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2.
rev.cuid. (Bucaramanga.2010) ; 13(1): 1-17, 20211213.
Article in Portuguese | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1811626

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A partir da necessidade de reestruturação das instituições de ensino em saúde devido à pandemia da COVID-19, o ensino híbrido vem se destacando como possibilidade de reorganização das atividades educativas. O objetivo deste estudo foi escrever o desenvolvimento do ensino híbrido na formação de profissionais da área da saúde. Materiais e Métodos: Revisão sistemática da literatura, baseada nas recomendações da Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). A pesquisa foi desenvolvida em pares, entre julho a setembro de 2020, em quatro bases de dados eletrônicas. Os descritores foram os termos "Educação a Distância", "Educação Superior", "Aprendizagem", "Saúde", "Enfermagem", "Medicina", "Odontologia" e "Fisioterapia" e "Ensino híbrido". Os artigos foram classificados conforme seu Nível de Evidência. Resultados: 49 artigos foram selecionados, entre estudos quantitativos, qualitativos e de método misto. Foram encontradas experiências do desenvolvimento do ensino híbrido nos diferentes cursos de formação na área da saúde. Observou-se aplicação do ensino híbrido segundo o modelo de Rotação, modelo à la carte e o modelo Flex. Discussão: o ensino híbrido vem ganhando destaque cada vez maior no cenário da educação acadêmica em saúde. Foi visto que, a partir dele, o aluno destaca-se em sua aprendizagem, pois é o principal gerenciador deste processo, aprendendo ativamente por diversos instrumentos educativos a partir da condução do professor. Conclusões: O êxito do ensino híbrido pode estar relacionado ao seu caráter inovador, flexível, com boa relação custo-benefício e capaz de tornar os alunos protagonistas do seu processo de ensino-aprendizagem, influenciando no desempenho acadêmico dos alunos.


Introduction: Given the need to restructure healthcare education institutions due to the COVID-19 pandemic, hybrid education has been identified as an alternative to reorganize educational activities. The objective of this study is to describe hybrid education development in healthcare education. Materials and Methods: A systematic literature review was conducted based on the PRISMA (preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses) guideline. A peer-reviewed search was conducted across four electronic databases between July and September 2020. Descriptors used were "distance education", "learning", "health", "nursing", "medicine", "dentistry", "physical therapy" and "hybrid education". Selected articles were classified based on their level of evidence. Results: 49 articles were selected, including quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods studies. Experiences in the development of hybrid education in multiple healthcare courses were found. Hybrid education has been implemented based on the rotation model, a la carte model and Flex model. Discussion: Hybrid education has been gaining more and more importance in the academic scenario of healthcare education. Based on this, students manage to stand out in their learning process as they become the main agent of this process by actively learning using multiple education tools provided by their teachers. Conclusions: Successful hybrid education can be related to its innovative, flexible, cost-effective nature and the ability to turn students into key players in their teaching-learning process, which ends up influencing their own academic performance.


Introducción: Ante la necesidad de reestructurar las instituciones de educación en salud a causa de la pandemia por COVID-19, se ha señalado a la educación híbrida como una alternativa para reorganizar las actividades educativas. El objetivo de este estudio es describir el desarrollo de la educación híbrida en la formación de los profesionales en el área de la salud. Materiales y métodos: Revisión sistemática de la literatura basada en las recomendaciones de los elementos de informes preferidos para revisiones sistemáticas y metaanálisis (PRISMA). La búsqueda se realizó por pares entre julio y septiembre de 2020 en cuatro bases de datos electrónicas. Los descriptores utilizados fueron "educación a distancia", "educación superior", "aprendizaje", "salud", "enfermería", "medicina", "odontología", "fisioterapia" y "educación híbrida". A su vez, los artículos seleccionados se clasificaron según su nivel de evidencia. Resultados: Se seleccionaron 49 artículos, entre los que se incluyeron estudios cuantitativos, cualitativos y de métodos mixtos. Se identificaron experiencias en el desarrollo de la educación híbrida en diferentes cursos de formación en el área de la salud. Se observó que la educación híbrida se implementó de acuerdo con el modelo de rotación, el modelo a la carta y el modelo Flex. Discusión: La enseñanza híbrida ha venido ganando cada vez más importancia en el escenario académico de la educación en salud. Se observó que, a partir de esta, el estudiante logra destacarse en su aprendizaje, ya que se convierte en el principal gestor de este proceso al aprender de forma activa mediante diversas herramientas educativas guiadas por el docente. Conclusiones: El éxito de la educación híbrida se puede relacionar con su carácter innovador, flexible, con buena relación costo-beneficio y la habilidad de convertir a los estudiantes en protagonistas de su proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje, lo que influye en su propio rendimiento académico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Teaching , Education, Distance , Education, Higher , Systematic Review , Learning
3.
PLoS One ; 17(2): e0263388, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1793530

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: With the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic, universities immediately responded to protect students' lives by implementing e-learning in order to stop the spread of the communicable disease within the academic population. This study aimed to describe iranian nursing students' experiences of e-learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current study used a qualitative descriptive study. Ten nursing undergraduate students from a single Iranian university identified using purposive sampling methods. Face-to-face semi-structured interview conducted from May to July 2021 and analyzed through thematic analysis. Lincoln and Goba criteria were used to obtain data validity and reliability. RESULTS: Four themes emerged including"novelty of e-learning","advantages of e-learning", "disadvantages of e-learning"and"passage of time and the desire to return to face education". Participants evaluated e-learning as a novel method without proper infrastructure, it was initially confusing but became the new normal as their knowledge of the way to use it improved. Advantages included self-centered flexible learning and reduction in their concerns experienced with face-to-face learning. Disadvantages including changing the way they interact with teachers, decreasing interactions with classmates, problems with education files, superficial learning, hardware problems, family members' perceptions of the student role, interference of home affairs with e-learning, cheating on exams and assignments and being far away from the clinical context. CONCLUSION: The findings revealed that e-learning has been introduced as a new method for the current research participants and despite the perceived benefits, these students believed that e-learning could supplement face education but not replace it.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/psychology , Education, Nursing/methods , Students, Nursing/psychology , Adult , Computer-Assisted Instruction , Education, Distance/methods , Education, Distance/trends , Female , Humans , Iran , Learning , Male , Pandemics , Qualitative Research , Reproducibility of Results , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity , Universities
4.
PLoS One ; 17(2): e0261114, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1793548

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19-pandemic forced many countries to close schools abruptly in the spring of 2020. These school closures and the subsequent period of distance learning has led to concerns about increasing inequality in education, as children from lower-educated and poorer families have less access to (additional) resources at home. This study analyzes differences in declines in learning gains in primary education in the Netherlands for reading, spelling and math, using rich data on standardized test scores and register data on student and parental background for almost 300,000 unique students. The results show large inequalities in the learning loss based on parental education and parental income, on top of already existing inequalities. The results call for a national focus on interventions specifically targeting vulnerable students.


Subject(s)
Education, Distance/trends , Socioeconomic Factors/history , Teaching/trends , Academic Failure/trends , Academic Success , COVID-19/psychology , Child , Educational Status , History, 21st Century , Humans , Income , Learning , Netherlands , Pandemics , Parents , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity , School Teachers , Schools/trends , Students
5.
rev.cuid. (Bucaramanga.2010) ; 13(1): 1-17, 20211213.
Article in Portuguese | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1789734

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A partir da necessidade de reestruturação das instituições de ensino em saúde devido à pandemia da COVID-19, o ensino híbrido vem se destacando como possibilidade de reorganização das atividades educativas. O objetivo deste estudo foi escrever o desenvolvimento do ensino híbrido na formação de profissionais da área da saúde. Materiais e Métodos: Revisão sistemática da literatura, baseada nas recomendações da Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). A pesquisa foi desenvolvida em pares, entre julho a setembro de 2020, em quatro bases de dados eletrônicas. Os descritores foram os termos "Educação a Distância", "Educação Superior", "Aprendizagem", "Saúde", "Enfermagem", "Medicina", "Odontologia" e "Fisioterapia" e "Ensino híbrido". Os artigos foram classificados conforme seu Nível de Evidência. Resultados: 49 artigos foram selecionados, entre estudos quantitativos, qualitativos e de método misto. Foram encontradas experiências do desenvolvimento do ensino híbrido nos diferentes cursos de formação na área da saúde. Observou-se aplicação do ensino híbrido segundo o modelo de Rotação, modelo à la carte e o modelo Flex. Discussão: o ensino híbrido vem ganhando destaque cada vez maior no cenário da educação acadêmica em saúde. Foi visto que, a partir dele, o aluno destaca-se em sua aprendizagem, pois é o principal gerenciador deste processo, aprendendo ativamente por diversos instrumentos educativos a partir da condução do professor. Conclusões: O êxito do ensino híbrido pode estar relacionado ao seu caráter inovador, flexível, com boa relação custo-benefício e capaz de tornar os alunos protagonistas do seu processo de ensino-aprendizagem, influenciando no desempenho acadêmico dos alunos.


Introduction: Given the need to restructure healthcare education institutions due to the COVID-19 pandemic, hybrid education has been identified as an alternative to reorganize educational activities. The objective of this study is to describe hybrid education development in healthcare education. Materials and Methods: A systematic literature review was conducted based on the PRISMA (preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses) guideline. A peer-reviewed search was conducted across four electronic databases between July and September 2020. Descriptors used were "distance education", "learning", "health", "nursing", "medicine", "dentistry", "physical therapy" and "hybrid education". Selected articles were classified based on their level of evidence. Results: 49 articles were selected, including quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods studies. Experiences in the development of hybrid education in multiple healthcare courses were found. Hybrid education has been implemented based on the rotation model, a la carte model and Flex model. Discussion: Hybrid education has been gaining more and more importance in the academic scenario of healthcare education. Based on this, students manage to stand out in their learning process as they become the main agent of this process by actively learning using multiple education tools provided by their teachers. Conclusions: Successful hybrid education can be related to its innovative, flexible, cost-effective nature and the ability to turn students into key players in their teaching-learning process, which ends up influencing their own academic performance.


Introducción: Ante la necesidad de reestructurar las instituciones de educación en salud a causa de la pandemia por COVID-19, se ha señalado a la educación híbrida como una alternativa para reorganizar las actividades educativas. El objetivo de este estudio es describir el desarrollo de la educación híbrida en la formación de los profesionales en el área de la salud. Materiales y métodos: Revisión sistemática de la literatura basada en las recomendaciones de los elementos de informes preferidos para revisiones sistemáticas y metaanálisis (PRISMA). La búsqueda se realizó por pares entre julio y septiembre de 2020 en cuatro bases de datos electrónicas. Los descriptores utilizados fueron "educación a distancia", "educación superior", "aprendizaje", "salud", "enfermería", "medicina", "odontología", "fisioterapia" y "educación híbrida". A su vez, los artículos seleccionados se clasificaron según su nivel de evidencia. Resultados: Se seleccionaron 49 artículos, entre los que se incluyeron estudios cuantitativos, cualitativos y de métodos mixtos. Se identificaron experiencias en el desarrollo de la educación híbrida en diferentes cursos de formación en el área de la salud. Se observó que la educación híbrida se implementó de acuerdo con el modelo de rotación, el modelo a la carta y el modelo Flex. Discusión: La enseñanza híbrida ha venido ganando cada vez más importancia en el escenario académico de la educación en salud. Se observó que, a partir de esta, el estudiante logra destacarse en su aprendizaje, ya que se convierte en el principal gestor de este proceso al aprender de forma activa mediante diversas herramientas educativas guiadas por el docente. Conclusiones: El éxito de la educación híbrida se puede relacionar con su carácter innovador, flexible, con buena relación costo-beneficio y la habilidad de convertir a los estudiantes en protagonistas de su proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje, lo que influye en su propio rendimiento académico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Teaching , Education, Distance , Education, Higher , Systematic Review , Learning
6.
BMC Med Educ ; 22(1): 276, 2022 Apr 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1789118

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, undergraduate medical students had to follow high amounts of online education. This does not match their preferences and might negatively affect their education satisfaction and study engagement. As low levels of education satisfaction and study engagement are risk factors for burnout and dropout, resources that mitigate these possible negative consequences of forced online education need to be identified. Therefore, the current study investigated 1) the associations of the amount of online education with education satisfaction and study engagement, and 2) whether quantitative (i.e., network size) and qualitative (i.e., perceived support) aspects of peer relationships can buffer the expected negative associations. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 372 undergraduate medical students from all eight Dutch medical schools (79.8% female; mean age: 20.4 years) completed an online survey assessing the relevant variables. Data were analysed using correlation and moderated mediation analyses. RESULTS: The amount of online education was significantly negatively related to education satisfaction and study engagement. Additionally, higher amounts of online education were indirectly associated with lower levels of study engagement through lower levels of education satisfaction. More importantly, both quantitative and qualitative aspects of peer relationships significantly buffered this negative indirect association. Specifically, among medical students with a large peer network or high levels of perceived peer support, the amount of online education was no longer significantly negatively related to education satisfaction and subsequently to study engagement. CONCLUSIONS: The current study underlines the importance of peer relationships in the educational context, since our findings indicate that both the peer network size and the perceived peer support protect medical students' education satisfaction and study engagement when confronted with study demands, such as forced online education during the COVID-19 pandemic. These findings may be translated into educational efforts that stimulate collaborative learning and the formation of formal peer networks.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Education, Distance , Students, Medical , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Pandemics , Personal Satisfaction , SARS-CoV-2 , Young Adult
7.
PLoS One ; 17(4): e0266426, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1785195

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic substantially undermined medical education and healthcare systems. Owing to the pandemic in South Korea, most medical schools needed to be flexible when conducting online and offline classes, but the guidelines did not reflect the specificity of medical schools. This study described the impact of modified anatomy education schedules at the Seoul National University College of Medicine (SNUCM) on students' academic performance and satisfaction. METHODS: Anatomy education in SNUCM is divided into three regional units (the upper and lower limbs, trunk, and head and neck). Owing to the COVID-19 pandemic, the schedule was mixed with simultaneous and rotating schedules. The authors conducted exceptions for online lectures, cadaver dissections, and written and practical examinations in three classes of approximately 50 students each. Furthermore, the authors assessed students' performance using three sets of written and practical examinations, and students completed a questionnaire regarding modified anatomy laboratory schedules. RESULTS: Despite the pandemic events in Seoul and South Korea during the laboratory sessions, all sessions were completed without any confirmed COVID-19 cases among the students, faculty, and staff. Most of the scores on the written and practical examinations significantly decreased in 2020 compared to those in 2019. However, in the trunk session that used the virtual anatomy application, the score on the practical examination in 2020 was significantly higher than that in 2019. Over 70% (79 and 77 out of 105 respondents on the upper and lower limbs and trunk, respectively) and 53% (55/105) students reported that there were no significant difficulties in studying anatomy in a face-to-face laboratory. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, an adequate education program for cadaver dissection should be developed and provided to overcome the pandemic restrictions. The study findings could serve as a reference for anatomy education during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
Anatomy , COVID-19 , Education, Distance , Students, Medical , Anatomy/education , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cadaver , Humans , Pandemics , Republic of Korea/epidemiology
8.
BMC Med Educ ; 22(1): 255, 2022 Apr 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1777388

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The 'MED-WELL' programme is a combined exercise and educational intervention designed to promote well-being among medical students and educate students about prescribing exercise as medicine in clinical practice. Due to COVID-19 public health restrictions of social distancing the 'MED-WELL' programme was offered online instead of in-person in 2021. The aim of this study is to compare the experiences of participants in the 'MED-WELL' programme online to those that previously participated in the same programme in-person to understand the student experience and optimize programme delivery. METHODS: Purposive sampling was used to recruit 20 participants to a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews. Ten study participants took part in the 'MED-WELL' programme when it was offered in-person, and the other ten study participants took part in the programme when it was offered online. All interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed using Microsoft Teams. A combined inductive and deductive approach was used for analysis. An inductive thematic analysis was utilized to categorize data into higher order codes, themes, and overarching themes. The theory of online learning provided the theoretical framework for a deductive approach. RESULTS: Analysis of the data produced five overarching themes: 'student-student', 'student-teacher', 'student-content', 'student-environment', and 'effects of a pandemic'. The first four themes detail distinct types of interaction that participants had with various entities of the 'MED-WELL' programme and the effects that these interactions had on participant experiences. 'Effects of a pandemic' refers to the context of delivering the 'MED-WELL' programme online during a pandemic and how this mode of delivery influenced participants and the programme. CONCLUSIONS: Optimizing the 'MED-WELL' programme relies on an understanding of how participants interact with different entities of the programme and are motivated to attend and engage. Participants tended to favour an in-person mode of delivery, however certain advantages of delivering the programme online were also identified. The findings from this study can be used to inform similar experiential and educational exercise interventions, and may help plan for potential future restrictions on in-person educational and exercise-based programmes.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Education, Distance , Students, Medical , COVID-19/epidemiology , Exercise , Humans , Pandemics
9.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(7)2022 Mar 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1776202

ABSTRACT

The novel coronavirus pandemic has dramatically affected how nursing students are educated. Distance learning has become the norm, and an evaluation of learning achievement is needed. This is a mixed-method study of teaching presence, self-regulated learning, and learning satisfaction in distance learning to evaluate the learning achievement of students in a nursing education program. Ninety-four students for quantitative and seven students for qualitative research were sampled. All the sampled students attend the nursing education program in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province and were enrolled during the first semester of 2020. Quantitative data were analyzed using SPSS/WIN 21.0, and qualitative data were analyzed via content analysis in NVivo 12. Teaching presence and self-regulated learning were identified as the factors affecting learning satisfaction. In a focus group interview, teaching presence increased when the students received feedback and saw the faces of their professors. Self-regulated learning occurred when they had opportunities to practice self-study and leadership and when they formed relationships between professors and colleagues. These methods have also been recognized to increase learning satisfaction. Considering the results of this study, it is necessary to develop teaching methods that enhance the learning satisfaction of students in distance learning nursing education programs.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Education, Distance , Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate , Education, Nursing , Students, Nursing , COVID-19/epidemiology , Education, Nursing/methods , Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate/methods , Humans , Personal Satisfaction , Teaching
10.
Front Public Health ; 10: 853928, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1776077

ABSTRACT

With the spread of COVID-19 worldwide, online education is rapidly catching on, even in some underdeveloped countries and regions. Based on Bandura's ternary learning theory and literature review, this paper takes online learning of college students as the research object and conducts an empirical survey on 6,000 college students in East China. Based on literature review and factor analysis and structural equation model, this paper discusses the relationship among learning cognition, learning behavior, and learning environment in online learning of college students. The learning behavior includes interactive communication, self-discipline mechanism, classroom learning, and study after class. The learning environment includes teaching ability, knowledge system, platform support, process control, and result evaluation; learning cognition includes learning motivation, information perception, and adaptability. It is found that the learning environment has a significant positive impact on learning behavior, and learning cognition has a significant positive impact on learning behavior. It is uncertain whether the learning environment significantly impacts learning cognition. At the learning environment level, the teaching ability (0.59) has the most significant impact on the learning environment, followed by result evaluation (0.42), platform support (0.40), process control (0.33), and knowledge system (0.13). In terms of the influence on learning behavior, classroom learning has the most significant impact (0.79), followed by self-discipline mechanism (0.65), study after class (0.54), and interactive communication (0.44). In terms of learning cognition, information perception (0.62) has the most significant influence, followed by learning motivation (0.50) and adaptability (0.41). This paper suggests strengthening the construction of platforms and digital resources to create a more competitive learning environment. Improve process management and personalized online services, constantly stimulate students' enthusiasm for independent online learning, and cultivate students' online independent learning ability to promote the sustainable and healthy development of online education.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Education, Distance , China , Humans , Learning , Students
11.
Front Public Health ; 10: 838106, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1776042

ABSTRACT

In the spring semester of 2020, online flipped classroom was used to replace offline face-to-face teaching of the physiology course at Xiangya School of Medicine. In order to analyze the preferences and utilization of different teaching resources by students, registered questionnaire was applied to investigate the preference divergence of the students on the duration of different teaching videos used in the online flipped classroom model. One hundred forty-seven students of clinical medicine in grade 2018 of Xiangya School of Medicine were selected as the research objects. Three formal surveys were conducted in total. The results showed that there were significant divergences in preference of students for different durations in the first two surveys. 56.43 and 50.00% of the students preferred 15 min mini-video, whereas 43.57 and 50.00% preferred 45 min complete video. Meanwhile, students showed a significant preference for mini-video in active learning before class, with 65.00 and 59.29% watched only mini-video, 17.14 and 25.71% watched only complete videos, and 17.86 and 15.00% watched both mini and complete videos. Although most students preferred to watch mini-video in active learning before class, there was a significant proportion of students who watched complete video before class. The results suggested that the individualization of student in the online flipped classroom is prominent. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the selection of videos with different durations at different time points (before, in and after class) was significantly associated with the characteristics of the videos themselves. Therefore, the construction of online teaching resources and the application of teaching methods should consider the requirements of different student groups and provide a variety of online curriculum resources.


Subject(s)
Audiovisual Aids , Curriculum , Education, Distance , China , Education, Medical , Humans , Problem-Based Learning/methods , Students , Surveys and Questionnaires , Teaching Materials
12.
Front Public Health ; 10: 773704, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1775978

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Quality-assured antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) depends upon the knowledge and skills of laboratory staff. In many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), including Pakistan, such types of knowledge and skills are limited. Therefore, the objective of this study was to use openaccess online courses to improve the knowledge of laboratory staff involved in the detection and reporting of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Methodology: Seven online modules comprising 22 courses aimed at strengthening the laboratory detection of Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) were developed. The courses were uploaded onto the website www.parn.org.pk. Participants had an option of selecting courses of their interest. Online registration and completion of a pre-course assessment (pre-test) were essential for enrolment. However, participation in post-course assessment (post-test) was optional. The number of registered participants and the proportion of participants who completed each course were computed. A paired t-test was used to assess the increase between mean pre- and post-test scores. The association between the participants working in public vs. private laboratories and course completion rates were determined using the chi-square test. Results: A total of 227 participants from Pakistan (March 2018 to June 2020) were registered. The largest number of registered participants and the highest completion rate were noted for AST and biosafety courses, while quality-related courses attracted a lower interest. A comparison of pre- and post-test performance using the paired mean score for the individual courses showed a statistically significant (the value of p < 0.05) improvement in 13/20 assessed courses. A higher course completion rate was observed in participants from public vs. private sector laboratories (56.8 vs. 30.8%, the value of p = 0.005). Conclusions: Our study suggests a promising potential for open online courses (OOCs) toward addressing knowledge gaps in laboratory practice in resource limited settings.


Subject(s)
Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Education, Distance , Professional Competence , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Humans , Internet , Laboratories , Pakistan
13.
Scand J Surg ; 111(2): 14574969221083138, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1775244

ABSTRACT

In this editorial, we review our experience on distance teaching and based on our experiences suggest modifications to undergraduate surgical education.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Education, Distance , Education, Medical, Undergraduate , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
14.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 9083436, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1775019

ABSTRACT

With the development of information technology, online music education has become a mainstream education method. Especially after the outbreak of COVID-19, music teachers have to teach through online. Therefore, an online music education system that can improve the quality of teaching is particularly important. Multiuser detection algorithms and artificial intelligence have important applications in many fields, and the field of music online education is no exception. This paper takes the music teaching of the music distance teaching unit as the goal and conducts sufficient research on the educational subjects such as teachers, students, and administrators. And with the help of the SCMA system multiuser detection algorithm and artificial intelligence technology, the system analysis and design method is used to analyze and design the music teaching function system. The system module involves basic information management, student music assignments, online courses, and other levels, providing an excellent educational system design example for music online education. The conclusion analysis shows that the music online education system based on SCMA system multiuser detection algorithm and artificial intelligence designed in this paper can significantly improve the audience's music learning efficiency and has obvious benefits to the student group.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Education, Distance , Music , Artificial Intelligence , Education, Distance/methods , Humans , Online Systems
15.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 7384803, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1775016

ABSTRACT

One of the most insidious methods of bypassing security mechanisms in a modern information system is the domain generation algorithms (DGAs), which are used to disguise the identity of malware by periodically switching the domain name assigned to a command and control (C&C) server. Combating advanced techniques, such as DGAs, is an ongoing challenge that security organizations often need to work with and possibly share private data to train better and more up-to-date machine learning models. This logic raises serious concerns about data integrity, trade-related issues, and strict privacy protocols that must be adhered to. To address the concerns regarding the privacy and security of private data, we propose in this work a privacy-preserved variational-autoencoder to DGA combined with case studies from the education industry and distance learning, specifically because the recent pandemic has brought an explosive increase to remote learning. This is a system that, using the secured multi-party computation (SMPC) methodology, can successfully apply machine learning techniques, specifically the Siamese variational-autoencoder algorithm, on encrypted data and metadata. The method proposed for the first time in the literature facilitates learning specialized extraction functions of useful intermediate representations in complex deep learning architectures, producing improved training stability, high generalization performance, and remarkable categorization accuracy.


Subject(s)
Education, Distance , Privacy , Algorithms , Machine Learning
16.
J Med Internet Res ; 24(3): e31977, 2022 03 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1770898

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Health professions education has undergone major changes with the advent and adoption of digital technologies worldwide. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to map the existing evidence and identify gaps and research priorities to enable robust and relevant research in digital health professions education. METHODS: We searched for systematic reviews on the digital education of practicing and student health care professionals. We searched MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library, Educational Research Information Center, CINAHL, and gray literature sources from January 2014 to July 2020. A total of 2 authors independently screened the studies, extracted the data, and synthesized the findings. We outlined the key characteristics of the included reviews, the quality of the evidence they synthesized, and recommendations for future research. We mapped the empirical findings and research recommendations against the newly developed conceptual framework. RESULTS: We identified 77 eligible systematic reviews. All of them included experimental studies and evaluated the effectiveness of digital education interventions in different health care disciplines or different digital education modalities. Most reviews included studies on various digital education modalities (22/77, 29%), virtual reality (19/77, 25%), and online education (10/77, 13%). Most reviews focused on health professions education in general (36/77, 47%), surgery (13/77, 17%), and nursing (11/77, 14%). The reviews mainly assessed participants' skills (51/77, 66%) and knowledge (49/77, 64%) and included data from high-income countries (53/77, 69%). Our novel conceptual framework of digital health professions education comprises 6 key domains (context, infrastructure, education, learners, research, and quality improvement) and 16 subdomains. Finally, we identified 61 unique questions for future research in these reviews; these mapped to framework domains of education (29/61, 47% recommendations), context (17/61, 28% recommendations), infrastructure (9/61, 15% recommendations), learners (3/61, 5% recommendations), and research (3/61, 5% recommendations). CONCLUSIONS: We identified a large number of research questions regarding digital education, which collectively reflect a diverse and comprehensive research agenda. Our conceptual framework will help educators and researchers plan, develop, and study digital education. More evidence from low- and middle-income countries is needed.


Subject(s)
Education, Distance , Health Personnel , Health Education , Health Personnel/education , Humans , Virtual Reality
17.
BMC Med Educ ; 22(1): 218, 2022 Mar 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1770524

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic required a transformation of medical education in Egypt. Public health measures necessitated a rapid shift from traditional face to face lectures to largely online platforms following campus closures. The aim of this study is to characterize medical student use and perception of online medical education in Egypt as well as exploring the efficacy of different e-learning modalities. Additionally, many barriers and opportunities as perceived by students are reviewed to inform future educational improvements. METHODS: A 29-item online survey was created on google forms and distributed by social media to medical students across 26 Egyptian medical schools. The survey was administered from August 20th, 2021, to September 5th, 2021. The survey consisted of a mixture of questions style. The medical students were asked about their experiences with online medical education during the COVID-19 pandemic as well as medical students' anxiety, perceived academic performance, and obstacles related to online education. RESULTS: Of the 4935 responses collected, 43.4% (n = 2140) of respondents were women; 56.6% (n = 2795) were men. Medical students from private medical schools were 13.0% (n = 644), whereas 87.0% (n = 4291) were from public medical schools. 54.6% of students reported that online education is not as effective as face-to-face education. There was a significant rise in hours spent by medical students on online medical education compared to before COVID-19 pandemic. More than half of students (63%) agreed that online recorded video tutorials (e.g., YouTube) were the most effective form of online medical education. CONCLUSION: The shift to online education has significantly impacted medical students in Egypt. Medical students reported various limitations and challenges of online medical education, which must be addressed considering the potential benefits of online platforms over traditional face to face learning. The results of this nationwide study provide a framework for potential areas to implement change to improve the accessibility and structure of online medical education in Egypt.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Education, Distance , Education, Medical , Students, Medical , COVID-19/epidemiology , Education, Distance/methods , Egypt/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Pandemics , Schools, Medical
18.
BMC Med Educ ; 22(1): 226, 2022 Apr 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1770523

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has become a global health issue and has significantly impacted university education. As a result, learning methods have been shifted to be delivered through online learning. Online learning has increased reliance on computer screens, which can cause visual discomfort and may cause or exacerbate headaches due to prolonged screen exposure. However, time spent using electronic devices has not yet been examined in relation to the online learning experience. PURPOSE: This study assessed the online learning experiences and reported headaches associated with screen exposure time among health sciences university students. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among a convenience sample of 353 students at Saudi University. Online learning experiences, screen time exposure, and reported headache questionnaires were used to collect the data. RESULTS: Students were moderately satisfied with the online learning experience. Nevertheless, they faced many challenges with online learning that affected their communication efficacy, and they preferred that blended learning be continued. In addition, this study found a high prevalence of headache (65.72%) and a high screen exposure time among the studied students (52.69%). Increased screen time exposure is linked with increased headache and migraine reporting among students (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Headache is a common health issue among health professional students, and it can harm their academic performance and quality of life, especially related to online learning. Greater awareness of headaches, stress reduction and prevention programs, and ergonomic practices to deal with headaches are essential. Blended learning approaches can improve student learning and performance in health science courses.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Education, Distance , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Education, Distance/methods , Headache/epidemiology , Headache/etiology , Humans , Pandemics , Quality of Life , Saudi Arabia/epidemiology , Screen Time , Students
19.
Work ; 67(4): 779-782, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1771013

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared novel coronavirus (COVID-19) infection a global pandemic due to the fast transmission of this disease worldwide. To prevent and slow the transmission of this contagious illness, the public health officials of many affected countries scrambled to introduce measures aimed at controlling its spread. As a result, unprecedented interventions/measures, including strict contact tracing, quarantine of entire towns/cities, closing of borders and travel restrictions, have been implemented by most of the affected countries including the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to share health care professionals' perspectives who are experiencing COVID19 firsthand in a foreign land. In addition, the role of the Saudi governance to combat the current situation is also discussed. DISCUSSION: Personal and previous experiences as related to Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) by the authors has been compared to the current situation and how it affected our thoughts and management. A review of the evidence-based literature was conducted to investigate the demographics of the region; and to understand the awareness of the various tools that are available and how they were utilized in the present situation of pandemic. CONCLUSIONS: Saudi Arabia has been challenged during the pandemic as are other countries.


Subject(s)
Attitude of Health Personnel , COVID-19/prevention & control , Foreign Professional Personnel/psychology , Pandemics/prevention & control , COVID-19/transmission , Contact Tracing , Dentists/psychology , Education, Dental , Education, Distance , Humans , Physical Distancing , Quarantine , SARS-CoV-2 , Saudi Arabia/epidemiology , Travel
20.
Adv Physiol Educ ; 46(2): 319-324, 2022 Jun 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1770006

ABSTRACT

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic during spring semester 2020, teachers and students were forced to engage in online instruction. However, there is little evidence on the feasibility of online physiology teaching. This study demonstrated a 3-wk preliminary online physiology course based on Rain Classroom assisted by the mobile application WeChat. Eighty-seven nursing undergraduate students attended an online physiology course during the spring semester of the 2019-2020 academic year from March 9 to March 29. We determined the effects of the online physiology learning based on in-class tests, preclass preparation, and review rates for the course materials. We also measured the students' perceptions and attitudes about online learning with a questionnaire survey. Posttest scores from the first week to the third week in online physiology course (7.22 ± 1.83, 7.68 ± 2.09, and 6.21 ± 2.92, respectively) exceeded the pretest scores (5.32 ± 2.14, 6.26 ± 2.49, and 3.72 ± 2.22, respectively), and this finding was statistically significant (all P < 0.001). Moreover, the pretest scores were significant positive predictors of final grade (all P < 0.01). In addition, the percentage of preclass preparation increased in 3 wk, from 43.68% to 57.47% to 68.97%. From the first week to the third week, the review rate increased from 86.21% to 91.95%; however, the second week was the lowest of all (72.41%). Finally, students' perceptions about their online physiology learning experiences were favorable. In conclusion, online physiology instruction based on Rain Classroom assisted by WeChat was an effective strategy during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Education, Distance , Humans , Pandemics , Rain , Students
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