Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 268
Filter
1.
Travel Med Infect Dis ; 53: 102589, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20237550

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Major cardiovascular events (MACEs) have been described with dengue infection. Among these MACEs, heart failure (HF) is the most common but has not been thoroughly assessed. This study aimed to evaluate the association between dengue and HF. METHODS: Under the self-controlled case-series study design, we used the Notifiable Infectious Disease dataset linkage with the National Health Insurance claims data to obtain the study subjects. All laboratory-confirmed dengue cases who were hospitalized for HF after dengue infection within one year between 2009 and 2015 in Taiwan were included. We identified the first 7 and 14 days after dengue infection as the risk intervals. The incidence rate ratio (IRR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for HF were estimated by conditional Poisson regression. RESULTS: Among the 65,906 dengue patients, 230 had admission for HF after dengue infection within one year. The IRR of HF admission within the first week after dengue infection was 56.50 (95% C.I. 43.88-72.75). This risk was highest in >60 years (IRR = 59.32, 95% C.I. 45.43-77.43) and lower in 0-40 years (IRR = 25.82, 95% C.I. 2.89-231.02). The risk was nearly nine times higher among admission (for dengue infection) than among nonadmission cases (IRR 75.35 vs. 8.61, p < 0.0001). The risks increased slightly in the second week 8.55 and became less obvious after the third and fourth week. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with dengue infection have a risk of developing acute heart failure within one week, especially in >60 years, men, and dengue admission subjects. The findings emphasize the awareness of diagnosis and further appropriate treatment of HF.


Subject(s)
Dengue , Heart Failure , Male , Humans , Heart Failure/epidemiology , Heart Failure/etiology , Hospitalization , Research , Incidence , Dengue/complications , Dengue/epidemiology
2.
Front Immunol ; 14: 1161149, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20237016

ABSTRACT

Mosquito-borne viral diseases are a group of viral illnesses that are predominantly transmitted by mosquitoes, including viruses from the Togaviridae and Flaviviridae families. In recent years, outbreaks caused by Dengue and Zika viruses from the Flaviviridae family, and Chikungunya virus from the Togaviridae family, have raised significant concerns for public health. However, there are currently no safe and effective vaccines available for these viruses, except for CYD-TDV, which has been licensed for Dengue virus. Efforts to control the transmission of COVID-19, such as home quarantine and travel restrictions, have somewhat limited the spread of mosquito-borne viral diseases. Several vaccine platforms, including inactivated vaccines, viral-vector vaccines, live attenuated vaccines, protein vaccines, and nucleic acid vaccines, are being developed to combat these viruses. This review analyzes the various vaccine platforms against Dengue, Zika, and Chikungunya viruses and provides valuable insights for responding to potential outbreaks.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Chikungunya virus , Culicidae , Dengue , Viral Vaccines , Zika Virus Infection , Zika Virus , Animals , Humans , Mosquito Vectors , Zika Virus Infection/epidemiology , Zika Virus Infection/prevention & control , Vaccines, Attenuated , Dengue/epidemiology , Dengue/prevention & control , Vaccine Development
3.
Viruses ; 15(5)2023 05 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20243425

ABSTRACT

Antibody-dependent enhancement of infection (ADE) is clinically relevant to Dengue virus (DENV) infection and poses a major risk to the application of monoclonal antibody (mAb)-based therapeutics against related flaviviruses such as the Zika virus (ZIKV). Here, we tested a two-tier approach for selecting non-cross-reactive mAbs combined with modulating Fc glycosylation as a strategy to doubly secure the elimination of ADE while preserving Fc effector functions. To this end, we selected a ZIKV-specific mAb (ZV54) and generated three ZV54 variants using Chinese hamster ovary cells and wild-type (WT) and glycoengineered ΔXF Nicotiana benthamiana plants as production hosts (ZV54CHO, ZV54WT, and ZV54ΔXF). The three ZV54 variants shared an identical polypeptide backbone, but each exhibited a distinct Fc N-glycosylation profile. All three ZV54 variants showed similar neutralization potency against ZIKV but no ADE activity for DENV infection, validating the importance of selecting the virus/serotype-specific mAbs for avoiding ADE by related flaviviruses. For ZIKV infection, however, ZV54CHO and ZV54ΔXF showed significant ADE activity while ZV54WT completely forwent ADE, suggesting that Fc glycan modulation may yield mAb glycoforms that abrogate ADE even for homologous viruses. In contrast to the current strategies for Fc mutations that abrogate all effector functions along with ADE, our approach allowed the preservation of effector functions as all ZV54 glycovariants retained antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) against the ZIKV-infected cells. Furthermore, the ADE-free ZV54WT demonstrated in vivo efficacy in a ZIKV-infection mouse model. Collectively, our study provides further support for the hypothesis that antibody-viral surface antigen and Fc-mediated host cell interactions are both prerequisites for ADE, and that a dual-approach strategy, as shown herein, contributes to the development of highly safe and efficacious anti-ZIKV mAb therapeutics. Our findings may be impactful to other ADE-prone viruses, including SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Dengue Virus , Dengue , Flavivirus , Zika Virus Infection , Zika Virus , Animals , Mice , Cricetinae , Zika Virus/genetics , CHO Cells , Dengue Virus/genetics , Cricetulus , SARS-CoV-2 , Antibodies, Viral , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Cross Reactions , Antibodies, Neutralizing/therapeutic use
4.
Viruses ; 15(5)2023 05 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20241674

ABSTRACT

Dengue virus (DENV) infections have unpredictable clinical outcomes, ranging from asymptomatic or minor febrile illness to severe and fatal disease. The severity of dengue infection is at least partly related to the replacement of circulating DENV serotypes and/or genotypes. To describe clinical profiles of patients and the viral sequence diversity corresponding to non-severe and severe cases, we collected patient samples from 2018 to 2022 at Evercare Hospital Dhaka, Bangladesh. Serotyping of 495 cases and sequencing of 179 cases showed that the dominant serotype of DENV shifted from DENV2 in 2017 and 2018 to DENV3 in 2019. DENV3 persisted as the only representative serotype until 2022. Co-circulation of clades B and C of the DENV2 cosmopolitan genotype in 2017 was replaced by circulation of clade C alone in 2018 with all clones disappearing thereafter. DENV3 genotype I was first detected in 2017 and was the only genotype in circulation until 2022. We observed a high incidence of severe cases in 2019 when the DENV3 genotype I became the only virus in circulation. Phylogenetic analysis revealed clusters of severe cases in several different subclades of DENV3 genotype I. Thus, these serotype and genotype changes in DENV may explain the large dengue outbreaks and increased severity of the disease in 2019.


Subject(s)
Dengue Virus , Dengue , Humans , Dengue Virus/genetics , Dengue/epidemiology , Phylogeny , Bangladesh/epidemiology , Serogroup , Genotype
5.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 12(1): 42, 2023 Apr 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2327417

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Global connectivity and environmental change pose continuous threats to dengue invasions from worldwide to China. However, the intrinsic relationship on introduction and outbreak risks of dengue driven by the landscape features are still unknown. This study aimed to map the patterns on source-sink relation of dengue cases and assess the driving forces for dengue invasions in China. METHODS: We identified the local and imported cases (2006-2020) and assembled the datasets on environmental conditions. The vector auto-regression model was applied to detect the cross-relations of source-sink patterns. We selected the major environmental drivers via the Boruta algorithm to assess the driving forces in dengue outbreak dynamics by applying generalized additive models. We reconstructed the internal connections among imported cases, local cases, and external environmental drivers using the structural equation modeling. RESULTS: From 2006 to 2020, 81,652 local dengue cases and 12,701 imported dengue cases in China were reported. The hotspots of dengue introductions and outbreaks were in southeast and southwest China, originating from South and Southeast Asia. Oversea-imported dengue cases, as the Granger-cause, were the initial driver of the dengue dynamic; the suitable local bio-socioecological environment is the fundamental factor for dengue epidemics. The Bio8 [odds ratio (OR) = 2.11, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.67-2.68], Bio9 (OR = 291.62, 95% CI: 125.63-676.89), Bio15 (OR = 4.15, 95% CI: 3.30-5.24), normalized difference vegetation index in March (OR = 1.27, 95% CI: 1.06-1.51) and July (OR = 1.04, 95% CI: 1.00-1.07), and the imported cases are the major drivers of dengue local transmissions (OR = 4.79, 95% CI: 4.34-5.28). The intermediary effect of an index on population and economic development to local cases via the path of imported cases was detected in the dengue dynamic system. CONCLUSIONS: Dengue outbreaks in China are triggered by introductions of imported cases and boosted by landscape features and connectivity. Our research will contribute to developing nature-based solutions for dengue surveillance, mitigation, and control from a socio-ecological perspective based on invasion ecology theories to control and prevent future dengue invasion and localization.


Subject(s)
Dengue , Epidemics , Humans , Dengue/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks/prevention & control , China/epidemiology , Forecasting
6.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 71(5): 2269-2272, 2023 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2326049

ABSTRACT

A 36-year-old Asian Indian male presented with redness and pain in his right eye of 1 week duration. He was diagnosed to have right acute anterior uveitis and had a history of being admitted at a local hospital for dengue hepatitis a month earlier. He had been on adalimumab 40 mg three weekly once and oral methotrexate 20 mg/week for human leucocyte antigen (HLA) B27 spondyloarthropathy and recurrent anterior uveitis. Our patient had re-activation of his anterior chamber inflammation on three distinct occasions: first, 3 weeks following recovery from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the second after the second dose of COVID-19 vaccination, and the third after recovery from dengue fever-associated hepatitis. We propose molecular mimicry and bystander activation as the postulated mechanisms for the re-activation of his anterior uveitis. In conclusion, patients with auto-immune diseases can have recurrent ocular inflammation following COVID-19 or its vaccination or dengue fever as seen in our patient. The anterior uveitis is usually mild and responds to topical steroids. Additional immuno-suppression may not be needed. Mild ocular inflammation following vaccination should not deter individuals from getting COVID-19 vaccination.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Dengue , Hepatitis A , Hepatitis , Uveitis, Anterior , Uveitis , Humans , Male , Adult , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Uveitis, Anterior/diagnosis , Uveitis, Anterior/etiology , Inflammation , HLA-B27 Antigen , Vaccination/adverse effects , Dengue/complications , Dengue/diagnosis
7.
PLoS One ; 18(5): e0285900, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2324673

ABSTRACT

In tropical regions, leptospirosis and dengue fever (DF) are infectious diseases of epidemiological importance and have overlapping symptomatic features. The objective of this study was to identify the factors associated to diagnosing leptospirosis that differentiate it to DF at the initial hospital evaluation. A multicenter retrospective study was conducted comparing confirmed leptospirosis to DF cases. Clinical/laboratory findings were compiled at hospital admission on Reunion Island between 2018 and 2019. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify the predictors of leptospirosis. In total, 98 leptospirosis and 673 DF patients were included with a mean age of 47.8 (±17.1) and 48.9 (±23.3) years, respectively. In the multivariate analyses, the main parameters associated with leptospirosis were: i) increased neutrophil counts, ii) C-reactive protein values, iii) the absence of prolonged partial thromboplastin time, and iv) a decrease of platelets. The most discriminating parameter was C-reactive protein (CRP). With a threshold of 50mg/L, CRP taken alone had a sensitivity of 94% and a specificity of 93.5%. The positive and negative likelihood ratios were 14.5 and 0.06, respectively. In the setting of an early presumptive diagnosis, we found that an increased CRP value (>50 mg/L) could help diagnose leptospirosis and aid the decision process for hospital surveillance and/or a potential antibiotic treatment regimen.


Subject(s)
Dengue , Leptospirosis , Humans , Middle Aged , Dengue/diagnosis , Dengue/epidemiology , C-Reactive Protein , Retrospective Studies , Leptospirosis/diagnosis , Leptospirosis/epidemiology , Logistic Models
9.
Vaccine ; 41(24): 3627-3635, 2023 06 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2310644

ABSTRACT

Dengue is a growing public health threat, causing approximately 400 million infections annually. In June 2021, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommended the first dengue vaccine (CYD-TDV) for children aged 9-16 years with a previous dengue infection, living in endemic areas, such as Puerto Rico (PR). As the COVID-19 pandemic affected vaccine intention worldwide, we assessed dengue vaccine intention before (pre-COVID) and after (post-COVID) COVID-19 vaccine availability among participants enrolled in the Communities Organized to Prevent Arboviruses (COPA) cohort to prepare for dengue vaccine implementation in PR. We used logistic regression models to evaluate changes in dengue vaccine intention by interview timing and participant characteristics. Among 2,513 participants pre-COVID, 2,512 answered the dengue vaccine intention question for themselves, and 1,564 answered relative to their children. Post-COVID, dengue vaccine intention in adults increased for themselves from 73.4% to 84.5% (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 2.27, 95%CI: 1.90-2.71) and relative to their children from 75.6% to 85.5% (aOR = 2.21, 95%CI: 1.75-2.78). Among all participants, groups with higher dengue vaccine intention included those who reported previous year influenza vaccine uptake and those who reported being frequently bitten by mosquitos, compared to those who did not. Adult males were also more likely to intend to vaccinate themselves than females. Respondents who were employed or in school were less likely to intend to vaccinate compared to those who were not working. The primary reasons for vaccine hesitancy were concerns with side effects and not believing in vaccines, which should be considered during educational strategies prior to dengue vaccine implementation. In general, dengue vaccine intention is high in PR and has increased after COVID-19 vaccine availability, potentially due to increased awareness of vaccine importance during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Dengue Vaccines , Dengue , Adult , Male , Child , Female , Humans , Dengue/epidemiology , Dengue/prevention & control , Puerto Rico/epidemiology , COVID-19 Vaccines , Pandemics , Vaccines, Attenuated , COVID-19/prevention & control , Vaccination
10.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 20(7)2023 03 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2295261

ABSTRACT

Social media usage is growing globally, with an exponential increase in low- and middle-income countries. Social media changes the ways in which information-sharing occurs, intensifying the population's exposure to misinformation, including fake news. This has important repercussions for global health. The spread of fake news can undermine the implementation of evidence-based interventions and weaken the credibility of scientific expertise. This is particularly worrisome in countries, such as Brazil, in a sociopolitical context characterized by a lack of popular trust in public institutions. In this project report, we describe our experience with the spread of fake news through the social media platform WhatsApp during the implementation of a cluster randomized controlled trial aimed at reducing dengue incidence in children in Fortaleza (Brazil). During initial visits to selected clusters, the research team was met with resistance. Then, soon after data collection started, fake news began circulating about the study. As a result, the research team developed strategies to dispel suspicion and further promote the study. However, the climate of violence and mistrust, coupled with the COVID-19 pandemic, forced the interruption of the study in 2019. The lessons learned from our experience in Fortaleza can be useful to other researchers and practitioners implementing large-scale interventions in this era of health-related misinformation.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Dengue , Social Media , Child , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Global Health , Brazil/epidemiology , Pandemics , Disinformation , Dengue/epidemiology
12.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 216: 114630, 2022 Nov 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2279565

ABSTRACT

Zika and Dengue are infectious diseases caused by flaviviruses and transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. Although symptoms are usually mild, complications such as dengue hemorrhagic fever and microcephaly in newborns -after the pregnant woman becomes infected with the Zika virus-have emerged as a global public health concern. The co-circulation of Zika and Dengue viruses and the overlapping of their symptoms represent a challenge for the accurate diagnosis. A single test for the point-of-care detection of both diseases is crucial. Here we report a single chip that distinguishes between Zika and Dengue infections using the non-structural protein 1 (NS1) as biomarkers. A novel multiplex electrochemical device containing four independent working electrodes was developed. Zika and Dengue biosensors were fabricated separately on different working electrodes. Selectivity tests showed that the two biosensors can distinguish not only the NS1 proteins from Zika and Dengue but also the spike proteins present in the SARS-CoV-2. This is especially relevant as patients with COVID-19 may have symptoms similar to Zika and Dengue. The gold surface was modified with cysteamine and antibodies against the NS1 proteins. Both biosensors detected their respective biomarkers at clinically relevant concentrations and presented a good linear relationship between the percentage change in impedance and the logarithm of the NS1 concentration (R2 = 0.990 for Dengue and R2 = 0.995 for Zika). Upon combining a simple sample preparation with a portable detection method, our disposable multiplex device offers a point-of-care diagnostic test for Zika and Dengue using a single chip. Additionally, two other biosensors can be added to the chip, providing a platform for viral detection.


Subject(s)
Biosensing Techniques , COVID-19 , Dengue Virus , Dengue , Zika Virus Infection , Zika Virus , Animals , Antibodies, Viral , Biomarkers , Cysteamine , Female , Gold , Humans , Infant, Newborn , SARS-CoV-2 , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus , Viral Nonstructural Proteins , Zika Virus Infection/diagnosis
13.
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop ; 55: e02432022, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2270174

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The risk of possible cross-reactions between serological tests, together with the clinical similarities between dengue fever and COVID-19, can delay diagnosis and increase the risk of both COVID-19 transmission and worsening. The present study aimed to determine the possibility of cross-reactions among rapid serological tests based on clinical symptoms. METHODS: Patients with COVID-19, confirmed by RT-PCR and clinical criteria for diagnosing dengue, were recruited consecutively between September 2020 and August 2021 and underwent rapid immunochromatographic diagnostic (RID) tests for AgNS1, IgM, and IgG. Patients who tested positive for acute-phase dengue IgM and AgNS1 underwent a follow-up test after 12-30 days for diagnostic confirmation. RESULTS: A total of 43 patients were included, 38 of whom required hospital admission, and 8 received intensive care. Seven patients tested positive on the RID tests, comprising 2 NS1 positive (coinfection), one reactive for IgM and IgG (coinfection), three reactive for IgM not confirmed (false-positive), and one reactive for IgG due to previous infection. Two of the 3 patients with coinfection died. Fever, myalgia, headache, and cough were the most common clinical symptoms, while lymphopenia was the most prevalent laboratory finding. CONCLUSIONS: Cross-reactivity was found in only three patients and coinfection in another three patients, two of whom died of severe COVID-19 manifestations.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Coinfection , Dengue , Humans , Dengue/complications , Dengue/diagnosis , Coinfection/diagnosis , Immunoglobulin M , COVID-19/diagnosis , Immunoglobulin G , Antibodies, Viral
14.
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak ; 23(1): 24, 2023 02 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2274101

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Dengue is a common viral illness and severe disease results in life-threatening complications. Healthcare services in low- and middle-income countries treat the majority of dengue cases worldwide. However, the clinical decision-making processes which result in effective treatment are poorly characterised within this setting. In order to improve clinical care through interventions relating to digital clinical decision-support systems (CDSS), we set out to establish a framework for clinical decision-making in dengue management to inform implementation. METHODS: We utilised process mapping and task analysis methods to characterise existing dengue management at the Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. This is a tertiary referral hospital which manages approximately 30,000 patients with dengue each year, accepting referrals from Ho Chi Minh city and the surrounding catchment area. Initial findings were expanded through semi-structured interviews with clinicians in order to understand clinical reasoning and cognitive factors in detail. A grounded theory was used for coding and emergent themes were developed through iterative discussions with clinician-researchers. RESULTS: Key clinical decision-making points were identified: (i) at the initial patient evaluation for dengue diagnosis to decide on hospital admission and the provision of fluid/blood product therapy, (ii) in those patients who develop severe disease or other complications, (iii) at the point of recurrent shock in balancing the need for fluid therapy with complications of volume overload. From interviews the following themes were identified: prioritising clinical diagnosis and evaluation over existing diagnostics, the role of dengue guidelines published by the Ministry of Health, the impact of seasonality and caseload on decision-making strategies, and the potential role of digital decision-support and disease scoring tools. CONCLUSIONS: The study highlights the contemporary priorities in delivering clinical care to patients with dengue in an endemic setting. Key decision-making processes and the sources of information that were of the greatest utility were identified. These findings serve as a foundation for future clinical interventions and improvements in healthcare. Understanding the decision-making process in greater detail also allows for development and implementation of CDSS which are suited to the local context.


Subject(s)
Decision Support Systems, Clinical , Dengue , Humans , Clinical Decision-Making , Dengue/diagnosis , Dengue/therapy , Risk Factors , Referral and Consultation
16.
Transfus Apher Sci ; 62(2): 103617, 2023 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2283892

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Paediatric dengue-associated acute liver failure (PALF) is a rare and fatal complication. To date, clinical data regarding the combination of therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) and continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) for the treatment of dengue-associated PALF are limited. METHODS: We conducted a single-center, retrospective study of all children with dengue-associated PALF admitted to the paediatric intensive care unit of Children Hospital No.2, Vietnam, who were treated with TPE+CRRT between January 2021 and March 2022. The main study outcomes were in-hospital survival, normalisation of hepatic function, and hepatic encephalopathy improvement. RESULTS: Twelve patients aged from 06 to 12 years underwent TPE+CRRT procedures. Among them, three (25 %) patients died of severe sepsis and septic shock confirmed by Enterobacteriaceae spp. haemocultures (stable on maintenance treatment of COVID-19-associated MIS-C with low dose of oral steroids on hospital admission), acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and clinically apparent intracranial haemorrhage. Nine patients (75 %) survived. The paediatric mortality risk score improved significantly at discharge compared with PICU admission (P < 0.01). Markedly, all twelve patients were diagnosed with hepatoencephalopathy of grades III and IV on PICU admission. After the combined TPE+CRRT interventions, there were substantial improvements in liver transaminases levels, coagulation profiles, and metabolic biomarkers. Normal neurological functions were observed in nine alive patients at hospital discharge. Only one patient experienced an adverse event of slightly low blood pressure, which rapidly self-resolved. INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS: Combined TPE+CRRT significantly improved survival outcome, neurological status, and rapid normalisation of liver functions in dengue-associated PALF.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , COVID-19 , Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy , Dengue , Liver Failure, Acute , Child , Humans , Plasma Exchange/methods , Retrospective Studies , Vietnam , COVID-19/therapy , Liver Failure, Acute/etiology , Liver Failure, Acute/therapy
18.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 13: 1143165, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2256898
19.
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg ; 117(4): 241-254, 2023 04 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2256159

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has affected >370 million individuals worldwide. Dengue is endemic in many countries and leads to epidemics at frequent intervals. In the tropics and subtropics, it is possible that individuals may be concurrently infected with both dengue and SARS-CoV-2. Differentiation between the two infections may be difficult from both a clinical and laboratory perspective. We have outlined the currently published findings (as of the end of December 2021) on patients with dengue and SARS-CoV-2 co-infections and have discussed the observed outcomes and management of such patients. Co-infections were more common in males >25 y of age, fever was not universal, 30-50% had medical comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus or hypertension and the case fatality rate was 16-28%.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Coinfection , Dengue , Male , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Coinfection/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Dengue/complications , Dengue/epidemiology
20.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 16(8): e0010586, 2022 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2245426

ABSTRACT

Commemorating the 2021 ASEAN Dengue Day and advocacy for World Dengue Day, the International Society for Neglected Tropical Diseases (ISNTD) and Asian Dengue Voice and Action (ADVA) Group jointly hosted the ISNTD-ADVA World Dengue Day Forum-Cross Sector Synergies in June 2021. The forum aimed to achieve international and multisectoral coordination to consolidate global dengue control and prevention efforts, share best practices and resources, and improve global preparedness. The forum featured experts around the world who shared their insight, research experience, and strategies to tackle the growing threat of dengue. Over 2,000 healthcare care professionals, researchers, epidemiologists, and policy makers from 59 countries attended the forum, highlighting the urgency for integrated, multisectoral collaboration between health, environment, education, and policy to continue the march against dengue. Sustained vector control, environmental management, surveillance improved case management, continuous vaccine advocacy and research, capacity building, political commitment, and community engagement are crucial components of dengue control. A coordinated strategy based on science, transparency, timely and credible communication, and understanding of human behavior is needed to overcome vaccine hesitancy, a major health risk further magnified by the COVID-19 pandemic. The forum announced a strong call to action to establish World Dengue Day to improve global awareness, share best practices, and prioritize preparedness in the fight against dengue.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Dengue , Vaccines , Dengue/epidemiology , Dengue/prevention & control , Humans , Neglected Diseases/epidemiology , Pandemics
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL