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BMJ Case Rep ; 14(8)2021 Aug 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1354558


A 60-year-old patient presented with respiratory distress, after recently being tested COVID-19 positive and was mechanically ventilated for 15 days. After cessation of sedation, he remained in deep comatose state, without any reaction on pain stimuli (Glasgow Coma Score 3). MRI of the brain showed diffuse leukoencephalopathy and multiple (>50) microbleeds. Diffuse COVID-19-associated leukoencephalopathy with microhaemorrhages is associated with a poor prognosis. However, 3 months later, our patient showed a remarkable recovery and was able to walk independently. This case report shows COVID-related leukoencephalopathy and intracerebral microbleeds, even with persistent comatose state, may have a favourable clinical outcome and prolonged treatment should be considered in individual cases.

COVID-19 , Leukoencephalopathies , Cerebral Hemorrhage/chemically induced , Cerebral Hemorrhage/diagnostic imaging , Coma/chemically induced , Glasgow Coma Scale , Humans , Leukoencephalopathies/diagnosis , Leukoencephalopathies/diagnostic imaging , Male , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2
J Healthc Qual Res ; 36(3): 156-159, 2021.
Article in Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1099180


INTRODUCTION: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has generated a mortality rate 10times higher than normal influenza according to the World Health Organization (WHO), yet they do not mention palliative care in their action guidelines on maintaining essential health services during this crisis. The aim of this study was to analyse the death process of patients who died from SARS-CoV-2 at the Hospital Costa del Sol. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional study of the period in which all patients who died of SARS-CoV-2 from February to April 2020 were analysed. Sociodemographic characteristics, sample characterization and a set of variables related to the death process were collected in the death event. RESULTS: A total of 16 deaths were recorded out of a total of 103 admissions positive for SARS-CoV-2. Limitation of therapeutic effort was decided in 68.8% of the patients, and admission to the intensive care unit was refused in 56.3%. Support devices had not been removed in any of the cases on the day of death, 43.8% had palliative sedation, and 18.8% were in induced coma. CONCLUSIONS: Quality standards were maintained in the death process in patients who died from SARS-CoV-2, although there were aspects that could be improved. Palliative care is an essential component of the response to SARS-CoV-2 that must be incorporated into all health care settings.

COVID-19/physiopathology , Death , Palliative Care , SARS-CoV-2 , Terminal Care/methods , Advance Care Planning , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/mortality , COVID-19/therapy , Coma/chemically induced , Comorbidity , Critical Care/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Palliative Care/statistics & numerical data , Parenteral Nutrition , Patient Isolation , Respiration, Artificial , Resuscitation , Socioeconomic Factors , Spain/epidemiology , Terminal Care/statistics & numerical data , Visitors to Patients , Withholding Treatment