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1.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(5): e0042, 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1518953

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Apresentamos um caso de conjuntivite por SARS-CoV-2 em mulher de 55 anos, com hiperemia e sensação de corpo estranho em ambos os olhos. O exame oftalmológico revelou conjuntivite. A paciente apresentou reação em cadeia da polimerase de SARS-CoV-2 detectável em swab conjuntival e nasal. O tratamento foi realizado com colírio de ciprofloxacina, corticoide e trometamol por 5 dias. Após o sétimo dia de evolução, houve melhora importante da conjuntivite, e foi repetido swab conjuntival, com resultado não detectável.


ABSTRACT We present a case of SARS-CoV-2 conjunctivitis in a 55-year-old female patient, with hyperemia and foreign body sensation in both eyes. The eye examination revealed conjunctivitis. She had detectable SARS-CoV-2 by polymerase chain reaction on conjunctival and nasal swabs. She was treated with ciprofloxacin eye drops, corticosteroids and trometamol for 5 days. After the seventh day of evolution, there was a significant improvement in conjunctivitis, and repeated conjunctival swab was negative.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Conjunctivitis/diagnosis , Conjunctivitis/etiology , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/complications , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Conjunctivitis/drug therapy , Conjunctivitis/virology
2.
Vestn Oftalmol ; 137(5. Vyp. 2): 331-339, 2021.
Article in Russian | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1478751

ABSTRACT

The review presents data on damage to the organ of vision in patients recovered from the new coronavirus infection reflecting on the results obtained by various researchers from examining patients with varying severity of the disease, both during the active stage and after recovery. Possible ways of transmission of the infectious agent into the organ of vision were analyzed. The most common ocular manifestation of COVID-19 is conjunctivitis, while lesions of the retina and optic nerve were noted less often. The article also outlines the strategy for treatment and describes infection prevention measures for doctors and patients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Conjunctivitis , Eye Diseases/virology , COVID-19/complications , Conjunctivitis/virology , Humans , Ophthalmology , SARS-CoV-2
4.
Optom Vis Sci ; 98(5): 429-436, 2021 05 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1223410

ABSTRACT

SIGNIFICANCE: This analysis and review demonstrate that, although emerging data indicate that the prevalence of severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) on the ocular surface and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) conjunctivitis is rare, the ocular surface remains of interest as a potential inoculation and transmission site for SARS-CoV-2. Continued safety precautions should be taken as more data become available.COVID-19, caused by SARS-CoV-2, is a novel, global pandemic that has infected millions and, up to this point, caused more than two million fatalities worldwide. The ocular surface has become of interest as a possible vector for transmission by acting as a direct inoculation site, being a conduit for the virus into the respiratory system or as a method of transmission from potentially infected conjunctiva or tears. The components necessary for SARS-CoV-2 to theoretically infect ocular tissues are present: binding receptors (angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 and cluster of differentiation 147) and mechanisms for cell entry (transmembrane protease serine 2 and cathepsin L). This meta-analysis of COVID-19 prevalence data indicates that SARS-CoV-2 RNA has been infrequently found in conjunctival samples when tested with reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. This review estimates the prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 on the ocular surface and prevalence of conjunctivitis in patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19. There is much to be learned regarding ocular tropism of SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Conjunctivitis/epidemiology , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2/metabolism , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing , Conjunctiva/virology , Conjunctivitis/complications , Conjunctivitis/virology , Humans , Pandemics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prevalence , RNA, Viral/analysis , Tears/chemistry , Tears/virology
5.
Orv Hetil ; 162(16): 602-607, 2021 04 07.
Article in Hungarian | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1172895

ABSTRACT

Összefoglaló. Újabb megfigyelések szerint a SARS-CoV-2-fertozést követoen gyermekekben a paediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome (PIMS) elnevezésu, sokkállapottal szövodött Kawasaki-megbetegedéshez hasonlító, többszervi elégtelenségnek megfelelo tünetegyüttes alakulhat ki. A gyermekek többségében ilyenkor a direkt víruskimutatás már sikertelen, azonban a SARS-CoV-2 ellen képzodött antitest igazolhatja a diagnózist. Dolgozatunk célja az egyik elso hazai eset ismertetése. Egy 15 éves fiú került gyermek intenzív osztályos felvételre több napon át észlelt magas láz, kesztyu-, zokniszeru exanthema, conjunctivitis, többszervi elégtelenség, szeptikus sokk tüneteivel, akut gyulladásra utaló laboratóriumi eltérésekkel és diffúz hasi panaszokkal. Felvételét megelozoen néhány héttel SARS-CoV-2-fertozésen esett át. Felvételekor a direkt víruskimutatás sikertelen volt, ám a SARS-CoV-2 elleni antitest vizsgálata pozitív lett. Komplex intenzív terápia mellett állapota stabilizálódott. Az irodalmi ajánlásoknak megfeleloen immunglobulin-, acetilszalicilsav- és szteroidkezelésben részesítettük, melynek hatására állapota maradványtünetek nélkül rendezodött. A növekvo esetszámú gyermekkori SARS-CoV-2-fertozés mellett egyre gyakrabban várható a SARS-CoV-2-fertozést követo, a Kawasaki-betegség tüneteire emlékezteto PIMS kialakulása. Gyermekekben súlyos szeptikus állapot és többszervi elégtelenség esetén gondolni kell a PIMS lehetoségére, mely esetenként intenzív osztályos ellátást és célzott terápiát igényel. Legjobb tudomásunk szerint a leírásra került beteg a Magyarországon diagnosztizált egyik legkorábbi eset. Orv Hetil. 2021; 162(16): 602-607. Summary. Recently following SARS-CoV-2 infection, a new, multisystem disease (paediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome, PIMS) with fever was recognized in children with shock and multiorgan failure. On of the first Hungarian cases will be described. A 15-year-old boy was admitted to the Paediatric Intensive Care Unit with persistent high fever, diffuse abdominal pain, septic shock, multiple organ failure, gloves- and socks-shaped cutan exanthema, conjunctivitis and laboratory signs of inflammation. Some weeks preceding his admission, symptoms of mild SARS-CoV-2 infection were revealed. At admission, the SARS-CoV-2 PCR and antigen tests were negative, however, the presence of IgG antibody was shown. Following complex supportive intensive care along with internationally recommended immunoglobulin, aspirin and steroid treatment, the patient was completely cured without any sequalae. In children after SARS-CoV-2 infection, PIMS could occur mimicking Kawasaki syndrome. At this time, in children virus PCR or antigen tests are usually negative already, but the presence of SARS-CoV-2 antibody could prove the preceding disease. Due to the increasing number of SARS-CoV-2 infections, the occurrence of post-SARS-CoV-2 PIMS in childhood is expected to increase. For paediatric patients, in case of severe septic state and multiple organ failure, PIMS should be also considered, which may require intensive care and targeted therapy. As far as we know, the described case is one of the earliest cases of PIMS in Hungary. Orv Hetil. 2021; 162(16): 602-607.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain/etiology , COVID-19/diagnosis , Fever/etiology , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome , Adolescent , COVID-19/blood , COVID-19/virology , Conjunctivitis/virology , Exanthema/virology , Hospitalization , Humans , Hungary , Inflammation/virology , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Male , Multiple Organ Failure/virology , SARS-CoV-2 , Shock, Septic/virology , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/blood , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/virology
6.
Ocul Immunol Inflamm ; 29(4): 684-689, 2021 May 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1171739

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To summarize ophthalmic manifestations of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) reported in the literature thus far.Methods: The PubMed database was systematically searched through October 24, 2020, to identify relevant articles using the following search terms: ("COVID-19" OR "SARS-CoV-2") AND ("eye" OR "ophthalmology" OR "retina" OR "retinal findings" OR "cornea" OR "conjunctiva"). Only articles published in English were included in this review.Results: The reported prevalence of ophthalmic manifestations is generally low, but correlates positively with the severity of the disease. Most commonly reported ocular manifestations are conjunctivitis, conjunctival hyperemia and chemosis. Retinal findings include microhemorrhages and flame-shaped hemorrhages, cotton wool spots, dilated veins, and tortuous vessels.Conclusion: Considering the COVID-19 cases have reached pandemic dimensions and are surging, yet again, it is of utmost importance to determine its ophthalmic manifestations and prevent their vision threatening complications. Further studies are warranted to establish whether the retinal findings appear due to the COVID-19 or are an incidental finding in patients with a preexisting diabetic or hypertensive retinopathy.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Conjunctiva/virology , Conjunctivitis/virology , Eye Infections, Viral/virology , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , COVID-19/virology , Conjunctiva/diagnostic imaging , Conjunctivitis/diagnosis , Conjunctivitis/etiology , Eye Infections, Viral/diagnosis , Eye Infections, Viral/etiology , Humans , Pandemics
8.
Ocul Immunol Inflamm ; 29(4): 634-637, 2021 May 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1117406

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the results of conjunctival and nasopharyngeal swab tests in patients with confirmed COVID-19. METHODS: This prospective study included 45 patients who were hospitalized for confirmed COVID-19. Nasopharyngeal swab samples were obtained from the patients before hospitalization. Only one eye of each patient was randomly selected for-conjunctival sampling. All participants underwent a complete slit-lamp examination. Conjunctival and nasopharyngeal swab samples were analyzed by reversetranscriptase-polymerase-chain reaction (RT-PCR). RESULTS: Twenty seven (60%) of the patients were male and 18 (40%) were female. Conjunctival swab was positive in only one (2.22%) patient. None of the COVID-19 patients showed ocular changes and symptoms. There were no abnormalities of the ocular surface, anterior chamber or posterior segment at slit-lamp examination. CONCLUSIONS: The RT-PCR was not high positive in the conjunctiva as in nasopharyngeal swabs. Ocular changes were not common in COVID-19 patients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/diagnosis , Conjunctiva/virology , Nasopharynx/virology , RNA, Viral/analysis , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/virology , Child , Child, Preschool , Conjunctiva/pathology , Conjunctivitis/diagnosis , Conjunctivitis/etiology , Conjunctivitis/virology , Eye Infections, Viral/diagnosis , Eye Infections, Viral/etiology , Eye Infections, Viral/virology , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nasopharyngeal Diseases/diagnosis , Nasopharyngeal Diseases/etiology , Nasopharyngeal Diseases/virology , Nasopharynx/pathology , Prospective Studies , Slit Lamp Microscopy , Specimen Handling/methods , Young Adult
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(49): e23093, 2020 Dec 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-963626

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a global pandemic caused by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). There is no specific cure for this disease, and the clinical management mainly depends on supportive treatment. This disease may affect SARS-CoV-2 conjunctivitis. Yuxingcao eye drops is used in treating COVID-19 conjunctivitis in China. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search will be conducted. Two methodological trained researchers will read the title, abstract, and full texts and independently select the qualified literature according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. After assessment of the risk of bias and data extraction, we will conduct meta-analyses for outcomes related to COVID-19 conjunctivitis. The heterogeneity of data will be investigated by Cochrane X and I tests. Then publication bias assessment will be conducted by funnel plot analysis and Egger test. RESULTS: The results of our research will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSION: Our study aims to systematically present the clinical evidence of Yuxingcao eye drops in treating COVID-19 conjunctivitis, which will be of significant meaning for further research and clinical practice. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42020209059.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Conjunctivitis/drug therapy , Conjunctivitis/etiology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Clinical Trials as Topic , Conjunctivitis/virology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/administration & dosage , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Humans , Ophthalmic Solutions , Pandemics , Research Design , SARS-CoV-2
10.
Ocul Immunol Inflamm ; 29(4): 638-641, 2021 May 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-939486

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To evaluate ophthalmic examination results which were performed with slit-lamp biomicroscope, in patients with laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection.Methods: In the present study, 50 patients with laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection, were enrolled. Ophthalmic examination with slit-lamp biomicroscopy was performed and the results were evaluated.Results: The mean age of 50 patients (24 females, 26 males) included in this study, was 58,26 ± 18,91 years. In nine patients, bilateral acute follicular conjunctivitis was present. In two patients, acute anterior uveitis was seen. Optic disc and macula were normal in all patients. Preauricular lymphadenopathy (LAP) was found in 6 (12%) patients. Of these six patients, five had follicular conjunctivitis, and one had anterior uveitis.Conclusion: Acute follicular conjunctivitis with preauricular LAP and anterior uveitis were detected and no fundus pathologies were found in detailed ophthalmic examination in patients with laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 virus infection.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/diagnosis , Conjunctivitis/diagnosis , Eye Infections, Viral/diagnosis , SARS-CoV-2 , Uveitis, Anterior/diagnosis , COVID-19/virology , Conjunctivitis/virology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Eye Infections, Viral/virology , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Slit Lamp Microscopy , Uveitis, Anterior/virology
11.
Ocul Immunol Inflamm ; 29(4): 631-633, 2021 May 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-936239

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to report a bilateral conjunctivitis case in a patient with confirmed 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). CASE REPORT/OBSERVATIONS: A 24-year-old healthy man developed severe conjunctivitis in his right eye, followed by his left eye 4 days after fever and myalgia. He reported yellowish conjunctival discharge, foreign body sensation, redness, and tearing, and those symptoms were resolved in 10 days. Analyses of nasopharyngeal secretions identified SARS-CoV-2 by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). CONCLUSION: Mild COVID-19 can cause severe bilateral conjunctivitis. The ophthalmologist may be aware of conjunctival secretions, a possible path of infection, during eye checkup.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Conjunctiva/pathology , Conjunctivitis/etiology , Eye Infections, Viral/etiology , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/virology , Conjunctiva/virology , Conjunctivitis/diagnosis , Conjunctivitis/virology , DNA, Viral/analysis , Eye Infections, Viral/diagnosis , Eye Infections, Viral/virology , Humans , Male , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Young Adult
12.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0241661, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-914235

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was performed to determine the occurrence of ocular surface manifestations in patients diagnosed with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) due to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). METHODS: A systematic search of electronic databases i.e. PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL, OVID and Google scholar was performed using a comprehensive search strategy. The searches were current through 31st May 2020. Pooled data from cross-sectional studies was used for meta-analysis and a narrative synthesis was conducted for studies where a meta-analysis was not feasible. RESULTS: A total of 16 studies reporting 2347 confirmed COVID-19 cases were included. Pooled data showed that 11.64% of COVID-19 patients had ocular surface manifestations. Ocular pain (31.2%), discharge (19.2%), redness (10.8%), and follicular conjunctivitis (7.7%) were the main features. 6.9% patients with ocular manifestations had severe pneumonia. Viral RNA was detected from the ocular specimens in 3.5% patients. CONCLUSION: The most common reported ocular presentations of COVID-19 included ocular pain, redness, discharge, and follicular conjunctivitis. A small proportion of patients had viral RNA in their conjunctival/tear samples. The available studies show significant publication bias and heterogeneity. Prospective studies with methodical collection and data reporting are needed for evaluation of ocular involvement in COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/complications , Eye Diseases/virology , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Conjunctiva/virology , Conjunctivitis/virology , Eye Pain/virology , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Tears/virology
13.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 17419, 2020 10 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-872733

ABSTRACT

Changes in immune and coagulation systems and possible viral spread through the blood-brain barrier have been described in SARS-CoV-2 infection. In this study, we evaluated the possible retinal involvement and ocular findings in severe COVID-19 pneumonia patients. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 46 patients affected by severe COVID-19 who were hospitalized in one intensive care unit (ICU) and in two infectious disease wards, including bedside eye screening, corneal sensitivity assessment and retinography. A total of 43 SARS-CoV-2-positive pneumonia patients affected with COVID-19 pneumonia were included, including 25 males and 18 females, with a median age of 70 years [IQR 59-78]. Except for one patient with unilateral posterior chorioretinitis of opportunistic origin, of whom aqueous tap was negative for SARS-CoV-2, no further retinal manifestation related to COVID-19 infection was found in our cohort. We found 3 patients (7%) with bilateral conjunctivitis in whom PCR analysis on conjunctival swabs provided negative results for SARS-CoV-2. No alterations in corneal sensitivity were found. We demonstrated the absence of retinal involvement in SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia patients. Ophthalmologic evaluation in COVID-19, particularly in patients hospitalized in an ICU setting, may be useful to reveal systemic co-infections by opportunistic pathogens.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/pathology , Pneumonia, Viral/pathology , Retina/pathology , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Betacoronavirus/isolation & purification , COVID-19 , Conjunctivitis/complications , Conjunctivitis/pathology , Conjunctivitis/virology , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Hypertensive Retinopathy/complications , Hypertensive Retinopathy/diagnosis , Intensive Care Units , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , RNA, Viral/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Retina/virology , SARS-CoV-2 , Severity of Illness Index
14.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(8): 571-572, 2020 Aug 11.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-769418

ABSTRACT

This article was published ahead of print on the official website of Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology on April 14, 2020. Currently, it is commonly reported that coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients are associated with conjunctival congestion and other symptoms, and the transmission route and high-risk eye diseases and high-risk working status are speculated. Are conjunctival congestion and conjunctiva-related symptoms in patients with 2019 novel coronavirus definitely related to the novel coronavirus? Conjunctival congestion is one of the common clinical signs of various types of conjunctivitis. The symptoms and signs of conjunctivitis in COVID-19 patients may be attributed to a variety of factors. Therefore, conjunctival symptoms should not be linked to 2019 novel coronavirus without evidence. ( Chin J Ophthalmol, 2020, 56: 571-572).


Subject(s)
Conjunctiva/pathology , Conjunctivitis/virology , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Conjunctiva/virology , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
15.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(6): 433-437, 2020 Jun 11.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-742857

ABSTRACT

This article was published ahead of print on the official website of Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology on April 16,2020. Objective: To screen for novel coronavirus related conjunctivitis among patients with coronavirus disease 2019. Methods: Prospective series case study. Eighty-one patients diagnosed as coronavirus disease 2019 in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region People's Hospital were enrolled with ophthalmological consultation and screening for novel coronavirus related conjunctivitis, including the inquiring of eye symptoms and checking for conjunctivitis-related signs. Novel coronavirus nucleic acid testing of conjunctival swabs was performed on patients with clinical manifestations of conjunctivitis. Results: Only 3 of the 81 patients (3.70%) complained of eye discomfort, which appeared on day 16.67±9.29 after the diagnosis of coronavirus disease 2019. The eye signs were not typical of viral conjunctivitis. Novel coronavirus nucleic acid tests of conjunctival swabs were negative in both eyes. There was no evidence to support the diagnosis of novel coronavirus related conjunctivitis. The remaining 78 patients showed no clinical symptoms or signs of conjunctivitis. Conclusions: The occurrence of novel coronavirus related conjunctivitis may be low in patients with coronavirus disease 2019.(Chin J Ophthalmol, 2020, 56: 433-437).


Subject(s)
Conjunctivitis/virology , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , China , Humans , Prospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
16.
Am J Case Rep ; 21: e925779, 2020 Aug 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-713485

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection commonly presents as fever, cough, and shortness of breath in adults. Children are thought to have milder respiratory symptoms and to recover more quickly. We describe a new presentation of COVID-19 infection in children consisting of multisystem inflammation with decreased left ventricular function and evidence of lung disease. CASE REPORT Three children presented with fever, conjunctivitis, dry and cracked lips, rash, and/or cervical lymphadenopathy for at least 5 days. Two of these children required mechanical ventilation, and 1 of the 2 needed extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) to support cardiorespiratory function. All of these children had moderate to severe hyponatremia and lymphopenia, which is usually seen in COVID-19. They were treated with intravenous immunoglobulin and high-dose aspirin. All of the children recovered. CONCLUSIONS Early recognition of children with multisystem inflammation is important because they are at increased risk for deterioration. Treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin and aspirin was used because this regimen has been shown to be beneficial in vasculitis of Kawasaki disease. The development of shock due to cardiac involvement may require ECMO.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/virology , Antipyretics/therapeutic use , Aspirin/therapeutic use , COVID-19 , Child , Child, Preschool , Conjunctivitis/therapy , Conjunctivitis/virology , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Exanthema/therapy , Exanthema/virology , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Female , Fever/therapy , Fever/virology , Heart Failure/therapy , Heart Failure/virology , Humans , Hyponatremia/therapy , Hyponatremia/virology , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous , Lymphadenopathy/therapy , Lymphadenopathy/virology , Lymphopenia/therapy , Lymphopenia/virology , Male , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Respiration, Artificial , SARS-CoV-2 , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/diagnosis , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/therapy , Vasculitis/therapy , Vasculitis/virology
17.
Vestn Oftalmol ; 136(4): 118-123, 2020.
Article in Russian | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-709844

ABSTRACT

This paper describes possible clinical ocular manifestations of novel coronavirus infection COVID-19. Two clinical cases of conjunctivitis are examined. Due to the lack of ophthalmological approaches to the treatment of such patients, different management tactics are given based on the severity of local and systemic disease manifestations. Our research and practical management of these conditions showed the toxic and allergic nature of ocular surface manifestations in patients with COVID-19. Such cases are proposed to be treated similar to the conjunctivitis of "unclear origin" with components from antiviral and anti-allergic therapies.


Subject(s)
Conjunctivitis/virology , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Eye Diseases/virology , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
18.
Indian J Med Res ; 151(5): 411-418, 2020 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-623374

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is caused by a highly contagious RNA virus termed as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Ophthalmologists are at high-risk due to their proximity and short working distance at the time of slit-lamp examination. Eye care professionals can be caught unaware because conjunctivitis may be one of the first signs of COVID-19 at presentation, even precluding the emergence of additional symptoms such as dry cough and anosmia. Breath and eye shields as well as N95 masks, should be worn while examining patients with fever, breathlessness, or any history of international travel or travel from any hotspot besides maintaining hand hygiene. All elective surgeries need to be deferred. Adults or children with sudden-onset painful or painless visual loss, or sudden-onset squint, or sudden-onset floaters or severe lid oedema need a referral for urgent care. Patients should be told to discontinue contact lens wear if they have any symptoms of COVID-19. Cornea retrieval should be avoided in confirmed cases and suspects, and long-term preservation medium for storage of corneas should be encouraged. Retinal screening is unnecessary for coronavirus patients taking chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine as the probability of toxic damage to the retina is less due to short-duration of drug therapy. Tele-ophthalmology and artificial intelligence should be preferred for increasing doctor-patient interaction.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control , Occupational Exposure/prevention & control , Occupational Health/standards , Ophthalmology , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , COVID-19 , Conjunctivitis/virology , Corneal Transplantation , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Humans , Ophthalmology/methods , Personal Protective Equipment , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Risk Factors , Tears/virology , Telemedicine , Tissue and Organ Procurement/standards
19.
J Adolesc Health ; 67(3): 456-458, 2020 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-613295

ABSTRACT

The novel coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization on March 11, 2020. We discuss a less common presentation of COVID-19 in a patient where the use of telemedicine technology prevented the exposure of the healthcare team in an academic general pediatrics clinic. A medically complex 20-year-old male presented via virtual visit for unilateral eye redness and discharge. He received topical ophthalmic antibiotics for presumed acute bacterial conjunctivitis and was counseled on return precautions. Three days later, the patient developed shortness of breath, fever to 102.6°F, and chest pain. COVID-19 testing returned positive. Conjunctivitis is a presenting symptom in 32% of COVID-19 cases. Current evidence suggests that these patients may transmit their illness at the time of presentation. Using telehealth, we avoided exposure to a COVID-19-positive patient who would not have met criteria for testing or droplet precautions. Telehealth allows providers to triage patients, identifying those who need to be seen in person, thereby minimizing exposure. Transitioning toward virtual practice, particularly during a pandemic, prepares for the possibility of healthcare workers being quarantined but still able to provide care and minimizes exposure to asymptomatic patients or those with atypical symptoms.


Subject(s)
Conjunctivitis/virology , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Telemedicine , Ambulatory Care Facilities , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Testing , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Humans , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control , Male , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Young Adult
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