Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 124
Filter
1.
Rev Neurol ; 74(8): 258-264, 2022 Apr 16.
Article in Spanish, English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1780452

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: As SARS-CoV-2 vaccination is ongoing in Mexico and Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) cases have been reported, validation of Brighton criteria in Mexico is necessary. Moreover, epidemiology of GBS in Mexico differs from European and North American countries. OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical, cerebrospinal and electrodiagnostic features in Mexican patients diagnosed with GBS and classify them according to the Brighton Collaboration Group diagnostic criteria. Patrients and methods. An ambispective cohort study was conducted. We included patients that fulfilled the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) diagnostic criteria for Guillain-Barre syndrome. Patients in this study were classified according to Brighton collaboration group levels of certainty for Guillain-Barre syndrome. RESULTS: Sixty eight percent of patients were male. Of the 248 patients included, 58.4% had history of a precedent infection, mean time from symptom onset to admission was 5 (1-30) days. Mean Medical Research Council sum score 30.3 ± 15.5. Almost 98% of patients had a monophasic course. Level 1 of certainty according to Brighton collaboration group criteria was fulfilled by 54.6% of patients, level 2 by 45% and level 4 by 0.6%. Patients meeting level 2 of certainty were mostly because normal cerebrospinal fluid findings or findings in nerve conduction studies not consistent with any GBS variants. CONCLUSION: GBS is a frequent autoimmune neuropathy that has been associated with preceding infections and with vaccination campaigns. For SARS-CoV-2 vaccination campaign in Mexico, validation of Brighton Criteria is necessary. Although Mexico's GBS epidemiology has been changing throughout recent years, this study provides similar data compared to other countries.


TITLE: Síndrome de Guillain-Barré en México: características clínicas y validación de los criterios de Brighton.Introducción. Dado que la vacunación contra el SARS-CoV-2 está en curso en México y se han notificado casos de Guillain-Barré, es necesaria la validación de los criterios de Brighton en México. La epidemiología de Guillain-Barré en México difiere de la de los países europeos y norteamericanos. Objetivo. Describir las características clínicas, cerebroespinales y electrodiagnósticas en pacientes mexicanos con diagnóstico de Guillain-Barré y clasificarlos según los criterios diagnósticos del Brighton Collaboration Group. Pacientes y métodos. Se realizó un estudio de cohorte ambispectivo. Se incluyó a pacientes que cumplen con los criterios del National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke para el síndrome de Guillain-Barré (SGB). Se clasificó a los pacientes según los niveles de certeza del Brighton Collaboration Group para el SGB. Resultados. El 68% de los pacientes eran hombres. De los 248 pacientes incluidos, el 58,4% tenía antecedentes de infección previa. La media desde el inicio de los síntomas hasta el ingreso fue de 5 (1-30) días, y la puntuación media de la suma del Medical Research Council, de 30,3 ± 15,5. El nivel 1 de certeza según los criterios del Brighton Collaboration Group se cumplió en el 54,6% de los pacientes; el nivel 2, en el 45%; y el nivel 4, en el 0,6%. Los pacientes que alcanzaron el nivel 2 de certeza se debieron principalmente a hallazgos normales en el líquido cefalorraquídeo o a hallazgos en estudios de neuroconducción que no cumplen los criterios de ninguna variante de SGB. Conclusión. El SGB es una neuropatía autoinmune frecuente que se ha asociado con infecciones previas y con campañas de vacunación. Para la campaña de vacunación contra el SARS-CoV-2 en México es necesaria la validación de los criterios de Brighton. Aunque la epidemiología del SGB en México ha ido cambiando a lo largo de los últimos años, este estudio proporciona datos similares en comparación con otros países.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Guillain-Barre Syndrome , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19 Vaccines , Cohort Studies , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/cerebrospinal fluid , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/diagnosis , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/epidemiology , Humans , Male , Mexico/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2
2.
BMJ Case Rep ; 15(3)2022 Mar 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1741596

ABSTRACT

A 9-year-old boy presented with unbalanced gait, back pain and lower limb weakness. His physical examination revealed almost absent lower limbs reflexes and cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF) showed albuminocytologic dissociation. The brain and spine MRI with contrast illustrated abnormal enhancement-suggestive of Guillain-Barré syndrome.The case had limited distribution and it did not progress beyond the presenting clinical involvements. They did not need immunotherapy, self-recovered, managed conservatively using painkillers and gabapentin along with physiotherapy-with a wait and see approach. The child is now almost back to normal after 8-12 weeks.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Guillain-Barre Syndrome , Child , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/diagnosis , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/drug therapy , Humans , Immunotherapy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , SARS-CoV-2
3.
Arch Med Res ; 53(2): 179-185, 2022 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1739545

ABSTRACT

BACKROUND: Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an immune-mediated disease that affects the peripheral nervous system and may occur after some bacterial-viral infections. AIM: The aim of this study is to determine and compare the epidemiological, clinical and laboratory characteristics of the patients followed up in our clinic with the diagnosis of GBS in the 15 month periods before and after March 2020. At the same time, we aimed to examine the importance of these markers as prognostic indicators by investigating the relationship of D-dimer, CRP, albumin and transferrin levels with Hughes functional grading scale score (HFGSS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The medical files of the patients who were followed up with the diagnosis of GBS between December 2018 and May 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into groups as pandemic, pre-pandemic, post-COVID-19 and non-COVID-19. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of GBS patients and plasma D-dimer, serum albumin, CRP and transferrin levels were recorded. RESULTS: No significant difference was found between the pandemic and pre-pandemic periods in terms of age, gender, GBS subtype, seasonal distribution and treatment characteristics of GBS patients. PostCOVID-19 GBS patients had significantly higher HFGSS both at admission and at discharge (p <0.05). In post-COVID-19 GBS patients good-excellent negative correlation between transferrin and albumin levels and HFGSS at hospital admission and discharge, positive correlations with CRP levels were observed. CONCLUSION: Post-COVID-19 GBS patients had worse HFGSS at both admission and discharge. CRP was positively correlated with HFGSS whereas transferrin and albumin showed negative correlation with HFGSS.


Subject(s)
Acute-Phase Proteins/analysis , COVID-19 , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/diagnosis , C-Reactive Protein , COVID-19/epidemiology , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products , Hospitalization , Humans , Pandemics , Patient Discharge , Retrospective Studies , Serum Albumin, Human , Transferrin
5.
Arch Med Res ; 53(2): 179-185, 2022 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1734199

ABSTRACT

BACKROUND: Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an immune-mediated disease that affects the peripheral nervous system and may occur after some bacterial-viral infections. AIM: The aim of this study is to determine and compare the epidemiological, clinical and laboratory characteristics of the patients followed up in our clinic with the diagnosis of GBS in the 15 month periods before and after March 2020. At the same time, we aimed to examine the importance of these markers as prognostic indicators by investigating the relationship of D-dimer, CRP, albumin and transferrin levels with Hughes functional grading scale score (HFGSS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The medical files of the patients who were followed up with the diagnosis of GBS between December 2018 and May 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into groups as pandemic, pre-pandemic, post-COVID-19 and non-COVID-19. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of GBS patients and plasma D-dimer, serum albumin, CRP and transferrin levels were recorded. RESULTS: No significant difference was found between the pandemic and pre-pandemic periods in terms of age, gender, GBS subtype, seasonal distribution and treatment characteristics of GBS patients. PostCOVID-19 GBS patients had significantly higher HFGSS both at admission and at discharge (p <0.05). In post-COVID-19 GBS patients good-excellent negative correlation between transferrin and albumin levels and HFGSS at hospital admission and discharge, positive correlations with CRP levels were observed. CONCLUSION: Post-COVID-19 GBS patients had worse HFGSS at both admission and discharge. CRP was positively correlated with HFGSS whereas transferrin and albumin showed negative correlation with HFGSS.


Subject(s)
Acute-Phase Proteins/analysis , COVID-19 , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/diagnosis , C-Reactive Protein , COVID-19/epidemiology , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products , Hospitalization , Humans , Pandemics , Patient Discharge , Retrospective Studies , Serum Albumin, Human , Transferrin
6.
Ethiop J Health Sci ; 32(1): 205-208, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1726504

ABSTRACT

Background: Since the outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS CoV2) in December 2019, there have been some case reports of Coronavirus disease 19 (COVID 19) associated Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS). GBS is an inflammatory polyradiculoneuropathy associated with numerous viral and bacterial infections. Here we describe the case of an Ethiopian man with a typical clinical and electrophysiological manifestation of GBS. Case Presentation: A 70-year-old male presented with four days history of progressive and ascending bilateral limbs weakness which end up with respiratory failure. He had an antecedent headache, loss of appetite, and generalized fatigue. Electrophysiological studies showed Acute Motor and Sensory Axonal Neuropathy whereas and cerebrospinal fluid analysis revealed albuminocytologic dissociation with positive preintubation SARS CoV2 test. He was treated with supportive care and recovered successfully. Conclusion: This case illustrates one of the few occasions when patients with mild COVID-19 develop severe neurologic manifestations. Seemingly, early identification and management can improve clinical outcomes. We would like to emphasize the need to consider screening for SARS CoV-2 in patients presenting with GBS.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Guillain-Barre Syndrome , Aged , COVID-19/complications , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/complications , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/diagnosis , Headache , Humans , Male , SARS-CoV-2
7.
J Neuroimmunol ; 366: 577842, 2022 May 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1720453

ABSTRACT

Various neurological complications have been described in COVID-19 patients, especially Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS). The underlying mechanisms on the association between SARS-CoV-2 infection and GBS remain unclear, but several hypotheses have been proposed. It seems that post-SARS-CoV-2 GBS shares many characteristics with classic post-infectious GBS; however, it may occur in sedated and intubated patients hospitalized in the intensive care unit for SARS-CoV-2 acute respiratory distress syndrome, which presents challenges in the diagnosis and treatment of GBS. In this study, we describe three cases of post-SARS-CoV-2 GBS that were hospitalized in the intensive care unit.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Guillain-Barre Syndrome , COVID-19/complications , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/complications , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/diagnosis , Humans , Intensive Care Units , SARS-CoV-2
8.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 25(2): 200-202, 2022 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1689954

ABSTRACT

One of the neurological complications associated with COVID-19 is Guillain Barre Syndrome (GBS). It is possible to be a complication of COVID19 due to the similarity of respiratory complication between both clinical entities. The aim of this case report is to present a case followed in the intensive care unit (ICU) with the coexistence of prolonged COVID-19 and GBS. The 68-year-old patient, whose COVID-19 symptoms had been going on for 5 weeks, was followed for 5 days in the ICU due to GBS diagnosis. During this period, the patient's symptoms regressed with IVIG treatment. ICU physicians should be careful that some neurological complications may accompany in some prolonged COVID-19 cases and that one of these may be GBS.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Guillain-Barre Syndrome , Aged , Critical Care , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/complications , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/diagnosis , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/drug therapy , Humans , Intensive Care Units , SARS-CoV-2
9.
BMJ Case Rep ; 15(2)2022 Feb 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1685520

ABSTRACT

Neurological manifestations are common in SARS-CoV-2 infection, including life-threatening acute muscle weakness, due to neuromuscular disorders such as acute transverse myelitis (TM) and Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). These syndromes can rarely coexist and present as an overlap syndrome. Here, we report a patient who developed acute symmetrical proximal lower limb weakness 5 days after diagnosis of COVID-19. GBS was diagnosed due to the presence of motor signs, albumin-cytological dissociation in cerebrospinal fluid examination and axonal damage according to nerve condition tests. However, abnormal areas on MRI of the thoracic spine and lack of improvement with intravenous immunoglobulin supported a diagnosis of TM. Therefore, a possible overlap between GBS and TM was established. To our knowledge, this is the third case report of GBS/TM overlap syndrome after COVID-19. The patient's full and rapid recovery with intravenous corticosteroids and plasmapheresis supports our diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Autoimmune Diseases , COVID-19 , Guillain-Barre Syndrome , Myelitis, Transverse , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/diagnosis , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/drug therapy , Humans , Myelitis, Transverse/diagnosis , Myelitis, Transverse/drug therapy , Myelitis, Transverse/etiology , SARS-CoV-2
10.
Swiss Med Wkly ; 151: w30066, 2021 09 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1687285

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: We present a patient with bifacial weakness and paraesthesia subtype of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), which occurred 1 month after a SARS-CoV-2 infection. While GBS as complication of SARS-CoV-2 infection has been described many times, only a few cases of post-COVID-19 bifacial weakness and paraesthesia are known to date. RESULTS: A 59-year-old man presented with thoracoradicular pain, paraesthesias of hands and feet, as well as progressive bilateral facial palsy. Neurological examination revealed a hyporeflexia of his lower limbs and hypoaesthesia of his hands and feet. Clinical and electrophysiological findings as well as CSF analysis were consistent with bifacial weakness and paraesthesia. The patient's condition improved promptly after 5 days of intravenous immunoglobulin therapy. DISCUSSION: We suspect bifacial weakness and paraesthesia to be a possible post-infectious complication of COVID-19. Hence, it is a differential diagnosis of facial nerve palsy in association with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Considering the rarity of GBS and bifacial weakness and paraesthesia, it appears unlikely that bigger trials elucidating the causal relation between them and SARS-CoV-2 infection will be available in the future.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Guillain-Barre Syndrome , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/diagnosis , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pain , Paresthesia/etiology , SARS-CoV-2
11.
J Med Case Rep ; 16(1): 63, 2022 Feb 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1677534

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Beyond the typical respiratory symptoms associated with novel coronavirus, increasing evidence has been reported of the neurological manifestations affecting both the central and peripheral nervous systems. CASE PRESENTATION: We observed a 30-year-old Persian woman developing acute motor sensory axonal neuropathy, a variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome that overlaps Miller Fisher syndrome, 30 days after confirmed coronavirus disease-2019 infection. Our case highlight the rare occurrence of Guillain-Barré syndrome overlapping with Miller Fisher during the coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic. These neurologic manifestations may occur because of an aberrant immune response to coronavirus disease-2019. CONCLUSIONS: The early recognition of Guillain-Barré syndrome symptoms is critical, given the associated severe motor disabilities that may seriously limit the quality of life of these patients. We may still have much to learn about the co-occurrence of Guillain-Barré syndrome and Miller Fisher to improve the quality of life of these patients requiring an accurate evaluation by neurologists.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Guillain-Barre Syndrome , Miller Fisher Syndrome , Adult , Female , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/diagnosis , Humans , Miller Fisher Syndrome/complications , Miller Fisher Syndrome/diagnosis , Quality of Life , SARS-CoV-2
13.
Eur J Neurol ; 28(11): 3768-3773, 2021 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1666304

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In its initial stages, Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is difficult to identify, because diagnostic criteria may not always be fulfilled. With this retrospective study, we wanted to identify the most common electrophysiological abnormalities seen on neurophysiological examination of GBS patients and its variants in the early phases. METHODS: We reviewed the clinical records of patients admitted to our Neurology Unit with a confirmed diagnosis of GBS. The study sample was divided in two subgroups according to whether the neurophysiological examination was performed: within 7 days (very early group) or within 7-15 days (early group). H reflex, F waves, and motor and sensory conduction parameters were judged abnormal if they were outside the normal range for at least two nerves. We evaluated neurophysiological findings in Miller-Fisher syndrome (MFS) separately. RESULTS: The study sample comprised 36 patients. In GBS, the most frequent abnormal neurophysiological parameter was the bilateral absence of the H reflex, followed by F wave abnormalities. Motor conduction parameters were altered in less than 50% of patients, and even less common were sensory nerve action potential reduction and the "sural-sparing" pattern. In MFS, H reflex was absent bilaterally in 100% of patients, followed by a predominant peripheral sensory involvement, whereas motor conduction parameters were frequently normal. CONCLUSIONS: Bilateral absence of the H reflex is the most sensitive parameter in early diagnosis of GBS and its variants.


Subject(s)
Guillain-Barre Syndrome , Miller Fisher Syndrome , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/diagnosis , Heart Rate , Humans , Neural Conduction , Neurophysiology , Retrospective Studies
14.
Rev Neurol ; 73(9): 315-320, 2021 11 01.
Article in English, Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1634849

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: To describe clinical characteristics and electrophysiological variants of GBS cases during the pandemic, we carried out a comparative analysis between SARS-CoV2 related GBS and non-SARS-CoV2 patients and then compared to the 2019 cases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional study of GBS patients diagnosed according to Asbury and Cornblath criteria. We collected information on clinical and paraclinical variables. We defined a SARS-CoV-2 related GBS case according to the description of Ellul et al. We used Hadden criteria to classify the electrophysiological variants. We performed a comparative analysis between groups. RESULTS: Fourty-two patients were diagnosed with GBS in 2020, men 64.2%, age 46 ± 17.4 years, patients with obesity/overweight 42.8%, previous diarrhea 31%, history of respiratory tract infection 14.2%. Guillain Barre Disability Scale = 3 points 71.4% and, cranial nerve involvement 69%. The most frequent electrophysiological variant was acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (AIDP) 53.5%. Seven (16.6%) cases were SARS-CoV2 related, four men, age 43.4 ± 13.4 years. When comparing patients with GBS in 2020 vs patients in 2019, we observed a decrease in the previous infection history during 2020 (45.2% vs 73.3%, p-value = 0.005) and a decrease in previous respiratory infection (14.2% vs 33.3%, p = 0.045), as well as a higher frequency of cranial nerve involvement, and albuminocytologic dissociation. CONCLUSIONS: SARS-CoV2 virus infection preventive measures may be impacting the presentation of post-infectious diseases such as GBS. We did not observe an increase in GBS cases during 2020. Also, the AIDP variant were more frequent in our population in the COVID-19 pandemic.


TITLE: Síndrome de Guillain-Barré durante la pandemia de COVID-19: experiencia de un centro de referencia en México.Introducción. Se trata de describir las características clínicas y variantes electrofisiológicas de los casos de síndrome de Guillain-Barré (SGB) durante la pandemia. Llevamos a cabo un análisis comparativo entre pacientes con SGB relacionado con el SARS-CoV-2 y sin antecedente del virus, y posteriormente realizamos una comparación con los casos de 2019. Pacientes y métodos. Se llevó a cabo un estudio transversal de los pacientes con diagnóstico de SGB según los criterios de Asbury y Cornblath. Se recolectaron información clínica y variables paraclínicas. Definimos el SGB relacionado con el SARS-CoV-2 conforme a la descripción de Ellul et al. Se utilizaron los criterios de Hadden para la clasificación de las variantes electrofisiológicas. Por último, realizamos un análisis comparativo entre grupos. Resultados. Se diagnosticó a 42 pacientes con SGB en 2020, un 64,2% hombres, con una edad de 46 ± 17,4 años, un 42,8% con obesidad/sobrepeso, un 31% con historia de diarrea previa y un 14,2% con infección respiratoria previa. El 71,4% tuvo una puntuación en la Guillain-Barré Disability Score igual o mayor que 3 puntos y el 69% tenía afectados los nervios del cráneo. La variante electrofisiológica más común fue la polirradiculoneuropatía desmielinizante inflamatoria aguda (PDIA; 53,5%). Siete (16,6%) casos tuvieron relación con el SARS-CoV-2, cuatro hombres, con edad de 43,4 ± 13,4 años. Al realizar la comparación entre pacientes con SGB de 2020 frente a los de 2019, observamos un decremento en el antecedente de infección previa en 2020 (45,2 frente a 73,3%; p = 0,005) y un decremento específico en la historia de infección respiratoria (14,2 frente a 33,3%; p = 0,045), así como una mayor frecuencia de afectación de los nervios del cráneo y de disociación albuminocitológica. Conclusiones. Las maniobras preventivas para la infección por el SARS-CoV-2 impactan directamente en la presentación de enfermedades postinfecciosas como el SGB. No observamos un incremento en los casos de SGB durante 2020. Asimismo, la variante de PDIA fue la más frecuente en nuestra población durante la pandemia de COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/complications , Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/diagnosis , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/physiopathology , Health Facilities , Humans , Male , Mexico , Middle Aged , Referral and Consultation
15.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; 17(11): 4093-4096, 2021 Nov 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1621461

ABSTRACT

Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) is an acute immune-mediated disease of the peripheral nerves and nerve roots (polyradiculoneuropathy) that is usually elicited by various infections. We present a case of GBS after receiving the second dose of Pfizer-COVID 19 vaccine. Diagnosis was made after performing an accurate clinical examination, electromyoneurography and laboratory tests. In particular, anti-ganglioside antibodies have tested positive. During this pandemic with ongoing worldwide mass vaccination campaign, it is critically important for clinicians to rapidly recognize neurological complications or other side effects associated with COVID-19 vaccination.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Guillain-Barre Syndrome , COVID-19 Vaccines , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/chemically induced , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/diagnosis , Humans , Laboratories , SARS-CoV-2
16.
Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba ; 78(4): 405-407, 2021 12 28.
Article in Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1599769

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Since the SARS-CoV-2 pandemics began, multiple cases of Guillain-Barre syndrome secondary to COVID-19 have been described. Its typical presentation consists of the triad of paresthesia, ascending muscle weakness and areflexia, although there are several regional variants such as facial diplegia. Case presentation: Two weeks after a contact with a confirmed case of COVID-19, a 35-year-old woman presents with viral myopericarditis. Laboratory studies for autoimmune diseases come back negative, as well as multiple viral serologies. She presents anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG, with negative PCR. A week after discharge she presents with palsy of both facial nerves, without other neurological abnormalities. She undergoes examination with cranial CT without findings, and an EMG which shows bilateral alteration of facial nerves. She refuses the performance of a lumbar puncture. Discussion: Facial diplegia can occur because of several illnesses, such as meningeal or brainstem tumors, infectious agents, Guillain-Barre syndrome, autoimmune diseases, trauma, metabolic causes or congenital causes. In our patient, having discarded other etiologies with imaging and analytical studies, the most probable cause is the Guillain-Barre syndrome. It is possibly secondary to SARS-CoV-2 infection given the presence of anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibodies after contact with a confirmed case. Conclusion: This case supports the hypothesis that COVID-19 may trigger the Guillain-Barre syndrome, specifically as facial diplegia, which is an atypical variant that should be known to be early diagnosed and treated as part of this syndrome.


Introducción: Desde que se inició la pandemia por el SARS-CoV-2, se han descrito numerosos casos de síndrome de Guillain-Barré secundario a la COVID-19. Su presentación típica es la triada de parestesias, debilidad muscular ascendente y arreflexia, aunque hay diversas variantes regionales como la diplejía facial. Presentación del caso: Mujer de 35 años que, dos semanas después de un contacto estrecho con un caso confirmado de COVID-19, ingresa por miopericarditis probablemente viral, con estudio de autoinmunidad negativo, múltiples serologías virales negativas y positividad para IgG anti-SARS-CoV-2 con PCR negativa. Una semana tras el alta presenta paresia de ambos nervios faciales sin otras alteraciones neurológicas. Se realiza TAC craneal sin hallazgos y EMG que evidencia afectación bilateral de los nervios faciales. La paciente rechaza realización de punción lumbar Discusión: La diplejía facial puede ocurrir en el contexto de diversas patologías, como tumores meníngeos o troncoencefálicos, agentes infecciosos, síndrome de Guillain-Barré, patologías autoinmunes, traumatismos, causas metabólicas o causas congénitas. En el caso descrito tras descartar mediante pruebas de imagen y analíticamente el resto de etiologías, y dada la presentación clínica, permanece como causa más probable el síndrome de Guillain-Barré, posiblemente secundario a infección por SARS-CoV-2 dada la positividad de IgG anti-SARS-CoV-2 tras un contacto con un caso confirmado. Conclusión: Este caso apoya la hipótesis de que la COVID-19 puede desencadenar el síndrome de Guillain-Barré, específicamente en forma de diplejía facial, una variante atípica que se debe conocer para su identificación y manejo precoz como parte de este síndrome.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Guillain-Barre Syndrome , Adult , Female , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/diagnosis , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/etiology , Humans , Pandemics , Paresthesia , SARS-CoV-2
17.
Intern Med ; 60(21): 3477-3480, 2021 Nov 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1572221

ABSTRACT

The clinical characteristics of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) after coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) remain unclear due to the small number of cases. We herein report a case of a Japanese patient with post-COVID-19 GBS who presented with facial and limb muscle weakness, sensory deficits, and autonomic dysfunction. Nerve conduction studies revealed demyelination. Head magnetic resonance imaging showed contrast enhancement in the bilateral facial nerves. Systemic management, including intubation, intravenous immunoglobulin therapy, and rehabilitation, improved the patient's condition. This was the first Japanese case of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy after COVID-19 and was characterized by autonomic dysfunction and facial nerve enhancement.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Guillain-Barre Syndrome , Primary Dysautonomias , Facial Nerve , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/complications , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/diagnosis , Humans , Primary Dysautonomias/etiology , SARS-CoV-2
18.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(11)2021 Nov 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1546480

ABSTRACT

We describe a patient who developed bilateral oculomotor nerve palsy, ataxia, facial diplegia and lower limb weakness 2 weeks post-Oxford-AstraZeneca SARS-CoV2 vaccination, consistent with Miller-Fisher syndrome (MFS) and Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) overlap syndrome. Although some features of the patient's presentation were typical of recently reported cases of a rare GBS variant post-Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccination, including severe facial weakness and a lack of respiratory involvement, to our knowledge this is the first reported case of MFS associated with SARS-CoV2 vaccination. While postvaccination GBS remains rare, it appears to have a favourable prognosis, and recognising this entity is therefore important for patient counselling and monitoring for potential complications.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Guillain-Barre Syndrome , Miller Fisher Syndrome , COVID-19 Vaccines , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/chemically induced , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/diagnosis , Humans , Miller Fisher Syndrome/chemically induced , Miller Fisher Syndrome/diagnosis , RNA, Viral , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccination
20.
J Med Case Rep ; 15(1): 558, 2021 Nov 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1526658

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The new coronavirus, known as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) owing to its similarity to the previous severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), is characterized by causing, in most patients, nonspecific symptoms similar to those of the common flu. It has been reported that many coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients presented neurological symptoms that involve the central and peripheral nervous systems. In addition, there have been several reports of patients who presented Guillain-Barré syndrome related to  COVID-19 , with sensory and motor compromise in the extremities. CASE PRESENTATION: In this report, we describe a rare case of Guillain-Barré syndrome in a 50-year-old Hispanic male with bilateral facial palsy as the only neurological manifestation, following SARS-CoV-2 infection. A complete neurophysiological study showed severe axonal neuropathy of the right and left facial nerves. CONCLUSION: Regardless of severity, clinicians must to be aware of any neurological manifestation generated by COVID-19 and start performing more neurophysiological tests to determine if the infection induces an axonal, myelin, or mixed involvement of the peripheral nervous system.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Guillain-Barre Syndrome , Facial Nerve , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/complications , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/diagnosis , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL