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Pediatr Dermatol ; 38(5): 1361-1362, 2021 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1379598


Erythema ab igne is an uncommon dermatosis characterized by erythematous or hyperpigmented reticular patches that appear after prolonged localized heat exposure. We present three cases of erythema ab igne in pediatric patients who presented in March and April of 2021 and share a history of space heater usage while engaging in remote schooling during the COVID-19 pandemic.

COVID-19 , Pandemics , Child , Erythema/epidemiology , Erythema/etiology , Hot Temperature , Humans , SARS-CoV-2
Eur J Med Res ; 26(1): 98, 2021 Aug 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1371980


BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is associated with a wide clinical spectrum of skin manifestations, including urticarial, vesicular, vasculitic and chilblain-like lesions. Recently, delayed skin reactions have been reported in 1% individuals following mRNA vaccination against SARS-CoV-2. The exact pathophysiology and the risk factors still remain unclear. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 6821 employees and patients were vaccinated at our institutions between February and June 2021. Every patient received two doses of the mRNA-1273 vaccine in our hospitals, and reported back in case of any side effects which were collected in our hospital managed database. RESULTS: Eleven of 6821 vaccinated patients (0.16%) developed delayed skin reactions after either the first or second dose of the mRNA-1273 vaccine against SARS-CoV-2. Eight of 11 patients (73%) developed a rash after the first dose, while in 3/11 (27%), the rash occurred after the second dose. More females (9/11) were affected. Four of 11 patients required antihistamines, with two needing additional topical steroids. All the cutaneous manifestations resolved within 14 days. None of the skin reactions after the first dose of the vaccine prevented the administration of the second dose. There were no long-term cutaneous sequelae in any of the affected individuals. CONCLUSION: Our data suggests that skin reactions after the use of mRNA-1273 vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 are possible, but rare. Further studies need to be done to understand the pathophysiology of these lesions.

COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , COVID-19/prevention & control , Dermatitis/etiology , Erythema/etiology , Adult , Aged , Dermatitis/drug therapy , Dermatitis/epidemiology , Erythema/drug therapy , Erythema/epidemiology , Female , Histamine Antagonists/therapeutic use , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Steroids/therapeutic use , Vaccination/adverse effects
World J Pediatr ; 16(6): 629-632, 2020 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-754234


BACKGROUND: To describe the cutaneous acral findings in a pediatric population noticed during this pandemic. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was performed collecting data on 36 patients under 14 years old, presenting suspicious acral skin manifestations for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). RESULTS: Patients were mostly male (63.8%). The mean age was 11.11 years. 66.67% of patients showed erythematous papules, and 44.44% purpuric macules. Feet were affected in 97.22% of patients and hands in 5.55%. Lesions were asymptomatic in 50% of patients. 30.55% of patients showed extracutaneous findings, preceding skin lesions in 12.62 days. Seven patients underwent specific severe acute coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) testing; all of these patients tested negative. CONCLUSIONS: The association between these symptoms and SARS-CoV-2 remains unclear. We recommend using these manifestations as a sign of SARS-CoV-2 infection in children. This could lead to the examination of asymptomatic and mildly symptomatic children so that contagions may be avoided.

Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Erythema/epidemiology , Pandemics/statistics & numerical data , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pruritus/epidemiology , Adolescent , Age Distribution , COVID-19 , Child , Child, Preschool , Cohort Studies , Comorbidity , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Erythema/diagnosis , Female , Hospitals, Urban , Humans , Incidence , Male , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Prognosis , Pruritus/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Sex Distribution , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Spain/epidemiology