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1.
AORN J ; 115(1): 65-78, 2022 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1640651

ABSTRACT

Dupuytren's disease is a fibroproliferative condition that causes shortening, thickening, and fibrosis of the palmar fascia and a flexion deformity of metacarpophalangeal and proximal interphalangeal joints. Although the etiology is unknown, a variety of risk factors, such as age greater than 50 years, male sex, family history, or tobacco and alcohol use may lead to disease development. At the present time there is no cure and symptoms may recur; however, surgical procedures (eg, limited fasciectomy) and nonsurgical treatment (eg, needle aponeurotomy, injection of collagenase clostridium histolyticum) can help patients manage the disease's symptoms. Patients may experience wound-healing complications after fasciectomy and skin fissures after needle aponeurotomy. Recurrence rates for needle aponeurotomy and collagenase clostridium histolyticum injection are similar. Perioperative nurses should provide individualized patient care during procedures, participate in effective team communication regarding patient needs, and provide patient education throughout the perioperative continuum.


Subject(s)
Dupuytren Contracture , Dupuytren Contracture/surgery , Fasciotomy , Humans , Male , Microbial Collagenase , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome
2.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 79: 122-126, 2022 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1540379

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been widely reported to be associated with increased risk of Venous Thromboembolism, both deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism. A rare and extreme manifestation of DVT is Phlegmasia cerulea dolens, characterized by poor tissue perfusion due to marked limb swelling which can progress to limb and life-threatening venous gangrene. We report the case of a 53-year-old man with severe SARS-CoV2 pneumonia who developed acute iliofemoral DVT leading to acute limb ischemia due to Phlegmasia cerulea dolens. The patient underwent successful emergent fasciotomy and mechanical thrombectomy with removal of extensive thrombus burden and restoration of normal venous circulation. Our case highlights the importance of clinical vigilance and early implementation of therapeutic interventions to avoid adverse outcomes in patients who develop SARS-CoV2 induced Venous Thromboembolism complications.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/therapy , Fasciotomy , Thrombectomy , Thrombophlebitis/surgery , Venous Thromboembolism/surgery , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/diagnosis , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Severity of Illness Index , Thrombophlebitis/diagnosis , Thrombophlebitis/etiology , Treatment Outcome , Venous Thromboembolism/diagnosis , Venous Thromboembolism/etiology
3.
Minerva Chir ; 75(5): 298-304, 2020 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1456626

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Morgagni hernias present technical challenges. The laparoscopic approach for repair was first described in 1992; however, as these hernias are uncommon in adult life, few data exist on the optimal method for surgical management. The purpose of this study was to analyze a method for laparoscopic repair of Morgagni giant hernias using laparoscopic primary closure with V lock (Medtronic, Covidien). METHODS: This case series describes a method of laparoscopic Morgagni hernia repair using primary closure. In all patients, a laparoscopic transabdominal approach was used. The content of the hernia was reduced into the abdomen, and the diaphragmatic defect was closed with a running laparoscopic suture using a self-fixating suture. Clips were placed at the edges of the suture to secure the pledged sutures to both the anterior and posterior fascia. Demographic data such as BMI and operative and postoperative data were collected. RESULTS: Retrospectively collected data for 9 patients were analyzed. There were 1 (11.1%) males and 8 (88.8%) females. The median BMI was 29.14±52 kg/m2. The median operative time was 80±25 minutes. There were no intraoperative complications or conversions to open surgery. Patients began a fluid diet on the first postoperative day and were discharged after a median hospital stay of 3±1.87 days. In a median follow-up of 36 months, we did not observe any recurrences. CONCLUSIONS: Transabdominal laparoscopic approach with primary closure of the diaphragmatic defect is a viable approach for the repair of Morgagni hernia. In our experience, the use of laparoscopic transabdominal suture fixed to the fascia allowed the closure of the defect laparoscopically with minimal tension on the repairs.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Wound Closure Techniques , Hernias, Diaphragmatic, Congenital/surgery , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Laparoscopy , Suture Techniques , Aged , Body Mass Index , Fasciotomy , Female , Hernias, Diaphragmatic, Congenital/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Length of Stay , Male , Medical Illustration , Operative Time , Retrospective Studies
4.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(3)2021 Mar 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1115108

ABSTRACT

We present a 71-year-old man who developed left calf pain after an elective laparoscopic assisted anterior resection. A clinical picture with a raised creatine kinase and negative Doppler ultrasound was suggestive of compartment syndrome. Successful surgical management was performed with two incisional fasciotomies to release all four compartments of the left leg. The patient recovered well postoperatively. The lateral incision was closed primarily while the medial incision required vacuum-assisted closure dressings and healed by secondary intention. Neither wound required skin grafts. The patient recovered well but had an extended hospital stay due to extensive physiotherapy requirements and mild foot drop. This report is intended as a guide for clinicians when considering differentials in calf pain following surgery and to keep in mind the small risk of developing compartment syndrome after pelvic surgery.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Surgery , Compartment Syndromes , Laparoscopy , Aged , Compartment Syndromes/etiology , Compartment Syndromes/surgery , Fasciotomy , Humans , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Leg , Male
6.
7.
Chest ; 158(6): e267-e268, 2020 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-860852

ABSTRACT

Systemic capillary leak syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by dysfunctional inflammatory response, endothelial dysfunction, and extravasation of fluid from the vascular space to the interstitial space leading to shock, hemoconcentration, hypoalbuminemia, and subsequent organ failure. The condition may be idiopathic or secondary to an underlying cause, which can include viral infections. Here we describe a patient with acute coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection who presented with hemoconcentration, shock, and hypoalbuminemia. The patient subsequently developed rhabdomyolysis and compartment syndrome of all four extremities, requiring fasciotomies. This is the first reported case of systemic capillary leak syndrome associated with COVID-19 infection. This case adds to the evolving spectrum of inflammatory effects associated with this viral infection.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/physiopathology , Capillary Leak Syndrome/physiopathology , Compartment Syndromes/physiopathology , Hypoalbuminemia/physiopathology , Shock/physiopathology , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Acidosis, Lactic/etiology , Acidosis, Lactic/physiopathology , Acidosis, Lactic/therapy , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Acute Kidney Injury/physiopathology , Acute Kidney Injury/therapy , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/therapy , Capillary Leak Syndrome/etiology , Compartment Syndromes/etiology , Compartment Syndromes/surgery , Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy , Crystalloid Solutions/therapeutic use , Edema/etiology , Edema/physiopathology , Fasciotomy , Fatal Outcome , Fluid Therapy , Hematocrit , Humans , Hypoalbuminemia/etiology , Hypoalbuminemia/therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Respiration, Artificial , Rhabdomyolysis/etiology , Rhabdomyolysis/physiopathology , Shock/etiology , Shock/therapy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Vasoconstrictor Agents/therapeutic use
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