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1.
J Med Case Rep ; 15(1): 444, 2021 Sep 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1388824

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We present an unusual bleeding complication in a patient with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome in coronavirus disease 2019. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient, a 63-year-old Caucasian man, received venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support after rapid deterioration of lung function on day 6 after admission to hospital. After initial stabilization on lung protective ventilation and prone positioning, he started to develop mild bleeding complications until he went into occult profound hemorrhagic shock. Causative was a massive hemothorax of the right hemithorax with mediastinal shifting due to spontaneous bleeding from a pulmonal artery in a heavily remodeled right inferior lobe. Histopathological examination of the resected tissue showed signs of an organizing fibrinous pneumonia with focal parenchyma necrosis. After surviving a massive bleeding event caused by necrotizing pneumonia, the patient made a swift recovery and was discharged to rehabilitation 31 days after initial hospital admission. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of severely elevated inflammatory markers and pulmonary hemorrhage should arouse suspicion of necrotizing pneumonia. In necrotizing pneumonia, the possibility of severe intrathoracic bleeding complications should be kept in mind if it comes to sudden deterioration of the patient.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Hemothorax , Pneumonia, Necrotizing , Respiratory Distress Syndrome , COVID-19/complications , Hemothorax/virology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pneumonia, Necrotizing/virology , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/therapy , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/virology
2.
JBRA Assist Reprod ; 25(4): 647-649, 2021 10 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1368015

ABSTRACT

Spontaneous hemothorax is a rare disorder characterized by pleural fluid hematocrit greater than 50% of the peripheral blood hematocrit without natural or iatrogenic trauma to the lungs or pleural space. Since the first case of COVID-19, more than 85 million cases have been confirmed and most patients have sustained symptoms after more than six months of acute infection. This paper reports the case of a 38-year-old woman without signs of endometriosis and a history of COVID-19 infection who developed spontaneous hemothorax after oocyte retrieval. Three months before undergoing assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment, the patient had a symptomatic COVID-19 infection with a negative PCR test and a positive IgG test four weeks after the onset of symptoms. Controlled ovarian stimulation and oocyte retrieval were conducted uneventfully. Two hours after oocyte retrieval, the patient developed nausea and mild hypogastric pain. Ten hours after the procedure, the patient went to the emergency department with abdominal pain. Chest computed tomography scans revealed moderate right pleural effusion and laminar left pleural effusion. Since the patient had respiratory symptoms, the choice was made to drain the pleural fluid. Fluid analysis confirmed the patient had right hemothorax (400 mL). After drainage, the patient's clinical and imaging signs improved gradually without complications. The patient was asymptomatic one week after the procedure.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Hemothorax , Oocyte Retrieval/adverse effects , Adult , Female , Hemothorax/diagnosis , Hemothorax/etiology , Hemothorax/pathology , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Thorax/diagnostic imaging , Thorax/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
3.
Epidemiol Infect ; 149: e137, 2021 06 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1260912

ABSTRACT

The novel coronavirus identified as severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 causes acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Our aim in this study is to assess the incidence of life-threatening complications like pneumothorax, haemothorax, pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema, probable risk factors and effect on mortality in coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) ARDS patients treated with mechanical ventilation (MV). Data from 96 adult patients admitted to the intensive care unit with COVID-19 ARDS diagnosis from 11 March to 31 July 2020 were retrospectively assessed. A total of 75 patients abiding by the study criteria were divided into two groups as the group developing ventilator-related barotrauma (BG) (N = 10) and the group not developing ventilator-related barotrauma (NBG) (N = 65). In 10 patients (13%), barotrauma findings occurred 22 ± 3.6 days after the onset of symptoms. The mortality rate was 40% in the BG-group, while it was 29% in the NBG-group with no statistical difference identified. The BG-group had longer intensive care admission duration, duration of time in prone position and total MV duration, with higher max positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) levels and lower min pO2/FiO2 levels. The peak lactate dehydrogenase levels in blood were higher by statistically significant level in the BG-group (P < 0.05). The contribution of MV to alveolar injury caused by infection in COVID-19 ARDS patients may cause more frequent barotrauma compared to classic ARDS and this situation significantly increases the MV and intensive care admission durations of patients. In terms of reducing mortality and morbidity in these patients, MV treatment should be carefully maintained within the framework of lung-protective strategies and the studies researching barotrauma pathophysiology should be increased.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Hemothorax/etiology , Mediastinal Emphysema/etiology , Pneumothorax/etiology , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/complications , Subcutaneous Emphysema/etiology , Adult , Aged , Barotrauma/epidemiology , Barotrauma/etiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/therapy , Female , Hemothorax/epidemiology , Hospital Mortality , Hospitalization , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Lung Injury/epidemiology , Lung Injury/etiology , Male , Mediastinal Emphysema/epidemiology , Middle Aged , Pneumothorax/epidemiology , Respiration, Artificial/adverse effects , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/epidemiology , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2 , Subcutaneous Emphysema/epidemiology
4.
Clin Spine Surg ; 34(7): 269-272, 2021 08 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1153263

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: This was a case series. OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to examine the high-risk population of COVID-positive patients with acute cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) in a large level 1 trauma and tertiary referral center. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There are limited studies regarding the surgical management of patients with acute SCI in the setting of the recent coronavirus pandemic. METHODS: The authors describe the cases of 2 patients who died from COVID-related complications after acute cervical SCI. RESULTS: Patients with SCI are at increased risk of pulmonary complications. COVID-19 infection represents a double hit in this patient population, increasing potential morbidity and mortality in the perioperative time frame. Careful consideration must be made regarding the timing of potential surgical intervention in the treatment of acute SCI. CONCLUSIONS: Nationwide database of COVID-positive patients with acute spinal cord injury should be collected and analyzed to better understand how to manage acute SCI in the COVID-19 era. The authors recommend preoperative discussion in patients with acute cervical SCI with COVID-19, specifically emphasizing the increased risk of respiratory complications and mortality.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Cervical Cord/injuries , Spinal Cord Injuries/complications , Accidents, Traffic , Cervical Cord/surgery , Critical Care , Fatal Outcome , Hemothorax/complications , Humans , Lung Diseases/complications , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Cord Injuries/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Trauma Centers
5.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 162(6): 1654-1664, 2021 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1108501

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: As the Coronavirus Disease 2019 pandemic continues, appropriate management of thoracic complications from Coronavirus Disease 2019 needs to be determined. Our objective is to evaluate which complications occurring in patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 require thoracic surgery and to report the early outcomes. METHODS: This study is a single-institution retrospective case series at New York University Langone Health Manhattan campus evaluating patients with confirmed Coronavirus Disease 2019 infection who were hospitalized and required thoracic surgery from March 13 to July 18, 2020. RESULTS: From March 13 to August 8, 2020, 1954 patients were admitted to New York University Langone Health for Coronavirus Disease 2019. Of these patients, 13 (0.7%) required thoracic surgery. Two patients (15%) required surgery for complicated pneumothoraces, 5 patients (38%) underwent pneumatocele resection, 1 patient (8%) had an empyema requiring decortication, and 5 patients (38%) developed a hemothorax that required surgery. Three patients (23%) died after surgery, 9 patients (69%) were discharged, and 1 patient (8%) remains in the hospital. No healthcare providers were positive for Coronavirus Disease 2019 after the surgeries. CONCLUSIONS: Given the 77% survival, with a majority of patients already discharged from the hospital, thoracic surgery is feasible for the small percent of patients hospitalized with Coronavirus Disease 2019 who underwent surgery for complex pneumothorax, pneumatocele, empyema, or hemothorax. Our experience also supports the safety of surgical intervention for healthcare providers who operate on patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/surgery , Empyema, Pleural/surgery , Hemothorax/surgery , Pandemics , Pneumothorax/surgery , Thoracic Surgical Procedures/methods , Adult , Aged , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/epidemiology , Empyema, Pleural/diagnosis , Empyema, Pleural/etiology , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Hemothorax/diagnosis , Hemothorax/etiology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , New York/epidemiology , Pneumothorax/diagnosis , Pneumothorax/etiology , RNA, Viral/analysis , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome
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