Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 8 de 8
Filter
1.
Zhongguo Fei Ai Za Zhi ; 25(3): 147-155, 2022 Mar 20.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1780097

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: At present, the research progress of targeted therapy for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene mutations in lung adenocarcinoma is very rapid, which brings new hope for the treatment of advanced lung adenocarcinoma patients. However, the specific imaging and pathological features of EGFR and ALK gene mutations in adenocarcinoma are still controversial. This study will further explore the correlation between EGFR, ALK gene mutations and imaging and pathological features in invasive lung adenocarcinoma. METHODS: A total of 525 patients with lung adenocarcinoma who underwent surgery in our center from January 2018 to December 2019 were included. According to the results of postoperative gene detection, the patients were divided into EGFR gene mutation group, ALK gene mutation group and wild group, and the EGFR gene mutation group was divided into exon 19 and exon 21 subtypes. The pathological features of the mutation group and wild group, such as histological subtype, lymph node metastasis, visceral pleural invasion (VPI) and imaging features such as tumor diameter, consolidation tumor ratio (CTR), lobulation sign, spiculation sign, pleural retraction sign, air bronchus sign and vacuole sign were analyzed by univariate analysis and multivariate Logistic regression analysis to explore whether the gene mutation group had specific manifestations. RESULTS: EGFR gene mutation group was common in women (OR=2.041, P=0.001), with more pleural traction sign (OR=1.506, P=0.042), and had little correlation with lymph node metastasis and VPI (P>0.05). Among them, exon 21 subtype was more common in older (OR=1.022, P=0.036), women (OR=2.010, P=0.007), and was associated with larger tumor diameter (OR=1.360, P=0.039) and pleural traction sign (OR=1.754, P=0.029). Exon 19 subtype was common in women (OR=2.230, P=0.009), with a high proportion of solid components (OR=1.589, P=0.047) and more lobulation sign (OR=2.762, P=0.026). ALK gene mutations were likely to occur in younger patients (OR=2.950, P=0.045), with somking history (OR=1.070, P=0.002), and there were more micropapillary components (OR=4.184, P=0.019) and VPI (OR=2.986, P=0.034) in pathology. CONCLUSIONS: The EGFR and ALK genes mutated adenocarcinomas have specific imaging and clinicopathological features, and the mutations in exon 19 or exon 21 subtype have different imaging features, which is of great significance in guiding the clinical diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary nodules.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma of Lung , Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase , Lung Neoplasms , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/diagnostic imaging , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/genetics , Aged , Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase/genetics , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Female , Genes, erbB-1 , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Mutation , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
2.
PLoS One ; 17(2): e0264201, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1714776

ABSTRACT

Activating mutations in EGFR predict benefit from tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer. Directing patients to appropriate therapy depends on accurate and timely EGFR assessment in the molecular pathology laboratory. This article describes the analytical design, performance characteristics, and clinical implementation of an assay for the rapid detection of EGFR L858R and exon 19 deletion mutations. A droplet digital polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR) assay was implemented with probe hydrolysis-dependent signal detection. A mutation-specific probe was used to detect EGFR L858R. A loss of signal design was used to detect EGFR exon 19 deletion mutations. Analytical sensitivity was dependent on DNA input and was as low as 0.01% variant allele fraction for the EGFR L858R assay and 0.1% variant allele fraction for the EGFR exon 19 deletion assay. Correlation of 20 clinical specimens tested by ddPCR and next generation sequencing showed 100% concordance. ddPCR showed 53% clinical sensitivity in the detection of EGFR mutations in plasma cell-free DNA from patients with lung cancer. The median clinical turnaround time was 5 days for ddPCR compared to 13 days for next generation sequencing. The findings show that ddPCR is an accurate and rapid method for detecting EGFR mutations in patients with non-small cell lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis/methods , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Humans , Mutation , Sensitivity and Specificity
3.
Bioengineered ; 12(2): 12461-12469, 2021 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1585255

ABSTRACT

Severe mortality due to the COVID-19 pandemic resulted from the lack of effective treatment. Although COVID-19 vaccines are available, their side effects have become a challenge for clinical use in patients with chronic diseases, especially cancer patients. In the current report, we applied network pharmacology and systematic bioinformatics to explore the use of biochanin A in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) and COVID-19 infection. Using the network pharmacology approach, we identified two clusters of genes involved in immune response (IL1A, IL2, and IL6R) and cell proliferation (CCND1, PPARG, and EGFR) mediated by biochanin A in CRC/COVID-19 condition. The functional analysis of these two gene clusters further illustrated the effects of biochanin A on interleukin-6 production and cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction in CRC/COVID-19 pathology. In addition, pathway analysis demonstrated the control of PI3K-Akt and JAK-STAT signaling pathways by biochanin A in the treatment of CRC/COVID-19. The findings of this study provide a therapeutic option for combination therapy against COVID-19 infection in CRC patients.


Subject(s)
Anticarcinogenic Agents/therapeutic use , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19/drug therapy , Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/drug effects , Genistein/therapeutic use , Phytoestrogens/therapeutic use , Atlases as Topic , COVID-19/immunology , COVID-19/pathology , COVID-19/virology , Colorectal Neoplasms/immunology , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Colorectal Neoplasms/virology , Cyclin D1/genetics , Cyclin D1/immunology , ErbB Receptors/genetics , ErbB Receptors/immunology , Humans , Interleukin-1alpha/genetics , Interleukin-1alpha/immunology , Interleukin-2/genetics , Interleukin-2/immunology , Janus Kinases/genetics , Janus Kinases/immunology , Metabolic Networks and Pathways/drug effects , Metabolic Networks and Pathways/genetics , Molecular Targeted Therapy/methods , Multigene Family , PPAR gamma/genetics , PPAR gamma/immunology , Pharmacogenetics/methods , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/immunology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/immunology , Receptors, Interleukin-6/genetics , Receptors, Interleukin-6/immunology , SARS-CoV-2/drug effects , SARS-CoV-2/growth & development , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity , STAT Transcription Factors/genetics , STAT Transcription Factors/immunology , Signal Transduction
4.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e934854, 2021 Sep 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1441381

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has affected the number of completed clinical trials, particularly in oncology. Between 80-85% of all lung cancers are non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and of these, between 2-3% have an EGFR exon 20 insertion, which is associated with increased cell proliferation, metastasis, and a lack of response to chemotherapy and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors. Until this year, there were no available targeted therapies for advanced NSCLC with this genetic subtype. However, in May 2021, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval for amivantamab-vmjw (Rybrevant®), a bispecific monoclonal antibody, targeting activating and resistant EGFR and MET mutations and amplifications. This FDA approval was for adult patients with locally advanced metastatic NSCLC, with disease progression on or following platinum-based chemotherapy. The FDA also approved the Guardant360® companion diagnostic, a next-generation sequencing platform for circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA), which is a liquid biopsy assay. In 2019, Project Orbis was launched by the FDA Oncology Center of Excellence as a global collaborative review program to facilitate rapid global access for patients to innovative cancer therapies. This Editorial aims to highlight how global regulatory initiatives from the FDA have delivered accelerated approval of the first bispecific therapeutic monoclonal antibody, amivantamab-vmjw (Rybrevant®), and a companion diagnostic for patients with advanced NSCLC with an EGFR exon 20 insertion.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Bispecific/administration & dosage , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Drug Approval , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , ErbB Receptors/genetics , ErbB Receptors/metabolism , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Mutation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-met/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-met/metabolism , United States , United States Food and Drug Administration
5.
Exp Mol Pathol ; 120: 104634, 2021 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1152690

ABSTRACT

Lung and colorectal cancers (CRC) have two of the highest mortality rates among all cancer types, and their occurrence and the need for personalized diagnostics and subsequent therapy were not influenced by the COVID-19 pandemics. However, due to the disruption of established delivery chains, standard assays for in vitro diagnostics of those cancers were temporarily not available, forcing us to implement alternative testing methods that enabled at least basic therapy decision making. For this reason, we evaluated rapid testing on the Biocartis Idylla™ platform (Biocartis, Mechelen, Belgium) for four important genes commonly mutated in lung and colorectal cancers, namely EGFR, NRAS, KRAS, and BRAF. Clinical specimens from which the mutation status has previously been determined using Next Generation Sequencing (NGS), were retested to determine whether Idylla™ can offer accurate results. To compare the results, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive values (PPV) and negative predictive values (NPV) are calculated for each of the mutation types and then combined to determine the values of the Idylla™ system in total, while setting NGS as the gold-standard basis the assays were compared with. Idylla testing thereby displayed acceptable sensitivity and specificity and delivered reliable results for initial therapy decisions.


Subject(s)
DNA Mutational Analysis/methods , GTP Phosphohydrolases/genetics , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing/methods , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mutation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras)/genetics , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/virology , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Pandemics , Reproducibility of Results , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , SARS-CoV-2/physiology , Sensitivity and Specificity
6.
EMBO Mol Med ; 13(3): e13549, 2021 03 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1038772

ABSTRACT

A correct identification of seropositive individuals for the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection is of paramount relevance to assess the degree of protection of a human population to present and future outbreaks of the COVID-19 pandemic. We describe here a sensitive and quantitative flow cytometry method using the cytometer-friendly non-adherent Jurkat T-cell line that stably expresses the full-length native spike "S" protein of SARS-CoV-2 and a truncated form of the human EGFR that serves a normalizing role. S protein and huEGFRt coding sequences are separated by a T2A self-cleaving sequence, allowing to accurately quantify the presence of anti-S immunoglobulins by calculating a score based on the ratio of fluorescence intensities obtained by double-staining with the test sera and anti-EGFR. The method allows to detect immune individuals regardless of the result of other serological tests or even repeated PCR monitoring. As examples of its use, we show that as much as 28% of the personnel working at the CBMSO in Madrid is already immune. Additionally, we show that anti-S antibodies with protective neutralizing activity are long-lasting and can be detected in sera 8 months after infection.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Neutralizing/blood , Antibodies, Viral/blood , COVID-19 Serological Testing/methods , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/immunology , Flow Cytometry/methods , SARS-CoV-2/immunology , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/immunology , Adult , COVID-19/virology , COVID-19 Serological Testing/statistics & numerical data , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Female , Flow Cytometry/statistics & numerical data , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Jurkat Cells , Male , Middle Aged , Neutralization Tests , Pandemics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Recombinant Fusion Proteins/genetics , Recombinant Fusion Proteins/immunology , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/genetics
7.
Expert Rev Mol Diagn ; 21(1): 101-107, 2021 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-962282

ABSTRACT

Background: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic introduced a global distraction effect in cancer patients' care. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of the pandemic on the largest molecular diagnostics center for cancer patients and high-risk individuals in Serbia.Research design and methods: EGFR, KRAS/NRAS, BRAF, and BRCA1/2 mutation testing were performed by qPCR and NGS. NGS was used for panel testing of hereditary breast/ovarian cancer and cancers associated with Lynch syndrome. The analytical output during the state of emergency (SoE) was compared to the period before and after the outbreak using one-way ANOVA. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05.Results: A 38% reduction in the number of analysis was detected during the SoE. After the SoE, a 19% reduction was noted compared to SoE and 50% compared to the period before the SoE (p = 0.038). Three of the 48 scheduled appointments for pretest genetic counseling were carried out during the SoE, but the number of NGS tests increased by 50%.Conclusions: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic had a profound negative effect on the diagnostic output of our centralized molecular diagnostics center. The only positive effect was shortening of waiting lists for hereditary cancer patients and high-risk individuals.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis/diagnosis , Mutation , Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnosis , BRCA1 Protein/genetics , BRCA2 Protein/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , COVID-19 , Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis/genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Female , GTP Phosphohydrolases/genetics , Genetic Counseling , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Humans , Liquid Biopsy , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Pandemics , Pathology, Molecular , Pharmacogenetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras)/genetics , Serbia/epidemiology
8.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(16): 8606-8620, 2020 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-745632

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: COVID-19 immune syndrome is a multi-systemic disorder induced by the COVID-19 infection. Pathobiological transitions and clinical stages of the COVID-19 syndrome following the attack of SARS-CoV-2 on the human body have not been fully explored. The aim of this review is to outline the three critical prominent phase regarding the clinicogenomics course of the COVID-19 immune syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the clinical setting, the COVID-19 process presents as "asymptomatic/pre-symptomatic phase", "respiratory phase with mild/moderate/severe symptoms" and "multi-systemic clinical syndrome with impaired/disproportionate and/or defective immunity". The corresponding three genomic phases include the "ACE2, ANPEP transcripts in the initial phase", "EGFR and IGF2R transcripts in the propagating phase" and the "immune system related critical gene involvements of the complicating phase". RESULTS: The separation of the phases is important since the genomic features of each phase are different from each other and these different mechanisms lead to distinct clinical multi-systemic features. Comprehensive genomic profiling with next generation sequencing may play an important role in defining and clarifying these three unique separate phases for COVID-19. From our point of view, it is important to understand these unique phases of the syndrome in order to approach a COVID-19 patient bedside. CONCLUSIONS: This three-phase approach may be useful for future studies which will focus on the clinical management and development of the vaccines and/or specific drugs targeting the COVID-19 processes. ANPEP gene pathway may have a potential for the vaccine development. Regarding the specific disease treatments, MAS agonists, TXA127, Angiotensin (1-7) and soluble ACE2 could have therapeutic potential for the COVID-19 course. Moreover, future CRISPR technology can be utilized for the genomic editing and future management of the clinical course of the syndrome.


Subject(s)
Asymptomatic Diseases , Coronavirus Infections/pathology , Immune System/metabolism , Pneumonia, Viral/pathology , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2 , Betacoronavirus/isolation & purification , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Coronavirus Infections/metabolism , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Cytokines/metabolism , ErbB Receptors/genetics , ErbB Receptors/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation , Humans , Multiple Organ Failure/etiology , Multiple Organ Failure/pathology , Pandemics , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A/genetics , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A/metabolism , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/metabolism , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , Prognosis , Receptor, IGF Type 2/genetics , Receptor, IGF Type 2/metabolism , SARS-CoV-2 , Sepsis/complications , Sepsis/pathology , Severity of Illness Index , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/genetics , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/metabolism
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL