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1.
Cir Cir ; 90(5): 602-609, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2100847

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The Mexican Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association (AMHPB) conducted a survey, aiming to gather experience and opinions of HPB surgeons about HPB surgery in the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic year. METHODS: An online survey was conducted (33 items: demographics, patient referral, COVID-19 screening and limitations, hospital occupancy and surgical practice) to AMHPB members and attendees of the previous meetings of the Society through a self-administered questionnaire. Answers were excluded if respondents were not from Latin America. RESULTS: 88 participants answered (47.5 ± 10 years, 94% male and 65.9% Mexicans). About 8% worked in COVID-19 converted hospitals. About 1.1% did not perform pre-operative COVID-19 testing. Polymerase chain reaction (33%) was the most common COVID-19 pre-operative test. The number of patient referrals decreased 62.5%. About 29.5% had one patient who died from COVID-19 during preoperative surgical evaluation. About 64.7% answered that surgical case volume decreased. About 17% and 23% respondents considered that surgical morbidity and mortality increased, respectively. Hospital resources and COVID-19 infection were responsible for change in surgical outcomes. Lack of ICU beds (54%) was the most common cause of surgical cancellation. CONCLUSION: COVID-19 had a strong negative impact on HPB surgery in Mexico and Latin America in terms of patient reference, case volume and surgical outcomes.


INTRODUCCIÓN: La Asociación Mexicana Hepato-Pancreato-Biliar (AMHPB) realizó una encuesta con el objetivo de recopilar experiencias/opiniones de cirujanos HPB sobre cirugía HPB en el 2020 con pandemia COVID-19. MÉTODOS: Se realizó encuesta virtual (33 ítems: demografía, derivación de pacientes, tamizaje/limitaciones COVID-19, ocupación hospitalaria y práctica quirúrgica) a miembros de la AMHPB y asistentes a reuniones previas de la Sociedad a través de un cuestionario autoadministrado. Se excluyeron las respuestas que no fueran de América Latina. RESULTADOS: Respondieron 88 participantes (47.5 ± 10 años, 94% hombres y 65.9% mexicanos). 8% trabajaba en hospitales reconvertidos COVID-19. 1,1% no realizó prueba COVID-19 preoperatoria. La Polymerase chain reaction (33%) fue laprueba preoperatoria COVID-19 más común. Lareferencia de pacientes disminuyó 62,5%. El 29,5% tuvo paciente fallecido por COVID-19 durante la evaluación preoperatoria. 64,7% respondió que el volumen de casos quirúrgicos disminuyó. El 17% y23% consideraron que la morbilidad y mortalidad quirúrgicas aumentaron respectivamente. Los recursos hospitalarios e infección por COVID-19 influyeron en los resultados quirúrgicos. La falta de camas de UCI (54%) fue lo más común en cancelación quirúrgica. CONCLUSIÓN: COVID-19 tuvo un fuerte impacto negativo en la cirugía HPB en México y América Latina en referencia de pacientes, volumen de casos y resultados quirúrgicos.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Male , Humans , Female , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Latin America/epidemiology , Mexico/epidemiology , COVID-19 Testing , Surveys and Questionnaires
2.
In Vivo ; 36(6): 2823-2827, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2100683

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIM: COVID-19 is a concerning issue among in-center hemodialysis (HD) patients. To prevent COVID-19 diffusion in our HD facility, weekly rapid nasal antigen test screening was performed for all asymptomatic patients on chronic HD. This study aimed to assess the performance of weekly rapid antigen test in detecting SARS-CoV-2 infection among asymptomatic patients receiving HD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted in HD patients who underwent rapid antigen test screening from December 2021 to March 2022. The diagnosis of COVID-19 with rapid antigen test was always confirmed by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). RESULTS: During the observational period, 1,748 rapid antigen tests were performed in 220 HD patients. Mean age was 68.4±14.6 years. Fifteen (8.5%) patients resulted positive for SARS-CoV-2 infection using rapid antigen tests. The diagnosis was subsequently confirmed in 14 (93.3%) patients by RT-PCR. During the same period, 12 (5.4%) symptomatic patients, regularly screened with weekly rapid antigen test, resulted positive for SARS-CoV-2 infection using RT-PCR. Overall, weekly rapid antigen test screening identified 14 out of 26 (53.8%) COVID-19 cases and showed a positive predictive value of 93%. CONCLUSION: Weekly antigen test screening of asymptomatic patients on chronic HD detected around half of the COVID-19 cases in our population.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Retrospective Studies , COVID-19 Testing , Renal Dialysis , Sensitivity and Specificity
3.
In Vivo ; 36(6): 2813-2822, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2100682

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIM: The novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is responsible for generating a global pandemic with deadly consequences and life changes worldwide. With the appearance of the new variants of the virus, clinical manifestations have been reported in the pediatric population, some with severe evolution. The aim of this study was to identify the laboratory parameters necessary to establish an effective therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the period from August 2020 to September 2021, 234 pediatric patients met the inclusion criteria and were selected for the study. After confirming the COVID-19 diagnosis, laboratory parameters were analyzed and compared to the severity of the illness. RESULTS: Thrombocytopenia (p<0.001), leukocytosis (p<0.001), and lymphopenia (p<0.001) correlated with the severity of the disease. Also, D-dimer values were closely monitored due to the high association of this parameter with an unsatisfactory prognosis and a severe form of the disease. CONCLUSION: The D-dimer values and complete blood count are useful parameters in COVID-19 evaluation in children.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Thrombocytopenia , Humans , Child , SARS-CoV-2 , Retrospective Studies , COVID-19 Testing , Biomarkers
4.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 60(11): 1100-1102, 2022 Nov 02.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2099943
5.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 60(11): 1153-1157, 2022 Nov 02.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2099941

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the diagnostic value of rapid antigen test based on colloidal gold immunochromatographic assay for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 infection in symptomatic patients. Methods: From May 20 to June 5 2022, 76 hospitalized children and their 55 accompanying family members with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection in the COVID-19 isolation unit of the Children's Hospital of Fudan University (designated referral hospital for SARS-CoV-2 infection in Shanghai) enrolled. Their nasopharyngeal swab specimens were consecutively collected. The samples were tested for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid by real-time quantitative. SARS-CoV-2 antigen was tested by immunochromatography. The correlation between the antigen detection results and the change of the cycle threshold (Ct) values were evaluated, as well as the sensitivity and specificity of SARS-CoV-2 antigen detection at different periods after the onset of the disease. Kappa consistency test was conducted to investigate the consistency between the 2 diagnostic methods. Results: Of the enrolled SARS-CoV-2 symptomatic infections, 76 were children, including 41 males and 35 females, with an age of 5 (2, 9) years; 55 were accompanying families, including 8 males and 47 females, with an age of 38 (32, 41) years. All 478 samples were simultaneously tested for SARS-CoV-2 antigen and nucleic acid. In any period from disease onset to negative conversion of viral nucleic acid, the overall sensitivity of the rapid antigen test was 48.2% (119/247), the specificity was 98.3% (227/231), and antigen test and nucleic acid test showed moderate consistency (κ=0.46, P<0.05). The sensitivity of antigen test was 100% (82/82) when the Ct value was ≤25. And the sensitivity of antigen test was 8/10, 4/15 and 8.3% (3/36) when the Ct value was 26, 30 and 35, respectively. All antigen tests were negative when Ct value was >35. During the period of 1-2 days, 3-5 days, 6-7 days, 8-10 days and >10 days after onset, the sensitivity and specificity of SARS-CoV-2 antigen test were 5/8 and 5/5, 90.2% (37/41) and 5/5, 88.9% (24/27) and 2/5, 45.0% (36/80) and 94.1% (32/34), 18.7% (17/91) and 98.9% (183/185) respectively. The Ct values of nasopharyngeal swabs were<26 during 2 to 7 days after onset, 28.7±5.0 on day 8, 34.5±2.9 on day 13 and > 35 after 14 days, respectively. Conclusion: SARS-CoV-2 antigen test in the patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection shows acceptable sensitivity and specificity within 7 days after onset of disease, and the sensitivity was positively correlated with viral load and negatively correlated with onset time.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Nucleic Acids , Male , Child , Female , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , China , COVID-19 Testing
11.
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol ; 41(11): 1328-1330, 2020 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2096354

ABSTRACT

Environmental surface testing was performed to search for evidence of severe acute respiratory coronavirus virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) environmental contamination by an asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 carrier with persistently high viral loads under isolation. No evidence of environmental contamination was found. Further studies are needed to measure environmental contamination by SARS-CoV-2 carriers and to determine reasonable isolation periods.


Subject(s)
Asymptomatic Infections , Betacoronavirus/isolation & purification , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Fomites/virology , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Quarantine/methods , Viral Load , Adult , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Testing , Child , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Female , Humans , Pandemics/prevention & control , Patients' Rooms , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , Quarantine/standards , SARS-CoV-2
14.
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol ; 41(8): 968-969, 2020 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2096333

ABSTRACT

To inform the efficient allocation of testing resources, we evaluated the characteristics of those tested for COVID-19 to determine predictors of a positive test. Recent travel and exposure to a confirmed case were both highly predictive of positive testing. Symptom-based screening strategies alone may be inadequate to control the ongoing pandemic.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus/isolation & purification , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Travel , Adult , Asymptomatic Infections , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Testing , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Female , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Minnesota , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Risk Assessment , SARS-CoV-2
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