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Acta Biomed ; 93(1): e2022059, 2022 03 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1754145


The cause of pleural empyema is bacterial pneumonia and three stages has been described in the evolution of this disease: exudative, fibrino-purulent and organizational phases. The first therapeutic intervention is the antibiotic therapy; where pharmacological therapy alone is not sufficient to eradicate the infection, it is also necessary a surgical treatment. Since the province of Piacenza having been in the epicenter area during the first Sars-Cov 2 pandemic wave in March 2020 and the number of patients with Covid-related pneumonia required invasive and non-invasive respiratory support, had a considerable organizational impact on pulmonology and respiratory unit, hindering an optimal treatment of the bacterial pneumonia both in community as well as in the hospital. Among the many "collateral" damages of the epidemiological wave of the infection with Sars Cov-2, we have been able to observe in our Hospital, also an increase of pulmonary empyemas diagnosed at an advanced stage for what we believe to be organizational and social causes directly related to the pandemic: in order to cope with the emergency the Unit of Pneumology has been since March nearly uninterruptedly dedicated to the exclusive treatment of covid patients so the pneumologist has been removed due to the need from outpatient and residential management of general pneumology.

COVID-19 , Empyema, Pleural , Pneumonia , Empyema, Pleural/diagnosis , Empyema, Pleural/epidemiology , Empyema, Pleural/therapy , Hospitals , Humans , Pandemics
J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep ; 9: 23247096211013215, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1598539


Bronchopleural fistula (BPF) is associated with high morbidity if left untreated. Although rare, the frequency of BPF in severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is becoming recognized in medical literature. We present a case of a 64-year-old male with BPF with persistent air leak due to SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia treated with Spiration Valve System endobronchial valve (EBV). An EBV was placed in the right middle lobe with successful cessation of air leak. In conclusion, the use of EBVs for BPF with persistent air leaks in SARS-CoV-2 patients who are poor surgical candidates is effective and safe.

Bronchial Fistula/surgery , Bronchoscopy , COVID-19/complications , Empyema, Pleural/surgery , Pleural Diseases/surgery , Surgical Instruments , Bronchial Fistula/etiology , Chest Tubes , Empyema, Pleural/etiology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pleural Diseases/etiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Thoracostomy