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Rev. salud pública ; 22(3): e203, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1040190


RESUMEN La mejor forma de prevenir el COVID-19 es el lavado de manos. Sin embargo, existe poca difusión sobre la importancia que tiene y desafortunadamente no se le ha dado la importancia que merece. Objetivo Determinar conocimientos y prácticas que tienen los familiares de los estudiantes de 5 semestres de enfermería Universidad del Quindío Armenia Colombia, sobre el COVID-19 y el lavado de manos. Método Investigación descriptiva, con un muestreo intencional de 83 personas para responder a un pretest y postes con una capacitación preventiva e informativa como herramienta mediadora del aprovechamiento de los presaberes, se realizó entre marzo y mayo de 2020. Resultados Los informantes tenían un saber previo básico y adecuado acerca de lo que implica la práctica del lavado de manos. Se realizó una interpretación reflexiva con el diseño de una infografía que visibilizó el estado de opinión a partir de una comparación entre los instrumentos. Los resultados y la discusión plantearon que la práctica de lavado de manos es algo más que un acto sencillo. Conclusiones Existían conocimientos previos que fueron fortalecidos por la capacitación y se interpretó que la salud es un patrimonio que debe salvaguardarse con responsabilidad y bioseguridad.(AU)

ABSTRACT The best way to prevent counting the COVID-19 is hand washing. However, there is little dissemination about the importance that it has and unfortunately it has not been given the importance it deserves. Objective To determine the knowledge and practices that the relatives of the 5 semester nursing students have about COVID-19 and hand washing. Method Descriptive research, with an intentional sampling of 83 people to respond to a pretest and posts with a preventive and informative training as a mediating tool for the use of presaberes, was carried out between March and May 2020. Results The informants had basic and adequate prior knowledge of what is involved in the practice of hand washing. A reflective interpretation was made with the design of an info graphic that visualized the state of opinion from a comparison between the instruments. The results and discussion suggested that the practice of hand washing is more than just a simple act. Conclusions There was prior knowledge that was strengthened by training and it was interpreted that health is a heritage that must be safeguarded with responsibility and biosecurity.(AU)

Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Social Behavior , Hand Disinfection/instrumentation , Health Education/methods , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Colombia/epidemiology
Pan Afr Med J ; 35(Suppl 2): 146, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-946296


Prevention of exposure to the COVID-19 virus in the general population is an essential strategy to slow community transmission. This paper shares the experiences and challenges of community engagement in COVID-19 prevention in the Kilimanjaro region, Northern Tanzania implemented by our team from the Institute of Public Health (IPH), Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College (KCMUCo) in collaboration with the COVID-19 response team in the Moshi Municipality. We conducted an education session with the COVID-19 response team and together brainstormed transmission hotspots and which interventions would be most feasible in their settings. The first hotspot identified was crowded local market spaces. Suggested interventions included targeted and mass public health education through the engagement of market opinion leaders, public announcements, and radio shows. We conducted participatory rural appraisal techniques to enable market vendors and clients to visualize two-meter distances and provided a prototype hand-washing facility that was foot operated. We found mass public health educational campaigns essential to inform and update the public about COVID-19 pandemic and to address rumors and misinformation, which hampers compliance with public health interventions. Coordinated efforts among stakeholders in the country are necessary to develop context-specific prevention and case management strategies following the national and international guidelines. Local ownership of recommended interventions is necessary to ensure compliance.

Betacoronavirus , Communicable Disease Control/organization & administration , Community Participation , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Hand Disinfection/instrumentation , Health Education/methods , Health Education/organization & administration , Humans , Intersectoral Collaboration , Leadership , Mass Media , Mobile Applications , Personal Protective Equipment , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Private Facilities , Public Health , Rural Population , SARS-CoV-2 , Stakeholder Participation , Tanzania/epidemiology
Antimicrob Resist Infect Control ; 9(1): 129, 2020 08 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-704995


OBJECTIVES: Hand sanitisers are urgently needed in the time of COVID-19, and as a result of shortages, some people have resorted to making their own formulations, including the repurposing of distilleries. We wish to highlight the importance of those producing hand sanitisers to avoid methylated spirits containing methanol and to follow WHO recommended formulations. METHODS: We explore and discuss reports of methanol toxicity through ingestion and transdermal absorption. We discuss the WHO formulations and explain the rationale behind the chosen ingredients. SHORT CONCLUSION: We advise those producing hand sanitisers to follow WHO recommended formulations, and advise those producing hand sanitisers using methylated spirits, to avoid formulations which contain methanol.

Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Disinfectants/pharmacology , Ethanol/pharmacology , Methanol/pharmacology , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Betacoronavirus/physiology , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Disinfectants/chemistry , Disinfectants/standards , Disinfectants/toxicity , Drug Compounding , Ethanol/chemistry , Hand Disinfection/instrumentation , Humans , Methanol/chemistry , Methanol/toxicity , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , SARS-CoV-2 , World Health Organization