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1.
BMC Med Educ ; 23(1): 406, 2023 Jun 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20235583

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In the context of the coronavirus pandemic, countless face-to-face events as well as medical trainings were cancelled or moved to online courses, which resulted in increased digitalization in many areas. In the context of medical education, videos provide tremendous benefit for visualizing skills before they are practised. METHODS: Based on a previous investigation of video material addressing epidural catheterization available on the YouTube platform, we aimed to investigate new content produced in the context of the pandemic. Thus, a video search was conducted in May 2022. RESULTS: We identified twelve new videos since the pandemic with a significant improvement in the new content in terms of procedural items (p = 0.03) compared to the prepandemic video content. Video content released in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic was more often created by private content creators and were significantly shorter in total runtime than those from university and medical societies (p = 0.04). CONCLUSION: The profound changes in the learning and teaching of health care education in relation to the pandemic are largely unclear. We reveal improved procedural quality of predominantly privately uploaded content despite a shortened runtime compared to the prepandemic period. This might indicate that technical and financial hurdles to producing instructional videos by discipline experts have decreased. In addition to the teaching difficulties caused by the pandemic, this change is likely to be due to validated manuals on how to create such content. The awareness that medical education needs to be improved has grown, so platforms offer specialized sublevels for high-quality medical videos.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Computer-Assisted Instruction , Social Media , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Health Education , Video Recording
2.
BMJ Open ; 13(5): e068762, 2023 05 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20235511

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: With technological advancement and the COVID-19 pandemic, paper-based media are giving way to screen-based media to promote healthy ageing. However, there is no review available covering paper and screen media use by older people, so the objective of this review is to map the current use of paper-based and/or screen-based media for health education aimed at older people. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The literature will be searched in Scopus, Web of Science, Medline, Embase, Cinahl, The ACM Guide to Computing Literature and Psyinfo databases. Studies in English, Portuguese, Italian or Spanish published from 2012 to the date of the search will be examined. In addition, an additional strategy will be carried out, which will be a Google Scholar search, in which the first 300 studies according to Google's relevance algorithm will be verified. The terms used in the search strategy will be focused on older adults, health education, paper-based and screen-based media, preferences, intervention and other related terms. This review will include studies where the average age of the participants was 60 years or older and were users of health education strategies through paper-based or screen-based media. Two reviewers will carry out the selection of studies in five steps: identification of studies and removal of duplicates, pilot test, selection by reading titles and abstracts, full-text inclusion and search for additional sources. A third reviewer will resolve disagreements. To record information from the included studies, a data extraction form will be used. The quantitative data will be presented in a descriptive way and the qualitative data through Bardin's content analysis. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval is not applicable to the scoping review. The results will be disseminated through presentations at significant scientific events and published in journals in the area. PROTOCOL REGISTRATION NUMBER: Open science framework (DOI: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/GKEAH).


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , Aged , Middle Aged , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Algorithms , Data Accuracy , Health Education , Research Design , Review Literature as Topic
3.
Am J Health Behav ; 47(2): 253-260, 2023 04 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20242938

ABSTRACT

Objective: Past infection with COVID-19 increases the risk of occurrence of thromboembolic events in veins and arteries, respiratory failure, and damage to the heart muscle, liver, and nervous system. Pro-health behaviors of patients who had been infected with SARS-CoV-2 are the determinant of maintaining and strengthening the state of health. We assessed health behaviors of convalescent patients after SARS-CoV-2 infection and determined the relationships between these behaviors and the selected social and demographic characteristics.Methods: The study included 125 patients who had been infected with SARS-CoV-2; we used the Health Behavior Inventory (HBI), and an author-constructed questionnaire.Results: Overall, 60.8% of respondents presented a mediocre level of health behaviors (5-6 stens), 24.8% low (1-4 stens), and 14.4% high (7-10 stens). We found the highest mean value in the case of one HBI category: positive psychological attitude (3.51±0.67), followed by prophylactic behaviors (3.42±0.73), and correct eating habits (3.36±0.84). The lowest value (demonstrating the least pro-health behavior of respondents) concerned health practices (3.23±0.78).Conclusions: COVID-19 convalescent patients presented a mediocre set of health behaviors. We found statistically significant relationships between health behaviors by education and age. Persons who have had SARS-CoV-2 should receive health education in all areas of health behavior.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Health Behavior , Health Education , Educational Status
4.
BMC Med Educ ; 23(1): 332, 2023 May 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20231353

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Social determinants of health (SDH) are intricately intertwined with various social and economic factors. Reflection is essential for learning about SDH. However, only a few reports have focused on reflection in SDH programs; most were cross-sectional studies. We aimed to longitudinally evaluate a SDH program in a community-based medical education (CBME) curriculum that we introduced in 2018 based on the level of reflection and content on SDH in students' reports. METHODS: Study design: General inductive approach for qualitative data analysis. Education program: A 4-week mandatory clinical clerkship in general medicine and primary care at the University of Tsukuba School of Medicine in Japan was provided to all fifth- and sixth-year medical students. Students underwent a 3-week rotation in community clinics and hospitals in suburban and rural areas of Ibaraki Prefecture. After a lecture on SDH on the first day, students were instructed to prepare a structural case description based on encounters during the curriculum. On the final day, students shared their experiences in a small group session and submitted a report on SDH. The program was continuously improved and faculty development was provided. STUDY PARTICIPANTS: Students who completed the program during October 2018-June 2021. ANALYSIS: Levels of reflection were categorized as reflective, analytical, or descriptive. The content was analyzed based on the Solid Facts framework. RESULTS: We analyzed 118 reports from 2018-19, 101 reports from 2019-20, and 142 reports from 2020-21. There were 2 (1.7%), 6 (5.9%), and 7 (4.8%) reflective reports; 9 (7.6%), 24 (23.8%), and 52 (35.9%) analytical reports; and 36 (30.5%), 48 (47.5%), and 79 (54.5%) descriptive reports, respectively. The others were not evaluable. The number of Solid Facts framework items in reports were 2.0 ± 1.2, 2.6 ± 1.3, and 3.3 ± 1.4, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Students' understanding of SDH deepened as the SDH program in the CBME curriculum improved. Faculty development might have contributed to the results. Reflective understanding of SDH might require more faculty development and integrated education of social science and medicine.


Subject(s)
Education, Medical, Undergraduate , Education, Medical , Students, Medical , Humans , Social Determinants of Health , Health Education , Curriculum , Data Analysis
5.
Cien Saude Colet ; 28(5): 1377-1386, 2023 May.
Article in Portuguese, English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2326886

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: to assess permanent health education actions regarding the national and state contingency plans to face the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. METHOD: documentary research, using 54 plans in the initial and final versions, published between January 2020 and May 2021. The content analysis included the identification and systematization of proposals aimed at training and reorganizing the work process, as well as physical and mental health care of health workers. RESULTS: the actions were focused on training workers with an emphasis on flu syndrome, infection risk control measures and knowledge about biosafety. Few plans addressed the teams' working hours and work process, promotion and assistance to the workers' mental health, mainly in the hospital environment. CONCLUSION: the superficiality regarding the approach to permanent education actions in contingency plans need to include actions in the strategic agenda of the Ministry of Health and State and Municipal Health Secretariats, with the qualification of workers to face this and other epidemics. They propose the adoption of health protection and promotion measures in daily health work management within the scope of the SUS.


OBJETIVO: analisar ações de educação permanente em saúde nos Planos Nacional e Estaduais de Contingência para enfrentamento à pandemia de COVID-19 no Brasil. METODOLOGIA: pesquisa documental, com utilização de 54 planos nas versões iniciais e finais, publicados entre janeiro de 2020 e maio de 2021. A análise do conteúdo contemplou identificação e sistematização das propostas voltadas para capacitação e reorganização do processo de trabalho e cuidados à saúde física e mental dos trabalhadores de saúde. RESULTADOS: as ações voltaram-se à capacitação dos trabalhadores com ênfase em síndrome gripal, medidas de controle de riscos de infeção e conhecimento sobre biossegurança. Poucos planos abordaram jornadas e processo de trabalho das equipes, promoção e assistência à saúde mental dos trabalhadores principalmente no âmbito hospitalar. CONCLUSÃO: superficialidade nas abordagens das ações de educação permanente nos planos de contingência, necessidade de inclusão de ações na agenda estratégica do Ministério da Saúde e das secretarias estaduais e municipais de saúde com qualificação dos trabalhadores para enfrentar esta e outras epidemias. Propõe adoção de medidas de proteção e promoção da saúde no cotidiano da gestão do trabalho em saúde no âmbito do SUS.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , Pandemics/prevention & control , Health Education , Health Personnel/psychology , Mental Health
6.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 302: 498-499, 2023 May 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2322945

ABSTRACT

International student exchange is a valuable opportunity for Biomedical and Health Informatics students to gain new perspectives and experiences. In the past, such exchanges have been made possible through international partnerships between universities. Unfortunately, numerous obstacles such as housing, financial concerns, and environmental implications related to travel, have made it difficult to continue international exchange. Experiences with hybrid and online education during covid-19 paved the way for a new approach that allows for short international exchange with a hybrid online-offline supervision model. This will be initiated with an exploration project between two international universities , each related to their respective institute's research focus.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Medical Informatics , Humans , Medical Informatics/education , Health Education , Students , Educational Status
7.
Front Public Health ; 11: 1185845, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2313412

ABSTRACT

The Educated Citizen and Public Health initiative promotes that an understanding of public health issues is a principal component of an educated population and is necessary to develop social responsibility and promote civic dialog. This initiative supports the Institute of Medicine's (now the National Academy of Medicine) recommendation that "all undergraduates should have access to education in public health." The purpose of our work is to examine the extent to which 2- and 4-year U.S. state colleges and universities offer and/or require a public health course. Select indicators identified include the presence and type of public health curriculum, public health course requirement, presence of public health graduate program offering, pathways to public health, Community Health Worker training, as well as demographic information for each institution. An analysis was also conducted for the historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs), and the same select indicators were examined. The data suggest that there is an imperative need for a public health curriculum across the nation's collegiate institutions with 26% of 4-year state institutions lacking a full undergraduate public health curriculum; 54% of 2-year colleges not offering a pathway to public health education; and 74% of HBCUs not offering a public health course or degree. In the age of COVID-19, syndemics, and considering the post-pandemic phase, we argue that expanding public health literacy at the associate and baccalaureate level can help prepare an educated citizenry who is both public health literate and one that can demonstrate resilience in the face of public health challenges.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , United States , Humans , National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine, U.S., Health and Medicine Division , COVID-19/epidemiology , Health Education , Curriculum , Students
8.
Curr Oncol ; 30(4): 4126-4138, 2023 04 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2312303

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Women in Oman and low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are usually diagnosed with BC at a younger age and more advanced stage, with poor five-year survival. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of breast cancer (BC) related educational programs among female Omani adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six female-only public schools were randomly selected from three governorates of Oman and assigned to the control or interventional group. An Arabic version of the Breast Cancer Awareness Measure questionnaire was used to evaluate students attending grades 10 and 11 at baseline (T0) and after 4 weeks (T1). After T0, the intervention group participated in a one-hour BC education program involving group discussions, a slideshow presentation, leaflets, and online access to program materials and videos. Non-parametric tests were used to compare scores between intervention and control groups and within each group across time (T0 vs. T1). RESULTS: A total of 1106 students participated, of which 547 (49.5%) and 559 (50.5%) were allocated to the control and intervention groups, respectively. Recognition of BC risk factors (Z = 18.67; p < 0.001) and symptoms (Z = 20.01; p < 0.001) increased significantly in the intervention group between T0 and T1 and compared to the control group at T1 (U = 27.27; p < 0.001, and U = 25.75; p < 0.001, respectively). Anticipated time to seeking medical help (Z = 18.67; p < 0.001) and barriers to help-seeking (Z = 7.91; p < 0.001) decreased significantly between T0 and T1 in the intervention group and compared to the control group at T1 (U = 15.78; p < 0.001, and U = 3.44; p = 0.001, respectively). CONCLUSION: The program increased knowledge of BC risk factors and symptoms and promoted early medical help-seeking among Omani female adolescents. Healthcare strategic planners and policy-makers in Oman and low- and middle-income countries should consider incorporating cancer education programs in the national school curriculum to minimize delays in BC diagnosis and improve the survival rate.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Humans , Female , Adolescent , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Students , Health Education , Risk Factors
10.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 20(7)2023 04 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2300390

ABSTRACT

This study aims to compare the awareness-raising activities between municipalities with and without focused anti-infection measures during the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. Descriptive analysis was conducted using a nationwide self-administered questionnaire survey on municipalities' activities for residents and for healthcare providers and care workers (HCPs) in October 2022 in Japan. This study included 433 municipalities that had conducted awareness-raising activities before 2019 Fiscal Year. Workshops for residents were conducted in 85.2% of the municipalities, and they were more likely to be conducted in areas with focused anti-infection measures than those without measures (86.8% vs. 75.4%). Additionally, 85.9% of the municipalities were impacted by the pandemic; 50.1% canceled workshops, while 26.0% switched to a web-based style. Activities for HCPs were conducted in 55.2-63.7% of the municipalities, and they were more likely to be conducted in areas with focused anti-infection measures. A total of 50.6-62.1% of the municipalities changed their workshops for HCPs to a web-based style. Comparisons between areas with and without focused anti-infection measures indicated that the percentages of those impacted for all activities were not significantly different. In conclusion, awareness-raising activities in municipalities were conducted with new methods during the COVID-19 pandemic. Using information technology is essential to further promote such activities for residents.


Subject(s)
Advance Care Planning , COVID-19 , Communicable Disease Control , Health Promotion , Humans , Advance Care Planning/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Local Government , Pandemics , Surveys and Questionnaires , Japan/epidemiology , Health Education/statistics & numerical data , Health Promotion/statistics & numerical data , Cities/statistics & numerical data , Communicable Disease Control/statistics & numerical data
11.
Nurs Womens Health ; 27(3): 179-189, 2023 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2304868

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To expand a hospital system's maternal mental health program to standardize screening for perinatal mood and anxiety disorders. DESIGN: Quality improvement initiative using a continuous Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) cycle. SETTING/LOCAL PROBLEM: In a hospital system consisting of 66 maternity care centers across the United States, there was significant variation in maternal mental health screening, referral, and education practices. The COVID-19 pandemic and increasing rates of severe maternal morbidity further elevated system-level concern about the quality of maternal mental health care being provided. PARTICIPANTS: Perinatal nurses. METHODS: An "all-or-none" bundle methodology was used to measure adherence to a system standard for maternal mental health screening, referral, and education. INTERVENTIONS: A toolkit was designed internally to support streamlined implementation and ensure standardization for screening, referral, and education. This comprehensive toolkit includes screening forms, a referral algorithm, staff education, patient education literature, and a community resource list template. Training on how to use the toolkit was provided to nurses, chaplains, and social workers. RESULTS: The initial system bundle adherence rate was 76% (2017) in the first year of the program. The following year, the bundle adherence rate increased to 97% (2018). Despite the disruption caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, this mental health initiative has maintained an overall adherence rate of 92% (2020-2022). CONCLUSION: This nurse-led quality improvement initiative has been successfully implemented across a geographically and demographically diverse hospital system. The initial and sustained high rates of adherence with the system standard for screening, referral, and education illustrate perinatal nurses' commitment to the delivery of high-quality maternal mental health care in the acute care setting.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Maternal Health Services , Pregnancy , Humans , Female , Anxiety/psychology , Inpatients , Pandemics , Postpartum Period , Health Education
12.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 73(Suppl 2)(2): S135-S139, 2023 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2303976

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To investigate reasons, advantages, disadvantages and obstacles in the use of digital technology media for health learning during the coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic. Method: The systematic review was conducted from January to February 2022 and comprised search on Google Scholar, ProQuest, PubMed, ScienceDirect and Scopus databases for articles published from 2020 to March 2022 related to the use of digital technology by medical students, teachers and academics. Key words used for the search included digital technology, health learning, health education, COVID-19, COVID-19 pandemic, and coronavirus disease 2019. Main themes were identified which were then grouped into components using Joanna Briggs Institute guidelines and tools. RESULTS: Of the 128 articles initially found, 10(7.8%) were subjected to detailed analysis. Reasons identified were lockdown and accessibility of flexible learning materials. Advantages were effective time, better effort, saving money, improving technical skills, health security, feasibility, e-learning standardising, dedicated teaching, interdisciplinary collaboration network, creativity, inclusivity and professional development. Disadvantages were inadequate tools, poor internet connection, lack of technical skills, practical in classes, unclear policies, examinations, distribution of grades and limited online exam time. Obstacles included virtual class etiquette disobedience, inadequate interactions, time limitations, infrastructure, distractions, lack of engagement, stress, technical and limited data plans. CONCLUSIONS: Many universities used digital technology in health learning during the pandemic-led lockdowns as it provided greater advantages.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Digital Technology , Communicable Disease Control , Health Education
13.
BMC Public Health ; 23(1): 681, 2023 04 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2303483

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Pregnant women are considered one of the high-risk groups during the COVID-19 pandemic, so paying attention to preventive behaviors among them is highly important. This study aimed to examine the effect of multimedia education based on the Health Belief Model (HBM) in preventing COVID-19 among pregnant women. METHODS: This quasi-experimental intervention study was conducted on 120 pregnant women referring to Comprehensive Health Services Centers affiliated with East and West health centres of Ahvaz city, Iran, in 2021. Participants were divided into two control (n = 60) and intervention (n = 60) groups. A researcher-made questionnaire was used for data collection. The intervention group was given the required educational content using social networks virtually and multimedia in 12 sessions. Both groups were reinvestigated after two months. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 24, independent t-test and paired t-test tests. RESULTS: The mean age and mean gestational age of participants were estimated at 28 years old and 18 weeks, respectively. Before the educational intervention, there was no significant difference in mean constructs of HBM. In contrast, the mean of all constructs increased significantly in the intervention group after intervention. The greatest change was related to the constructs of self-efficacy and perceived susceptibility, and the lowest change was related to the perceived barriers construct. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest multimedia education using the HBM to COVID-19 preventive behaviors among pregnant women can benefit behavior change.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Health Education , Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pregnant Women , Multimedia , Pandemics , COVID-19/prevention & control , Health Belief Model , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
14.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 36(6): 393-398, 2020 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2264691

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 has swept the world causing suffering, death, loss, and massive economy damage. The dialysis population is vulnerable and the dialysis facility is critical in maintaining operations and avoiding disease transmission. The present information regarding the clinical features of COVID-19 infection in the dialysis population was collected, and the useful measures of COVID-19 infection prevention and infection control in the dialysis facilities were summarized. Leadership, education, preparedness, management, and recovery phase were determined to be the critical procedures. It is hoped this updated interim review might provide information for medical professionals to take proactive action to best prepare and mitigate damage when facing the COVID-19 pandemic challenge.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Infection Control/methods , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Renal Dialysis , Ambulatory Care Facilities , COVID-19 , Comorbidity , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Health Education , Humans , Infection Control/organization & administration , Personal Protective Equipment , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Renal Insufficiency/epidemiology , Renal Insufficiency/therapy , SARS-CoV-2 , Taiwan/epidemiology , Triage
15.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 31: e3855, 2023.
Article in English, Portuguese, Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2261450

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: to analyze nurses' discourse about the potentialities in using information technologies as organizational support for the COVID-19 coping actions in Primary Health Care. METHOD: a qualitative and exploratory study conducted in the Family Health Strategy units from the city of João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil. Data collection was carried out from September to November 2021 with 26 nurses selected through the snowball technique, resorting to a semi-structured interview script. The empirical material was organized in the Atlas.ti 9 software and grounded on the theoretical-methodological contribution of Discourse Analysis, French Line. RESULTS: three discursive blocks were evidenced: innovation based on social media; health education actions; resoluteness in organizational actions, presenting the relevance of the WhatsApp®, Instagram® and Facebook® apps as strategic resources, in order to collaborate in the Primary Health Care are with the organization of health actions against COVID-19 by nurses. CONCLUSION: health units have the potential to strengthen the assistance provided through digital organizational devices; however, they need political support that invests in the structure and strategies to enhance organization of the health actions.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Nurses , Humans , Information Technology , Health Education , Adaptation, Psychological , Qualitative Research
16.
Gerontology ; 69(7): 799-808, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2259537

ABSTRACT

After the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, during which the severity of the disease in certain countries was attributed to a lack of basic education of the inhabitants, the authors of this paper initiated a literature review of educational trajectories, health, and ageing well. The findings strongly demonstrate that alongside genetics, the affective and educational family environment, as well as the general environment, greatly interact starting from the very first days of life. Thus, epigenetics plays a major role in the determination of health and disease [DOHAD] in the first 1,000 days of life as well as in the characterization of gender. Other factors such as socio-economic level, parental education, schooling in urban or rural areas, also play a major role in the differential acquisition of health literacy. This determines adherence (or lack thereof) to healthy lifestyles, risky behaviours, substance abuse, but also compliance with hygiene rules, and adherence to vaccines and treatments. The combination of all these elements and lifestyle choices facilitates the emergence of metabolic disorders (obesity, diabetes), which promote cardiovascular and kidney damage, and neurodegenerative diseases, explaining that the less well educated have shorter survival and spend more years of life in disability. After having demonstrated the impact of the educational level on health and longevity, the members of this inter-academic group propose specific educational actions at three levels: (1) teachers and health professionals, (2) parents, (3) the public, emphasizing that these crucial actions can only be carried out with the unfailing support of state and academic authorities.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Healthy Aging , Humans , Life Change Events , Pandemics , COVID-19/epidemiology , Educational Status , Health Education
17.
J Grad Med Educ ; 15(1): 105-111, 2023 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2267858

ABSTRACT

Background: During the COVID-19 pandemic, global health education activities were disrupted. Transitioning to virtual options has allowed educators and trainees to continue global health education and partnerships, though the acceptability and implementation of this transition is unknown. Objective: To evaluate current and planned virtual global health education activities (VGHEAs) of a group of US global health educators during the COVID-19 pandemic and to assess perceived benefits and challenges of VGHEAs. Methods: A cross-sectional study of pediatric faculty and trainees involved in global health education from 8 institutions in the United States were surveyed anonymously about their global health education activities in 2021. Authors used representative convenience sampling and invited at least 1 faculty member and 2 trainees from each institution in the Midwest Consortium of Global Child Health Educators. Results: All 8 institutions responded to the survey, with 38 faculty and trainee participants. Institutional implementation of virtual education activities was variable. Respondents reported that VGHEAs allowed them to maintain partnerships with low-middle income countries, though they noted that unreliable internet connections presented challenges. One program reported funding cuts to its global health program during the pandemic. Conclusions: The COVID-19 pandemic created challenges for global health education programs. Educators and trainees are interested in using potentially cost-saving VGHEAs to maintain international collaborations, continue global health education efforts, and even increase access to equitable educational activities despite pandemic disruptions.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Internship and Residency , Humans , Child , United States , Pandemics , Global Health , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Health Education
18.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 76(2): e20220301, 2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2258847

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: to characterize the outline of a project for health education and its contributions to the propagation of information on the Instagram social network. METHODS: exploratory and descriptive research on an Instagram profile called "@resenhadasaude";. Data collection: from July 23, 2020, to April 21, 2021. Interaction metrics were generated on 36 posts. Simple and percentage statistical analysis were applied. RESULTS: there are 1,016 followers in Brazil, with a 206.02% growth. The largest audience is teenagers, young people, and women, with a gender difference of 41.8%. The greatest interest was about covid-19, sexual health, and drugs. Followers' misconceptions reinforce the need for the dissemination of quality information. CONCLUSIONS: Instagram metrics point to the project's validation in terms of audience interest, mostly adolescents and youth. Instagram proved to be powerful for educational purposes and information dissemination, as well as an autonomous field for nursing.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Social Media , Adolescent , Female , Humans , Health Education , Information Dissemination , Social Networking
19.
BMC Public Health ; 23(1): 207, 2023 01 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2269151

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In China, communicable diseases (CD) have a negative impact on public health and economic stability. The influx of migrants, who make up a substantial portion of China's population and continue to rapidly expand, has seriously hampered CD prevention and control, needing special care. This study aimed to identify key factors influencing the utilization of CD prevention and treatment education (CDPTE) among the floating population. We are confident that the findings will highlight obstacles facing CDPTE among the migrants, and guide future development prevention, treatment of CD, and health education services. METHODS: A sample of migrants aged 15 years and above in 32 provincial units nationwide in 2018 was recruited by stratified multi-stage proportional to population size sampling (PPS). A structured questionnaire survey was conducted via face-to-face interviews. Subsequently, the Anderson health service utilization model was used as the theoretical framework and SPSS 26.0 statistical software was applied to analyze the data. The statistical description of the current situation of CDPTE acceptance and the chi-square test were used to compare the differences in CDPTE acceptance by different characteristics. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze key factors affecting the use of CDPTE among migrants. RESULTS: A total of 40.1% of the recruited participants reported receiving education on CD prevention and treatment, primarily delivered through traditional transmission media. Multilevel logistic regression results revealed that male migrants, aged 30-49 years, unmarried, with higher educational attainment, an average monthly household income of CNY 7,500-9,999 (or US$1,176-1,568), working more than 40 h per week, flowing into the Central and Western regions, migrated in the province, self-rated health, contracted family doctors and those with health records were more likely to receive CDPTE (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Our findings revealed unsatisfactory acceptance of education on CD prevention and treatment among migrants, implying that health education should be strengthened further. Publicity of relevant policies and works should be strengthened and specific interventions should be developed for key regions as well as vulnerable groups to enhance CDPTE. More financial support should also be provided to improve the quality of health education.


Subject(s)
Health Education , Male , Humans , Cross-Sectional Studies , Educational Status , China , Population Density
20.
Epidemiol Prev ; 44(5-6): 330-332, 2020.
Article in Italian | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2240354

ABSTRACT

Systematic reviews have shown a prevalence close to 20% of gastrointestinal symptoms in COVID-19 positive patients, with nearly 40% of patients shedding viral RNA in their faeces, even if it may not be infectious, possibly because of inactivation by colonic fluid.According to current evidence, this virus is primarily transmitted by respiratory droplets and contact routes, including contaminated surfaces. The virus is quite stable on stainless steel, being detected up to 48-72 hours after application. Therefore, some individuals can be infected touching common contaminated surfaces, such as bathroom taps. Taps can be underestimated critical points in the transmission chain of the infection. Indeed, just by turning the knob, people leave germs on it, especially after coughing over their hands, sneezing, and/or blowing their nose. After handwashing with soap, user take back their germs when turning the knob. Paradoxically, the following user collects the germs back on his/her fingers by implementing a preventive measure, maybe before putting food into the mouth or wearing contact lenses.The Italian National Institute of Health recommends to clean and disinfect high-touched surfaces, but it is unrealistic and inefficient to do so after each tap use. As an alternative, new toilets should install long elbow-levers - or at least short levers - provided that people are educated to close them with the forearm or the side of the hand. This is already a standard measure in hospitals, but it is particularly important also in high-risk communities, such as retirement homes and prisons. It would be important also in schools, in workplaces, and even in families, contributing to the prevention both of orofaecal and respiratory infections.In the meantime, people should be educated to close existing knobs with disposable paper towel wipes or with toilet paper sheets.


Subject(s)
Bathroom Equipment/virology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Fomites/virology , Hand Hygiene , Health Education , SARS-CoV-2/physiology , COVID-19/transmission , Equipment Contamination , Equipment Design , Feces/virology , Female , Humans , Italy , Male , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Touch
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