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Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina ; 53(9): 518-521, 2022 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2040029


We report a case of bilateral optic nerve head drusen complicated by choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in the left eye at presentation. The presence of optic disc and macular edema in addition to exudation led to the misdiagnosis of neuroretinitis at an outside medical center. Swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) and SSOCT angiography were critical in establishing the diagnosis and follow-up in a noninvasive manner. Secondary CNV associated with optic nerve head drusen responded well to intravitreal injections of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor in the left eye. Asymptomatic nonexudative CNV that developed in the right eye during follow-up regressed spontaneously without treatment. [Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina 2022;53:518-521.].

Chorioretinitis , Choroidal Neovascularization , Optic Disk Drusen , Optic Disk , Papilledema , Retinitis , Chorioretinitis/complications , Choroidal Neovascularization/diagnosis , Choroidal Neovascularization/drug therapy , Choroidal Neovascularization/etiology , Diagnostic Errors/adverse effects , Endothelial Growth Factors , Humans , Optic Disk Drusen/complications , Optic Disk Drusen/diagnosis , Papilledema/complications , Papilledema/etiology , Retinitis/complications
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 70(4): 1421-1424, 2022 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1939174


We present two ICU-hospitalized patients with coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) presenting with endogenous endophthalmitis in one eye and variable manifestations of chorioretinitis in the fellow eye. Two diabetic patients (57 and 62 years old) showed anterior uveitis and yellowish-white subretinal infiltrations. The fellow eye of one patient showed patches of choroiditis, while the other showed full retinal thickness infiltrations. A workup yielded high serum titers of galactomannan, diagnostic of aspergillosis. The widespread use of high doses of corticosteroids in the management of COVID-19 may predispose to various secondary fungal opportunistic infections and may manifest in different forms of chorioretinal infiltration.

Aspergillosis , COVID-19 , Chorioretinitis , Endophthalmitis , Uveitis, Anterior , Aspergillosis/diagnosis , Aspergillosis/drug therapy , Aspergillosis/microbiology , Chorioretinitis/diagnosis , Endophthalmitis/etiology , Endophthalmitis/microbiology , Humans , Middle Aged
J Fr Ophtalmol ; 45(4): 446-451, 2022 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1611835


Although ocular toxoplasmosis is usually a self-limiting infection, it can lead to severe reduction in visual acuity due to intense vitreous inflammation or involvement of posterior segment structures. Depending on the severity of intraocular inflammation, serious complications, including epiretinal membrane or retinal detachment may develop. In this paper, we aim to present a case that complicated by both a full-thickness macular hole and retinal detachment secondary to toxoplasmosis chorioretinitis that developed shortly after the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and discuss our treatment approach. After the patient was diagnosed based on a routine ophthalmological examination, fundus imaging, and serological examination, functional and anatomical recovery was achieved through systemic antibiotherapy and vitreoretinal surgery. Full-thickness macular hole and retinal detachment are rare complications of ocular toxoplasmosis. However, there are only few publications in the literature concerning these complications and their surgical treatment. In this case report, we demonstrated the success of vitreoretinal surgery combined with antibiotic therapy on the posterior segment complications of ocular toxoplasmosis.

COVID-19 , Chorioretinitis , Retinal Detachment , Retinal Perforations , Toxoplasma , Toxoplasmosis, Ocular , COVID-19/complications , Chorioretinitis/complications , Chorioretinitis/diagnosis , Humans , Inflammation/complications , Retinal Detachment/diagnosis , Retinal Detachment/etiology , Retinal Detachment/surgery , Retinal Perforations/diagnosis , Retinal Perforations/etiology , Retinal Perforations/surgery , Tomography, Optical Coherence/adverse effects , Toxoplasmosis, Ocular/complications , Toxoplasmosis, Ocular/diagnosis , Vitrectomy/methods