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1.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 58(1)2022 Jan 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1625525

ABSTRACT

The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease with multi-organ involvement, including the cardiovascular system. The disease may cause several cardiovascular complications, and may increase morbidity and mortality among patients with background cardiovascular disease. Patients with advanced heart failure are often treated with left ventricular assist device (LVAD), and represent a unique population mandating multi-disciplinary approach. Several aspects of COVID-19 should be taken into account in LVAD implants, including right ventricular involvement, hemodynamic alterations, thromboembolic and haemorrhagic complications, and the psychological effects of social isolation. Patients with VAD and suspected COVID-19 should be transferred to specialized centers for better management of complications. Here, we review the implications of COVID-19 pandemic on LVAD patients with our recommendations for appropriate management.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Heart Failure , Heart-Assist Devices , Heart Failure/epidemiology , Heart Failure/therapy , Heart-Assist Devices/adverse effects , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Int J Cardiol ; 348: 95-101, 2022 02 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1620713

ABSTRACT

Over the last three decades, increased attention has been given to the representation of historically underrepresented groups within the landscape of pivotal clinical trials. However, recent events (i.e., coronavirus pandemic) have laid bare the potential continuation of historic inequities in available clinical trials and studies aimed at the care of broad patient populations. Anecdotally, cardiovascular disease (CVD) has not been immune to these disparities. Within this review, we examine and discuss recent landmark CVD trials, with a specific focus on the representation of Blacks within several critically foundational heart failure clinical trials tied to contemporary treatment strategies and drug approvals. We also discuss solutions for inequities within the landscape of cardiovascular trials. Building a more diverse clinical trial workforce coupled with intentional efforts to increase clinical trial diversity will advance equity in cardiovascular care.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Heart Failure , Drug Approval , Heart Failure/diagnosis , Heart Failure/therapy , Humans
3.
Ann Cardiol Angeiol (Paris) ; 70(5): 317-321, 2021 Nov.
Article in French | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1525669

ABSTRACT

Telemedicine has been recognized since 2010 as a constitutive element of care, however, it was not until 2016 that the first national experiments were able to be launched with the aim of validating a framework allowing a possible rapid passage in the common right. These experiments, which are due to end in December 2021, have succeeded in involving more than 100,000 patients, mainly suffering from cardiac pathologies. The arrival of COVID-19 has made it possible to measure the usefulness of practices at a distance both from teleconsultation and telemonitoring, with the appearance of organizational and technical innovations that must now be maintained and developed in order to integrate the telemedicine of tomorrow into our actual medicine.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Telemedicine/organization & administration , COVID-19/therapy , Diabetes Mellitus/therapy , Heart Failure/therapy , Humans , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Patient Satisfaction , Remote Consultation/methods , Remote Consultation/organization & administration , Respiratory Insufficiency/therapy , Telemedicine/economics , Telemedicine/trends
4.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 21(1): 528, 2021 11 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1505900

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The value of mechanical circulatory support (MCS) in cardiogenic shock, especially the combination of the ECMELLA approach (Impella combined with ECMO), remains controversial. CASE PRESENTATION: A previously healthy 33-year-old female patient was submitted to a local emergency department with a flu-like infection and febrile temperatures up to 39 °C. The patient was tested positive for type-A influenza, however negative for SARS-CoV-2. Despite escalated invasive ventilation, refractory hypercapnia (paCO2: 22 kPa) with severe respiratory acidosis (pH: 6.9) and a rising norepinephrine rate occurred within a few hours. Due to a Horovitz-Index < 100, out-of-centre veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (vv-ECMO)-implantation was performed. A CT-scan done because of anisocoria revealed an extended dissection of the right vertebral artery. While the initial left ventricular function was normal, echocardiography revealed severe global hypokinesia. After angiographic exclusion of coronary artery stenoses, we geared up LV unloading by additional implantation of an Impella CP and expanded the vv-ECMO to a veno-venous-arterial ECMO (vva-ECMO). Clinically relevant bleeding from the punctured femoral arteries resulted in massive transfusion and was treated by vascular surgery later on. Under continued MCS, LVEF increased to approximately 40% 2 days after the initiation of ECMELLA. After weaning, the Impella CP was explanted at day 5 and the vva-ECMO was removed on day 9, respectively. The patient was discharged in an unaffected neurological condition to rehabilitation 25 days after the initial admission. CONCLUSIONS: This exceptional case exemplifies the importance of aggressive MCS in severe cardiogenic shock, which may be especially promising in younger patients with non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy and potentially reversible causes of cardiogenic shock. This case impressively demonstrates that especially young patients may achieve complete neurological restoration, even though the initial prognosis may appear unfavourable.


Subject(s)
Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation/methods , Heart-Assist Devices , Influenza A virus/isolation & purification , Influenza, Human , Respiration, Artificial/methods , Respiratory Insufficiency , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left , Adult , COVID-19/diagnosis , Clinical Deterioration , Critical Care/methods , Echocardiography/methods , Female , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Heart Failure/therapy , Humans , Influenza, Human/complications , Influenza, Human/diagnosis , Influenza, Human/physiopathology , Respiratory Insufficiency/etiology , Respiratory Insufficiency/physiopathology , Respiratory Insufficiency/therapy , SARS-CoV-2 , Serologic Tests/methods , Severity of Illness Index , Shock, Cardiogenic/etiology , Shock, Cardiogenic/physiopathology , Shock, Cardiogenic/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/etiology , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/physiopathology , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/therapy
5.
ASAIO J ; 67(9): 973-981, 2021 09 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1494076

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) radically modified the organization of healthcare systems with shutdown of routine activities and outpatient clinics. Herein, we report our institutional experience with a Telemonitoring and Care Program (TC-Program) to monitor and support left ventricular assist device (LVAD) patients during COVID-19 outbreak. This single-arm cohort study analyzed 156 patients who entered the TC-Program at our institution between April and August 2020. The TC-Program was based on routine phone calls to patients and a 24/7 emergency line. In November 2020, patients were asked for feedback on the TC-Program and checked for survival, transplant, or explant. The primary endpoint was the rate of TC-Program-driven interventions. Patients (males: 82.8%) were 61 years old (interquartile range [IQR]: 53.0-67.5) and on LVAD support for 1,266 days (IQR: 475-2,211). Patients were included in the TC-Program for a median time of 99 days (min:15, max:120) and received a median number of six phone calls (min:1, max:14). Twenty-three patients (14.7%) were referred for clinical evaluation after phone contact. Two patients (1.27%) were diagnosed with COVID-19: one of them died after intensive care, and one remained paucisymptomatic and recovered. Three patients asked to exit the program considering it not useful while the others gave high rates in terms of usefulness (median: 9, IQR: 8-10), information (median: 9, IQR: 8-10), good medical care (median: 9, IQR: 8-10), and psychologic support (median: 8, IQR: 7-10). A TC-Program based on the four ICSA principles (Inform, Care, Support, and Adapt) is feasible in LVAD patients and can be rapidly implemented during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/prevention & control , Heart Failure/therapy , Heart-Assist Devices/statistics & numerical data , Infection Control/organization & administration , Telemedicine , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Disease Outbreaks , Female , Heart Failure/epidemiology , Heart-Assist Devices/adverse effects , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics/prevention & control , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Biomark Med ; 15(16): 1519-1528, 2021 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1477716

ABSTRACT

Aim: In the present study, the relationship between D-dimer/fibrinogen ratio (DFR) and in-hospital outcomes was evaluated in patients with COVID-19 and a diagnosis of heart failure (HF). Materials & methods: In-hospital outcomes were compared in patients with high and low DFR values. Results: With regard to in-hospital outcomes, patients in the third tertile of DFR had a higher rate of mechanical ventilation, cardiogenic shock and death (p < 0.001). The length of ICU stay was longer in the third tertile group (p < 0.001). When evaluated together with infection markers, DFR was found to be an independent predictor of outcomes. Conclusion: DFR can be used as a prognostic marker in patients with COVID-19 with a diagnosis of HF, and perhaps more valuable than other infection markers.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/blood , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products/metabolism , Fibrinogen/metabolism , Heart Failure/blood , SARS-CoV-2 , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Biomarkers/blood , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/therapy , Female , Heart Failure/diagnosis , Heart Failure/therapy , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(19)2021 Sep 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1463706

ABSTRACT

In hearts, calcium (Ca2+) signaling is a crucial regulatory mechanism of muscle contraction and electrical signals that determine heart rhythm and control cell growth. Ca2+ signals must be tightly controlled for a healthy heart, and the impairment of Ca2+ handling proteins is a key hallmark of heart disease. The discovery of microRNA (miRNAs) as a new class of gene regulators has greatly expanded our understanding of the controlling module of cardiac Ca2+ cycling. Furthermore, many studies have explored the involvement of miRNAs in heart diseases. In this review, we aim to summarize cardiac Ca2+ signaling and Ca2+-related miRNAs in pathological conditions, including cardiac hypertrophy, heart failure, myocardial infarction, and atrial fibrillation. We also discuss the therapeutic potential of Ca2+-related miRNAs as a new target for the treatment of heart diseases.


Subject(s)
Atrial Fibrillation/genetics , Calcium Signaling/genetics , Calcium/metabolism , Heart Failure/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Myocardial Infarction/genetics , Animals , Atrial Fibrillation/metabolism , Atrial Fibrillation/therapy , Gene Expression Regulation , Heart Failure/metabolism , Heart Failure/therapy , Humans , Myocardial Contraction/genetics , Myocardial Infarction/metabolism , Myocardial Infarction/therapy
8.
Circ Heart Fail ; 14(10): e008573, 2021 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1443687

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: An unprecedented shift to remote heart failure outpatient care occurred during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Given challenges inherent to remote care, we studied whether remote visits (video or telephone) were associated with different patient usage, clinician practice patterns, and outcomes. METHODS: We included all ambulatory cardiology visits for heart failure at a multisite health system from April 1, 2019, to December 31, 2019 (pre-COVID) or April 1, 2020, to December 31, 2020 (COVID era), resulting in 10 591 pre-COVID in-person, 7775 COVID-era in-person, 1009 COVID-era video, and 2322 COVID-era telephone visits. We used multivariable logistic and Cox proportional hazards regressions with propensity weighting and patient clustering to study ordering practices and outcomes. RESULTS: Compared with in-person visits, video visits were used more often by younger (mean 64.7 years [SD 14.5] versus 74.2 [14.1]), male (68.3% versus 61.4%), and privately insured (45.9% versus 28.9%) individuals (P<0.05 for all). Remote visits were more frequently used by non-White patients (35.8% video, 37.0% telephone versus 33.2% in-person). During remote visits, clinicians were less likely to order diagnostic testing (odds ratio, 0.20 [0.18-0.22] video versus in-person, 0.18 [0.17-0.19] telephone versus in-person) or prescribe ß-blockers (0.82 [0.68-0.99], 0.35 [0.26-0.47]), mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (0.69 [0.50-0.96], 0.48 [0.35-0.66]), or loop diuretics (0.67 [0.53-0.85], 0.45 [0.37-0.55]). During telephone visits, clinicians were less likely to prescribe ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitor/ARB (angiotensin receptor blockers)/ARNIs (angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitors; 0.54 [0.40-0.72]). Telephone visits but not video visits were associated with higher rates of 90-day mortality (1.82 [1.14-2.90]) and nonsignificant trends towards higher rates of 90-day heart failure emergency department visits (1.34 [0.97-1.86]) and hospitalizations (1.36 [0.98-1.89]). CONCLUSIONS: Remote visits for heart failure care were associated with reduced diagnostic testing and guideline-directed medical therapy prescription. Telephone but not video visits were associated with increased 90-day mortality.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Cardiologists/trends , Heart Failure/therapy , Practice Patterns, Physicians'/trends , Telemedicine/trends , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures/trends , Drug Prescriptions , Drug Utilization/trends , Emergency Service, Hospital/trends , Female , Guideline Adherence/trends , Heart Failure/diagnosis , Heart Failure/mortality , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Hospitalization/trends , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Telephone/trends , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Videoconferencing/trends
9.
Circ J ; 85(10): 1906-1917, 2021 09 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1440968

ABSTRACT

Destination therapy (DT) is the indication to implant a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) in a patient with stage D heart failure who is not a candidate for heart transplantation. The implantable LVAD has been utilized in Japan since 2011 under the indication of bridge to transplant (BTT). After almost 10 year lag, DT has finally been approved and reimbursed in May 2021 in Japan. To initiate the DT program in Japan, revision of the LVAD indication from BTT is necessary. Also, in-depth discussion of caregiver issues as well as end-of-life care is indispensable. For that purpose, we assembled a DT committee of multidisciplinary members in August 2020, and started monthly discussions via web-based communication during the COVID-19 pandemic. This is a summary of the consensus reached after 6 months' discussion, and we have included as many relevant topics as possible. Clinical application of DT has just started, and we are willing to revise this consensus to meet the forthcoming issues raised during real-world clinical experience.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Consensus , Heart Failure/therapy , Heart Transplantation , Heart-Assist Devices , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Heart Failure/epidemiology , Humans , Japan/epidemiology
10.
Rev Cardiovasc Med ; 22(3): 677-690, 2021 09 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1439022

ABSTRACT

Heart Failure (HF) is characterized by an elevated readmission rate, with almost 50% of events occurring after the first episode over the first 6 months of the post-discharge period. In this context, the vulnerable phase represents the period when patients elapse from a sub-acute to a more stabilized chronic phase. The lack of an accurate approach for each HF subtype is probably the main cause of the inconclusive data in reducing the trend of recurrent hospitalizations. Most care programs are based on the main diagnosis and the HF stages, but a model focused on the specific HF etiology is lacking. The HF clinic route based on the HF etiology and the underlying diseases responsible for HF could become an interesting approach, compared with the traditional programs, mainly based on non-specific HF subtypes and New York Heart Association class, rather than on detailed etiologic and epidemiological data. This type of care may reduce the 30-day readmission rates for HF, increase the use of evidence-based therapies, prevent the exacerbation of each comorbidity, improve patient compliance, and decrease the use of resources. For all these reasons, we propose a dedicated outpatient HF program with a daily practice scenario that could improve the early identification of symptom progression and the quality-of-life evaluation, facilitate the access to diagnostic and laboratory tools and improve the utilization of financial resources, together with optimal medical titration and management.


Subject(s)
Ambulatory Care/organization & administration , COVID-19 , Cardiology Service, Hospital/organization & administration , Delivery of Health Care, Integrated/organization & administration , Heart Failure/therapy , Telemedicine/organization & administration , Heart Failure/diagnosis , Heart Failure/epidemiology , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Humans , Patient Readmission , Prognosis
11.
J Pain Symptom Manage ; 62(3): 471-481, 2021 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1397515

ABSTRACT

CONTEXT: Research priority guidelines highlight the need for examining the "dose" components of palliative care (PC) interventions, such as intervention adherence and completion rates, that contribute to optimal outcomes. OBJECTIVES: Examine the "dose" effect of PC intervention completion vs. noncompletion on quality of life (QoL) and healthcare use in patients with advanced heart failure (HF) over 32 weeks. METHODS: Secondary analysis of the ENABLE CHF-PC intervention trial for patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III/IV HF. "Completers" defined as completing a single, in-person outpatient palliative care consultation (OPCC) plus 6 weekly, PC nurse coach-led telehealth sessions. "Non-completers" were defined as either not attending the OPCC or completing <6 telehealth sessions. Outcome variables were QoL and healthcare resource use (hospital days; emergency department visits). Mixed models were used to model dose effects for "completers" vs "noncompleters" over 32 weeks. RESULTS: Of 208 intervention group participants, 81 (38.9%) were classified as "completers" with a mean age of 64.6 years; 72.8% were urban-dwelling; 92.5% had NYHA Class III HF. 'Completers' vs. "non-completers"" groups were well-balanced at baseline; however "noncompleters" did report higher anxiety (6.0 vs 7.0, P < 0.05, d = 0.28). Moderate, clinically significant, improved QoL differences were found at 16 weeks in "completers" vs. "non-completers" (between-group difference: -9.71 (3.18), d = 0.47, P = 0.002) but not healthcare use. CONCLUSION: Higher intervention completion rates of an early PC intervention was associated with QoL improvements in patients with advanced HF. Future work should focus on identifying the most efficacious "dose" of intervention components and increasing adherence to them. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02505425.


Subject(s)
Heart Failure , Hospice and Palliative Care Nursing , Telemedicine , Heart Failure/therapy , Humans , Middle Aged , Palliative Care , Quality of Life
14.
Semin Dial ; 34(6): 457-471, 2021 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1376444

ABSTRACT

Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) in sepsis does have a role in removing excessive fluid, and also role in removal of mediators although not proven today, and to allow fluid space in order to feed. In these conditions, continuous renal replacement therapy can improve morbidity but never mortality so far. Regarding sepsis, timing has become a more important issue after decades and is currently more discussed than dosing. Rationale of blood purification has evolved a lot in the last years regarding sepsis with the discovery of many types of sorbent allowing ideas from science fiction to become reality in 2021. Undoubtedly, COVID-19 has reactivated the interest of blood purification in sepsis but also in COVID-19. Burn is even more dependent about removal of excessive fluid as compared to sepsis. Regarding cardiac failure, ultrafiltration can improve the quality of life and morbidity when diuretics are becoming inefficient but can never improve mortality. Regarding brain injury, CRRTs have several advantages as compared to intermittent hemodialysis. In liver failure, there have been no randomized controlled trials to examine whether single-pass albumin dialysis offers advantages over standard supportive care, and there is always the cost of albumin.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Burns , COVID-19 , Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy , Heart Failure , Liver Failure , Sepsis , Acute Kidney Injury/therapy , Heart Failure/therapy , Humans , Quality of Life , Renal Dialysis , SARS-CoV-2 , Sepsis/therapy
15.
Respirology ; 26(11): 1041-1048, 2021 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1346005

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The COVID-19 pandemic has caused disruption to health, social interaction, travel and economies worldwide. In New Zealand, the government closed the border to non-residents and required all arrivals to quarantine for 14 days. They also implemented a strict contact-restriction system to eliminate COVID-19 from the community. These measures also reduced the circulation of other respiratory viruses such as influenza and respiratory syncytial virus. We assessed the impact of these measures on hospital admissions for respiratory and cardiac diseases. METHODS: National data on hospital admissions for each week of 2020 were compared to admissions for the previous 5 years. Analyses were curtailed after week 33, when a COVID-19 outbreak in Auckland led to different levels of pandemic restrictions making national data difficult to interpret. RESULTS: The numbers of acute infectious respiratory admissions were similar to previous years before the introduction of COVID-19 restrictions, but then fell lower and remained low after the pandemic restrictions were eased. The usual winter peak in respiratory admissions was not seen in 2020. Other than small reductions during the period of the strictest contact restrictions, non-infectious respiratory and cardiac admissions were similar to previous years and the usual winter peak in heart failure admissions was observed. CONCLUSION: The observed patterns of hospital admissions in 2020 are compatible with the hypothesis that circulating respiratory viruses drive the normal seasonal trends in respiratory admissions. By contrast, these findings suggest that respiratory viruses do not drive the winter peak in heart failure.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/psychology , Emergency Service, Hospital/trends , Heart Failure/therapy , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Pandemics , Quarantine/psychology , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Child , Hospitalization/trends , Humans , New Zealand/epidemiology , Pandemics/prevention & control , SARS-CoV-2
17.
ESC Heart Fail ; 8(5): 3997-4006, 2021 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1323871

ABSTRACT

AIMS: Patient-performed lung ultrasound (LUS) in a heart failure (HF) telemedicine model may be used to monitor worsening pulmonary oedema and to titrate therapy, potentially reducing HF admission. The aim of the study was to assess the feasibility of training HF patients to perform a LUS self-exam in a telemedicine model. METHODS AND RESULTS: A pilot study was conducted at a public hospital involving subjects with a history of HF. After a 15 min training session involving a tutorial video, subjects performed a four-zone LUS using a handheld ultrasound. Exams were saved on a remote server and independently reviewed by two LUS experts. Studies were determined interpretable according to a strict definition: the presence of an intercostal space, and the presence of A-lines, B-lines, or both. Subjects also answered a questionnaire to gather feedback and assess self-efficacy. The median age of 44 subjects was 53 years (range, 36-64). Thirty (68%) were male. Last educational level attained was high school or below for 31 subjects (70%), and one-third used Spanish as their preferred language. One hundred fifty of 175 lung zones (85%) were interpretable, with expert agreement of 87% and a kappa of 0.49. 98% of subjects reported that they could perform this LUS self-exam at home. CONCLUSIONS: This pilot study reports that training HF patients to perform a LUS self-exam is feasible, with reported high self-efficacy. This supports further investigation into a telemedicine model using LUS to reduce emergency department visits and hospitalizations associated with HF.


Subject(s)
Heart Failure , Telemedicine , Adult , Feasibility Studies , Heart Failure/diagnosis , Heart Failure/therapy , Humans , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Pilot Projects
18.
ESC Heart Fail ; 8(2): 1349-1358, 2021 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1310469

ABSTRACT

AIMS: Remote patient monitoring (RPM) in the management of heart failure (HF), including telemonitoring, thoracic impedance, implantable pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) monitors, and cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED)-based sensors, has had varying outcomes in single platform studies. Uncertainty remains regarding the development of single-centre RPM programs; additionally, no studies examine the effectiveness of dual platform RPM programs for HF. This study describes the implementation and outcomes of a dual platform RPM program for HF at a single centre. METHODS AND RESULTS: An RPM program was developed to include two platforms (e.g. CardioMEMS™ HF System and HeartLogic™ HF Diagnostic). To examine changes within each participant over time, study-related outcomes including total hospitalizations (TH), total length of stay (TLOS), cardiac hospitalizations (CH), cardiac LOS (CLOS), and cardiac-related emergency department (ED) visits were compared in two timeframes: 12 months pre-enrolment and post-enrolment into RPM. For 141 participants enrolled, there was a significant reduction in the likelihood of experiencing a CH by 19% (0.77 vs. 0.61 events/patient-year; HR: 0.81, 95% CI: 0.67-0.97, P = 0.03) and a cardiac-related ED visit by 28% (0.48 vs. 0.34 events/patient-year; HR: 0.72, 95% CI: 0.55-0.93, P = 0.01). There was also a 51% decrease (SE = 1.41, 95% CI: 2.79-8.38 days, P < 0.001) and 62% decrease (SE = 1.24, 95% CI: 3.35-8.22 days, P < 0.001) in TLOS and CLOS, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: A dual platform RPM program for HF using structured education, RPM-capable devices, and alert-specific medication titration reduces the likelihood of experiencing a cardiac hospitalization and cardiac-related ED visit in this single-centre study.


Subject(s)
Heart Failure , Heart Failure/therapy , Hospitalization , Humans , Monitoring, Physiologic
19.
Rev Cardiovasc Med ; 22(2): 403-413, 2021 06 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1310352

ABSTRACT

In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, many barriers to telemedicine disappeared. Virtual visits and telemonitoring strategies became routine. Evidence is accumulating regarding the safety and efficacy of virtual visits to replace in-person visits. A structured approach to virtual encounters is recommended. Telemonitoring includes patient reported remote vital sign monitoring, information from wearable devices, cardiac implantable electronic devices and invasive remote hemodynamic monitoring. The intensity of the monitoring should match the risk profile of the patient. Attention to cultural and educational barriers is important to prevent disparities in telehealth implementation.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Heart Failure/therapy , Telemedicine , Chronic Disease , Healthcare Disparities , Heart Failure/diagnosis , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Humans , Predictive Value of Tests , Prognosis , Race Factors , Remote Consultation/instrumentation , Remote Sensing Technology/instrumentation , Socioeconomic Factors , Telemedicine/instrumentation , Wearable Electronic Devices
20.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(7)2021 Mar 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1308416

ABSTRACT

The CardioMEMS pulmonary artery (PA) monitoring system placed in the left lower lobe pulmonary artery is capable of measuring pulmonary artery pressure remotely as a surrogate of intracardiac filling pressures and volume status. The technique is safe and reliable. By using remote PA monitoring for proactive medical interventions, there is a growing body of clinical evidence for a substantial, robust reduction in HF hospitalizations in various populations (clinical trial setting, post-marketing studies and real-world experiences). This review summarizes the clinical evidence, outlines future perspectives, and aims for remote patient care in heart failure using CardioMEMS.


Subject(s)
Heart Failure , Hemodynamic Monitoring , Chronic Disease , Heart Failure/diagnosis , Heart Failure/therapy , Humans , Pulmonary Artery
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