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Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 23(2): 573-581, 2022 Feb 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1716438


BACKGROUND: To evaluate gynecologic oncologists' trends and attitudes towards the use of Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in active period of the COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey. METHODS: Online national survey sent to members of Turkish Endoscopy Platform consisting of six sections and 45 questions between the dates 1-15 June 2020 in Turkey to explore their surgical practice during the pandemic in three hospital types: Education and research hospital/university hospital, state hospital and private Hospital. Participants were gynecologic oncologists who are members of Turkish Endoscopy Platform. RESULTS: Fifty-eight percent of participants canceled all operations except for cancer surgeries and emergent operations. About a quarter of participants (28%) continued to operate laparoscopically and/or robotically. For the evaluation of the suspected adnexial mass (SAM) 64% used laparotomy and only 13 % operated by laparoscopy (L/S). For the management of low-risk early-stage endometrial cancer only fifth of the participants preferred to perform L/S. For endometrial cancer with high-intermediate risk factors more than half of participants preferred complete staging with laparotomy. For advanced stage ovarian cancer, one-fifth of the participants preferred to perform an explorative laparotomy, whilst 15 % preferred diagnostic laparoscopy to triage the patients for either NACT or cytoreductive surgery. On the contrary 41 % of participants chose to have cytology by paracentesis for neo-adjuvant chemotherapy (NACT). Gynecologic oncologists with >10 years L/S experience used MIS more for SAM. Furthermore, experienced surgeons used L/S more for endometrial cancer patients. In busy COVID hospitals, more participants preferred laparotomy over L/S. CONCLUSION: Use of MIS decreased during the pandemic in Turkey. More experienced surgeons continued to perform MIS. Surgical treatment was the preferred approach for SAM, early-stage endometrial cancer.  However, NACT was more popular compared to radical surgery.

Attitude of Health Personnel , COVID-19 , Genital Neoplasms, Female/surgery , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Practice Patterns, Physicians'/trends , Adult , Aged , Female , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/trends , Gynecology , Humans , Laparoscopy/methods , Laparoscopy/trends , Laparotomy/methods , Laparotomy/trends , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/trends , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Robotic Surgical Procedures/trends , SARS-CoV-2 , Societies, Medical , Surgical Oncology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Turkey
J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod ; 51(1): 102255, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1487857


OBJECTIVE: This study focuses on changes in gynecologic surgical activity at Hospital Foch, Paris, France during the first French COVID lockdown in 2020. Additional goals include the evaluation the extent of the postponement suffered for each type of surgery and estimate the possible negative impact for patients. STUDY DESIGN: Single-center, retrospective, chart-review cohort study in the gynecology department of Hospital Foch. Comparison of all patients scheduled, postponed and operated during the first COVID lockdown (March 14, to May 11, 2020) versus the same period in 2019. Postponed surgeries were classified into 4 scheduling interval categories according to the Society of Gynecology Oncology (SGO) recommendations: urgent (without delay), semi-urgent (1-4 weeks), non-urgent (>4-12 weeks) and elective (>3 months) and evaluated to determine whether COVID-19-related delays of surgeries fell within guidelines. The potential "loss of chance" or medical risk associated with postponed surgeries was estimated according to a composite criterion including death, aggravation of expected tumor stages/grades in cancers, increase in surgical complexity compared to that initially planned, need for preoperative transfusions, start of morphine consumption during preoperative treatment for opiate-naive patients, additional hospitalization or consultations in emergency room and delay in treatment when surgery was urgent. RESULTS: During the 2020 French COVID lockdown, 61 patients had a surgical procedure and 114 were postponed; in the comparator 2019 group, 232 patients underwent surgical procedures, indicating an overall decrease of 65% of activity. Analysis of differences between the two years revealed a reduction of 64% in emergency procedures, 90% of functional pathologies, and 13% of cancers. According to SGO guidelines, the only type of surgical procedures that had excessive delay was the semi-urgent group, where time to surgery was 6.7 weeks [range 5.4-10 weeks] instead of the recommended interval of 1-4 weeks. Among postponed surgeries there were 10 patients (8.7%) with a potential "loss of chance" according to the composite criteria, all included in the semi-urgent group. CONCLUSION: The COVID 19 pandemic was responsible for a significant decrease of activity in the surgical department of Hospital Foch. Difficulty of rescheduling surgeries was responsible for an increased delay in semi-urgent operations. In almost 9% of postponed surgeries, there was a potential "loss of chance", which likely represents only the tip of iceberg of collateral damages due to COVID 19 pandemic in this surgical unit. These data show the importance of continuing to treat pathologies requiring urgent or semi-urgent surgery during pandemics.

COVID-19/complications , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/trends , Adult , COVID-19/prevention & control , Cohort Studies , Female , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Hospital Departments/organization & administration , Hospital Departments/trends , Humans , Middle Aged , Paris , Retrospective Studies