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Int J Low Extrem Wounds ; 21(2): 107-110, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1709223


Diabetic foot syndrome (DFS) is a major complication of diabetes mellitus. Coronavirus infectious disease 2019 (COVID-19) has created new necessities and priorities in DFS management. These include telemedicine and patient triage to minimise hospitalisation and visits to the clinic. Moreover, new studies will be needed to evaluate whether the lockdown in patients with DFS or in those with high risk of DFS have increased the risk of deteriorating outcomes, including limb loss. Our future challenge will lie in re-organising our world during the pandemic and after its resolution. We need more awareness of the widespread ways of the changes in taking care of patients and to improve education, skills, and behaviour of high-risk patients.

COVID-19 , Communicable Diseases , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Foot , Communicable Disease Control , Diabetic Foot/diagnosis , Diabetic Foot/epidemiology , Diabetic Foot/therapy , Humans , Pandemics
Medicina (B Aires) ; 80 Suppl 6: 30-34, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1040317


At the end of 2019 a novel coronavirus was identified as a cause of pneumonia in Wuhan, China. This emerging disease has caused an unexpected turn in the economy and in society, which has led to the necessity of social isolation and confinement. Diabetic foot consultation was affected by the ongoing situation. The aim of this study was to compare the number of medical visits and the severity of new lesions at presentation at the Diabetic Foot Unit during June 2020 compared to June 2019. Three hundred and fifty six medical visits were analyzed, resulting in a 29% reduction in the number of visits during 2020. The number of patients presenting with new lesions increased from 6.4% to 10.3% (p = ns) during pandemic. The number of visits from the patients' relatives was higher during June 2020 (16.3% vs. 1.4%) (p < 0.05). Controls of feet without active lesions (i.e.: closed wound or periodic control) decreased from 16.8% to 4.5% (p < 0.05). Consultation for medical prescription only was higher in 2020 (22.4%) than in 2019 (7.3%) (p < 0.05). In our sample, there were no significant differences in the severity of new lesions at presentation or on the days of evolution of new ones in comparison with the previous year. During 2020, telehealth consults represented a 7% of all medical visits. There were no major amputations during 2019 and 4 during 2020. Given the dynamics of confinement, further studies about this topic are required to make sound and accurate decisions.

A fines de 2019 se identificó un nuevo coronavirus como causa de neumonía, en Wuhan, China. Esta nueva enfermedad (COVID-19) causó un inesperado vuelco en la economía y en la sociedad. El aislamiento social y el confinamiento provocaron cambios en la dinámica de las consultas médicas. En este estudio se compararon la cantidad de consultas y la gravedad de las lesiones nuevas en la Unidad de Pie Diabético entre junio de 2020 y junio de 2019. Se analizaron en total 356 visitas médicas, hallando un 29% de reducción en el número de visitas en 2020. El número de consultas por lesión nueva aumentó del 6.4% a 10.3% (p = ns) durante la pandemia. Las visitas de familiares por diversos motivos en lugar del paciente aumentaron durante 2020 de 1.4% a 16.3% (p < 0.05). Los controles de pacientes sin lesión (pie de alto riesgo, control post alta), disminuyeron de 16.8% a 4.5% (p < 0.05) y también aumentaron las visitas únicamente para prescripciones médicas (7.3% a 22.4%, p < 0.05). En nuestra muestra, no hubo diferencias significativas en la gravedad de la presentación ni en los días de evolución de las lesiones nuevas en relación al año anterior. Durante 2020 las teleconsultas representaron el 7% del total. En junio de 2019 no se registraron amputaciones mayores y en 2020 se registraron 4. Dada la dinámica del confinamiento, se requiere un continuo seguimiento y nuevos estudios para evaluar las consecuencias que se producirán en los pacientes con esta enfermedad con el fin de tomar decisiones acertadas.

COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Foot , Diabetic Foot/diagnosis , Diabetic Foot/epidemiology , Diabetic Foot/prevention & control , Humans , Pandemics , Referral and Consultation , SARS-CoV-2
J Vasc Surg ; 72(6): 1850-1855, 2020 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-872335


With the aggressive resource conservation necessary to face the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, vascular surgeons have faced unique challenges in managing the health of their high-risk patients. An early analysis of patient outcomes after pandemic-related practice changes suggested that patients with chronic limb threatening ischemia have been presenting with more severe foot infections and are more likely to require major limb amputation compared with 6 months previously. As our society and health care system adapt to the new changes required in the post-coronavirus disease 2019 era, it is critical that we pay special attention to the most vulnerable subsets of patients with vascular disease, particularly those with chronic limb threatening ischemia and limited access to care.

COVID-19 , Diabetic Foot/surgery , Health Services Accessibility/trends , Ischemia/surgery , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Peripheral Arterial Disease/surgery , Vascular Surgical Procedures/trends , Amputation/trends , Chronic Disease , Diabetic Foot/diagnosis , Humans , Ischemia/diagnosis , Limb Salvage/trends , Peripheral Arterial Disease/diagnosis , Program Evaluation , San Francisco , Time-to-Treatment/trends , Treatment Outcome , Triage/trends
Diabetes Metab Syndr ; 14(6): 1991-1995, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-844550


BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Telemedicine had been proposed as a tool to manage diabetes, but its role in management of diabetic foot ulcer is still evolving. The COVID-19 pandemic and related social restrictions have necessitated the use of telemedicine in the management of diabetic foot disease (tele-podiatry), particularly of patients classified as low-risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We present a report of three cases of varied diabetic foot problems assessed during the present pandemic using different forms of telemedicine for triaging, management of low-risk cases and for follow-up. RESULTS: Tele-podiatry was effective in the management of low-risk subjects with diabetic foot ulcer, and also useful in referral of high-risk subjects for hospital/clinic visit, facilitating proper management. It also helped in the follow-up of the cases. CONCLUSION: Telemedicine is a good screening tool for diagnosing and managing low-risk subjects with diabetic foot problems, and also enables a triaging system for deciding on hospital visits and hospitalization. Telemedicine offers several benefits in the management of diabetic foot disease, although it also has some limitations. Based on our experience during the pandemic, we recommend its judicious use in the triaging of patients of diabetic foot disease and management of low-risk cases. Future innovation in technology and artificial intelligence may help in better tele-podiatry care in the time to come.

Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/therapy , Diabetic Foot/diagnosis , Diabetic Foot/therapy , Podiatry/methods , Telemedicine/methods , Aged , Debridement/methods , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetic Foot/etiology , Disease Management , Female , Humans , Male