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1.
Ghana Med J ; 54(4 Suppl): 104-106, 2020 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1436202

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted healthcare negatively across the globe. The practice of gastroenterology has been affected especially gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy which is considered high risk for transmission of the virus. As a community of practitioners there is the need to share information and make evidence-based statements to guide GI practice in Ghana. This GASLIDD position statement based on the growing and rapidly evolving body of knowledge is to provide up to date information on the COVID-19 disease and guidance for the practice of gastroenterology in Ghana and beyond. It is to help the GI community of practice to maintain the highest level of health delivery and safety for our patients, staff, community and GI practitioners. FUNDING: Self-funded.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/prevention & control , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/standards , Gastroenterology/standards , Infection Control/standards , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Ghana , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Societies, Medical
2.
Rom J Intern Med ; 59(2): 166-173, 2021 Jun 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1171557

ABSTRACT

Introduction. An on-going coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a challenge all over the world. Since an endoscopy unit and its staff are at potentially high risk for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, we conducted a survey for the management of the gastrointestinal endoscopic practice, personal protective equipment (PPE), and risk assessment for COVID-19 during the pandemic at multiple facilities.Methods. The 11-item survey questionnaire was sent to representative respondent of Department of Gastroenterology, Osaka City University Hospital, and its 19 related facilities.Results. A total of 18 facilities submitted valid responses and a total of 373 health care professionals (HCPs) participated. All facilities (18/18: 100%) were screening patients at risk for SARS-CoV-2 infection before endoscopy. During the pandemic, we found that the total volume of endoscopic procedures decreased by 44%. Eleven facilities (11/18: 61%) followed recommendations of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society (JGES); consequently, about 35%-50% of esophagogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy were canceled. Mask (surgical mask or N95 mask), face shield/goggle, gloves (one or two sets), and gown (with long or short sleeves) were being used by endoscopists, nurses, endoscopy technicians, and endoscope cleaning staff in all the facilities (18/18: 100%). SARS-CoV-2 infection risk assessment of HCPs was conducted daily in all the facilities (18/18: 100%), resulting in no subsequent SARS-CoV-2 infection in HCPs.Conclusion. COVID-19 has had a dramatic impact on the gastrointestinal endoscopic practice. The recommendations of the JGES were appropriate as preventive measures for the SARSCoV-2 infection in the endoscopy unit and its staff.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Infection Control , Occupational Exposure/prevention & control , Risk Assessment , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/transmission , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/methods , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/standards , Health Care Surveys , Humans , Infection Control/instrumentation , Infection Control/methods , Infection Control/organization & administration , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control , Japan/epidemiology , Personal Protective Equipment/classification , Personal Protective Equipment/standards , Personal Protective Equipment/supply & distribution , SARS-CoV-2 , Safety Management/trends
3.
Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 45(1): 9-17, 2022 Jan.
Article in English, Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1111615

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus has had a serious impact on the functioning of gastrointestinal endoscopy Units. The Asociación Española de Gastroenterología (AEG) and the Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva (SEED) have proposed the EPAGE guidelines for managing postponed colonoscopies. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the EPAGE guidelines as a management tool compared to the immunologic faecal occult blood test (iFOBT) and compared to risk score (RS) that combines age, sex and the iFOBT for the detection of colorectal cancer (CRC) and significant bowel disease (SBD). METHODS: A prospective, single-centre study enrolling 743 symptomatic patients referred for a diagnostic colonoscopy. Each order was classified according to the EPAGE guidelines as appropriate, indeterminate or inappropriate. Patients underwent an iFOBT and had their RS calculated. RESULTS: The iFOBT (p<0.001), but not the EPAGE guidelines (p = 0.742), was an independent predictive factor of risk of CRC. The ROC AUCs for the EPAGE guidelines, the iFOBT and the RS were 0.61 (95% CI 0.49-0.75), 0.95 (0.93-0.97) and 0.90 (0.87-0.93) for CRC, and 0.55 (0.49-0.61), 0.75 (0.69-0.813) and 0.78 (0.73-0.83) for SBD, respectively. The numbers of colonoscopies needed to detect a case of CRC and a case of SBD were 38 and seven for the EPAGE guidelines, seven and two for the iFOBT, and 19 and four for a RS ≥5 points, respectively. CONCLUSION: The EPAGE guidelines, unlike the iFOBT, is not suitable for screening candidate patients for a diagnostic colonoscopy to detect CRC. The iFOBT, in combination with age and sex, is the most suitable strategy for managing demand for endoscopy in a restricted-access situation.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Colonoscopy/standards , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Occult Blood , Pandemics , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Adult , Age Factors , Aged , Analysis of Variance , COVID-19/prevention & control , Colonoscopy/statistics & numerical data , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/standards , Female , Gastroenterology/standards , Humans , Intestinal Diseases/diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sex Factors , Societies, Medical
6.
Acta Med Indones ; 52(4): 431-435, 2020 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-995514

ABSTRACT

The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared COVID-19 as global pandemic since there are tremendous growing numbers of confirmed cases for SARS-C0V-2 infection, the number of affected countries and high mortality rate. The global COVID-19 pandemic also will affect various aspects of health care including endoscopic service. The Indonesian Society for Digestive Endoscopy (ISDE), which provides a scope for doctors who perform endoscopic procedures, has developed a clinical and procedural guideline that may serve as a reference for doctors performing gastrointestinal endoscopy in Indonesia.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/transmission , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/standards , Infection Control/methods , COVID-19/epidemiology , Humans , Indonesia , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control , Mass Screening , Pandemics , Patient Selection , Personal Protective Equipment
8.
Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 44(9): 637-643, 2021 Nov.
Article in English, Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-935614

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: In the midst of the SARS-CoV-2 virus (COVID-19) pandemic, health professionals, specifically gastroenterologists, have had to use personal protective equipment (PPE) to reduce contact with droplets and aerosols generated during gastrointestinal endoscopy. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of the use of two types of PPE on quality of vision during gastrointestinal endoscopy. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational pilot study in gastroenterologists who undergo an ophthalmological examination of visual acuity and quality of vision when using two types of PPE. Type #1: 3M N95 1860 green respirator + 3M mono safety glasses + protective screen. Type #2: 3M 6800 full facepiece + 3M NIOSH 7093C HF/P100 filters. RESULTS: Visual acuity and quality of vison parameters while using the PPE that is routinely used when performing gastrointestinal endoscopy during the pandemic were evaluated. It was found that Modality #1 was associated with decreases of up to 37% in visual acuity, 25% in colour visualisation and 75% in contrast sensitivity among digestive endoscopists within minutes of placement. These figures worsened over the course of the procedure, rising to 75%, 60% and 100%, respectively. Modality #2 was not associated with any deterioration in quality of vision. CONCLUSIONS: The different PPE modalities used during gastrointestinal endoscopy could have an impact on the quality of endoscopy studies performed during the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/prevention & control , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/standards , Gastroenterologists , Pandemics , Personal Protective Equipment/adverse effects , Visual Acuity , Color Perception , Contrast Sensitivity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Eye Protective Devices/adverse effects , Filtration/instrumentation , Humans , Masks , N95 Respirators , Pilot Projects , Respiratory Protective Devices/adverse effects , Time Factors
9.
J Crohns Colitis ; 14(14 Suppl 3): S791-S797, 2020 Oct 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-883090

ABSTRACT

Endoscopy is an essential component in the management of inflammatory bowel disease [IBD]. There is a risk of SARS-CoV-2 transmission during endoscopic procedures. The International Organization for the study of IBD [IOIBD] has developed 11 position statements, based on an online survey, that focus on how to prioritise endoscopies in IBD patients during the COVID-19 pandemic, alternative modes for disease monitoring, and ways to triage the high number of postponed endoscopies after the pandemic. We propose to pre-screen patients for suspected or confirmed COVID-19 and test for SARS-CoV-2 before endoscopy if available. High priority endoscopies during pandemic include acute gastrointestinal bleed, acute severe ulcerative colitis, new IBD diagnosis, cholangitis in primary sclerosing cholangitis, and partial bowel obstruction. Alternative modes of monitoring using clinical symptoms, serum inflammatory markers, and faecal calprotectin should be considered during the pandemic. Prioritising access to endoscopy in the post-pandemic period should be guided by control of COVID-19 in the local community and availability of manpower and personal protective equipment. Endoscopy should be considered within 3 months after the pandemic for patients with a past history of dysplasia and endoscopic resection for dysplastic lesion. Endoscopy should be considered 3-6 months after the pandemic for assessment of postoperative recurrence or new biologic initiation. Endoscopy can be postponed until after 6 months of pandemic for routine IBD surveillance and assessment of mucosal healing.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/standards , Health Care Rationing/standards , Infection Control/standards , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Triage/standards , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Testing , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/standards , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/methods , Global Health , Health Care Rationing/methods , Health Services Accessibility/standards , Humans , Infection Control/methods , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , SARS-CoV-2 , Triage/methods
11.
Dig Endosc ; 32(7): 1105-1110, 2020 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-780816

ABSTRACT

Endoscopy is widely used as a clinical diagnosis and treatment method for certain hepatobiliary and pancreatic diseases. However, due to the distinctive epidemiological characteristics of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, the virus causing coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19), healthcare providers are exposed to the patient's respiratory and gastrointestinal fluids, rendering endoscopy a high risk for transmitting a nosocomial infection. This article introduces preventive measures for endoscopic treatment enacted in our medical center during COVID-19, including the adjustment of indications, the application of endoscope protective equipment, the design and application of endoscopic masks and splash-proof films, and novel recommendations for bedside endoscope pre-sterilization.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Cross Infection/prevention & control , Disease Transmission, Infectious/prevention & control , Endoscopes/standards , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/standards , Infection Control/standards , Masks , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Air Microbiology , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Equipment Contamination/prevention & control , Hospital Units/standards , Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Sterilization
12.
Z Gastroenterol ; 58(11): 1074-1080, 2020 Nov.
Article in German | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-772915

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic represents a major challenge for health care systems worldwide. Recent data suggests an increased risk for personnel of gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy units for SARS-CoV-2 infections. Several societies have provided recommendations for the current situation, but their feasibility is unclear and real-world data on preparedness of endoscopy units are lacking. AIMS & METHODS: A web-based survey among German GI-endoscopy heads was conducted from April 1 to April 7, 2020. It comprised 33 questions based on the ESGE (European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy) recommendations and was distributed electronically by the German Society of Gastroenterology, Digestive and Metabolic Diseases (DGVS). RESULTS: Of 551 completed surveys, 202 (37 %) endoscopy units cancelled less than 40 % of their procedures. Small-volume units (< 4000 procedures/year) cancelled significantly less procedures than high-volume units (> 4000). Complete spatial separation of high-risk patients was possible in only 17 %. Most units systematically identified patients at risk (91 %) and used risk adapted personal protective equipment (PPE, 85 %). For the future, shortages in PPE (83 %), staff (69 %) and relevant financial losses (80 %) were expected. CONCLUSIONS: Recommendations on structural measures were only partially fulfilled and cancellations of procedures were heterogeneous. Clear definitions of indications to perform endoscopies during such a pandemic are needed. Further, structural recommendations should be adapted and strategies to compensate financial losses need to be developed.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/standards , Infection Control , Pandemics/prevention & control , Personal Protective Equipment , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Humans , Motivation , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2
14.
Dig Endosc ; 33(1): 195-202, 2021 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-744720

ABSTRACT

During the outbreak of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Wuhan, the gastroenterology department of our hospital performed gastrointestinal endoscopy procedures using strict infection control measures. Thorough screening of incoming patients, separation of diagnostic and treatment areas, regional management, hierarchical protection, disinfection protocols, and other measures were enforced to prevent virus transmission during endoscopic treatments. During the COVID-19 pandemic, between February and March 2020, 159 endoscopic examinations and treatments were performed, including emergency endoscopy for 17 patients. Among these, seven patients were either previously infected with or were suspected carriers of the virus. Using the aforementioned control measures, we did not encounter a single case of cross-infection or infection among the patients or staff. The presented protocols may provide valuable insight regarding how to protect gastroenterology endoscopy units during the novel coronavirus disease pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/prevention & control , Cross Infection/prevention & control , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/standards , Infection Control/methods , Workflow , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Disinfection , Female , Humans , Inservice Training , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Personal Protective Equipment , SARS-CoV-2
15.
Dig Endosc ; 32(6): 844-850, 2020 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-721111

ABSTRACT

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Corona Virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the etiologic agent causing the disease Corona Virus Disease 19 (COVID-19), resulting in a worldwide pandemic. Non-emergent endoscopy services have been disrupted as incidence and hospitalizations were rising. It is anticipated that the peak incidence may be leveling off in many parts of the world, but there is a concern for resurgence of the virus activity. Thus, it is important for endoscopy units to have plans in place during peak times of the epidemic and when resuming endoscopic services as the pandemic wanes. The global endoscopy community is faced with the challenge of providing care during this time. The WEO-COVID guidance task force has provided this resource document based on the current evidence and consensus opinion. These World Endoscopy Organization (WEO) recommendations are meant to guide endoscopists worldwide, should be interpreted in light of specific clinical conditions and resource availability and may not apply in all situations. This guidance document does not supersede the need to check for all local regulations and legislations.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/standards , Infection Control/standards , Humans , Pandemics , Personal Protective Equipment/standards , SARS-CoV-2
17.
Dig Endosc ; 32(5): 648-650, 2020 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-667652

ABSTRACT

All gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures have a high risk of aerosol contamination of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) to endoscopists, nurses, and healthcare assistants. Given the current pandemic situation of COVID-19, the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society issued the recommendation for gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy based on the status of COVID-19 as of April 9, 2020, in Japan: (i) indications for GI endoscopy in the pandemic of COVID-19; (ii) practical protective equipment for medical personnel depending on the risk for COVID-19; (iii) preprocedural management, such as pharyngeal local anesthesia using lidocaine spray which has a potential to generate the aerosols; (iv) ideal settings of the endoscopy room including the numbers of the staff and the patients; (v) postprocedural management, such as undressing and follow-up of the patients, as well as the involved staff, were documented to fit the practical scenarios in GI endoscopy, with the available data in Japan and the world. We believe that certain measures will prevent further spread of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/standards , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control , Pandemics/prevention & control , Personal Protective Equipment/statistics & numerical data , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Practice Guidelines as Topic , COVID-19 , Female , Humans , Infection Control/methods , Japan , Male , Occupational Health , Societies, Medical
18.
United European Gastroenterol J ; 8(7): 798-803, 2020 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-630426

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, a novel coronavirus disease, COVID-19, has occurred in China and has spread around the world rapidly. As an acute respiratory infectious disease, COVID-19 has been included in type B infectious diseases and managed according to the standard of type A infectious disease in China. Given the high risk of COVID-19 infection during endoscopic procedures via an airborne route, the Chinese Society of Digestive Endoscopy issued a series of recommendations to guide the endoscopy works in China during the pandemic. To the best of our knowledge, no new infectious case of COVID-19 resulting from endoscopic procedures has been reported in China to date. Here, these recommendations are integrated to provide guidance about the prevention of COVID-19 for endoscopists. The recommendations include advice about postponing non-urgent endoscopies, excluding the possibility of COVID-19 in patients undergoing endoscopy, protection of medical staff from coronavirus infection, and cleaning of endoscopy centres.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/standards , Infection Control/organization & administration , Pandemics/prevention & control , Personal Protective Equipment/standards , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Betacoronavirus/isolation & purification , Betacoronavirus/pathogenicity , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Testing , China/epidemiology , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/standards , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/instrumentation , Equipment Contamination/prevention & control , Gastroenterology/methods , Gastroenterology/standards , Gastrointestinal Diseases/diagnosis , Gastrointestinal Diseases/therapy , Health Personnel/standards , Humans , Infection Control/instrumentation , Infection Control/standards , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control , Infectious Disease Transmission, Professional-to-Patient/prevention & control , Operating Rooms/standards , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , Preoperative Care/standards , SARS-CoV-2 , Societies, Medical/standards
20.
Clin Med (Lond) ; 20(4): 352-358, 2020 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-592087

ABSTRACT

Many non-emergency clinical services were suspended during COVID-19 pandemic peak. It is essential to develop a plan for restarting services following the peak. It is equally important to protect patients and staff and to use resources and personal protective equipment (PPE) efficiently. The British Society of Gastroenterology Endoscopy Committee and Quality Improvement Programme has produced guidance on how a restart can be safely delivered. Key recommendations include the following: all patients should have need for endoscopy assessed by senior clinicians and prioritised according to criteria we have outlined; once the need for endoscopy is confirmed, patients should undergo telephone screening for symptoms using systematic questionnaires; all outpatients should undergo RT-PCR testing for COVID-19 virus 1-3 days prior to endoscopy; and PPE should be determined by patient risk stratification, the nature of the procedure and the results of testing. While this guidance is tailored to endoscopy services, it could be adapted for any interventional medical discipline.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/standards , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , COVID-19 , Capsule Endoscopy/standards , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/standards , Colonoscopy/standards , Endosonography/standards , Humans , Occupational Health , Patient Safety , Personal Protective Equipment , SARS-CoV-2
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