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BMC Anesthesiol ; 21(1): 280, 2021 11 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1515436

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 can induce acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). In patients with congenital heart disease, established treatment strategies are often limited due to their unique cardiovascular anatomy and passive pulmonary perfusion. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the first case of an adult with single-ventricle physiology and bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt who suffered from severe COVID-19 ARDS. Treatment strategies were successfully adopted, and pulmonary vascular resistance was reduced, both medically and through prone positioning, leading to a favorable outcome. CONCLUSION: ARDS treatment strategies including ventilatory settings, prone positioning therapy and cannulation techniques for extracorporeal oxygenation must be adopted carefully considering the passive venous return in patients with single-ventricle physiology.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , Cardiomegaly/diagnostic imaging , Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures/methods , Dextrocardia/diagnostic imaging , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation/methods , Genetic Diseases, X-Linked/diagnostic imaging , Heterotaxy Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Patient Positioning/methods , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/therapy , Cardiomegaly/complications , Cardiomegaly/therapy , Dextrocardia/complications , Dextrocardia/therapy , Genetic Diseases, X-Linked/complications , Genetic Diseases, X-Linked/therapy , Heterotaxy Syndrome/complications , Heterotaxy Syndrome/therapy , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Severity of Illness Index
3.
Cardiol Young ; 30(9): 1288-1296, 2020 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1084349

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: In this report, we aim to present our algorithm and results of patients with congenital cardiac disorders who underwent surgical or interventional procedures during the peak phase of the pandemics in our country. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The first COVID-19 case was diagnosed in Turkey on 11 March, 2020, and the peak phase seemed to end by the end of April. All the patients whom were referred, treated, or previously operated but still at the hospital during the peak phase of COVID-19 pandemics in the country were included into this retrospective study. Patient's diagnosis, interventions, adverse events, and early post-procedural courses were studied. RESULTS: Thirty-one patients with various diagnoses of congenital cardiovascular disorders were retrospectively reviewed. Ages of the patients ranged between 2 days and 16 years. Seventeen cases were males and 14 cases were females. Elective cases were postponed. Priority was given to interventional procedures, and five cases were treated percutaneously. Palliative procedures were preferred in patients whom presumably would require long hospital stay. Corrective procedures were not hesitated in prioritised stable patients. Mortality occurred in one patient. Eight patients out of 151 ICU admissions were diagnosed with COVID-19, and they were transferred to COVID-19 ICU immediately. Three nurses whom also took care of the paediatric cases became infected with SARS-CoV-2; however, the children did not catch the disease. CONCLUSION: Mandatory and emergent congenital cardiac percutaneous and surgical procedures may be performed with similar postoperative risks as there are no pandemics with meticulous care and preventive measures.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures , Coronavirus Infections , Heart Defects, Congenital , Infection Control/organization & administration , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Postoperative Complications , Adolescent , COVID-19 , Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures/methods , Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Child, Preschool , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Female , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Heart Defects, Congenital/epidemiology , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care , Pandemics/prevention & control , Patient Selection , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Turkey/epidemiology
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