Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 5 de 5
Filter
1.
Carbohydr Polym ; 285: 118971, 2022 Jun 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1549670

ABSTRACT

Ligusticum chuanxiong, the dried rhizome of Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort, has been widely applied in traditional Chinese medicine for treating plague, and it has appeared frequently in the prescriptions against COVID-19 lately. Ligusticum chuanxiong polysaccharide (LCPs) is one of the effective substances, which has various activities, such as, anti-oxidation, promoting immunity, anti-tumor, and anti-bacteria. The purified fractions of LCPs are considered to be pectic polysaccharides, which are mainly composed of GalA, Gal, Ara and Rha, and are generally linked by α-1,4-d-GalpA, α-1,2-l-Rhap, α-1,5-l-Araf, ß-1,3-d-Galp and ß-1,4-d-Galp, etc. The pectic polysaccharide shows an anti-infective inflammatory activity, which is related to antiviral infection of Ligusticum chuanxiong. In this article, the isolation, purification, structural features, and biological activities of LCPs in recent years are reviewed, and the potential of LCPs against viral infection as well as questions that need future research are discussed.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/drug therapy , Ligusticum/chemistry , Polysaccharides/chemistry , Polysaccharides/pharmacology , Adjuvants, Immunologic/pharmacology , Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , Animals , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Antiviral Agents/pharmacology , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19/virology , Carbohydrate Conformation , Carbohydrate Sequence , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Polysaccharides/isolation & purification , SARS-CoV-2/drug effects , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification
2.
Nutrients ; 13(11)2021 Nov 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1502477

ABSTRACT

Beta-glucans comprise a group of polysaccharides of natural origin found in bacteria, algae, and plants, e.g., cereal seeds, as well as microfungi and macrofungi (mushrooms), which are characterized by diverse structures and functions. They are known for their metabolic and immunomodulatory properties, including anticancer, antibacterial, and antiviral. Recent reports suggest a potential of beta-glucans in the prevention and treatment of COVID-19. In contrast to ß-glucans from other sources, ß-glucans from mushrooms are characterized by ß-1,3-glucans with short ß-1,6-side chains. This structure is recognized by receptors located on the surface of immune cells; thus, mushroom ß-glucans have specific immunomodulatory properties and gained BRM (biological response modifier) status. Moreover, mushroom beta-glucans also owe their properties to the formation of triple helix conformation, which is one of the key factors influencing the bioactivity of mushroom beta-glucans. This review summarizes the latest findings on biological and health-promoting potential of mushroom beta-glucans for the treatment of civilization and viral diseases, with particular emphasis on COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Agaricales/metabolism , COVID-19/drug therapy , Diet, Healthy , Immunologic Factors/administration & dosage , beta-Glucans/administration & dosage , Animals , COVID-19/immunology , COVID-19/virology , Carbohydrate Conformation , Humans , Immunologic Factors/immunology , Nutritive Value , Structure-Activity Relationship , beta-Glucans/immunology , beta-Glucans/metabolism
4.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 413(29): 7179-7193, 2021 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1300454

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic is caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Similar to other coronaviruses, its particles are composed of four structural proteins: spike (S), envelope (E), membrane (M), and nucleocapsid (N) proteins. S, E, and M proteins are glycosylated, and the N protein is phosphorylated. The S protein is involved in the interaction with the host receptor human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (hACE2), which is also heavily glycosylated. Recent studies have revealed several other potential host receptors or factors that can increase or modulate the SARS-CoV-2 infection. Interestingly, most of these molecules bear carbohydrate residues. While glycans acquired by the viruses through the hijacking of the host machinery help the viruses in their infectivity, they also play roles in immune evasion or modulation. Glycans play complex roles in viral pathobiology, both on their own and in association with carrier biomolecules, such as proteins or glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). Understanding these roles in detail can help in developing suitable strategies for prevention and therapy of COVID-19. In this review, we sought to emphasize the interplay of SARS-CoV-2 glycosylated proteins and their host receptors in viral attachment, entry, replication, and infection. Moreover, the implications for future therapeutic interventions targeting these glycosylated biomolecules are also discussed in detail.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/virology , SARS-CoV-2/metabolism , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2/metabolism , Carbohydrate Conformation , Glycosylation , Humans , Polysaccharides/chemistry , Polysaccharides/metabolism , Protein Conformation , SARS-CoV-2/physiology , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/chemistry , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/metabolism
5.
Glycobiology ; 31(3): 181-187, 2021 04 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1169666

ABSTRACT

The novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, the infective agent causing COVID-19, is having a global impact both in terms of human disease as well as socially and economically. Its heavily glycosylated spike glycoprotein is fundamental for the infection process, via its receptor-binding domains interaction with the glycoprotein angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 on human cell surfaces. We therefore utilized an integrated glycomic and glycoproteomic analytical strategy to characterize both N- and O- glycan site-specific glycosylation within the receptor-binding domain. We demonstrate the presence of complex-type N-glycans with unusual fucosylated LacdiNAc at both sites N331 and N343 and a single site of O-glycosylation on T323.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/virology , SARS-CoV-2 , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/chemistry , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/metabolism , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2/chemistry , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2/metabolism , Binding Sites/genetics , COVID-19/metabolism , Carbohydrate Conformation , Carbohydrate Sequence , Glycomics , Glycosylation , HEK293 Cells , Host Microbial Interactions , Humans , Pandemics , Protein Binding , Protein Interaction Domains and Motifs , Proteomics , Receptors, Virus/chemistry , Receptors, Virus/metabolism , Recombinant Proteins/chemistry , Recombinant Proteins/genetics , Recombinant Proteins/metabolism , SARS-CoV-2/chemistry , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , SARS-CoV-2/metabolism , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/genetics
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL