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Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 34: eAPE03123, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1342179


Resumo Objetivo: Analisar as repercussões da pandemia da COVID-19 em mães-crianças com síndrome congênita do vírus Zika. Métodos: Estudo misto sequencial exploratório (QUAL->QUAN), realizado com 44 mães de crianças com SCZ respondentes de questionário online aplicado entre abril e maio de 2020. Os dados qualitativos foram submetidos à análise de conteúdo temática e os quantitativos à estatística descritiva, com aplicação do teste t de Student emparelhado. A integração dos dados foi realizada de acordo com a técnica joint display . Resultados: O distanciamento físico reconfigura a rotina da mãe-criança, limita a desenvolver atividades no ambiente doméstico, altera hábitos, aumenta a sobrecarga da cuidadora (p<0,05), implica em alteração do padrão do sono e gera sinais de estresse e ansiedade. As mães se preocupam com a diminuição da renda familiar e se esforçam para realizar exercícios de estimulação e atividades escolares no ambiente doméstico após a interrupção dos cuidados profissionais de reabilitação e o fechamento das escolas. Conclusão: A pandemia da COVID-19 repercutiu no incremento de novas tarefas de cuidado com a criança e ambiente doméstico, bem como elevou os níveis de sobrecarga de cuidado das mães, o que pode resultar em alterações importantes na saúde física e mental delas.

Resumen Objetivo: Analizar las repercusiones de la pandemia de COVID-19 en madres-niños con síndrome congénito del virus del Zika. Métodos: Estudio mixto secuencial exploratorio (CUAL->CUAN), realizado con 44 madres de niños con SCZ que respondieron un cuestionario digital aplicado entre abril y mayo de 2020. Los datos cualitativos fueron sometidos al análisis de contenido temático y los cuantitativos a la estadística descriptiva, con aplicación del test-T de Student pareado. La integración de los datos se realizó de acuerdo con la técnica joint display . Resultados: El distanciamiento físico reconfigura la rutina de la madre-niño, limita el desarrollo de actividades en el ambiente doméstico, altera hábitos, aumenta la sobrecarga de la cuidadora (p>0,05), implica la alteración del patrón de sueño y genera señales de estrés y ansiedad. Las madres se preocupan por la reducción de los ingresos familiares y se esfuerzan para realizar ejercicios de estimulación y actividades escolares en el ambiente doméstico luego de la interrupción de los cuidados profesionales de rehabilitación y del cierre de escuelas. Conclusión: La pandemia de COVID-19 repercutió en el aumento de nuevas tareas de cuidado del niño en ambiente doméstico, así como también elevó los niveles de sobrecarga de cuidado de las madres, lo que puede dar como resultado alteraciones importantes de su salud física y mental.

Abstract Objective: To analyze the repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic in mothers-children with Congenital Zika Syndrome. Methods: This is a mixed exploratory sequential study (QUAL-> QUAN), carried out with 44 mothers of children with Congenital Zika Syndrome who answered an online questionnaire applied between April and May 2020. Qualitative data were subjected to thematic content analysis and quantitative data to statistics descriptive, with application of paired Student's t test. Data integration was performed according to the joint display technique. Results: Physical distancing reconfigures the mother-child routine, limits the development of activities in the domestic environment, changes habits, increases caregivers' burden (p<0.05), implies changes in sleep patterns and generates signs of stress and anxiety. Mothers are concerned about the decrease in family income and strive to perform stimulation exercises and school activities in the domestic environment after the interruption of professional rehabilitation care and the closing of schools. Conclusion: The COVID-19 pandemic had an impact on the increase in new tasks of caring for the child and the home environment, as well as raising the levels of care burden for mothers, which can result in important changes in their physical and mental health.

Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Child Care , Caregivers , Zika Virus Infection , Caregiver Burden , COVID-19 , Home Nursing , Mother-Child Relations , Mental Health , Surveys and Questionnaires , Disabled Children , Evaluation Studies as Topic
J Korean Med Sci ; 36(19): e134, 2021 May 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1232535


During the three the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) surges in South Korea, there was a shortage of hospital beds for COVID-19 patients, and as a result, there were cases of death while waiting for hospitalization. To minimize the risk of death and to allow those confirmed with COVID-19 to safely wait for hospitalization at home, the local government of Gyeonggi-do in South Korea developed a novel home management system (HMS). The HMS team, comprised of doctors and nurses, was organized to operate HMS. HMS provided a two-way channel for the taskforce and patients to monitor the severity of patient's condition and to provide healthcare counseling as needed. In addition, the HMS team cooperated with a triage/bed assignment team to expedite the response in case of an emergency, and managed a database of severity for real-time monitoring of patients. The HMS became operational for the first time in August 2020, initially managing only 181 patients; it currently manages a total of 3,707 patients. The HMS supplemented the government's COVID-19 confirmed case management framework by managing patients waiting at home for hospitalization due to lack of hospital and residential treatment center beds. HMS also could contribute a sense of psychological stability in patients and prevented the situation from worsening by efficient management of hospital beds and reduction of workloads on public healthcare centers. To stabilize and improve the management of COVID-19 confirmed cases, governments should organically develop self-treatment and HMS, and implement a decisive division of roles within the local governments.

COVID-19/therapy , Home Care Services/organization & administration , Home Nursing/organization & administration , Local Government , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/epidemiology , Counseling , Database Management Systems , Databases, Factual , Health Services Needs and Demand , Home Care Services/statistics & numerical data , Home Nursing/statistics & numerical data , Hospital Bed Capacity , Humans , Patient Care Team , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Self Care , Waiting Lists
J Korean Med Sci ; 36(5): e45, 2021 Feb 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1059756


Considering the mild degree of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in children and the enormous stress caused by isolation in unfamiliar places, policies requiring mandatory isolation at medical facilities should be reevaluated especially given the impact of the pandemic on the availability of hospital beds. In this study, we assessed the usefulness of facility isolation and the transmissibility of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 by infected children to uninfected caregivers in isolation units at a hospital and a residential treatment center in Seoul during August-November 2020. Fifty-three children were included and median age was 4 years (range, 0-18). All were mildly ill or asymptomatic and isolated for a median duration of 12 days. Thirty percent stayed home longer than 2 days before entering isolation units from symptom onset. Among 15 uninfected caregivers, none became infected when they used facemasks and practiced hand hygiene. The results suggest children with mild COVID-19 may be cared safely at home by a caregiver in conditions with adherence to the preventive measures of wearing facemasks and practicing hand hygiene.

COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/therapy , Home Nursing , Patient Isolation/methods , Adolescent , Caregivers , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Hand Hygiene , Hospitalization , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , N95 Respirators , Patient Compliance , Seoul/epidemiology
Prev Med ; 145: 106409, 2021 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1003148


Despite the increased burden of Covid-19 on older adults, ethical and public health frameworks lack adequate guidance for elderly patients who manage severe, even fatal, illness at home. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and World Health Organization (WHO) recognize the heightened risks of Covid-19 for older adults; however, both organizations presuppose that most cases of Covid-19 will be mild to moderate and recoverable at home. Yet, older adults are least likely to follow this trajectory. Older patients are more susceptible to experiencing severe illness at home from which they may not recover; and if they do seek medical care, they tend to suffer worse outcomes than younger patients in intensive care settings. Given their likelihood of severe illness, worse outcomes in intensive care settings, and potential difficulty accessing resources, frail, disabled, and otherwise vulnerable older patients may face Covid-19 at home without adequate resources, information, or support for home-based care. This editorial proposes three approaches to prevent needless suffering and ensure that this vulnerable population continues to receive needed care.

COVID-19/mortality , COVID-19/nursing , Disabled Persons/statistics & numerical data , Guidelines as Topic , Home Care Services/standards , Home Nursing/standards , Vulnerable Populations/statistics & numerical data , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2 , United States/epidemiology
Health Soc Work ; 45(4): 289-292, 2021 Apr 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-975289
Pediatr Pulmonol ; 56(1): 264-270, 2021 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-833925


BACKGROUND: Due to advances in technology, home ventilation in children has increased in recent years. The provision of proper care for a home-ventilated (HV) child can have a strong impact on the lifestyle of caregivers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the depression and anxiety levels of the mothers of HV children during the current COVID-19 pandemic and compare them to those of mothers of healthy peers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on HV children (n = 21) and a control group of healthy peers (n = 32) by means of a questionnaire completed by the mothers of the children of both groups. Psychometric scales, such as the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-State (STAI-S), and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Trait (STAI-T), were used to assess participants. RESULTS: During the pandemic signs of depression were present in 8 (38.1%) of the case group and 8 (25%) of the healthy control group. Comparison of the BDI scores from before and during the pandemic showed no difference between mothers of the HV children (p = .09). Scores for BDI and STAI-T were higher in the case group than in the control group, whereas there was no significant difference in STAI-S scores. CONCLUSION: Depression and anxiety levels of mothers of HV children were found to be higher during the COVID-19 pandemic. Economic, medical, and social support resources are needed to reduce levels of depression and anxiety and help mothers of those children dependent on technology.

Anxiety/epidemiology , COVID-19/psychology , Depression/epidemiology , Mothers/psychology , Respiration, Artificial , Adult , Case-Control Studies , Child , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Health Status , Home Nursing , Humans , Male , Prevalence , Psychometrics , Surveys and Questionnaires , Turkey/epidemiology
Rev Bras Enferm ; 73Suppl 2(Suppl 2): e20200310, 2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-627468


OBJECTIVE: To suggest recommendations for the practice of Home Nursing in the context of COVID-19. METHOD: Reflective study, originated from readings associated with the theme, available in current guidelines from the Pan American Health Organization, World Health Organization and the Ministry of Health. RESULTS: Recommendations were developed from current scientific evidence for prevention of infections, control of epidemics and pandemics in the Brazilian home scenario. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: the reflections achieved contribute to guiding actions for better assistance to the patient, family caregivers and the community in the perspective of safe home care with COVID-19, and it is characterized as an introductory discussion on the theme, encouraging new studies to be carried out from the unfolding of the current scenario.

Betacoronavirus , Caregivers/education , Coronavirus Infections/nursing , Home Care Services/standards , Home Nursing/standards , Patient Education as Topic , Pneumonia, Viral/nursing , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Brazil , COVID-19 , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
J Pain Symptom Manage ; 60(1): e66-e69, 2020 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-47049


The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic presents unique challenges to those who work with the seriously ill population, including both health care providers and the family caregivers providing unpaid care. We rely on this lay workforce as health care routinely transitions care to the home, and now more than ever, we are depending on them in the current pandemic. As palliative care and other health care providers become overwhelmed with patients critically ill with COVID-19, and routine care becomes delayed, we have a charge to recognize and work with family caregivers. Our commentary provides rationale for the need to focus on family caregivers and key considerations for how to include them in pandemic clinical decision making.

Caregivers , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Home Nursing , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , COVID-19 , Caregivers/psychology , Clinical Decision-Making , Humans , Palliative Care/methods , Stress, Psychological/etiology