar pacientes con enfermedades neurológicas preexistentes que contraen SARS-CoV-2, pacientes con COVID-19 que presentan emergencias neurológicas y pacientes portadores del virus que desarrollan complicaciones neurológicas secundarias, durante el curso de la enfermedad o posterior a la misma. Algunos autores y reportes en la literatura recientes sugieren que las manifestaciones neurológicas en pacientes portadores de SARS-CoV-2 pueden asociarse con mayor gravedad de la enfermedad.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Cytokine Release Syndrome/etiology , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/etiology , Nervous System Diseases/etiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Adaptive Immunity , Anosmia/etiology , Blood-Brain Barrier , Brain Ischemia/etiology , COVID-19/immunology , Cytokine Release Syndrome/immunology , Encephalitis, Viral/etiology , Headache/etiology , Humans , Immunity, Innate , Leukocytes/immunology , Organ Specificity , Viral Tropism
4.
Wiad Lek ; 76(3): 591-596, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2304237

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim: The aim of the study is the clinical-pathogenetic reasoning of vestibular dysfunctions (VD) development against the background of chronic brain ischemia in the presence of degenerative changes in the cervical spine (CS) in the post COVID period. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: 82 patients, in the conditions of the clinical base of the Odessa National Medical University in 2019-2021 were examined. Group I with VD against the background of chronic brain ischemia (CBI) at the compensated phase; Group II with VD against the background of CBI at the subcom¬pensated phase (33 men; 49 women), aged from 18 to 55 years. The control group (CG) consisted of 20 patients of the corresponding gender and age. The condition of the state of the autonomic nervous system, vestibular functions, cervical spine, cerebral arteries and emotional condition were examined. RESULTS: Results: Vestibulo-ataxic disorders were higher compared to CG and increased along with the degree of brain damage. An important aspect of the development of VD is autonomic dysfunction against the background of pathological autonomic characteristics with predominant parasympathetic orientation of autonomic tone, especially in the case of insufficiency of autonomic recativity (AR) and pathological autonomic support of activity. Such changes significantly increased in the presence of subcompensation of CBI. The correlation between psychoemotional disorders and changes in autonomic characteristics with VD against the background of CBI with initial regularities depending on the degree of brain damage was defined. The progression of CBI is facilitated by coronavirus infection and manifested in autonomic and psychoemotional dysfunctions. A characteristic hemodynamic feature in groups with compensated and subcompensated CBI is the presence of reduced perfusion in basilar (BA) and vertebral (VA) arteries. Changes in cerebral vascular reactivity with a decrease in cerebrovascular reactivity indicators were characteristic of the subcompensated phase of CBI. Hyperactivity to rotational functional loads in both clinical groups has a high correlation with the presence of stair descent and, to a lesser extent, isolated instability in CS. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: 1. The occurrence of VD is facilitated by the presence of autonomic dysfunction and degenerative-dystrophic changes in the CS, especially in case of subcompensation of CBI. 2. Psychoemotional changes were a characteristic feature of patients with VD against the background of CBI and had certain regularities depending on the phase of CBI. 3. Suffered coronavirus infection contributes to the progression of VD and further decompensation of CBI due to direct damage to the autonomic and vascular systems of the brain. 4. Changes in cerebral hemodynamics in the form of reduced perfusion in BA and VA, a decrease in cerebrovascular reactivity, and an increase in reactivity to rotational functional load were determined in patients with VD against the background of subcompensated CBI.


Subject(s)
Autonomic Nervous System Diseases , Brain Ischemia , COVID-19 , Male , Humans , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , COVID-19/complications , Brain Ischemia/complications , Autonomic Nervous System , Head
5.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 32(6): 107138, 2023 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2302577

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of COVID-19 pandemic public health restrictions on our drip and ship mechanical thrombectomy program in Santiago Chile. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected database comparing two cohorts, one during a two-year period before COVID-19 and the second during the two years of the pandemic at our metropolitan stroke program. RESULTS: A total of 100 patients were included in the pre COVID-19 cohort (cohort 1) and 121 in the COVID-19 cohort (cohort 2). There was a significant difference between cohorts, with older patients, different occlusion sites and higher door to arterial puncture time during the COVID-19 period. A non-significant trend for worse 90-day outcomes and higher mortality was present in cohort 2. There were no statistical differences in safety treatment parameters. CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 pandemic has had a measurable impact on our mechanical thrombectomy program. Results showed similarities to other reported Latin American series, where less robust health systems could adapt less efficiently compared to developed countries. After two years of public health restrictions, there were changes in the treatment population characteristics, delay in some internal management metrics and a non-significant trend to worse 90-day outcomes and higher mortality.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , COVID-19 , Stroke , Humans , Post-Acute COVID-19 Syndrome , Brain Ischemia/therapy , Thrombectomy/adverse effects , Thrombectomy/methods , Retrospective Studies , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Public Health , Treatment Outcome , Stroke/diagnosis , Stroke/therapy , Stroke/epidemiology
6.
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova ; 123(3. Vyp. 2): 76-84, 2023.
Article in Russian | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2277562

ABSTRACT

The development of COVID-19 is associated with damage to various organs and organ systems, including the development of acute ischemic stroke (AI). The article examines modern ideas about the pathogenesis of AI in COVID-19. The data on the choice of optimal therapy for patients with acute AI and COVID-19, as well as on the possibility of improving the effectiveness of rehabilitation measures, are analyzed. Information is provided on the efficacy of the drug Mexidol in patients with AI and COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , COVID-19 , Ischemic Stroke , Stroke Rehabilitation , Stroke , Humans , Stroke/complications , Stroke/drug therapy , Ischemic Stroke/drug therapy , Ischemic Stroke/complications , Brain Ischemia/complications , Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , COVID-19/complications , Patients
7.
Brain Behav ; 13(5): e2977, 2023 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2277216

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is a time-dependent treatment with a narrow therapeutic time window, in which the time delay could result from the deadline effect. METHODS: One hospital-based cohort was recruited to detect the factors contributing to the deadline effect, where patients with the deadline effect were defined as those who were presented with the onset-to-door time (ODT) in the first 50%, while the door-to-needle time (DNT) was in the last quartile. DNT (in-hospital delay) was further subdivided into several time intervals [door-to-examination time (DET), door-to-imaging time (DIT), door-to-laboratory time (DLT), and decision-making time (DMT) of the patients or their proxies. RESULTS: A total of 186 IVT cases were enrolled, of which 17.2% (32/186) suffered a delay of the deadline effect. The median age was 66 years, and 35.5% were female. Baseline characteristics were similar between the two groups (all p > .05). For the comparisons of the time intervals, DIT (26 versus 15 min, p = .001) was significantly longer in the group with deadline effect, while the differences of DET, DLT, DMT, and ONT did not reach statistical significance (all p > .05). Upon multivariable adjustment in the binary logistic regression model, longer DIT [odds ratio (OR), 1.076; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.036-1.118; p < .001], and history of coronary heart disease (OR, 3.898; 95%CI, 1.415-10.735; p = .008) were independently associated with deadline effect in the binary logistic regression model, while admitted in the working day (OR, 0.674; 95%CI, 0.096-0.907; p = .033), and having medical insurance (OR, 0.350; 95% CI, 0.132-0.931; p = .035) were negatively associated with the deadline effect. CONCLUSIONS: A speed-safety tradeoff phenomenon from the deadline effect was observed in 17.2% of IVT cases during the COVID-19 pandemic, where longer DIT contributed a lot to this time delay. Patients without medical insurance, or admitted in official holidays were more likely to experience a delay of the deadline effect.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , COVID-19 , Ischemic Stroke , Stroke , Thrombosis , Humans , Female , Aged , Male , Stroke/therapy , Ischemic Stroke/drug therapy , Thrombolytic Therapy/methods , Pandemics , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome
8.
BMJ Open ; 13(2): e067910, 2023 Feb 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2280746

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of colchicine and high-intensity rosuvastatin in addition to standard of care on the progression of COVID-19 disease in hospitalised patients. DESIGN: A pragmatic, open-label, multicentre, randomised controlled trial conducted from October 2020 to September 2021. Follow-up was conducted at 30 and 60 days. The electronic medical record was used at all stages of the trial including screening, enrolment, randomisation, event ascertainment and follow-up. SETTING: Four centres in the Yale New Haven Health System. PARTICIPANTS: Non-critically ill hospitalised patients with COVID-19. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomised 1:1 to either colchicine plus high-intensity rosuvastatin in addition to standard of care versus standard of care alone. Assigned treatment was continued for the duration of index hospitalisation or 30 days, whichever was shorter. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The prespecified primary endpoint was progression to severe COVID-19 disease (new high-flow or non-invasive ventilation, mechanical ventilation, need for vasopressors, renal replacement therapy or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, or death) or arterial/venous thromboembolic events (ischaemic stroke, myocardial infarction, deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism) evaluated at 30 days. RESULTS: Among the 250 patients randomised in this trial (125 to each arm), the median age was 61 years, 44% were women, 15% were Black and 26% were Hispanic/Latino. As part of the standard of care, patients received remdesivir (87%), dexamethasone (92%), tocilizumab (18%), baricitinib (2%), prophylactic/therapeutic anticoagulation (98%) and aspirin (91%). The trial was terminated early by the data and safety monitoring board for futility. No patients were lost to follow-up due to electronic medical record follow-up. There was no significant difference in the primary endpoint at 30 days between the active arm and standard of care arm (15.2% vs 8.8%, respectively, p=0.17). CONCLUSIONS: In this small, open-label, randomised trial of non-critically ill hospitalised patients with COVID-19, the combination of colchicine and rosuvastatin in addition to standard of care did not appear to reduce the risk of progression of COVID-19 disease or thromboembolic events, although the trial was underpowered due to a lower-than-expected event rate. The trial leveraged the power of electronic medical records for efficiency and improved follow-up and demonstrates the utility of incorporating electronic medical records into future trials. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT04472611.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , COVID-19 , Stroke , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Male , Rosuvastatin Calcium , SARS-CoV-2 , Colchicine , Treatment Outcome
9.
Eur J Neurol ; 30(4): 943-950, 2023 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2280371

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic many countries reported a decline in stroke volumes. The aim of this study was to analyze if the decline was related to the intensity of the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: The first pandemic year (1 March 2020 to 28 February 2021) overall and during the three COVID-19 waves were compared with the preceding year. Volumes of acute ischaemic stroke (AIS), subarachnoid hemorrhage, intracerebral hemorrhage and recanalization treatments (intravenous thrombolysis [IVT] and mechanical thrombectomy [MT]) were obtained from the National Register of Reimbursed Health Services. Door-to-needle time, onset-to-door time and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale at admission were obtained from the Registry of Stroke Care Quality. RESULTS: During the pandemic year compared to the preceding year there were 26,453 versus 28,771 stroke admissions, representing an 8.8% decline (p < 0.001). The declines (-10%, -11%, -19%) appeared in COVID-19 waves (spring 2020, autumn 2020, winter 2021) except for an increase (2%) during summer 2020. Admissions for AIS declined by 10.2% (p < 0.001), whilst hemorrhagic stroke volumes were minimally decreased. The absolute volumes of IVT and MT decreased by 9.4% (p < 0.001) and 5.7% (p = 0.16), respectively. However, the proportions of ischaemic stroke patients receiving IVT (18% vs. 18%; p = 0.72) and MT (6% vs. 6%; p = 0.28) remained unchanged. CONCLUSIONS: There was a decline in stroke admissions, but such decline was not related to COVID-19 incidence. The frequency of use of recanalization procedures (IVT, MT) and times (onset-to-door time, door-to-needle time) in AIS were preserved in the Czech Republic during the first year of the pandemic.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , COVID-19 , Ischemic Stroke , Stroke , Humans , Stroke/therapy , Brain Ischemia/therapy , Thrombolytic Therapy/methods , Thrombectomy/methods , Pandemics , Treatment Outcome , Hospitalization
10.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 4429, 2023 03 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2286255

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused an unprecedented disruption to health care systems around the globe. Stroke is still an ongoing issue during the pandemic. We investigated the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on emergent stroke care in Beijing, China. This is a retrospective analysis of two groups of patients with acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) registered in the Beijing Emergency Care Database between January 1, 2019, and December 31, 2020. Based on a database including 77 stroke centres, the quantity and quality of emergency care for stroke were compared. Subgroup analyses based on hospitals in different areas (high-risk and low/medium-risk areas) were carried out. A total of 6440 and 8699 admissions with suspected stroke were recorded in 2020 and 2019, respectively. There were no significant differences in the mean age and sex distribution for the patients between the two observational periods. The number of AIS admissions decreased by approximately 23.9% during the COVID-19 pandemic compared to that during the prepandemic period. The proportions of intravenous thrombolysis and endovascular treatment were 76.4% and 13.1%, respectively, in 2020, which were higher than those in 2019 (71.7% and 9.3%, respectively). There was no statistically significant difference in the time from stroke onset to arrival at the hospital (97.97 ± 23.09 min vs. 99.40 ± 20.76 min, p = 0.832) between the two periods. The door-to-needle time for thrombolysis (44.92 ± 9.20 min vs. 42.37 ± 9.06 min, p < 0.001) and door-to-thrombectomy time (138.56 ± 32.45 min vs. 120.55 ± 32.68 min, p < 0.001) were increased significantly in the pandemic period compared to those in the prepandemic period, especially in hospitals in high-risk areas. The decline in the number of patients with AIS and delay in treatment started after the launch of the level-1 public health emergency response and returned to stability after the release of professional protocols and consensus statements. Disruptions to medical services during the COVID-19 pandemic have substantially impacted AIS patients, with a clear drop in admission and a decline in the quality of emergent AIS care, especially in hospitals in high-risk areas and at the time of the initial outbreak of COVID-19. Health care systems need to maintain rapid adaptation to possible outbreaks of COVID-19 or similar crises in the future.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , COVID-19 , Ischemic Stroke , Stroke , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Stroke/epidemiology , Stroke/therapy , Beijing , Pandemics , Brain Ischemia/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Thrombolytic Therapy/methods , Ischemic Stroke/epidemiology , Ischemic Stroke/therapy
11.
N Engl J Med ; 388(14): 1272-1283, 2023 Apr 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2263629

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The role of endovascular therapy for acute stroke with a large infarction has not been extensively studied in differing populations. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, prospective, open-label, randomized trial in China involving patients with acute large-vessel occlusion in the anterior circulation and an Alberta Stroke Program Early Computed Tomography Score of 3 to 5 (range, 0 to 10, with lower values indicating larger infarction) or an infarct-core volume of 70 to 100 ml. Patients were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio within 24 hours from the time they were last known to be well to undergo endovascular therapy and receive medical management or to receive medical management alone. The primary outcome was the score on the modified Rankin scale at 90 days (scores range from 0 to 6, with higher scores indicating greater disability), and the primary objective was to determine whether a shift in the distribution of the scores on the modified Rankin scale at 90 days had occurred between the two groups. Secondary outcomes included scores of 0 to 2 and 0 to 3 on the modified Rankin scale. The primary safety outcome was symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage within 48 hours after randomization. RESULTS: A total of 456 patients were enrolled; 231 were assigned to the endovascular-therapy group and 225 to the medical-management group. Approximately 28% of the patients in both groups received intravenous thrombolysis. The trial was stopped early owing to the efficacy of endovascular therapy after the second interim analysis. At 90 days, a shift in the distribution of scores on the modified Rankin scale toward better outcomes was observed in favor of endovascular therapy over medical management alone (generalized odds ratio, 1.37; 95% confidence interval, 1.11 to 1.69; P = 0.004). Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage occurred in 14 of 230 patients (6.1%) in the endovascular-therapy group and in 6 of 225 patients (2.7%) in the medical-management group; any intracranial hemorrhage occurred in 113 (49.1%) and 39 (17.3%), respectively. Results for the secondary outcomes generally supported those of the primary analysis. CONCLUSIONS: In a trial conducted in China, patients with large cerebral infarctions had better outcomes with endovascular therapy administered within 24 hours than with medical management alone but had more intracranial hemorrhages. (Funded by Covidien Healthcare International Trading [Shanghai] and others; ANGEL-ASPECT ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT04551664.).


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , Cerebral Infarction , Endovascular Procedures , Ischemic Stroke , Thrombectomy , Humans , Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Brain Ischemia/surgery , Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , Cerebral Infarction/surgery , China , Endovascular Procedures/adverse effects , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Fibrinolytic Agents/adverse effects , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Intracranial Hemorrhages/chemically induced , Intracranial Hemorrhages/etiology , Ischemic Stroke/drug therapy , Ischemic Stroke/surgery , Prospective Studies , Stroke/drug therapy , Stroke/surgery , Thrombectomy/adverse effects , Thrombectomy/methods , Treatment Outcome
12.
Stroke ; 54(5): e194-e198, 2023 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2256504

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of nationally representative data regarding the impact of COVID-19 on acute ischemic stroke (AIS) outcome. METHODS: We created a cross-sectional cohort of nationally weighted National Inpatient Sample nonelective hospital discharges aged ≥18 years with a diagnosis of ischemic stroke from 2016 to 2020. The outcome was in-hospital mortality and exposure was COVID-19 status. To understand the effect of COVID-19 on AIS severity, we report National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale by exposure status. In a final analysis, we used a nationally weighted logistic regression and marginal effects to compare April to December 2020 to the same period in 2019 to understand how the pandemic modified the effect of race and ethnicity and median household income on in-hospital AIS mortality. RESULTS: We observed significantly higher AIS mortality in 2020 than prior years (2020 versus 2016-19, 7.3% versus 6.3%, P<0.001) and higher National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale in those with COVID-19 than those without (mean: 9.7±9.1 versus 6.6±7.4, P<0.001), but patients with AIS without COVID in 2020 had only marginally higher mortality (2020 versus 2016-2019, 6.6% versus 6.3%, P=0.001). Comparing April to December 2020 to 2019, the adjusted risk of in-hospital AIS mortality was most notably increased in Hispanics (2020 versus 2019: 9.2% versus 5.8%, P<0.001) and the lowest quartile of income (2020 versus 2019: 8.0% versus 6.0%, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In-hospital stroke mortality increased in 2020 in the United States because of comorbid AIS and COVID-19, which had higher stroke severity. The increase in AIS mortality during April-December 2020 was significantly more pronounced in Hispanics and those in the lowest quartile of household income.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , COVID-19 , Ischemic Stroke , Stroke , Humans , United States , Adolescent , Adult , Brain Ischemia/diagnosis , Inpatients , Cross-Sectional Studies , Stroke/diagnosis , Hospital Mortality , Treatment Outcome , Retrospective Studies
13.
BMC Neurol ; 23(1): 72, 2023 Feb 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2247825

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The corononavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic resulted in modifications in the workflow and redistribution of human resources, causing challenges in setting up of an acute stroke service. We would like to share our preliminary outcome amid this pandemic, to determine if the implementation of COVID-19 standard operating procedures (SOPs) affected the delivery of our hyperacute stroke service. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed one-year data from our stroke registry that began with the establishment of our hyperacute stroke service at Universiti Putra Malaysia Teaching Hospital from April 2020 until May 2021. RESULTS: Setting up acute stroke services during the pandemic with constrained manpower and implementation of COVID-19 SOPs, was challenging. There was a significant dip of stroke admission from April to June 2020 due to the Movement Control Order (MCO) implemented by the government to curb the spread of COVID-19. However, the numbers of stroke admission steadily rose approaching 2021, after the implementation of recovery MCO. We managed to treat 75 patients with hyperacute stroke interventions i.e. intravenous thrombolysis (IVT), mechanical thrombectomy (MT) or both. Despite implementing COVID-19 SOPs and using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as our first line acute stroke imaging modality, clinical outcomes in our cohort were encouraging; almost 40% of patients who underwent hyperacute stroke treatment had early neurological recovery (ENR), and only 33% of patients had early neurological stability (ENS). In addition, we were able to maintain our door-to-imaging (DTI) and door-to-needle (DTN) time in line with international recommendations. CONCLUSIONS: Our data reflects that COVID-19 SOPs did not deter successful delivery of hyperacute stroke services in our center. However, bigger and multi center studies are required to support our findings.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , COVID-19 , Stroke , Humans , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies , Stroke/epidemiology , Stroke/therapy , Thrombolytic Therapy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Thrombectomy/methods , Brain Ischemia/therapy
14.
Cardiovasc Res ; 119(6): 1352-1360, 2023 06 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2237149

ABSTRACT

AIMS: Publicized adverse events after vaccination against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) raised concern among patients with coronary atherosclerosis disease (CAD). We sought to study the association between SARS-CoV-2 vaccines and long-term clinical outcomes including ischaemic and bleeding events among patients with CAD. METHODS AND RESULTS: Inpatients diagnosed with CAD by coronary angiography, without a history of SARS-CoV-2 infection and vaccination, were included between 1 January and 30 April 2021, and underwent follow-up until 31 January 2022. Two doses of inactivated whole-virion SARS-CoV-2 vaccine (CoronaVac, BBIBPCorV, or WIBP-CorV) were available after discharge, and the group was stratified by vaccination. The primary composite outcomes were cardiovascular death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, unplanned revascularization, ischaemic stroke, venous thrombo-embolism, or peripheral arterial thrombosis. The bleeding outcomes were Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) type 3 or 5 bleeding. Cox regression models with vaccination status as a time-dependent covariate were used to calculate the hazard ratio (HR) for the outcomes. A propensity score matching method was used to reduce confounding biases. This prospective cohort study included 2078 individuals with CAD, 1021 (49.1%) were vaccinated. During a median follow-up of 9.1 months, 45 (4.3%) primary composite outcomes occurred in the unvaccinated group, and 33 (3.2%) in the vaccinated group. In Cox regression, the adjusted HR was 1.13 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.65-1.93]. The adjusted HR for the bleeding outcomes associated with vaccination was 0.81 [95% CI 0.35-1.19]. After matching, the adjusted HR for the primary composite outcomes associated with vaccination was 1.06 [95% CI 0.57-1.99] and for the bleeding outcomes was 0.91 [95% CI 0.35-2.38]. Similar results were found in the seven prespecified subgroups. No grade 3 adverse reactions after vaccination were recorded. CONCLUSION: Our results indicated no evidence of an increased ischaemic or bleeding risk after vaccination with inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine among Chinese patients with CAD, with limited statistical power.


Subject(s)
Atherosclerosis , Brain Ischemia , COVID-19 , Coronary Artery Disease , Stroke , Humans , COVID-19 Vaccines , Prospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , China
18.
Am J Emerg Med ; 38(7): 1548.e5-1548.e7, 2020 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2220380

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To present guidance for clinicians caring for adult patients with acuteischemic stroke with confirmed or suspected COVID-19 infection. METHODS: The summary was prepared after review of systematic literature reviews,reference to previously published stroke guidelines, personal files, and expert opinionby members from 18 countries. RESULTS: The document includes practice implications for evaluation of stroke patientswith caution for stroke team members to avoid COVID-19 exposure, during clinicalevaluation and conduction of imaging and laboratory procedures with specialconsiderations of intravenous thrombolysis and mechanical thrombectomy in strokepatients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 infection. RESULTS: Conclusions-The summary is expected to guide clinicians caring for adult patientswith acute ischemic stroke who are suspected of, or confirmed, with COVID-19infection.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia/therapy , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Infection Control , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Stroke/therapy , Betacoronavirus , Brain Ischemia/diagnostic imaging , COVID-19 , Disease Management , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Stroke/diagnostic imaging
19.
PLoS One ; 17(10): e0275350, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2224446

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the predictive value of neutrophil, D-dimer and diseases associated with stroke for short-term outcomes of acute ischemic stroke (AIS). METHODS: By collecting the subitems of laboratory data especially routine blood and coagulation test in AIS patients, and recording their clinical status, the correlation, regression and predictive value of each subitem with the short-term outcomes of AIS were analyzed. The predict model was constructed. RESULTS: The neutrophil count multiplied by D-dimer (NDM) had the best predictive value among the subitems, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve reached 0.804. When clinical information was not considered, the Youden index of NDM was calculated to be 0.48, corresponding to an NDM value of 7.78, a diagnostic sensitivity of 0.79, specificity of 0.69, negative predictive value of 96%. NDM were divided into 5 quintiles, the five grade of NDM (quintile) were < = 1.82, 1.83-2.41, 2.42-3.27, 3.28-4.49, 4.95+, respectively. The multivariate regression analysis was conducted between NDM (quintile), Babinski+, pneumonia, cardiac disease and poor outcomes of AIS. Compared with the first grade of NDM (quintile), the second grade of NDM (quintile) was not significant, but the third grade of NDM (quintile) showed 7.061 times, the fourth grade of NDM (quintile) showed 11.776 times, the fifth grade of NDM (quintile) showed 23.394 times in short-term poor outcomes occurrence. Babinski sign + showed 1.512 times, pneumonia showed 2.995 times, cardiac disease showed 1.936 times in short-term poor outcomes occurrence compared with those negative patients. CONCLUSIONS: NDM combined with pneumonia may better predict short-term outcomes in patients with AIS. Early prevention, regular examination and timely intervention should be emphasized for patients, which may reduce the risk of short-term poor outcomes.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , Heart Diseases , Ischemic Stroke , Pneumonia , Stroke , Brain Ischemia/complications , Brain Ischemia/diagnosis , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products , Heart Diseases/complications , Humans , Neutrophils , Pneumonia/complications , Pneumonia/diagnosis , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , Stroke/complications
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL