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Nutrients ; 13(3)2021 Mar 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1383899


In 2020, with the advent of a pandemic touching all aspects of global life, there is a renewed interest in nutrition solutions to support the immune system. Infants are vulnerable to infection and breastfeeding has been demonstrated to provide protection. As such, human milk is a great model for sources of functional nutrition ingredients, which may play direct roles in protection against viral diseases. This review aims to summarize the literature around human milk (lactoferrin, milk fat globule membrane, osteopontin, glycerol monolaurate and human milk oligosaccharides) and infant nutrition (polyunsaturated fatty acids, probiotics and postbiotics) inspired ingredients for support against viral infections and the immune system more broadly. We believe that the application of these ingredients can span across all life stages and thus apply to both pediatric and adult nutrition. We highlight the opportunities for further research in this field to help provide tangible nutrition solutions to support one's immune system and fight against infections.

COVID-19/immunology , Food Ingredients/analysis , Immune System/virology , Milk, Human/chemistry , SARS-CoV-2/immunology , Adult , COVID-19/therapy , Female , Functional Food/analysis , Humans , Infant , Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena/immunology , Male , Nutrition Therapy/methods
Molecules ; 26(13)2021 Jun 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1295888


Nowadays, much attention is paid to issues such as ecology and sustainability. Many consumers choose "green cosmetics", which are environmentally friendly creams, makeup, and beauty products, hoping that they are not harmful to health and reduce pollution. Moreover, the repeated mini-lock downs during the COVID-19 pandemic have fueled the awareness that body beauty is linked to well-being, both external and internal. As a result, consumer preferences for makeup have declined, while those for skincare products have increased. Nutricosmetics, which combines the benefits derived from food supplementation with the advantages of cosmetic treatments to improve the beauty of our body, respond to the new market demands. Food chemistry and cosmetic chemistry come together to promote both inside and outside well-being. A nutricosmetic optimizes the intake of nutritional microelements to meet the needs of the skin and skin appendages, improving their conditions and delaying aging, thus helping to protect the skin from the aging action of environmental factors. Numerous studies in the literature show a significant correlation between the adequate intake of these supplements, improved skin quality (both aesthetic and histological), and the acceleration of wound-healing. This review revised the main foods and bioactive molecules used in nutricosmetic formulations, their cosmetic effects, and the analytical techniques that allow the dosage of the active ingredients in the food.

Biological Products/therapeutic use , Cosmetics/chemistry , Cosmetics/therapeutic use , Food Ingredients , Green Chemistry Technology/methods , Antioxidants/analysis , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Biological Products/pharmacology , Drug Compounding , Humans , Phytochemicals/analysis , Phytochemicals/pharmacology , Phytochemicals/therapeutic use , Skin/drug effects , Vitamins/analysis , Vitamins/pharmacology , Vitamins/therapeutic use