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JBRA Assist Reprod ; 25(4): 647-649, 2021 10 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1368015


Spontaneous hemothorax is a rare disorder characterized by pleural fluid hematocrit greater than 50% of the peripheral blood hematocrit without natural or iatrogenic trauma to the lungs or pleural space. Since the first case of COVID-19, more than 85 million cases have been confirmed and most patients have sustained symptoms after more than six months of acute infection. This paper reports the case of a 38-year-old woman without signs of endometriosis and a history of COVID-19 infection who developed spontaneous hemothorax after oocyte retrieval. Three months before undergoing assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment, the patient had a symptomatic COVID-19 infection with a negative PCR test and a positive IgG test four weeks after the onset of symptoms. Controlled ovarian stimulation and oocyte retrieval were conducted uneventfully. Two hours after oocyte retrieval, the patient developed nausea and mild hypogastric pain. Ten hours after the procedure, the patient went to the emergency department with abdominal pain. Chest computed tomography scans revealed moderate right pleural effusion and laminar left pleural effusion. Since the patient had respiratory symptoms, the choice was made to drain the pleural fluid. Fluid analysis confirmed the patient had right hemothorax (400 mL). After drainage, the patient's clinical and imaging signs improved gradually without complications. The patient was asymptomatic one week after the procedure.

COVID-19/complications , Hemothorax , Oocyte Retrieval/adverse effects , Adult , Female , Hemothorax/diagnosis , Hemothorax/etiology , Hemothorax/pathology , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Thorax/diagnostic imaging , Thorax/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed