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Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol ; 144: 110700, 2021 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1163883

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Due to the lockdown and quarantines caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, the need to study and use telepractice for providing speech pathology interventions for children with cleft palate has arisen. OBJECTIVE: To carry out a systematic review of the use of telepractice during the COVID-19 pandemic for providing speech pathology interventions for Spanish-speaking children with cleft palate. METHODS: In July and August 2020, the authors searched the electronic databases Medline, LILACS, SciELO, and the Cochrane Library using the following keywords in English (MeSH): Cleft palate combined with Early intervention, Speech therapy, Rehabilitation of speech and language disorders, Speech production measurement, Speech articulation tests and Telemedicine. Original articles were selected and analyzed, complemented by an analysis of flowcharts and recommendations by the GES Clinical Guide of Cleft Lip and Palate of Chile's Government and the authors' expert opinions. RESULTS: A total of 2680 articles were retrieved, of which 23 were critically analyzed and used to adapt the early stimulation, evaluation, and treatment of children with CP to speech therapy telepractice at the Gantz Foundation, a Hospital in Santiago de Chile. LIMITATIONS: Only three researchers carried out a quick review, which limited the depth of individual analysis of the studies included. Also, the suggestions and material presented should be evaluated in future investigations. CONCLUSION: This systematic review provides useful guidelines for providing speech pathology interventions through telepractice for children with cleft palate. Audiovisual materials seem to be extremely useful for families receiving the interventions. The use of interactive videos for Spanish-speaking children and educational videos for parents is manifest.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Cleft Lip , Cleft Palate , Speech-Language Pathology , Telemedicine/trends , Child , Chile , Cleft Lip/therapy , Cleft Palate/complications , Communicable Disease Control , Humans , Pandemics , Speech
3.
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol ; 138: 110318, 2020 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-714003

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study whether providing Speech and Language Pathology (SLP) interventions by telepractice (TP) could effectively improve speech performance in children with cleft palate (CCP). METHODS: Forty-three CCP were treated with TP intervention in 45 min sessions, 2 times per week for a period of one month. Children ages ranged 4-12 years (X = 7.04; SD = 2.59). All children presented with velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) and compensatory articulation (CA) after palatal repair. TP was provided in small groups (5-6 children) following the principles of the Whole Language Model (WLM). Severity of CA was evaluated by a standardized scale at the onset and at the end of the TP period. RESULTS: At the onset of the TP intervention period, 84% of the patients demonstrated severe CA. At the end of the TP period there was a significant improvement in severity of CA (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggests that TP can be a safe and reliable tool for improving CA. Considering that the COVID-19 pandemic will radically modify the delivery of Health Care services in the long term, alternate modes of service delivery should be studied and implemented.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Cleft Palate , Coronavirus Infections , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Speech Therapy , Speech-Language Pathology , COVID-19 , Child , Child, Preschool , Cleft Palate/complications , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Speech Therapy/methods , Speech-Language Pathology/methods , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency/etiology , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency/physiopathology
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