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1.
Cancer Prev Res (Phila) ; 14(5): 521-526, 2021 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1102214

ABSTRACT

Disruptions in cancer screening due to the COVID-19 pandemic may disproportionally affect patients with inherited cancer predisposition syndromes, including Lynch syndrome. Herein, we study the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on endoscopic surveillance in Lynch syndrome through a prospective study of patients with Lynch syndrome at a tertiary referral center who were scheduled for endoscopic surveillance during the COVID-19 pandemic shutdown between March 16, 2020 and June 4, 2020. Of our cohort of 302 individuals with Lynch syndrome, 34 (11%) had endoscopic procedures scheduled during the COVID-19 pandemic shutdown. Of the 27 patients whose endoscopic surveillance was canceled during this period, 85% rescheduled procedures within 6 months with a median delay of 72 days [interquartile range (IQR), 55-84 days], with identification of an advanced adenoma or gastrointestinal cancer in 13%. Individuals who did not have a rescheduled endoscopic procedure were significantly younger than those with a rescheduled procedure [age 35 (IQR, 26-43) vs. age 55 (IQR, 43-63), P = 0.018]. Male sex was also suggestive of increasing likelihood of not having a rescheduled procedure. Taken together, our study demonstrates that the COVID-19 pandemic shutdown led to delayed endoscopic surveillance in Lynch syndrome, with potentially impactful delays among young patients. These data also emphasize the importance of timely surveillance in Lynch syndrome during this current, as well as potential future, global pandemics. PREVENTION RELEVANCE: The COVID-19 pandemic has led to unprecedented disruptions in cancer screening, which may have disproportionate effects on individuals at increased cancer risk, including those with Lynch syndrome. Herein, we show that the COVID-19 pandemic led to significant disruptions in Lynch syndrome surveillance with potentially impactful delays, thus highlighting the importance of ensuring timely surveillance among this high-risk cohort.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis/diagnosis , Early Detection of Cancer/statistics & numerical data , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/statistics & numerical data , Practice Patterns, Physicians'/statistics & numerical data , SARS-CoV-2/physiology , Adult , COVID-19/virology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pennsylvania/epidemiology , Prospective Studies
3.
Expert Rev Mol Diagn ; 21(1): 101-107, 2021 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-962282

ABSTRACT

Background: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic introduced a global distraction effect in cancer patients' care. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of the pandemic on the largest molecular diagnostics center for cancer patients and high-risk individuals in Serbia.Research design and methods: EGFR, KRAS/NRAS, BRAF, and BRCA1/2 mutation testing were performed by qPCR and NGS. NGS was used for panel testing of hereditary breast/ovarian cancer and cancers associated with Lynch syndrome. The analytical output during the state of emergency (SoE) was compared to the period before and after the outbreak using one-way ANOVA. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05.Results: A 38% reduction in the number of analysis was detected during the SoE. After the SoE, a 19% reduction was noted compared to SoE and 50% compared to the period before the SoE (p = 0.038). Three of the 48 scheduled appointments for pretest genetic counseling were carried out during the SoE, but the number of NGS tests increased by 50%.Conclusions: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic had a profound negative effect on the diagnostic output of our centralized molecular diagnostics center. The only positive effect was shortening of waiting lists for hereditary cancer patients and high-risk individuals.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis/diagnosis , Mutation , Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnosis , BRCA1 Protein/genetics , BRCA2 Protein/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , COVID-19 , Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis/genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Female , GTP Phosphohydrolases/genetics , Genetic Counseling , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Humans , Liquid Biopsy , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Pandemics , Pathology, Molecular , Pharmacogenetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras)/genetics , Serbia/epidemiology
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