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1.
PLoS One ; 17(5): e0268655, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1875093

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: ERAS (Enhanced Recovery After Surgery) is a perioperative program combining multiple evidence-based interventions designed to reduce the surgical stress response. Despite the publication of dedicated guidelines, ERAS application to gynecologic surgery outside clinical studies has been slow and fragmented. To promote the systematic adoption of the ERAS program in the entire regional hospital network in Piedmont an Audit-and-Feedback approach (A&F) has been adopted within a cluster randomized controlled trial, aiming to estimate the true impact of the protocol on a large, unselected population. METHODS: The study protocol provides for a multicenter stepped wedge cluster randomized trial, focused on women undergoing an hysterectomy, for comparison between standard perioperative management and perioperative management according to the ERAS protocol. The primary outcome is the length of hospital stay (LOS). Secondary outcomes are: post-operative complications, quality-of-recovery at 24-hours after surgery, 30-day readmissions, patients' satisfaction, healthcare costs. The compliance to all the ERAS items is monitored with an A&F approach. All the gynecologic units of Piedmont hospitals are involved and all the patients hospitalized for elective hysterectomy in the period of the study are included. Centers, stratified by surgical volume and randomly assigned to four groups, are randomly ordered to activate the ERAS protocol in four periods, every three months. The planned calendar and the total duration of the study have been extended for six months due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The expected sample size of about 2400 patients has a high statistical power (99%) to detect a reduction of LOS of 1 day (effect size 0.5) and to estimate clinically meaningful changes in the other study endpoints. The study protocol has been approved by the Ethical Committee of all participating centers. Study results will be timely circulated within the hospital network and published in peer-reviewed journals. CONCLUSION: Results are expected to demonstrate positive clinical outcomes of the ERAS protocol even when its implementation is directed towards an entire regional network of gynecologic units, and not only towards selected and highly motivated centers. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT04063072.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Feedback , Female , Humans , Hysterectomy , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Pandemics , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
2.
J Educ Eval Health Prof ; 19: 11, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1865448

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, the number of abdominal hysterectomy procedures decreased in Indonesia. The existing commercial abdominal hysterectomy simulation model is expensive and difficult to reuse. This study compared residents' abdominal hysterectomy skills after simulation-based training using the Surabaya hysterectomy mannequin following a video demonstration. METHODS: We randomized 3rd- and 4th-year obstetrics and gynecology residents to a video-based group (group 1), a simulation-based group (group 2), and a combination group (group 3). Abdominal hysterectomy skills were compared between before and after the educational intervention. The pre- and post-tests were scored by blinded experts using the validated Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills (OSATS) and Global Rating Scale (GRS). RESULTS: A total of 33 residents were included in the pre- and post-tests. The OSATS and GRS mean differences after the intervention were higher in group 3 than in groups 1 and 2 (OSATS: 4.64 [95% CI, 2.90-6.37] vs. 2.55 [95% CI, 2.19-2.90] vs. 3.82 [95% CI, 2.41-5.22], P=0.047; GRS: 10.00 [95% CI, 7.01-12.99] vs. 5.18 [95% CI, 3.99-6.38] vs. 7.18 [95% CI, 6.11-8.26], P=0.006). The 3rd-year residents in group 3 had greater mean differences in OSATS and GRS scores than the 4th-year residents (OSATS: 5.67 [95% CI, 2.88-8.46]; GRS: 12.83 [95% CI, 8.61-17.05] vs. OSATS: 3.40 [95% CI, 0.83-5.97]; GRS: 5.67 [95% CI, 2.80-8.54]). CONCLUSION: Simulation-based training using the Surabaya hysterectomy mannequin following video demonstration can be a bridge to learning about abdominal hysterectomy for residents who had less surgical experience during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Hysterectomy , Simulation Training , COVID-19/epidemiology , Clinical Competence , Female , Gynecology/education , Humans , Hysterectomy/education , Indonesia/epidemiology , Internship and Residency , Manikins , Obstetrics/education , Pandemics , Simulation Training/methods , Video Recording
3.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 4820835, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1807692

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the effect of an intelligent medical management platform combined with perioperative detailed nursing on cognitive ability, postoperative complications, and quality of life (QOL) of patients undergoing hysterectomy. Methods: The clinical data of 76 patients undergoing hysterectomy in our hospital from December 2019 to December 2021 were selected for the retrospective analysis, and the patients were divided into the experimental group (EG, n = 38, intelligent medical management platform+perioperative detailed nursing) and the routine group (RG, n = 38, routine nursing) according to their admission order, and the cognition of disease and QOL after intervention of patients in the two groups were evaluated by the self-proposed questionnaire on cognition of disease of our hospital and the MOS 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36). Results: After intervention, the scores on cognitive ability, various nursing items, and QOL were significantly higher in EG than in RG (P < 0.001), and during the study, the total incidence rate of complications was significantly lower in EG than in RG (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Combining an intelligent medical management platform with perioperative detailed nursing is a reliable method to improve QOL and reduce postoperative complications for patients undergoing hysterectomy. Further research will be conducive to providing a reliable perioperative intervention scheme for such patients.


Subject(s)
Hysterectomy , Quality of Life , Cognition , Female , Humans , Hysterectomy/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Retrospective Studies
4.
BMJ Open ; 12(4): e055822, 2022 04 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1784819

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programmes following hysterectomies have been studied since 2010, and their positive effects on clinical or economic criteria are now well established. However, the benefits on health outcomes, especially rapid recovery after surgery from patients' perspective is lacking in literature, leading to develop scores supporting person-centred and value-based care such as patient-reported outcome measures. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of an ERAS programme on patients' well-being after undergoing hysterectomy. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is an observational, prospective single-centre before-after clinical trial. 148 patients are recruited and allocated into two groups, before and after ERAS programme implementation, respectively. The ERAS programme consists in optimising factors dealing with early rehabilitation, such as preoperative patient education, multimodal pain management, early postoperative fluid taken and mobilisation. A self-questionnaire quality of recovery-15 (QoR-15) on the preoperative day 1 (D-1), postoperative day 0 evening (D0) and the postoperative day 1 (D+1) is completed by patients. Patients scheduled to undergo hysterectomy, aged 18 years and above, whose physical status are classified as American Society of Anesthesiologists score 1-3 and who are able to return home after being discharged from hospital and contact their physician or the medical department if necessary are recruited for this study. The total duration of inclusion is 36 months. The primary outcome is the difference in QoR-15 scores measured on D+1 which will be compared between the 'before' and the 'after' group, using multiple linear regression model. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Approval was obtained from the Ethical Committee (Paris, France). Subjects are actually being recruited after giving their oral agreement or non-objection to participate in this clinical trial and following the oral and written information given by the anaesthesiologist practitioner.Trial registration number: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT04268576 (Pre-result).


Subject(s)
Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Controlled Before-After Studies , Female , Humans , Hysterectomy , Length of Stay , Observational Studies as Topic , Prospective Studies
5.
Front Public Health ; 9: 746399, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1775919

ABSTRACT

Background: Non-therapeutic hysterectomy has been performed to this day in Mexican women with intellectual disabilities (IDs), but the rationale for performing the procedure has been rarely submitted to clinical ethics committees. The objectives of the present research were to determine the frequency of hysterectomy and the clinical and epidemiologic characteristics that associated to the indication of hysterectomy in girls and young females with IDs and to analyse the emerging ethical issues related to the procedure. Materials and Methods: A medical chart review was conducted to identify female patients aged ≤ 25 years who had IDs based on anatomical pathologies and hospital records and underwent hysterectomy between January 2014 and December 2019 in nine high-concentration hospitals in Mexico City. Data were collected using a questionnaire developed ex professo and validated through a pilot study and analysed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 21.0 software. Results: Information of 234 female patients with or without ID who were ≤ 25 years of age was reported by the departments of anatomical pathology and paediatrics. Of the patients, 184 (79%) were excluded because the information reported was found to be erroneous or incomplete during the medical records review. Most of the 50 emales included in the study had moderate ID (n = 23, 46%) followed by those with severe ID (n = 17, 34%). The mean age at hysterectomy was 15 ± 2.9 years. Prophylactic-total abdominal hysterectomy was the most frequently performed (n = 42, 84%). A concurrence was observed between the parental and medical reasons justifying hysterectomy. The most frequent reasons were fertility control (parents vs. physicians: 46 vs. 42%), management of menstrual hygiene (28 vs. 30%) and risk of sexual abuse (6 vs. 6%). Conclusion: This study showed that performing non-therapeutic hysterectomy is subject to the clinical judgement of physicians according to their perception of the patient's quality of life. Therefore, the ethical quality of the decision to perform the procedure in girls and young females resides in the ethical value of its consequences.


Subject(s)
Intellectual Disability , Adult , Child , Female , Hospitals, Public , Humans , Hygiene , Hysterectomy/methods , Intellectual Disability/epidemiology , Menstruation , Mexico/epidemiology , Pilot Projects , Quality of Life
6.
BMJ Open ; 11(10): e053679, 2021 10 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1511477

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is the descent of pelvic organs into the vagina resulting in bulge symptoms and occurs in approximately 50% of women. Almost 20% of women will elect surgical correction of this condition by age 85. Removal of the uterus (hysterectomy) with concomitant vaginal vault suspension is a long-standing practice in POP surgery to address apical (uterine) prolapse. Yet, contemporary evidence on the merits of this approach relative to preservation of the uterus through suspension is needed to better inform surgical decision making by patients and their healthcare providers. The objective of this study is to evaluate POP-specific health outcomes and service utilisation of women electing uterine suspension compared with those electing hysterectomy and vaginal vault suspension for POP surgery up to 1-year postsurgery. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a prospective cohort study planning to enrol 321 adult women with stage ≥2 POP from multiple sites in Alberta, Canada. Following standardised counselling from study surgeons, participants self-select either a hysterectomy based or uterine preservation surgical group. Data are being collected through participant questionnaires, medical records and administrative data linkage at four time points spanning from the presurgical consultation to 1-year postsurgery. The primary outcome is anatomic failure to correct POP, and secondary outcomes include changes in positioning of pelvic structures, retreatment, subjective report of bulge symptoms, pelvic floor distress and impact, sexual function and health service use. Data will be analysed using inverse probability weighting of propensity scores and generalised linear models. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study is approved by the Conjoint Health Research Ethics Board at the University of Calgary (REB19-2134). Results will be disseminated via peer-reviewed publications, presentations at national and international conferences, and educational handouts for patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04890951.


Subject(s)
Pelvic Organ Prolapse , Uterine Prolapse , Aged, 80 and over , Alberta , Cohort Studies , Female , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures , Humans , Hysterectomy , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Uterine Prolapse/surgery , Vagina/surgery
7.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; 34(6): 960-965, 2021 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1455079

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The standard treatment for patients with placenta percreta is cesarean hysterectomy that can cause severe bleeding. New-generation vessel sealing systems like LigaSure can cut and seal vascular structures and tissues. The aim of this study was to retrospectively compare hysterectomies performed with traditional instruments and those performed with LigaSure instruments to determine the possible advantages with the latter. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with placenta percreta who underwent elective cesarean hysterectomy by the same surgeon were divided into two groups based on the type of instruments used. Group 1, the standard conventional hysterectomy group, operated with conventional instruments for cutting and tying; and Group 2, the LigaSure hysterectomy group, operated with the new-generation bipolar sealing and cutting instruments. The groups were retrospectively compared for bleeding, operating time, and complications. RESULTS: In Group 2, the operating time, intraoperative and total transfused erythrocyte suspension units, total fluid in the drain, and total hospital stay were lower than in Group 1 (p < .05), as was the need for internal iliac artery ligation (p = .013). The complication rates were similar between the two groups (p > .05). CONCLUSION: The use of LigaSure open instruments in cesarean hysterectomies in patients with placenta percreta may reduce operating times and the amount of bleeding.


Subject(s)
Placenta Accreta , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Female , Humans , Hysterectomy/adverse effects , Ligation , Placenta Accreta/surgery , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies
8.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(9)2021 Sep 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1416639

ABSTRACT

We report a case of a 36-year-old gravida 2 para 1 woman at 38 weeks of gestation. A caesarean section was performed for severe pre-eclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction and oligohydramnios. The patient suffered postoperative bleeding, and exploratory laparotomy was performed. Uterine atonia, Couvelaire uterus and left adnexal haematoma were found, requiring a supracervical hysterectomy. As COVID-19 pneumonia and superimposed bacterial infection developed, the patient was mechanically ventilated in the intensive care unit. Remdesivir and meropenem were initially administered, but were changed to levofloxacin and ciprofloxacin following antibiotic sensitivity tests. Blood culture grew Enterococcus galinarum Meanwhile, bleeding of the incisional wound occurred, which was controlled by the cessation of heparin therapy and regular wound care. With intensive monitoring and multidisciplinary management, the patient's condition improved, and she was discharged from the hospital on day 25 from admission.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Cesarean Section , Adult , Female , Humans , Hysterectomy , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , SARS-CoV-2
9.
J Adolesc Young Adult Oncol ; 10(3): 355-358, 2021 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1174870

ABSTRACT

Choriocarcinoma is an aggressive malignant trophoblastic neoplasm. The rapid growth of neoplastic tissue and myometrial invasion can cause uterine perforation. It is important to quickly diagnose the disease and plan treatment because these tumors are nearly always curable, and fertility can be preserved in most cases with proper management. The outbreak of novel coronavirus disease has affected the whole world since January 2019 and caused delays in treatment and follow-up of patients all over the world. In this study, we report a case of choriocarcinoma who postponed her admission to the hospital after diagnosis because she was afraid of the pandemic and lost her fertility due to uterine rupture and massive intra-abdominal hemorrhage.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Choriocarcinoma/complications , Refugees , Time-to-Treatment , Uterine Hemorrhage/etiology , Uterine Neoplasms/complications , Uterine Rupture/etiology , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , COVID-19/epidemiology , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Choriocarcinoma/drug therapy , Choriocarcinoma/surgery , Female , Humans , Hysterectomy , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Uterine Hemorrhage/surgery , Uterine Neoplasms/drug therapy , Uterine Neoplasms/surgery , Uterine Rupture/surgery , Young Adult
11.
Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg ; 27(12): 735-739, 2021 12 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1112132

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The COVID-19 pandemic has created a significant strain on the medical system, creating resource scarcity. We sought to demonstrate the reduction in hospital room utilization after implementation of outpatient pelvic reconstructive surgery. METHODS: We included all minimally invasive reconstructive surgical procedures in this retrospective cohort study within a large managed care organization of 4.5 million members (2008-2018). We queried the system-wide medical record for Current Procedural Terminology (CPT), International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9), and International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes for all included procedures and patient perioperative data. Categorical variables were compared using χ2 test for categorical variables and the Kruskal-Wallis test for continuous variables. RESULTS: Of the 13,445 patients undergoing pelvic reconstructive surgery, 5,506 were discharged the same day, whereas 7,939 were discharged the next day. Over the 10-year period, patients without hysterectomy had outpatient surgery rates increase from 31.2% to 76.4% (+45.2%), whereas those with hysterectomy increased from 3% to 56.4% (+53.4%). Hospital room utilization decreased by 45,200 room days/100,000 reconstructive procedures without hysterectomy and 53,400 room days/100,000 reconstructive procedures with hysterectomy. When compared to 2008, in 2018 after more widespread adoption of outpatient elective surgery, for the 738 patients undergoing surgery without hysterectomy, 334 less room days were used, whereas 335 less room days were used among the 640 patients who had a surgical procedure with hysterectomy. CONCLUSIONS: The implementation of outpatient pelvic reconstructive procedures leads to a significant reduction in hospital room utilization. Same-day discharge decreases hospital resource utilization, therefore improving hospital access, which may be essential for the delivery of routine care during times of resource scarcity such as the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
Ambulatory Surgical Procedures/trends , Pandemics , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , COVID-19 , Cohort Studies , Elective Surgical Procedures/trends , Female , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures , Humans , Hysterectomy , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , United States
12.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 103(3): 173-179, 2021 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1073075

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: With the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic, all elective surgery was temporarily suspended in the UK, allowing for diversion of resource to manage the anticipated surge of critically unwell patients. Continuing to deliver time-critical surgical care is important to avoid excess morbidity and mortality from pathologies unrelated to COVID-19. We describe the implementation and short-term surgical outcomes from a system to deliver time-critical elective surgical care to patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A protocol for the prioritisation and safe delivery of time-critical surgery at a COVID-19 'clean' site was implemented at the Nuffield Health Exeter Hospital, an independent sector hospital in the southwest of England. Outcomes to 30 days postoperatively were recorded, including unplanned admissions after daycase surgery, readmissions and complications, as well as the incidence of perioperative COVID-19 infection in patients and staff. RESULTS: A total of 128 surgical procedures were performed during a 31-day period by a range of specialties including breast, plastics, urology, gynaecology, vascular and cardiology. There was one unplanned admission and and two readmissions. Six complications were identified, and all were Clavien-Dindo grade 1 or 2. All 128 patients had preoperative COVID-19 swabs, one of which was positive and the patient had their surgery delayed. Ten patients were tested for COVID-19 postoperatively, with none testing positive. CONCLUSION: This study has demonstrated the implementation of a safe system for delivery of time-critical elective surgical care at a COVID-19 clean site. Other healthcare providers may benefit from implementation of similar methodology as hospitals plan to restart elective surgery.


Subject(s)
Elective Surgical Procedures/methods , Neoplasms/surgery , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Time-to-Treatment , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures/methods , Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing , Cardiac Catheterization , Delivery of Health Care/organization & administration , Female , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Hysterectomy , Male , Mass Screening , Middle Aged , Patient Readmission/statistics & numerical data , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2 , United Kingdom/epidemiology , Urologic Surgical Procedures , Young Adult
15.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet ; 150(3): 368-378, 2020 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-596853

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To determine the acceptance rate of treatment alternatives for women with either preinvasive conditions or gynecologic cancers during the COVID-19 pandemic among Latin American gynecological cancer specialists. METHODS: Twelve experts in gynecological cancer designed an electronic survey, according to recommendations from international societies, using an online platform. The survey included 22 questions on five topics: consultation care, preinvasive cervical pathology, and cervical, ovarian, and endometrial cancer. The questionnaire was distributed to 1052 specialists in 14 Latin American countries. A descriptive analysis was carried out using statistical software. RESULTS: A total of 610 responses were received, for an overall response rate of 58.0%. Respondents favored offering teleconsultation as triage for post-cancer treatment follow-up (94.6%), neoadjuvant chemotherapy in advanced stage epithelial ovarian cancer (95.6%), and total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and defining adjuvant treatment with histopathological features in early stage endometrial cancer (85.4%). Other questions showed agreement rates of over 64%, except for review of pathology results in person and use of upfront concurrent chemoradiation for early stage cervical cancer (disagreement 56.4% and 58.9%, respectively). CONCLUSION: Latin American specialists accepted some alternative management strategies for gynecological cancer care during the COVID-19 pandemic, which may reflect the region's particularities. The COVID-19 pandemic led Latin American specialists to accept alternative management strategies for gynecological cancer care, especially regarding surgical decisions.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/therapy , Genital Neoplasms, Female/therapy , Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic/therapy , SARS-CoV-2 , Female , Health Planning Guidelines , Humans , Hysterectomy , Latin America , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Ovarian Neoplasms/therapy , Pregnancy , Salpingo-oophorectomy , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/therapy
17.
Gynecol Oncol ; 158(1): 37-43, 2020 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-276415

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: A global pandemic caused by a novel coronavirus (Covid-19) has created unique challenges to providing timely care for cancer patients. In early-stage cervical cancer, postponing hysterectomy for 6-8 weeks is suggested as a possible option in the Covid-19 burdened hospitals. Yet, literature examining the impact of surgery wait-time on survival in early-stage cervical cancer remains scarce. This study examined the association between surgery wait-time of 8 weeks and oncologic outcome in women with early-stage cervical cancer. METHODS: This is a single institution retrospective observational study at a tertiary referral medical center examining women who underwent primary hysterectomy or trachelectomy for clinical stage IA-IIA invasive cervical cancer between 2000 and 2017 (N = 217). Wait-time from the diagnosis of invasive cervical cancer via biopsy to definitive surgery was categorized as: short wait-time (<8 weeks; n = 110) versus long wait-time (≥8 weeks; n = 107). Propensity score inverse probability of treatment weighting was used to balance the measured demographics between the two groups, and disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were assessed. A systematic literature review with meta-analysis was additionally performed. RESULTS: In a weighted model (median follow-up, 4.6 years), women in the long wait-time group had DFS (4.5-year rates, 91.2% versus 90.7%, hazard ratio [HR] 1.11, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.47-2.59, P = 0.818) and OS (95.0% versus 97.4%, HR 1.47, 95%CI 0.50-4.31, P = 0.487) similar to those in the short wait-time group. Three studies were examined for meta-analysis, and a pooled HR for surgery wait-time of ≥8 weeks on DFS was 0.96 (95%CI 0.59-1.55). CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that wait-time of 8 weeks for hysterectomy may not be associated with short-term disease recurrence in women with early-stage cervical cancer.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Hysterectomy/statistics & numerical data , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Time-to-Treatment/statistics & numerical data , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/surgery , Adult , Aged , Betacoronavirus/isolation & purification , COVID-19 , California/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Hysterectomy/methods , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Propensity Score , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Tertiary Care Centers/statistics & numerical data , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/mortality
18.
Ann Surg ; 272(1): e27-e29, 2020 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-18310

ABSTRACT

: Little is known about surgical practice in the initial phase of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) global crisis. This is a retrospective case series of 4 surgical patients (cholecystectomy, hernia repair, gastric bypass, and hysterectomy) who developed perioperative complications in the first few weeks of COVID-19 outbreak in Tehran, Iran in the month of February 2020. COVID-19 can complicate the perioperative course with diagnostic challenge and a high potential fatality rate. In locations with widespread infections and limited resources, the risk of elective surgical procedures for index patient and community may outweigh the benefit.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Elective Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Postoperative Complications , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Testing , Cholecystectomy/adverse effects , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Gastric Bypass/adverse effects , Herniorrhaphy/adverse effects , Humans , Hysterectomy/adverse effects , Iran/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Postoperative Complications/diagnosis , Postoperative Complications/virology , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
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