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1.
Actas Dermosifiliogr (Engl Ed) ; 112(2): 127-133, 2021 Feb.
Article in English, Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1384814

ABSTRACT

Teledermatology is now fully incorporated into our clinical practice. However, after reviewing current legislation on the ethical aspects of teledermatology (data confidentiality, quality of care, patient autonomy, and privacy) as well as insurance and professional responsibility, we observed that a specific regulatory framework is still lacking and related legal aspects are still at a preliminary stage of development. Safeguarding confidentiality and patient autonomy and ensuring secure storage and transfer of data are essential aspects of telemedicine. One of the main topics of debate has been the responsibilities of the physicians involved in the process, with the concept of designating a single responsible clinician emerging as a determining factor in the allocation of responsibility in this setting. A specific legal and regulatory framework must be put in place to ensure the safe practice of teledermatology for medical professionals and their patients.


Subject(s)
Confidentiality , Dermatology , Telemedicine , COVID-19/epidemiology , Computer Security/ethics , Computer Security/legislation & jurisprudence , Confidentiality/ethics , Confidentiality/legislation & jurisprudence , Dermatology/ethics , Dermatology/legislation & jurisprudence , Emergencies , European Union , Humans , Informed Consent/legislation & jurisprudence , Insurance, Liability/legislation & jurisprudence , Pandemics , Personal Autonomy , SARS-CoV-2 , Spain , Telemedicine/ethics , Telemedicine/legislation & jurisprudence
2.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 17332, 2021 08 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1379335

ABSTRACT

Private Set Intersection Cardinality that enable Multi-party to privately compute the cardinality of the set intersection without disclosing their own information. It is equivalent to a secure, distributed database query and has many practical applications in privacy preserving and data sharing. In this paper, we propose a novel quantum private set intersection cardinality based on Bloom filter, which can resist the quantum attack. It is a completely novel constructive protocol for computing the intersection cardinality by using Bloom filter. The protocol uses single photons, so it only need to do some simple single-photon operations and tests. Thus it is more likely to realize through the present technologies. The validity of the protocol is verified by comparing with other protocols. The protocol implements privacy protection without increasing the computational complexity and communication complexity, which are independent with data scale. Therefore, the protocol has a good prospects in dealing with big data, privacy-protection and information-sharing, such as the patient contact for COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Computer Security , Confidentiality , Computer Communication Networks , Confidentiality/legislation & jurisprudence , Humans , Information Dissemination
6.
Perspect Health Inf Manag ; 18(Winter): 1l, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1103043

ABSTRACT

The notion of health information privacy has evolved over time as the healthcare industry has embraced technology. Where once individuals were concerned about the privacy of their conversations and financial information, the digitization of health data has created new challenges for those responsible for ensuring that patient information remains secure and private. Coupled with the lack of updated, overarching legislation, a critical gap exists between advancements in technology, consumer informatics tools and privacy regulations. Almost twenty years after the HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) compliance date, the healthcare industry continues to seek solutions to privacy challenges absent formal contemporary law. Since HIPAA, a few attempts have been made to control specific aspects of health information including genetic information and use of technology however none were visionary enough to address issues seen in today's digital data focused healthcare environment. The proliferation of digital health data, trends in data use, increased use of telehealth applications due to COVID-19 pandemic and the consumer's participatory role in healthcare all create new challenges not covered by the existing legal framework. Modern efforts to address this dilemma have emerged in state and international law though the United States healthcare industry continues to operate under a law written two decades ago. As technology continues to advance at a rapid pace along with consumers playing a greater role in the management of their healthcare through digital health the privacy guidance provided by federal law must also shift to reflect the new reality.


Subject(s)
Confidentiality/legislation & jurisprudence , Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act , Telemedicine/legislation & jurisprudence , COVID-19 , Genome , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , United States
16.
NASN Sch Nurse ; 35(4): 198-202, 2020 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-273610

ABSTRACT

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 is the federal law that protects the privacy of personally identifiable information from student education records and applies to all education entities that receive funding under any program administered by the U.S. Department of Education. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 is the federal law that establishes privacy requirements for patients' protected health information. Together these privacy laws establish rules that guide school nurses in the sharing of student information, even in times of public health emergencies. The U.S. Department of Education and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services have issued special updates to privacy laws in response to the Novel Coronavirus Disease providing certain waivers of typical privacy requirements and direction to allow the sharing of information during this public health emergency. The purpose of this article is to briefly review the privacy laws as they relate to schools, as well as to provide an overview of the recent waivers to assist school nurses, school administrators, healthcare professionals, and public health agencies in protecting the health and safety of students during this current public health emergency.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Confidentiality/legislation & jurisprudence , Coronavirus Infections , Information Dissemination/legislation & jurisprudence , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Privacy/legislation & jurisprudence , School Nursing/legislation & jurisprudence , School Nursing/standards , COVID-19 , Emergencies , Guidelines as Topic , Humans , Public Health/legislation & jurisprudence , Public Health/standards , SARS-CoV-2 , United States
20.
J Am Med Inform Assoc ; 27(6): 963-966, 2020 06 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20452

ABSTRACT

The novel coronavirus disease 2019 infection poses serious challenges to the healthcare system that are being addressed through the creation of new unique and advanced systems of care with disjointed care processes (eg, telehealth screening, drive-through specimen collection, remote testing, telehealth management). However, our current regulations on the flows of information for clinical care and research are antiquated and often conflict at the state and federal levels. We discuss proposed changes to privacy regulations such as the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act designed to let health information seamlessly and frictionlessly flow among the health entities that need to collaborate on treatment of patients and, also, allow it to flow to researchers trying to understand how to limit its impacts.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Confidentiality/legislation & jurisprudence , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Government Regulation , Health Information Exchange/legislation & jurisprudence , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , COVID-19 , Communicable Disease Control , Contact Tracing/methods , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Health Information Exchange/ethics , Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act , Humans , Information Dissemination/legislation & jurisprudence , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Public Health Practice/legislation & jurisprudence , SARS-CoV-2 , United States
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