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Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 35(supl.1)2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-526059


Los procedimientos endoscópicos, al estar asociados a la exposición de la vía aérea superior, tienen un mayor riesgo de transmisión del virus SARS-CoV-2; por esta razón, es necesario el planteamiento de in-tervenciones para atenuar o eliminar la exposición a éste. En este artículo nos permitimos presentar una estrategia de mitigación de bajo costo, ya que con el progreso de la pandemia se podría estar en un estado de austeridad de recursos económicos, lo cual haría estos dispositivos totalmente válidos.(AU)

Endoscopic procedures, as they are associated with exposure of the upper airway, have a higher risk of transmission of the SARS-CoV-2 virus; so, it is necessary to consider interventions to mitigate or eliminate ex-posure to it. In this article, we allow ourselves to present a low-cost mitigation strategy, since with the progress of the pandemic it could be in a state of austerity of economic resources, making these devices totally valid.(AU)

Humans , Respiratory Protective Devices/standards , Endoscopy, Digestive System/instrumentation , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Cost-Benefit Analysis/economics
Dig Dis Sci ; 65(7): 1932-1939, 2020 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-343558


The month of December 2019 became a critical part of the time of humanity when the first case of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was reported in the Wuhan, Hubei Province in China. As of April 13th, 2020, there have been approximately 1.9 million cases and 199,000 deaths across the world, which were associated with COVID-19. The COVID-19 is the seventh coronavirus to be identified to infect humans. In the past, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome were the two coronaviruses that infected humans with a high fatality, particularly among the elderly. Fatalities due to COVID-19 are higher in patients older than 50 years of age or those with multimorbid conditions. The COVID-19 is mainly transmitted through respiratory droplets, with the most common symptoms being high fever, cough, myalgia, atypical symptoms included sputum production, headache, hemoptysis and diarrhea. However, the incubation period can range from 2 to 14 days without any symptoms. It is particularly true with gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms in which patients can still shed the virus even after pulmonary symptoms have resolved. Given the high percentage of COVID-19 patients that present with GI symptoms (e.g., nausea and diarrhea), screening patients for GI symptoms remain essential. Recently, cases of fecal-oral transmission of COVID-19 have been confirmed in the USA and China, indicating that the virus can replicate in both the respiratory and digestive tract. Moreover, the epidemiology, clinical characteristics, diagnostic procedures, treatments and prevention of the gastrointestinal manifestations of COVID-19 remain to be elucidated.

Coronavirus Infections/physiopathology , Diarrhea/physiopathology , Nausea/physiopathology , Pneumonia, Viral/physiopathology , Vomiting/physiopathology , Betacoronavirus/physiology , Coronavirus Infections/immunology , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Cytokine Release Syndrome/immunology , Cytokines/immunology , Diarrhea/immunology , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Feces/virology , Humans , Nausea/immunology , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/immunology , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Viral Tropism , Virus Shedding , Vomiting/immunology
Rev Esp Enferm Dig ; 112(5): 389-396, 2020 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-125039


The purpose of this rapid review is to provide an update on the impact of SARS-CoV-2 infection on Gastroenterology and Hepatology departments, our patients, and our new way of working. The gastrointestinal tract and the liver are affected by SARS-CoV-2, especially in patients with immunosuppressive therapies. Patients with liver transplantation should be followed closely. Digestive endoscopy is a high-risk procedure for the transmission of SARS-CoV-2. While the pandemic lasts, we must adapt its indications and promote protective measures for patients and healthcare professionals alike. The COVID-19 pandemic has changed our priorities and the way we work, although we do not know what the repercussions will be after normality is reinstated.

Betacoronavirus/pathogenicity , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Digestive System Diseases/virology , Digestive System/virology , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Digestive System Diseases/diagnosis , Digestive System Diseases/therapy , Disease Transmission, Infectious/prevention & control , Endoscopy, Digestive System/adverse effects , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents/adverse effects , Infection Control/methods , Liver Transplantation , Pneumonia, Viral/virology
Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 5(6): 598-606, 2020 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-66269


The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is changing the management of many chronic diseases, including that of patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). In particular, the performance of routine endoscopy is temporarily suspended, and only emergency endoscopy is allowed in many countries where severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has spread. We highlight different scenarios in which endoscopy should still be performed urgently in patients with IBD, as well as recommendations regarding the use of personal protective equipment. We suggest a pathway for performing safe endoscopy and discuss the potential risks of postponing endoscopy in IBD. Finally, we propose a post-pandemic plan for access to endoscopy.

Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/surgery , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Betacoronavirus , Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/diagnosis , Pandemics , Practice Guidelines as Topic
J Dig Dis ; 21(4): 199-204, 2020 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-42091


An epidemic of an acute respiratory syndrome caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in Wuhan, China, now known as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), beginning in December 2019, has attracted an intense amount of attention worldwide. As the natural history and variety of clinical presentations of this disease unfolds, extrapulmonary symptoms of COVID-19 have emerged, especially in the digestive system. While the respiratory mode of transmission is well known and is probably the principal mode of transmission of this disease, a possibility of the fecal-oral route of transmission has also emerged in various case series and clinical scenarios. In this review article, we summarize four different aspects in published studies to date: (a) gastrointestinal manifestations of COVID-19; (b) microbiological and virological investigations; (c) the role of fecal-oral transmission; and (d) prevention and control of SARS-CoV-2 infection in the digestive endoscopy room. A timely understanding of the relationship between the disease and the digestive system and implementing effective preventive measures are of great importance for a favorable outcome of the disease and can help climnicians to mitigate further transmission by taking appropriate measures.

Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Cross Infection/prevention & control , Digestive System Diseases , Endoscopy, Digestive System/standards , Gastroenterology/standards , Infection Control/standards , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Betacoronavirus/isolation & purification , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Cross Infection/etiology , Cross Infection/virology , Digestive System Diseases/diagnosis , Digestive System Diseases/etiology , Digestive System Diseases/microbiology , Digestive System Diseases/virology , Hospital Units/standards , Humans , Pandemics , Personal Protective Equipment/standards , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/virology