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Pol Arch Intern Med ; 133(4)2023 04 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2326779
JAMA Intern Med ; 183(5): 405-406, 2023 05 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2325790
Acad Psychiatry ; 47(3): 251-257, 2023 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2301108


OBJECTIVE: The authors explored the experiences of psychiatry residents caring for patients during the COVID-19 pandemic on a medical unit. METHODS: From June 2020 through December 2020, structured, individual interviews were conducted with psychiatry residents deployed to internal medicine wards in a community hospital to provide medical care to COVID-19 patients for greater than or equal to 1 week. Interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using thematic analytical methods. RESULTS: Psychiatry residents (n = 16) were interviewed individually for approximately 45 min each. During the interviews, many residents described emotions of fear, anxiety, uncertainty, lack of preparedness, and difficulty coping with high patient mortality rates. Many of the residents expressed concerns regarding insufficient personal protective equipment, with the subsequent worries of their own viral exposure and transmission to loved ones. Multiple residents expressed feeling ill-equipped to care for COVID-19 patients, in some cases stating that utilizing their expertise in mental health would have better addressed the mental health needs of colleagues and patients' families. Participants also described the benefits of processing emotions during supportive group sessions with their program director. CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 pandemic represents a public health crisis with potential negative impacts on patient care, professionalism, and physicians' well-being and safety. The psychiatry residents and fellows described the overwhelmingly negative impact on their training. The knowledge gained from this study will help establish the role of the psychiatrist not only in future crises but in healthcare as a whole.

COVID-19 , Hospitals, Community , Internship and Residency , Physicians , Psychiatry , Qualitative Research , Humans , COVID-19/mortality , COVID-19/therapy , Inpatients , Physicians/psychology , Internal Medicine , Interviews as Topic , Fear , Anxiety , Uncertainty , Adaptation, Psychological , Personal Protective Equipment , Self-Help Groups , Safety , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Burnout, Professional , Hospital Administration
Rev Med Suisse ; 18(805): 2201-2205, 2022 Nov 23.
Article in French | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2255486


From June 1 to 3, 2022, Lausanne held the spring congress of the Swiss Society of General Internal Medicine: "Changes and Opportunities". In this article, chief residents in internal medicine at CHUV summarize presentations they attended. Internal general medicine is established in french-speaking Switzerland as a transversal specialty, which is reflected in this synthesis with very varied subjects. In thromboembolic disease, the duration of anticoagulation is now based on risk of recurrence. The thrombotic microangiopathy benefit nowadays from targeted therapy which improve diseases' outcomes. The new anti-viral therapy against SARS-CoV-2 (nirmatrelvir/ritonavir) is associated with numerous drug interactions. Finally, professors from Switzerland and abroad give their advices for scientific writing and academic career initiation.

Du 1er au 3 juin 2022 se tenait à Lausanne le congrès de printemps de la Société suisse de médecine interne : « Changes & Opportunities ¼. Les chefs de clinique du Service de médecine interne du CHUV vous proposent ici des résumés de quelques présentations. Cette synthèse aborde des sujets très variés reflétant la transversalité de la médecine interne générale. La durée d'anticoagulation de la maladie thromboembolique s'articule selon le risque de récidive. Les microangiopathies thrombotiques bénéficient de thérapies ciblées, qui améliorent leur pronostic. Le n­ouveau traitement antiviral contre le SARS-CoV-2 (nirmatrelvir/ritonavir) induit de multiples interactions médicamenteuses. Et pour finir, quelques conseils pour la rédaction d'un article scientifique et l'initiation d'une carrière académique.

COVID-19 , General Practice , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Internal Medicine , Ethnicity
Appl Clin Inform ; 14(1): 172-184, 2023 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2263329


BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) pandemic rapidly expanded telemedicine scale and scope. As telemedicine becomes routine, understanding how specialty and diagnosis combine with demographics to impact telemedicine use will aid in addressing its current limitations. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the relationship between medical specialty, diagnosis, and telemedicine use, and their interplay with patient demographics in determining telemedicine usage patterns. METHODS: We extracted encounter and patient data of all adults who scheduled outpatient visits from June 1, 2020 to June 30, 2021 from the electronic health record of an integrated academic health system encompassing a broad range of subspecialties. Extracted variables included medical specialty, primary visit diagnosis, visit modality (video, audio, or in-person), and patient age, sex, self-reported race/ethnicity and 2013 rural-urban continuum code. Six specialties (General Surgery, Family Medicine, Gastroenterology, Oncology, General Internal Medicine, and Psychiatry) ranging from the lowest to the highest quartile of telemedicine use (video and audio) were chosen for analysis. Relative proportions of video, audio, and in-person modalities were compared. We examined diagnoses associated with the most and least frequent telemedicine use within each specialty. Finally, we analyzed associations between patient characteristics and telemedicine modality (video vs. audio/in-person, and video/audio vs. in-person) using a mixed-effects logistic regression model. RESULTS: A total of 2,494,296 encounters occurred during the study period, representing 420,876 unique patients (mean age: 44 years, standard deviation: 24 years, 54% female). Medical diagnoses requiring physical examination or minor procedures were more likely to be conducted in-person. Rural patients were more likely than urban patients to use video telemedicine in General Surgery and Gastroenterology and less likely to use video for all other specialties. Within most specialties, male patients and patients of nonwhite race were overall less likely to use video modality and video/audio telemedicine. In Psychiatry, members of several demographic groups used video telemedicine more commonly than expected, while in other specialties, members of these groups tended to use less telemedicine overall. CONCLUSION: Medical diagnoses requiring physical examination or minor procedures are more likely to be conducted in-person. Patient characteristics (age, sex, rural vs. urban, race/ethnicity) affect video and video/audio telemedicine use differently depending on medical specialty. These factors contribute to a unique clinical scenario which impacts perceived usefulness and accessibility of telemedicine to providers and patients, and are likely to impact rates of telemedicine adoption.

COVID-19 , Gastroenterology , Telemedicine , Adult , Humans , Female , Male , Internal Medicine , Electronic Health Records
Acta Biomed ; 94(1): e2023063, 2023 02 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2255869
Rev Med Suisse ; 19(812): 177-180, 2023 Feb 01.
Article in French | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2233501


According to PubMed statistics when writing this review, the year 2022 is expected to mark the first dip in the number of articles published in relation to the Covid-19 pandemic. This review, without any mention to Sars-CoV-2, highlight this transition and addresses many topics in internal medicine: gastroenterology, cardiology, endocrinology, respiratory medicine, infectious diseases and venous access. Each year, the chief residents of the internal medicine ward in Lausanne university hospital (CHUV) in Switzerland meet up to share their readings: here is a selection of ten articles that have caught our attention, summarized and commented for you, which should change our daily practice.

D'après les statistiques PubMed au moment de la rédaction de cette revue, l'année 2022 devrait marquer le premier infléchissement du nombre d'articles publiés en relation avec la pandémie de Covid-19. Cette revue d'articles, sans écho au Sars-CoV-2, souligne cette transition et aborde de nombreux sujets de la médecine interne : gastroentérologie, cardiologie, endocrinologie, pneumologie, infectiologie et accès veineux. Chaque année, les cheffes et chefs de clinique du Service de médecine interne du CHUV se réunissent pour partager leurs lectures : voici une sélection de dix articles ayant retenu notre attention, revus et commentés pour vous, et qui devraient faire évoluer notre pratique quotidienne.

COVID-19 , Pandemics , Publications , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Hospitals, University , Internal Medicine , Switzerland , PubMed , Publications/statistics & numerical data
Rev Med Suisse ; 19(812): 172-176, 2023 Feb 01.
Article in French | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2228564


Hospital based internal medicine has been strongly solicited for over two years with the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic. This epidemic continues to evolve and represents a strain for public health. Numerous studies have addressed issues concerning this epidemic, and multiple novelties concerning other frequent pathologies have also been published. Management strategies of cardiovascular, pulmonary, gastro-intestinal and metabolic diseases are discussed.

La médecine interne hospitalière a été fortement sollicitée depuis 2 ans avec l'épidémie de SARS-CoV-2. Celle-ci continue d'évoluer et reste une épreuve pour la santé publique. Une pléthore d'études a tenté de résoudre les multiples défis que représente cette épidémie, mais de multiples nouveautés concernant d'autres pathologies fréquentes sont également apparues. La prise en charge des maladies cardiovasculaires, pulmonaires, gastro-intestinales et métaboliques est évoquée.

COVID-19 , Epidemics , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/epidemiology , Hospitals , Internal Medicine
BMC Health Serv Res ; 23(1): 65, 2023 Jan 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2214582


BACKGROUND: Hospital physician workforce in Japan is the lowest among developed countries. Many patients with novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) with high risk of mortality could not be hospitalized during case surges in Japan and only about 5% of total acute care beds were used as COVID-19 beds nationwide. However, the relationship between the number of hospital physicians and patient admissions remains unclear. Thus, we aimed to evaluate this relationship in areas with the highest incidences during the surges. METHODS: Data collection was performed for teaching hospitals accredited with the specialty of internal medicine in three prefectures which experienced the highest COVID-19 incidences in Japan (Tokyo, Osaka, Okinawa). Association was examined between the number of full-time physicians (internal medicine staff physicians and residents) and admissions of internal medicine patients through ambulance transport from April 2020 to March 2021. Analysis was conducted separately for community hospitals and university hospitals because the latter have roles as research institutions in Japan. Community hospitals included private, public, and semi-public hospitals. RESULTS: Of 117 teaching hospitals in three prefectures, data from 108 teaching hospitals (83 community hospitals and 25 university hospitals) were available. A total of 102,400 internal medicine patients were admitted to these hospitals during the one-year period. Private hospitals received the greatest mean number of patient admissions (290 per 100 beds), followed by public hospitals (227) and semi-public hospitals (201), and university hospitals (94). Among community hospitals, a higher number of resident physicians per 100 beds was significantly associated with a greater number of patient admissions per 100 beds with beta coefficient of 11.6 (95% CI, 1.5 to 21.2, p = 0.025) admissions by one physician increase per 100 beds. There was no such association among university hospitals. CONCLUSIONS: Community hospitals with many resident physicians accepted more internal medicine admissions through ambulance transport during the COVID-19 pandemic. An effective policy to counter physician shortage in hospitals in Japan may be to increase internal medicine resident physicians among community hospitals to save more lives.

COVID-19 , Physicians , Humans , Patient Admission , Japan/epidemiology , Pandemics , COVID-19/epidemiology , Internal Medicine , Hospitals, University , Workforce
BMJ Open Qual ; 11(4)2022 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2103195


BACKGROUND: Hospital morbidity and mortality reviews are common quality assurance activities, intended to uncover latent or unrecognised systemic issues that contribute to preventable adverse events and patient harm. Mortality reviews may be routinely mandated by hospital policy or for accreditation purposes. However, patients under the care of certain specialties, such as general internal medicine (GIM), are affected by a substantial burden of chronic disease, advanced age, frailty or limited life expectancy. Many of their deaths could be viewed as reasonably foreseeable, and unrelated to poor-quality care. METHODS: We sought to determine how frequently postmortem chart reviews for hospitalised GIM patients at our tertiary care centre in Canada would uncover patient safety or quality of care issues that directly led to these patients' deaths. We reviewed the charts of all patients who died while admitted to the GIM admitting service over a 12-month time period between 1 July 2020 and 30 June 2021. RESULTS: We found that in only 2% of cases was a clinical adverse event detected that directly contributed to a poor or unexpected outcome for the patient, and of those cases, more than half were related to unfortunate nosocomial transmission of COVID-19 infection. CONCLUSION: Due to an overall low yield, we discourage routine mortality chart reviews for general medical patients, and instead suggest that organisations focus on strategies to recognise and capture safety incidents that may not necessarily result in death.

COVID-19 , Humans , Tertiary Care Centers , Canada , Internal Medicine , Quality of Health Care
J Gen Intern Med ; 37(9): 2149-2155, 2022 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2075547


BACKGROUND: COVID-19 disrupted undergraduate clinical education when medical schools removed students from clinical rotations following AAMC recommendations. Clerkship directors (CDs) had to adapt rapidly and modify clerkship curricula. However, the scope and effects of these modifications are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of the initial phase of COVID-19 on the internal medicine (IM) undergraduate clinical education. DESIGN: A nationally representative web survey. PARTICIPANTS: IM CDs from 137 LCME-accredited US medical schools in 2020. MAIN MEASURES: Items (80) assessed clerkship structure and curriculum, assessment in clerkships, post-clerkship IM clinical experiences, and CD roles and support. The framework of Understanding Crisis Response (Royal Society for Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce) was used to determine whether curricular modifications were "amplified," "restarted," "let go," or "ended." KEY RESULTS: Response rate was 74%. In response to COVID-19, 32% (32/101) of clerkships suspended all clinical activities and 66% (67/101) only in-person. Prior to clinical disruption, students spent a median of 8.0 weeks (IQR: 2) on inpatient and 2.0 weeks (IQR: 4) on ambulatory rotations; during clinical re-entry, students were spending 5.0 (IQR: 3) and 1.0 (IQR: 2) weeks, respectively. Bedside teaching and physical exam instruction were "let go" during the early phase. Students were removed from direct patient care for a median of 85.5 days. The sub-internship curriculum remained largely unaffected. Before the pandemic, 11% of schools were using a pass/fail grading system; at clinical re-entry 47% and during the survey period 23% were using it. Due to the pandemic, 78.2% of CDs assumed new roles or had expanded responsibilities; 51% reported decreased scholarly productivity. CONCLUSIONS: Curricular adaptations occurred in IM clerkships across US medical schools as a result of COVID-19. More research is needed to explore the long-term implications of these changes on medical student education and clinical learning environments.

COVID-19 , Clinical Clerkship , Education, Medical, Undergraduate , Students, Medical , Curriculum , Education, Medical, Undergraduate/methods , Humans , Internal Medicine/education
Intern Emerg Med ; 17(8): 2187-2198, 2022 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2048531


Internists are experts in complexity, and the COVID-19 pandemic is disclosing complex and unexpected interactions between communicable and non-communicable diseases, environmental factors, and socio-economic disparities. The medicine of complexity cannot be limited to facing comorbidities and to the clinical management of multifaceted diseases. Evidence indicates how climate change, pollution, demographic unbalance, and inequalities can affect the spreading and outcomes of COVID-19 in vulnerable communities. These elements cannot be neglected, and a wide view of public health aspects by a "one-health" approach is strongly and urgently recommended. According to World Health Organization, 35% of infectious diseases involving the lower respiratory tract depend on environmental factors, and infections from SARS-Cov-2 is not an exception. Furthermore, environmental pollution generates a large burden of non-communicable diseases and disabilities, increasing the individual vulnerability to COVID-19 and the chance for the resilience of large communities worldwide. In this field, the awareness of internists must increase, as privileged healthcare providers. They need to gain a comprehensive knowledge of elements characterizing COVID-19 as part of a syndemic. This is the case when pandemic events hit vulnerable populations suffering from the increasing burden of chronic diseases, disabilities, and social and economic inequalities. Mastering the interplay of such events requires a change in overall strategy, to adequately manage not only the SARS-CoV-2 infection but also the growing burden of non-communicable diseases by a "one health" approach. In this context, experts in internal medicine have the knowledge and skills to drive this change.

COVID-19 , Noncommunicable Diseases , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Syndemic , SARS-CoV-2 , Environmental Health , Internal Medicine
Pol Arch Intern Med ; 132(7-8)2022 08 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2033517
South Med J ; 115(9): 712-716, 2022 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2002698


OBJECTIVES: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been an unexpected crisis that continues to challenge the medical community at large. Healthcare environments have been forced to change dramatically, including for medical residents, who are vital members of the innovative emergency response teams. Articles have previously been published on the effects of crises on the well-being of healthcare practitioners; however, there is a paucity of literature targeting medical residents' experiences and general wellness during devastating events. The objective of our study aimed at understanding the emotional impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on residents' stress, academics, and support systems. METHODS: An anonymous, voluntary Likert scale questionnaire was sent via SurveyMonkey to Internal Medicine and Family Medicine residents in July 2020. Questions focused on residents' mood; stress levels; sense of support; and academics before, during, and immediately after the first surge of COVID-19 at our hospital between March 13 and June 15, 2020. RESULTS: Residents felt sad, stressed, and overworked during the first wave, as opposed to feelings of neutrality and happiness before and immediately after. Levels of concern for personal and loved ones' safety were significantly increased during and after our first wave. The impact on educational training was rated as neutral. Residents noted that institutional support could be improved by the provision of wellness activities and sponsored social events. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides insight on resident well-being during the initial months of the pandemic and identifies areas that could be improved. Our results demonstrated that the pandemic affected many aspects of residents' well-being and education, and the lessons learned can help guide healthcare institutions when implementing wellness activities for trainees during subsequent crises.

COVID-19 , Internship and Residency , COVID-19/epidemiology , Hospitals, Teaching , Humans , Internal Medicine , Pandemics
Med Educ Online ; 27(1): 2105549, 2022 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1978130


Within the United States, there is a deficit of Geriatricians providing care for older adults, and this deficit will only grow as the population continues to age, meaning all clinicians, particularly Internal Medicine (IM) and Family Medicine (FM) trained physicians, will provide the bulk of primary care for older adults. However, geriatric training requirements for clinicians fall short, and in the case of IM were reduced as of 2022). Serving as a call to action, this article provides insight on ways to enhance geriatric education for all graduate medical trainees, utilizing both conventional teaching and newer, non-traditional media, such as national online journal clubs, podcasts, and online teaching curricula, as well as expanding sites of training to include evidence-based models of care, such as the Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE). Providing geriatric education improves care for older adults and our future selves, ensuring trainees are prepared to care and advocate for this diverse and often vulnerable population.

Education, Medical , Geriatrics , Aged , Curriculum , Education, Medical, Graduate , Geriatrics/education , Humans , Internal Medicine/education , United States
West Afr J Med ; 39(7): 678-684, 2022 Jul 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1970274


OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the perception of the significance of the revision course and satisfaction of resident doctors with the West African College of Physicians (WACP) revision course in internal medicine. METHODS: This was a post-training evaluation of resident doctors who had enrolled for the 2021 membership revision course in internal medicine between August 9-13, 2021. Data were collected through an electronic questionnaire composed of five sections: Sociodemographic characteristics, involvement in research, perception on the significance/expectations from the course, lessons learnt, and perception of the overall coordination of the revision course/recommendations. Descriptive statistics were summarized using frequency tables. Chi-square tests were conducted to determine the association between participants' sociodemographic characteristics and satisfaction with the WACP revision course. RESULTS: The mean age (±SD) of the 119 resident doctors was 34.30 (± 4.81) years and the median duration (range) of residency training was 7 (4-10) years. All participants were currently in medical practice either in teaching hospitals (104,87.4%) or secondary health facilities (15, 12.6%). Overall, 108 (90.8%) doctors were satisfied with the course. Variables that were associated with satisfaction with the WACP revision course included: duration in residency training (doctors that had spent two years or less in the residency training programme) (Chi-square = 21.703, p = <0.001), place of residency training (teaching hospitals) (Chi-square = 67.461, p = <0.001), and participation in research (Chi-square = 47.976, p = <0.001). CONCLUSION: The WACP revision course in internal medicine met its objectives. Engagement of resident doctors in research activities should be undertaken intensely.

OBJECTIFS: Cette étude visait à évaluer la perception de l'importance du cours de révision et la satisfaction des médecins résidents à l'égard du cours de révision en médecine interne du West African College of Physicians (WACP). MÉTHODES: Il s'agissait d'une évaluation post-formation des médecins résidents qui s'étaient inscrits au cours de révision en médecine interne pour les membres de 2021 entre le 9 et le 13 août 2021. Les données ont été recueillies au moyen d'un questionnaire électronique composé de cinq sections : Caractéristiques sociodémographiques, implication dans la recherche, perception de l'importance/attentes du cours, leçons apprises, et perception de la coordination globale du cours de révision/recommandations. Les statistiques descriptives ont été résumées à l'aide de tableaux de fréquence. Des tests de Chi-carré ont été effectués pour déterminer l'association entre les caractéristiques sociodémographiques des participants et la satisfaction du cours de révision WACP. RÉSULTATS: L'âge moyen (±SD) des 119 médecins résidents était de 34,30 (± 4,81) ans et la durée médiane (fourchette) de la formation en résidence était de 7 (4-10) ans. Tous les participants exerçaient actuellement la médecine dans des hôpitaux universitaires (104, 87,4%) ou des établissements de santé secondaires (15, 12,6 %). Dans l'ensemble, 108 (90,8%) médecins étaient satisfaits de la formation. Les variables qui étaient associées à la satisfaction du cours de révision du WACP comprenaient : la durée de la formation en résidence (les médecins ayant passé deux ans ou moins dans le programme de formation en résidence) (Chi-carré = 21.703, p = <0.001), le lieu de formation en résidence (hôpitaux universitaires) (Chi-carré = 67.461, p = <0.001), et la participation à la recherche (Chi-carré = 47.976, p = <0.001). CONCLUSION: Le cours de révision WACP en médecine interne a atteint ses objectifs. L'engagement des médecins résidents dans des activités de recherche devrait être entrepris de manière intensive. Mots-clés: Pratique médicale, Enseignement médical, Formation des résidents, Médecine interne, Afrique.

COVID-19 , Internship and Residency , Child , Humans , Internal Medicine/education , Pandemics , Perception , Personal Satisfaction , Surveys and Questionnaires
South Med J ; 115(6): 389-393, 2022 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1863369


OBJECTIVE: For resident wellness, it is important to understand and discern the relative contributions of each factor to resident stress. METHODS: After institutional review board approval, a 20-question survey instrument was provided to 90 residents across four specialties (Internal Medicine, Emergency Medicine, General Surgery, and Orthopedic Surgery) at a university-affiliated health system. The survey was completed from October through November 2020 by 63 residents for a 70% participation rate. Qualitative and quantitative analyses were used. RESULTS: The results showed a mean change in status in either direction of 2.66 points on an 11-point scale. Status changes were both positive (less stress) and negative (more stress). Related to the source of change in stress levels, 8 items were seen as predominantly influenced by residency training and 11 factors were predominantly influenced by the pandemic. One item was equally influenced by both. No item was primarily influenced by the sociopolitical climate. For 16 of the 20 items, changes in a negative direction were statistically greater than in a positive direction. CONCLUSIONS: Both positive and negative changes in resident stress status occurred during the pandemic period. Traditional residency stressors remained and because all of the factors were affected by both the pandemic and residency training, efforts to mitigate the negative effects of both need to continue.

COVID-19 , Emergency Medicine , Internship and Residency , COVID-19/epidemiology , Emergency Medicine/education , Humans , Internal Medicine/education , Surveys and Questionnaires