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1.
BMC Med Educ ; 23(1): 325, 2023 May 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2321887

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Antenatal counseling for parents in the setting of expected preterm delivery is an important component of pediatric training. However, healthcare professionals receive a variable amount and quality of formal training. This study evaluated and discussed validity of a practical tool to assess antenatal counseling skills and provide evaluative feedback: the Antenatal Counseling Milestones Scale (ACoMS). METHODS: Experts in antenatal counseling developed an anchored milestone-based tool to evaluate observable skills. Study participants with a range of antenatal counseling skills were recruited to participate in simulation of counseling sessions in person or via video with standardized patient actors presenting with preterm labor at 23 weeks' gestation. Two faculty observers scored each session independently using the ACoMS. Participants completed an ACoMS self-assessment, demographic, and feedback survey. Validity was measured with weighted kappas for inter-rater agreement, Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's tests for milestone levels between degrees of expertise in counseling, and cronbach's alpha for item consistency. RESULTS: Forty-two participants completed observed counseling sessions. Of the 17 items included in the tool, 15 items were statistically significant with scores scaling with level of training. A majority of elements had fair-moderate agreement between raters, and there was high internal consistency amongst all items. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that the internal structure of the ACoMS rubric has greater than fair inter-rater reliability and high internal consistency amongst items. Content validity is supported by the scale's ability to discern level of training. Application of the ACoMS to clinical encounters is needed to determine utility in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Clinical Competence , Counseling , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Female , Child , Reproducibility of Results , Educational Measurement , Health Personnel
2.
Trials ; 23(1): 524, 2022 Jun 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2317210

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cannabis is the most-frequently used illicit drug in Europe. Over the last few years in Spain, treatment demand has increased, yet most cannabis users do not seek treatment despite the related problems. A web-based self-help tool, like CANreduce 2.0, could help these users to control their consumption. METHODS: This study protocol describes a three-arm randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing the effectiveness of three approaches, in terms of reducing cannabis use among problematic cannabis users, the first two treatment arms including the Spanish version of CANreduce 2.0 (an adherence-focused, guidance-enhanced, web-based self-help tool) (1) with and (2) without psychological support; and the third group (3) treatment as usual (TAU). Study hypotheses will be tested concerning the primary outcome: change in the number of days of cannabis use over the previous week, comparing assessments at 6 weeks and 3 and 6 months follow-up between groups and against baseline. Secondary outcomes related to cannabis use will be tested similarly. Mental disorders will be explored as predictors of adherence and outcomes. Analyses will be performed on an intention-to-treat basis, then verified by complete case analyses. DISCUSSION: This study will test how effective the Spanish version of CANreduce 2.0 (CANreduce-SP) is at reducing both the frequency and quantity of cannabis use in problematic users and whether adding psychological support increases its effectiveness. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial is registered with the Clinical Trials Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) number: NCT04517474 . Registered 18 August 2020, (Archived by archive.is https://archive.is/N1Y64 ). The project commenced in November 2020 and recruitment is anticipated to end by November 2022.


Subject(s)
Cannabis , Counseling , Marijuana Abuse , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Health Behavior , Humans , Internet , Marijuana Abuse/therapy , Mental Disorders , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome
3.
J Addict Nurs ; 33(4): 271-279, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2309784

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: In 2018, more than 67,000 people died because of drug overdoses, and of that number, approximately 69.5% involved an opioid, making it a leading cause of death in the United States. Additionally concerning is that 40 states have reported increased overdose deaths and opioid-related deaths since the start of the COVID-19 global pandemic. Presently, many insurance companies and healthcare providers require patients to receive counseling during medication treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD), despite the lack of evidence that it is necessary for all patients. To inform policy and improve quality of treatment, this nonexperimental, correlational study examined the relationship between individual counseling status and treatment outcomes in patients receiving medication treatment for OUD. Treatment outcome variables (treatment utilization, medication use, and opioid use) were extracted from the electronic health records of 669 adults who received treatment between January 2016 and January 2018. Study findings suggest women in our sample were more likely to test positive for benzodiazepines (t = -4.3, p < .001) and amphetamines (t = -4.4, p < .001), whereas men used alcohol at higher rates than women (t = 2.2, p = .026). In addition, women were more likely to report having experienced Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder/trauma (χ2 = 16.5, p < .001) and anxiety (χ2 = 9.4, p = .002). Regression analyses revealed concurrent counseling was unrelated to medication utilization and ongoing opioid use. Patients who had prior counseling utilized buprenorphine more frequently (ß = 0.13, p < .001) and used opioids less often (ß = -0.14, p < .001); however, both relationships were weak. These data do not provide evidence that counseling during OUD outpatient has a significant impact on treatment outcomes. These findings provide further evidence that barriers to medication treatment such as mandatory counseling can and should be removed.


Subject(s)
Buprenorphine , COVID-19 , Drug Overdose , Opioid-Related Disorders , Male , Adult , Humans , United States , Female , Analgesics, Opioid/therapeutic use , Opiate Substitution Treatment , Opioid-Related Disorders/drug therapy , Buprenorphine/therapeutic use , Drug Overdose/drug therapy , Counseling
4.
Curr Pharm Teach Learn ; 15(3): 274-282, 2023 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2293940

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Lean principles are increasingly applied in healthcare to improve quality and cost. A service-learning course providing Medicare insurance counseling requiring rapid transformation due to the COVID-19 pandemic provided an opportunity for pharmacy students to apply lean skills. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY: Students, already introduced to lean skills earlier in their curriculum, enrolled in the insurance education certificate during their third year in Fall 2020. Students were oriented to the mandated service delivery restrictions. After a review of lean principles, students analyzed existing process for in-person counseling using a value-stream map. Students worked in teams to complete a cause analysis and develop solutions. Collaboratively, students clarified the value of the Medicare insurance counseling services to the community, adapted these components to accommodate environmental risk, and developed standard work for client acquisition, communication procedures, and service delivery to optimize client satisfaction and safety. Outcomes compared before and after application of lean skills included number of pharmacy students completing insurance counselor training, number of clients counseled, and the mean out-of-pocket savings identified for Medicare beneficiaries. FINDINGS: Students applied lean skills to transform an insurance counseling service by developing and implementing a future state value-stream map and new standard work. Overall Medicare insurance counseling service metrics decreased compared to previous years, but the service was sustained despite pandemic restrictions. Application of lean skills and service redesign provided a method for students to provide services via telepharmacy. Application of lean principles increased student engagement with the course and provided an opportunity to practice quality improvement skills. Lean provides a flexible set of skills that can be introduced and applied in different pharmacy instructional settings.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Aged , Humans , United States , Medicare , Counseling , Learning
5.
Psychiatr Serv ; 73(2): 125, 2022 02 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2297278
6.
Ann Fam Med ; (21 Suppl 1)2023 01 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2276989

ABSTRACT

Context: Breast cancer survivors have increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk compared to those without cancer history. CVD is the leading cause of death for breast cancer survivors. Objective: To assess current CVD risk counseling practices and risk perception in breast cancer survivors. Study design and analysis: Interviews conducted with breast cancer survivors. Analysis of categorical data by frequency and quantitative variables by mean and standard deviation. Inductive qualitative analysis performed using NVIVO. Setting: Academic Family Medicine Outpatient Practices Population studied: Breast cancer survivors with an identified primary care provider. Intervention/instrument: Interviews on CVD risk behaviors, risk perception, challenges with risk reduction, and previous history of risk counseling. Outcome measures: Self-reported history of CVD, risk perception, and risk behaviors. Results: The average age of participants (n=19) was 57 with 57% being white and 32% African American. Of interviewed women, 89.5% reported a personal history and 89.5% reported a family history of CVD. Only 52.6% had previously reported receipt of CVD counseling. Primary care providers most commonly provided the counseling (72.7%), however it was additionally provided by oncology (27.3%). Among breast cancer survivors, 31.6% perceived they were at increased CVD risk and 47.5% were unsure of their relative CVD risk compared to women their age. Factors affecting perceived CVD risk included family history, cancer treatments, cardiovascular diagnoses, and lifestyle factors. Video (78.9%) and text messaging (68.4%) were the most highly reported mechanisms through which breast cancer survivors requested to receive additional information and counseling on CVD risk and risk reduction. Commonly reported barriers to adopting risk reduction strategies (such as increasing physical activity) included time, resources, physical limitations, and competing responsibilities. Barriers specific to survivorship status include concerns for immune status during COVID, physical limitations associated with cancer treatment, and psychosocial aspects of cancer survivorship. Conclusions: These data suggest improving the frequency and content of CVD risk reduction counseling is needed. Strategies should identify the best methods for providing CVD counseling, and should address general barriers as well as unique challenges faced by cancer survivors.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , COVID-19 , Cancer Survivors , Cardiovascular Diseases , Female , Humans , Perception , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Counseling
7.
Patient Educ Couns ; 110: 107676, 2023 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2275787

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a supportive counseling via the smart phone on the health anxiety, and acceptance of disability in the patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. METHODS: The present study was a randomized clinical trial with pre-post design. Randomly dividing 124 patients into experimental and control groups. Before and after the intervention, all patients answered the health anxiety and disability acceptance questionnaires. For eight weeks, the trial group received remote counseling help using the WhatsApp platform. RESULTS: All 124 patients randomized into groups, completed follow-up which were analyzed. By the end of 8th week, the level of health anxiety (MD=11.34, P < 0.001) of the experiment group was significantly lower than the control group, while the level of acceptance of disability (MD=91.42, P < 0.001) of experiment group was significantly higher than the control group. CONCLUSION: Smartphone-based supportive counseling may help people with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus manage their symptoms better, and live better by reducing health worry and increasing acceptance of impairment. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Virtual supportive counseling can assist healthcare professionals to optimize the potential of education and support processes.


Subject(s)
Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Smartphone , Humans , Counseling , Anxiety/prevention & control , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/therapy
8.
BMC Med Educ ; 23(1): 139, 2023 Mar 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2280460

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Academic advising and counseling services support students in achieving their educational outcomes. Unfortunately, there is a paucity of research on academic advising and student-support systems among nursing students. Therefore, the current study aims to develop a student academic advising and counseling survey (SAACS) and measure its validity and reliability. METHODS: Cross-sectional design was used to collect online self-administered data from undergraduate nursing students in Egypt and Saudi Arabia. The SAACS is developed based on relevant literature and tested for content and construct validity. RESULTS: A total of 1,134 students from both sites completed the questionnaire. Students' mean age was 20.3 ± 1.4, and the majority of them were female (81.9%), single (95.6%), and unemployed (92.3%). The content validity index (CVI) of SAACS overall score (S-CVI) is 0.989, and S-CVI/UA (universal agreement) is 0.944, which indicates excellent content validity. The overall SAACS reliability showed an excellent internal consistency with a Cronbach's Alpha of 0.97 (95% CI: 0.966 - 0.972). CONCLUSIONS: The SAACS is a valid and reliable tool for assessing students' experience with academic advising and counseling services and can be utilized to improve those services in nursing school settings.


Subject(s)
Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate , Students, Nursing , Female , Humans , Male , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Counseling
9.
J Affect Disord ; 331: 405-412, 2023 06 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2268938

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Community-based psychological counselling services (CPCS) is crucial for the oldest-old who often faces challenges or are reluctant to seek care at the healthcare settings. This study aims to examine trends in availability of CPCS over time and rural-urban disparities in service availability among nationwide oldest-old in China. METHODS: Multiple cross-sectional data were derived from the 2005-2018 Chinese Longitudinal Health Longevity Survey. Service availability was reported by each oldest-old participant or their next-of-kins as having CPCS in one's neighborhood. We used Cochran-Armitage tests to estimate service availability trends and applied sample-weighted logistic regression models to examine its rural-urban disparities. RESULTS: Of 38,032 oldest-old, CPCS availability decreased from 6.7 % in 2005 to 4.8 % in 2008/2009, followed by continual increases to 13.6 % in 2017/2018. In 2017/2018, rural oldest-old's neighborhoods had no greater service availability. Oldest-old residing in the Central (6.7 %), Western (13.4 %) and Northeast China (8.1 %) were less likely to report having services locally than their Eastern counterparts (17.8 %). Oldest-old having any disability or living in the nursing homes reported having greater service availability than those without disability or living at home. LIMITATION: Service availability might have been disrupted during the COVID-19 pandemic. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the increasing service availability, as of 2017/2018, only 13.6 % oldest-old in China had reported CPCS availability. It raises concerns on the disproportionate access to and continuity of mental health care, especially for those living the Central, Western China and those living at home. Policy efforts are needed to incentivize service expansion and eliminate disparities in the service availability.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Humans , Aged, 80 and over , Cross-Sectional Studies , Community Health Services , COVID-19/epidemiology , China , Counseling
10.
Am J Geriatr Psychiatry ; 31(8): 586-595, 2023 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2264933

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Low-income White and older adults of color face barriers to depression care. Our purpose is to describe the methods and challenges encountered during the implementation of a randomized controlled trial to test the effectiveness of a peer support depression care intervention for low-income White and older adults of color during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Peer Enhanced Depression Care (Peers) is an 8-week community-based intervention that uses peer mentors who are trained and supervised to provide social support and self-care skills to depressed older adults. The effectiveness of the intervention in reducing depression will be evaluated by following a sample of older adults recruited in the community over a 12-month period. Target enrollment is 160 older adults. We hypothesize that participants randomized to the Peer Enhanced Depression Care intervention will experience greater decrease in depressive symptoms compared to participants randomized to the social interaction control. We provide lessons learned regarding the recruitment of BIPOC and White low-income older adults and peer mentors during the COVID-19 pandemic. RESULTS: Recruitment challenges occurred in primary care clinics that were unable to accommodate recruitment efforts during the pandemic. This led to focused outreach to community-based organizations serving older adults. Challenges to participant recruitment have included barriers related to stigma, distrust, as well as unfamiliarity with research. Peer mentor recruitment was facilitated by existing government-supported resources. CONCLUSIONS: This study will provide knowledge regarding the effectiveness, mechanism, and processes of delivering an informal psychosocial intervention such as peer support to a vulnerable older adult population.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Depression , Humans , Aged , Depression/therapy , Pandemics , Counseling , Peer Group
11.
Health Promot Int ; 38(2)2023 Apr 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2264600

ABSTRACT

Medical Advice for Sick-reported Students (MASS) is an intervention that aims to reduce medical absenteeism and prevent dropout among students. The current study reports on a process evaluation of the implementation of MASS at a vocational school in the Netherlands. The evaluation included the implementation process, fidelity, context, and participant satisfaction. The study had a qualitative case study design. Data was gathered through semi-structured interviews with relevant stakeholders, including a child and youth healthcare physician, MASS coordinators, career advisors, mentors, and students with concerning sickness absence. MASS was largely implemented as intended, but some deviations from the original intervention were found. For example, not all mentors identified concerning sickness absence through recommended criteria. A fit between the intervention and the values of the involved organizations was found. Facilitating contextual factors were identified, such as a perceived need for reducing school absence recognized within the care network, as well as hampering contextual factors, for example the limited visibility of students' absence during the COVID-19 pandemic. Participants were generally satisfied with MASS and its implementation. Overall, MASS was implemented well according to interviewees, but several improvement points for both the implementation and execution of MASS were identified. These include full implementation across the setting, providing and repeating necessary trainings, minimizing administrative burden, and securing financial and human resources for sustainment of the intervention. These points could help to guide future implementation efforts, as they may help to overcome common barriers to implementation.


Medical Advice for Sick-reported Students (MASS) is an intervention that aims to reduce sickness absence and prevent dropout among students. The current study looked at how this intervention was put to practice at a vocational school in South Limburg, The Netherlands. For this, interviews were conducted with people from the vocational school and the Public Health Services (GGD) South Limburg who were involved in MASS, including a child and youth healthcare physician, MASS coordinators, students, career advisors, and mentors. These interviews showed that overall, MASS was used in practice as intended, it fitted well with the vocational school and the GGD, and most people involved were satisfied with the intervention and how it was put to practice. However, several improvement points for future use were identified as well. These improvement points can help improve MASS at the vocational school in The Netherlands, and could also be useful for other public health interventions.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Adolescent , Child , Humans , Students , Schools , Counseling
12.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 20(3)2023 01 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2243048

ABSTRACT

Remote mental health services were rapidly deployed during the COVID-19 pandemic, yet there is relatively little contemporaneous evidence on their feasibility and acceptability. This study assessed the feasibility and acceptability of a stepped care mental health programme delivered remotely by lay counsellors to adolescents in New Delhi, India, during a period of 'lockdown'. The programme consisted of a brief problem-solving intervention ("Step 1") followed by a tailored behavioural module ("Step 2") for non-responders. We enrolled 34 participants (M age = 16.4 years) with a self-identified need for psychological support. Feasibility and acceptability were assessed through quantitative process indicators and qualitative interviews (n = 17 adolescents; n = 5 counsellors). Thirty-one (91%) adolescents started Step 1 and 16 (52%) completed the planned Step 1 protocol. Twelve (75%) of the Step 1 completers were non-responsive. Eight (67%) non-responsive cases started Step 2, all of whom met response criteria when reassessed at 12 weeks post-enrolment. Adolescents favoured voice-only sessions over video-calls due to privacy concerns and difficulties accessing suitable devices. Counsellors noted challenges of completing remote sessions within the allotted time while recognising the importance of supervision for developing competence in new ways of working. Both adolescents and counsellors discussed the importance of working collaboratively and flexibly to fit around individual preferences and circumstances. Disentangling pandemic-specific barriers from more routine challenges to remote delivery should be a focus of future research.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , Adolescent , COVID-19/epidemiology , Mental Health , Pandemics , Feasibility Studies , Counseling
13.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 20(3)2023 01 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2242881

ABSTRACT

As mobile healthcare services entered the public sight with high frequency during the COVID-19 pandemic, patients are increasingly recognizing the effectiveness of mobile medical consultation (MMC). Earlier studies have investigated what influences continuance intention (CI) towards MMC, but few studies have scrutinized it from the perspective of patients' psychological distance. We formulated a framework to examine the psychological factors influencing CI towards MMC by integrating the information systems continuance model and psychological distance theory. The framework was validated using the partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) approach and data from 475 MMC users in China. The empirical results revealed that immediacy, telepresence, intimacy, and substitutability were significant predictors of CI, while satisfaction mediated these pathways. Pandemic-induced anxiety positively moderated the effect of immediacy on satisfaction and the effect of satisfaction on CI. Practical implementations for MMC healthcare practitioners, designers, and marketers are drawn.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Intention , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Psychological Distance , Counseling , Referral and Consultation
14.
S Afr Fam Pract (2004) ; 65(1): e1-e7, 2023 01 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2233054

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a major public health problem. During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, patient education and counselling (PEC) for diabetes were curtailed. This project explored the possibility of offering group empowerment and training (GREAT) for diabetes via computer or tablets and Zoom video conferencing. The aim was to explore whether this was feasible in the low-income community context of primary health care in Cape Town, South Africa. METHODS: Three dieticians facilitated four sessions of GREAT for diabetes with a group of five patients with type-2 diabetes. Once the programme was completed, focus group interviews were held with the facilitators and the patients to explore their experience. Interviews were recorded and analysed using a simplified framework method. RESULTS: Usual primary care was not offering PEC and service delivery was brief and mechanistic. The content, resources and group processes were successfully translated into the virtual environment. The guiding style of communication was more difficult. Patients reported changes in their self-management and appreciated being able to save time and money while participating from home. Patients required considerable support and training to use the technology. All participants were concerned about safety and crime with the hardware. CONCLUSION: It was feasible to conduct GREAT for diabetes via tablets and Zoom video conferencing in this low-income community. To implement at scale, a number of concerns need to be addressed. The feasibility of conducting the sessions via smartphone technology should be evaluated.Contribution: Demonstrates how digital technology could be used to develop new ways of empowering people with type 2 diabetes.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Humans , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/therapy , South Africa/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Counseling/methods , Qualitative Research
15.
J Hum Nutr Diet ; 36(4): 1417-1424, 2023 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2223415

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although remote dietary counselling practices have increased in the COVID-19 pandemic, it is not known which method is more effective. This study aimed to determine the effect of diet counselling by phone or video on weight loss and to compare it with the traditional follow-up method. METHODS: Forty-six participants living with obesity were randomised into the phone counselling (n = 15), video counselling (n = 15), and traditional follow-up groups (n = 16), and were followed for 10 weeks. The anthropometric measurements, quality-of-life questionnaire (SF-36) scores and total calorie/macronutrient intakes were recorded and compared at baseline and at the end of the study. RESULTS: In the phone counselling, video counselling and traditional follow-up groups body weight (-4.8 ± 0.9, -5.7 ± 1.8 and -3.3 ± 0.8 kg, respectively) and SF-36 general health scores (14.2 ± 4.2, 15.9 ± 3.6 and 10.2 ± 3.7, respectively) of the participants changed significantly compared to baseline (group × time interaction, p < 0.05). The change in the body weight and SF-36 general health score was more in the phone counselling and video counselling groups relative to the traditional follow-up group (group × time interaction, p < 0.01). The highest decrease in total calorie (-301.4 ± 112.2 kcal) and carbohydrate (-26.6 ± 11.2 g) intake was in the video counselling group compared to the other groups (group × time interaction, p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Video counselling and phone counselling were effective in weight loss in the COVID-19 pandemic. It is important to maintain remote dietary counselling practices to support weight management when face-to-face meetings are not possible.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Quality of Life , Humans , Pandemics , COVID-19/epidemiology , Obesity/therapy , Body Weight , Weight Loss , Counseling/methods
16.
J Fam Pract ; 71(10): 426-431, 2022 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2203740

ABSTRACT

A paucity of both data and therapeutics presents obstacles to care and makes your role in symptom management, psychological support, and referral-all described here-essential.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Physicians, Family , Humans , Post-Acute COVID-19 Syndrome , Counseling , Referral and Consultation , Physician's Role
17.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 23(1): 26, 2023 Jan 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2196115

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Successful breastfeeding is related to the psychosocial conditions of the mother. Covid19 pandemic resulted in psychological consequences in women during postpartum period. Maternal anxiety and distress reduce the chances of exclusive breastfeeding. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of counseling with stress management approach on postpartum anxiety and distress and breastfeeding self-efficacy (BSE) during COVID-19 pandemic. METHOD: This randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 64 breastfeeding mothers referred to health care centers in Tabriz, Iran in 2021. Participants were assigned into the intervention and control groups in a ratio of 1: 1 using block randomization in a block size of 4 and 6. The intervention group participated in six individual 60-90 min sessions. Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), postpartum distress (PMD), and BSE questionnaires were completed before and 4-week after the intervention by the control and intervention groups. Independent t-test and ANCOVA were used to compare the outcomes between two groups. RESULTS: According to the ANCOVA results by controlling the baseline values and after the intervention, the mean score of anxiety in the intervention group was lower than that in the control group [Adjusted Mean Difference (AMD): -13.82, 95%, confidence interval (CI): -12.35 to -15.29, (p < 0.001)]. Further, the mean score of postpartum distress after intervention was lower in the intervention group compared with that in the control group [AMD:5.31 95% CI: -3.00 to -7.37 (p < 0.001)]. After the intervention, the mean score of BSE in the intervention group was significantly higher than that in the control group [AMD: 25.57, 95% CI: 22.85 to 28.29 (p < 0.001)]. CONCLUSION: Stress management counseling can improve postpartum anxiety and distress and BSE and increase breastfeeding. However, more studies are needed for a definitive conclusion. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials (IRCT): IRCT20171007036615N6. Date of registration: 15/09/2021.


Subject(s)
Breast Feeding , COVID-19 , Female , Humans , Breast Feeding/psychology , Pandemics , Self Efficacy , Iran/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Mothers/psychology , Postpartum Period , Anxiety/prevention & control , Counseling
18.
Afr Health Sci ; 22(4): 565-575, 2022 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2202271

ABSTRACT

Background: Patients' good understanding and awareness of drug information received at the drug retail outlet is paramount to gaining expected outcomes. In the COVID-19 pandemic, the routine counselling practice faced multifactorial challenges. Objectives: The study aimed to assess medication counseling practice and associated factors in drug retail outlets of Jimma town, southwest Ethiopia. Methods: A facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted using an interviewer administered questionnaire. The data were analysed by using SPSS version 23. A multivariable logistic regression model was used to identify factors associated with medication counselling practice. Results: A total of 180 pharmacy professionals were enrolled in the study, about half (51.1%) of the participants reported good medication counselling provision for their patients. In A multivariable logistic regression analysis, reduced pharmacist's level of communication (AOR=0.008; CI: 0.001-0.292; p= 0.009) and shortage of personal protective equipment (AOR=0.021; CI: 0.002-0.226; p=0.002) due Covid-19 were factors associated with poor medication counselling practice. Conclusion: Reduced level of communication and shortage of personal protective equipment due to Covid-19 were factors associated with poor medication counselling practice. In general, Jimma town health offices and Oromia Region Health bureau should struggle in association with other stakeholders to improve the identified bottleneck of pharmacist's counselling practice.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Pandemics , Ethiopia/epidemiology , Counseling
19.
Asian J Psychiatr ; 81: 103462, 2023 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2176073

ABSTRACT

Suicides by university students in Japan have increased with the onset of the COVID- 19 pandemic. Changes in the suicidality of clients in student counseling centers are unknown. We compared OQ 45.2, suicidal risk, and suicidality before and after the pandemic, testing 1801 clients at the Student Counseling Center of University A in Japan. The post-group exhibited significantly decreases in all suicide-related indices. Results reveal that fewer students may feel suicidal and that the number of consultations with suicidal students may have decreased. It is important to build support systems easier for students to access in crises and alone.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Suicide , Humans , Suicide/psychology , Universities , East Asian People , Counseling , Suicidal Ideation , Students/psychology
20.
Patient Educ Couns ; 105(7): 2371-2381, 2022 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2150394

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To report on patients' satisfaction and experience of care across three different modes of weight loss counseling. METHODS: 1407 patients with obesity in the rural Midwest were enrolled to a 2-year weight management trial through their primary care practice and assigned to one of three treatment conditions: in-clinic individual, in-clinic group, phone group counseling. Patients completed surveys assessing seven domains of satisfaction and experience of care at 6 and 24-months. Post-treatment interviews were conducted to add context to survey responses. RESULTS: 1295 (92.0%) and 1230 (87.4%) completed surveys at 6 and 24-months, respectively. Patients in phone group counseling reported lower satisfaction than patients who received in-clinic group or in-clinic individual counseling across all domains at 6-months and five out of seven domains at 24-months. Interviews revealed that patients were more satisfied when they received face-to-face counseling and had meaningful interactions with their primary care provider (PCP) about their weight. CONCLUSION: Rural patients with obesity have higher satisfaction and experience of care when weight loss counseling is delivered in a face-to-face environment and when their PCP is involved with their treatment. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Primary care practices looking to offer weight loss treatment should consider incorporating some level of face-to-face treatment plans that involves meaningful interaction with the PCP.


Subject(s)
Obesity , Weight Loss , Counseling/methods , Humans , Obesity/psychology , Obesity/therapy , Primary Health Care/methods , Rural Population , Weight Loss/physiology
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