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2.
J Infect Dev Ctries ; 15(10): 1404-1407, 2021 10 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1518655

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) affects mainly the lungs causing pneumonia and complications like acute respiratory distress syndrome. Pneumothorax is a rare manifestation of the disease. This report is a description of a series of patients with COVID-19 and spontaneous pneumothorax, some of them with associated pulmonary cysts. METHODOLOGY: Cases were collected retrospectively. We included clinical data from medical records and described radiologic findings. Patients that developed pneumothorax during mechanical ventilation were excluded. RESULTS: Ten cases were included in this report, nine of them were male. The median age of our series was 62 years (IQR = 57-68). The median days since the onset of symptoms until the development of pneumothorax was 27 (IQR = 17-31), most cases developed after the second week of the diagnosis of pneumonia. Two cases required invasive mechanical ventilation, but pneumothorax occurred after ventilator weaning. Three cases showed subpleural pulmonary cysts. CONCLUSIONS: Cysts and pneumothorax are rare manifestations of SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia with mechanisms not completely understood. This report highlights the role of CT scan in diagnosis of COVID-19 complications.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Cysts/etiology , Lung/pathology , Pneumothorax/etiology , Aged , COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , COVID-19/epidemiology , Colombia/epidemiology , Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Cysts/epidemiology , Cysts/virology , Female , Humans , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Lung/virology , Male , Middle Aged , Pneumothorax/diagnostic imaging , Pneumothorax/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
4.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(5)2021 May 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1247332

ABSTRACT

An 81-year-old patient presented with fever and lethargy for 3 weeks. There were no other signs or symptoms of infection. Detailed history revealed a fall onto his right flank, prior to the start of fever. All microbiological, autoimmune and oncological investigations were negative. CT scan of chest, abdomen and pelvis showed haemorrhage in a previously diagnosed simple adrenal cyst. The cyst was non-functioning. The patient continued to spike fever in the following 4 weeks, otherwise remained stable. The patient was managed conservatively as haemoglobin level was stable. Repeated scan showed signs of improvement. He was discharged after 5 weeks. He remained afebrile and asymptomatic at the planned endocrinology outpatient follow-up after 8 weeks.


Subject(s)
Cysts , Hemorrhage , Aged, 80 and over , Chest Pain , Cysts/complications , Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Hemorrhage/diagnostic imaging , Hemorrhage/etiology , Humans , Male , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
5.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(4)2021 Apr 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1194196
6.
Clin Radiol ; 76(7): 548.e1-548.e12, 2021 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1141704

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary cysts are thin-walled radiolucent lesions that may appear in a variety of uncommon disorders known as diffuse cystic lung diseases (DCLD) that essentially includes lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM), Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH), lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia (LIP), Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PJP), and Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHDS). Moreover, they have been reported in several cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The purpose of this review is to provide a practical approach for evaluating lung cysts when encountered on CT. We describe the imaging findings of DLCD emphasising their differences in terms of shape and distribution of the cysts, as well as their association with other findings such as nodules or ground-glass opacities, which may help in making a confident diagnosis. We also discuss the link between pulmonary cysts and COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Lung Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Humans , Lung/diagnostic imaging
7.
Monaldi Arch Chest Dis ; 90(4)2020 Sep 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1060341

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a recent pandemic that affected more than 5 million people worldwide. Chest high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) is an essential tool in diagnosis and management of the disease. Pulmonary parenchymal opacity is a typical sign of the disease, but not the only one. Pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, bronchiectasis and cysts are probably underrated complications of COVID-19 that can worsen prognosis, in terms of prolonged hospitalization and need of oxygen therapy. In our single center case series, we outline four different manifestations of pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum and cysts in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 pneumonia.


Subject(s)
Bronchiectasis/diagnostic imaging , Coronavirus Infections/diagnostic imaging , Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Mediastinal Emphysema/diagnostic imaging , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnostic imaging , Pneumothorax/diagnostic imaging , Adult , Betacoronavirus , Bronchiectasis/etiology , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Cysts/etiology , Humans , Italy , Lung Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Lung Diseases/etiology , Male , Mediastinal Emphysema/etiology , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pneumothorax/etiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Subcutaneous Emphysema/diagnostic imaging , Subcutaneous Emphysema/etiology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(18): e20175, 2020 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-153554

ABSTRACT

RATIONALE: The cystic features of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) found on computed tomography (CT) have not yet been reported in the published literature. We report the cystic chest CT findings of 2 patients confirmed to have COVID-19-related pneumonia. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 38-year-old man and a 35-year-old man diagnosed with severe COVID-19 pneumonia were admitted to the intensive care unit. DIAGNOSES: Chest CT findings showed multiple cysts in ground-glass opacities (bilaterally) with/without pneumothorax. The cysts had a smooth inner wall. INTERVENTIONS: The patients continued to be given oxygen by mask and received antitussive, phlegm-dispelling treatment. OUTCOMES: At follow up, there was a reduction in the number of multiple cystic lesions on CT. To date, 1 patient was discharged from hospital, while the other had been transferred to the rehabilitation department. LESSONS: COVID-19 may independently result in pulmonary cyst formation and pneumothorax; the application of a ventilator may be another causative factor.


Subject(s)
Chest Pain/etiology , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus , Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Dyspnea/etiology , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Adult , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Testing , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Coronavirus Infections/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Lung/pathology , Male , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnostic imaging , Pneumothorax/pathology , SARS-CoV-2 , Thorax
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