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1.
Nutrients ; 14(2)2022 Jan 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1623734

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic may have changed the habitual lifestyles of children and adolescents, in particular, due to the closure of kindergartens and schools. To investigate the impact of the pandemic on nutrients and food intake of children and adolescents in Germany, we analyzed repeated 3-day weighed dietary records from 108 participants (3-18 years; females: n = 45, males: n = 63) of the Dortmund Nutritional and Anthropometric Longitudinally Designed (DONALD) study. Polynomial mixed-effects regression models were used to identify prospective changes in dietary intake (total energy (TEI), carbohydrates, fat, protein, free sugar, ultra-processed foods, fruits and vegetables, sugar sweetened beverages and juices) before and during the first months of the COVID-19 pandemic. For the current analysis, we have chosen the first months of the pandemic (March 2020-August 2020), as this was the period with the most restrictions in Germany so far (kindergarten, school and restaurant closures; contact and outdoor activity restrictions). No significant changes in either the selected nutrients or food groups were observed. However, children and adolescents recorded a significantly lower TEI during the pandemic (ß = -109.65, p = 0.0062). Results remained significant after the exclusion of participants with under-reported records (ß = -95.77, p = 0.0063). While macronutrient intake did not change, descriptive data indicate a non-significant decrease in sugar sweetened beverages and ultra-processed foods intake. We suggest that children and adolescents from high socioeconomic families may have adapted lifestyle changes during the pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Diet/statistics & numerical data , Quarantine/statistics & numerical data , Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Diet Records , Eating/psychology , Energy Intake , Fast Foods/statistics & numerical data , Feeding Behavior/psychology , Female , Germany , Humans , Male , Models, Statistical , Nutrients/analysis , Prospective Studies , Quarantine/psychology , SARS-CoV-2 , Sugar-Sweetened Beverages/statistics & numerical data
2.
Nutrients ; 13(10)2021 Sep 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1438685

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on multiple lifestyle changes among adults in the United States (USA). METHODS: We conducted a survey, the Health, Ethnicity, and Pandemic (HEAP) Study, in October 2020 among USA adults. Participants were selected from the United States using 48 sampling strata, including age, race, ethnicity, education, and gender, and were asked to report five lifestyle behaviors (i.e., exercise time, screen time, fast-food meal consumption, alcohol drinking, and cigarette smoking) before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. The associations of sociodemographic factors with each lifestyle change were estimated using weighted multivariable logistic regression models. RESULTS: All 2709 HEAP participants were included in this study. Compared to pre-pandemic, the time spent on exercise decreased (32.06 vs. 38.65 min/day; p < 0.001) and screen time increased (6.79 vs. 5.06 h/day; p < 0.001) during the pandemic. The percentage of individuals who reported consuming fast-food meals ≥3 times/week decreased from 37.7% before the pandemic to 33.3% during the pandemic. The percentage of heavy drinkers (≥5 times/week) increased from 20.9% before the pandemic to 25.7% during the pandemic. Among smokers, heavy smoking (≥11 cigarettes/day) increased from 5.8% before the pandemic to 7.9% during the pandemic. We also identified subgroups who were more vulnerable to adverse influences from the pandemic, including racial/ethnic minority groups and young adults. CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 pandemic had negative impacts on multiple lifestyle behaviors among Americans. Mitigating such negative impacts of COVID-19 requires effective interventions, particularly for some vulnerable subgroups.


Subject(s)
Alcohol Drinking/epidemiology , COVID-19/psychology , Cigarette Smoking/epidemiology , Exercise/psychology , Fast Foods/statistics & numerical data , Screen Time , Adolescent , Adult , Age Factors , Alcohol Drinking/psychology , Cigarette Smoking/psychology , Cross-Sectional Studies , /statistics & numerical data , Female , Health Behavior , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , /statistics & numerical data , SARS-CoV-2 , Socioeconomic Factors , United States/epidemiology , Young Adult
3.
Public Health Nutr ; 24(12): 3905-3915, 2021 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1135636

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in ultra-processed food (UPF) intake and its major correlates during the first Italian lockdown (9 March-3 May 2020). DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: Italy. PARTICIPANTS: We analysed 2992 subjects (mean age 57·9 ± 15·3 years, 40·4 % men). Individual participant data were pooled from two retrospective cohorts: (1) The Moli-LOCK cohort consists of 1501 adults, a portion of the larger Moli-sani study (n 24 325; 2005-2010) who were administered a phone-based questionnaire to assess lifestyles and psychological factors during confinement and (2) the Analysis of Long Term Risk of Covid-19 Emergency is a web-based survey of 1491 individuals distributed throughout Italy who self-responded to the same questionnaire by using Google forms.UPF was defined according to NOVA classification based on degree of food processing. An UPF score was created by assigning 1 point to increased consumption, -1 to decreased and 0 point for unchanged intakes of nineteen food items, with higher values indicating an increase in UPF during confinement. RESULTS: Overall, 37·5 % of the population reported some increase in UPF (UPF score ≥1). Adults were more likely to decrease UPF (multivariable regression coefficient ß = -1·94; 95 % CI -2·72, -1·17 for individuals aged >75 years as compared with 18-39 years) as did individuals from southern Italian regions as compared with Northern inhabitants (ß = -1·32; 95 % CI -1·80, -0·84), while UPF lowering associated with increased exercise (ß = -0·90; 95 % CI -1·46, -0·35) and weight loss (ß = -1·05; 95 % CI -1·51, -0·59) during confinement. CONCLUSIONS: During the first Italian lockdown, about 40 % of our population switched to unfavourable eating as reflected by increased UPF intake and this may have long-term effects for health.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Diet , Fast Foods , Pandemics , Quarantine , Adult , Aged , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Diet/psychology , Diet/statistics & numerical data , Fast Foods/statistics & numerical data , Female , Humans , Italy/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Quarantine/psychology , Retrospective Studies
4.
Public Health Nutr ; 24(3): 422-426, 2021 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1057674

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to analyse the association of change patterns on TV-viewing and computer/tablet use and incidence of elevated consumption of ultra-processed food consumption and lower consumption of fruits and vegetables during the COVID-19 pandemic. DESIGN: Data of 39 208 Brazilian adults from a Behaviour Web Survey were used. Unhealthy nutrition habits were eating fruits or vegetables for <5 d/week and ultra-processed food (sugary foods, snacks, ready-to-eat frozen foods and embedded foods) for ≥5 d/week. For incidence indicators, we only considered participants without unhealthy behaviour before the quarantine. We created four categories of change in TV-viewing and computer/tablet use, considering a cut-off point of 4 h/d for each behaviour (1 - consistently low, 2 - become low during the quarantine, 3 - become high during the quarantine or 4 - consistently high). Analyses were adjusted for sex, age group, highest academic achievement, per capita income, working status during the quarantine, skin colour and adherence to the quarantine. SETTING: Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: Brazilian adults (nationally representative). RESULTS: Logistic regression models revealed that high TV-viewing and computer/tablet use incidence were associated with higher odds for elevated frequency of ultra-processed food consumption (TV-viewing: OR 1·70; 95 % CI 1·37, 2·12; computer/tablet: OR 1·73; 95 % CI 1·31, 2·27) and low consumption of fruit and vegetables (TV-viewing: OR 1·70; 95 % CI 1·29, 2·23; computer/tablet: OR 1·53; 95 % CI 1·08, 2·17) incidence. Consistent high computer/tablet use also presented higher odds for incidence of elevated frequency of ultra-processed food consumption. CONCLUSIONS: Participants with incidence of sedentary behaviours were also more likely to present incidence of unhealthy diet during the COVID-19 pandemic quarantine.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Diet/statistics & numerical data , Feeding Behavior , Sedentary Behavior , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Brazil/epidemiology , Computers , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diet/methods , Fast Foods/statistics & numerical data , Female , Fruit , Health Behavior , Humans , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Quarantine , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Surveys and Questionnaires , Television , Vegetables , Young Adult
5.
Public Health Nutr ; 24(5): 1142-1152, 2021 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1047912

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the use of references to the COVID-19 pandemic as part of the marketing strategies used on Facebook to promote ultra-processed products. DESIGN: A search for Facebook accounts of ultra-processed products was performed using a master list of products commercialised in two online supermarkets in Uruguay. For each of the identified Facebook accounts, all the content posted from the confirmation of the first cases of COVID-19 in Uruguay, on 14 March 2020, until 1 July 2020 was recorded. Posts including mentions to COVID-19, social distancing measures or their consequences were identified and analysed using content analysis. SETTING: Uruguay, Latin America. RESULTS: A total of 135 Facebook accounts were identified, which generated a total of 1749 posts related to ultra-processed products, from which 35 % included references to COVID-19. The majority of the posts included references to prevention measures. Approximately one-third of the posts included proposals of activities to do at home, most of which were linked to a healthy lifestyle. Tips for coping with quarantine and descriptions of the charitable work undertaken by brands were also identified. CONCLUSIONS: Results from the present work provide evidence that industries of ultra-processed products have taken advantage of the COVID-19 pandemic to promote their products, create positive associations with the brands and improve their image as part of their digital marketing strategies.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Fast Foods/statistics & numerical data , Food Industry/trends , Marketing/trends , Social Media/trends , Humans , Marketing/methods , SARS-CoV-2 , Uruguay
6.
Epidemiol Serv Saude ; 29(4): e2020407, 2020.
Article in Portuguese, English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-911042

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To describe lifestyle changes with regard to consumption of tobacco and alcohol, food intake and physical activity, in the period of social restriction resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted in Brazil with data from the ConVid online health behavior survey. The data were collected via an online questionnaire answered by the survey participants. Post-stratification procedures were used to calculate prevalence rates and 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS: 45,161 individuals aged 18 years or more participated. During the period of social restriction participants reported a decrease in practicing physical activity and an increase in time spent using computers or tablets or watching TV, intake of ultra-processed foods, number of cigarettes smoked and alcoholic beverage consumption. Differences were observed according to sex and age group. CONCLUSION: The results indicate a worsening of lifestyles and an increase in health risk behaviors.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Life Style , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Adult , Age Factors , Alcohol Drinking/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , COVID-19 , Cross-Sectional Studies , Exercise , Fast Foods/statistics & numerical data , Female , Food Quality , Health Surveys/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Sedentary Behavior , Sex Factors , Smoking/epidemiology , Snacks , Young Adult
7.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(supl.2): 4151-4156, Mar. 2020. tab
Article in English | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-836005

ABSTRACT

Abstract Our aim was to analyze the association between previously diagnosed lifetime depression and changes in physical activity (PA), TV-viewing, consumption of fruits and vegetables as well as frequency of ultra-processed food (UPF) consumption. Data of 41,923 Brazilian adults (6,881 with depression and 35,042 without depression) were used. Participants reported PA (≥ 150 min/week), TV-viewing (≥ 4 h/day), frequency of eating fruits or vegetables (≤ 4 days/week) and UPF (≥ 5 days/week). For incidence indicators, we only considered participants without the risk behavior before the quarantine. People without and with depression presented, respectively, incidence of physical inactivity [70.1% (95%CI: 67.4-72.8) vs 76.3 (70.3-81.5)], high TV-viewing [31.2 (29.6-32.8) vs 33.9 (30.5-37.4)], low frequency of fruit or vegetable consumption [28.3 (25.8-31.0) vs 31.5 (26.1-37.5)] and elevated frequency of UPF consumption [9.7 (8.9-10.7) vs 15.2 (13.0-17.7)]. Participants with depression were more likely to present elevated frequency of UPF consumption incidence [OR:1.49 (95%CI:1.21-1.83)]. Thus, participants with previous diagnosis of depression were at risk for incidence of unhealthy diet behaviors.


Resumo Nosso objetivo foi analisar a associação entre depressão previamente diagnosticada e alterações na atividade física (AF), tempo assistindo TV, consumo de frutas e vegetais, bem como na frequência do consumo de alimentos ultraprocessados (AUP). Foram utilizados dados de 41.923 adultos brasileiros (6.881 com depressão e 35.042 sem depressão) de uma pesquisa de comportamentos em âmbito nacional. Os participantes relataram a prática de AF (≥ 150 min / semana), tempo de TV (≥ 4 h/dia), frequência de consumo de frutas ou vegetais (≤ 4 dias/semana) e AUP (≥ 5 dias/semana). Para indicadores de incidência, consideramos apenas participantes sem o comportamento de risco antes da quarentena. Pessoas sem e com depressão apresentaram, respectivamente, incidência de inatividade física [70,1% (IC95%: 67,4-72,8) vs 76,3 (70,3-81,5)], elevado tempo assistindo TV [31,2 (29,6-32,8) vs 33,9 (30,5- 37,4)], baixa frequência de consumo de frutas ou vegetais [28,3 (25,8-31,0) vs 31.5 (26.1-37.5)] e frequência elevada de AUP [9,7 (8,9-10,7) vs 15,2 (13,0-17,7)]. Pessoas com diagnóstico prévio de depressão apresentaram maior probabilidade de incidência de elevado consumo de AUP [OR:1,49 (IC95%:1,21-1,83)]. Portanto, participantes com diagnóstico prévio de depressão apresentam maior risco de incidência de comportamentos alimentares não saudáveis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Health Behavior , Quarantine , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Depression/epidemiology , Life Style , Television , Vegetables , Brazil/epidemiology , Exercise , Health Surveys , Coronavirus Infections , Diet , Sedentary Behavior , Fast Foods/statistics & numerical data , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus , Fruit , Middle Aged
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