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1.
Neurosurgery ; 90(6): 700-707, 2022 Jun 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1759804

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The pipeline embolization device (PED; ev3/Covidien) has proven safe and effective for treating selected intracranial aneurysms. This device's versatility and popularity have driven increased interest in expanding the latest 2018 Food and Drug Administration-approved indications. OBJECTIVE: To compare "off-label" and "on-label" PED treatment. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of aneurysms treated with PED at a single center from 2013 to 2019. Comparisons were made based on the 2018 Food and Drug Administration-approved indications. RESULTS: A total of 492 treated aneurysms were included (65.2% on-label and 34.8% off-label). Aneurysm complete and near-complete occlusion rate was nonsignificantly lower in the off-label group (80.9% vs 85.7%; P = .19). Off-label treatment had higher rate of poor functional outcomes (modified Rankin Scale [mRS] >2: 10.3% vs 3.5%; P = .002). Although pretreatment mRS was already higher in the off-label group (5.3% vs 0.3%; P < .001) and there were no differences in mRS worsening during follow-up (5.5% vs 2.9%; P = .15). We also found a trend to a higher rate of intracranial hemorrhagic complications in the off-label group (4.7% vs 1.6%; P = .05), but there were no differences in hemorrhages requiring surgical intervention (1.8% vs 1.3%; P = .65). There were no differences in retreatment, thromboembolic complications, and mortality rates. CONCLUSION: Off-label PED treatment may be considered for select aneurysms, which are challenging to treat with other techniques. These cases have similar complete and near-complete occlusion rates compared with on-label cases. There are, however, higher risks of poor functional outcomes despite similar rates of thromboembolic and hemorrhagic complications. This is partly explained by the significantly higher pretreatment mRS score in the off-label group.


Subject(s)
Embolization, Therapeutic , Intracranial Aneurysm , Thromboembolism , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/therapy , Off-Label Use , Retrospective Studies , Thromboembolism/therapy , Treatment Outcome , United States , United States Food and Drug Administration
2.
Neurol Neurochir Pol ; 55(5): 485-493, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1512966

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The internet allows patients to access a vast amount of health information. We aimed to evaluate the credibility of YouTube videos that members of the public are accessing on brain aneurysms, and to evaluate what characteristics drive audience engagement. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The first 50 videos for each of the following search terms were taken for analysis: 'brain aneurysm', 'cerebral aneurysm' and 'intracranial aneurysm'. The quality of each video was evaluated by two neurosurgeons and two medical students independently using the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) and the DISCERN instruments. Qualitative and quantitative video data was analysed for quality and audience engagement. Inter-rater agreement was ascertained. RESULTS: Out of a total of 150 videos, 70 met the inclusion criteria. The mean total DISCERN score was 36.5 ± 8.4 (out of 75 points), indicating that the videos were of poor quality. The mean JAMA score was 2.7 ± 0.7 (out of 4 points). Inter-rater agreement between the four raters was excellent (intraclass correlation coefficient 0.90 for DISCERN and 0.93 for JAMA). Most videos were uploaded by hospitals (50%) or educational health channels (30%). Videos had a higher number of average daily views when they included animation (P = 0.0093) and diagrams (P = 0.0422). CONCLUSIONS: YouTube is a poor source of patient information on brain aneurysms. Our quality and audience engagement analysis may help content creators (i.e. hospital staff and physicians) to create more holistic, educational and engaging medical videos concerning brain aneurysms. Physicians could usefully refer their patients to the highest quality videos that we have found.


Subject(s)
Intracranial Aneurysm , Social Media , Humans , Information Dissemination , Internet , United States , Video Recording
3.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0233981, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1456053

ABSTRACT

We aimed to examine aneurysm hemodynamics with intra-saccular pressure measurement, and compare the effects of coiling, stenting and stent-assisted coiling in proximal segments of intracranial circulation. A cohort of 45 patients underwent elective endovascular coil embolization (with or without stent) for intracranial aneurysm at our department. Arterial pressure transducer was used for all measurements. It was attached to proximal end of the microcatheter. Measurements were taken in the parent artery before and after embolization, at the aneurysm dome before embolization, after stent implantation, and after embolization. Stent-assisted coiling was performed with 4 different stents: LVIS and LVIS Jr (Microvention, Tustin, CA, USA), Leo (Balt, Montmorency, France), Barrel VRD (Medtronic/ Covidien, Irvine, CA, USA). Presence of the stent showed significant reverse correlation with intra-aneurysmal pressure-both systolic and diastolic-after its implantation (r = -0.70 and r = -0.75, respectively), which was further supported by correlations with stent cell size-r = 0.72 and r = 0.71, respectively (P<0.05). Stent implantation resulted in significant decrease in diastolic intra-aneurysmal pressure (p = 0.046). Systolic or mean intra-aneurysmal pressure did not differ significantly. Embolization did not significantly change the intra-aneurysmal pressure in matched pairs, regardless of the use of stent (p>0.05). In conclusion, low-profile braided stents show a potential to divert blood flow, there was significant decrease in diastolic pressure after stent placement. Flow-diverting properties were related to stent porosity. Coiling does not significantly change the intra-aneurysmal pressure, regardless of packing density.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Intracranial Aneurysm/physiopathology , Stents , Aged , Arterial Pressure , Blood Circulation , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Brain/blood supply , Brain/physiopathology , Embolization, Therapeutic , Female , Hemodynamics , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/therapy , Male , Middle Aged
4.
Interv Neuroradiol ; 26(5): 557-565, 2020 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1455862

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The Low-profile Visualized Intraluminal Support device (LVIS) has been successfully used to treat cerebral aneurysm, and the push-pull technique has been used clinically to compact the stent across aneurysm orifice. Our aim was to exhibit the hemodynamic effect of the compacted LVIS stent. METHODS: Two patient-specific aneurysm models were constructed from three-dimensional angiographic images. The uniform LVIS stent, compacted LVIS and Pipeline Embolization Device (PED) with or without coil embolization were virtually deployed into aneurysm models to perform hemodynamic analysis. Intra-aneurysmal flow parameters were calculated to assess hemodynamic differences among different models. RESULTS: The compacted LVIS had the highest metal coverage across the aneurysm orifice (case 1, 46.37%; case 2, 67.01%). However, the PED achieved the highest pore density (case 1, 19.56 pores/mm2; case 2, 18.07 pores/mm2). The compacted LVIS produced a much higher intra-aneurysmal flow reduction than the uniform LVIS. The PED showed a higher intra-aneurysmal flow reduction than the compacted LVIS in case 1, but the results were comparable in case 2. After stent placement, the intra-aneurysmal flow was further reduced as subsequent coil embolization. The compacted LVIS stent with coils produced a similar reduction in intra-aneurysmal flow to that of the PED. CONCLUSIONS: The combined characteristics of stent metal coverage and pore density should be considered when assessing the flow diversion effects of stents. More intra-aneurysmal flow reductions could be introduced by compacted LVIS stent than the uniform one. Compared with PED, compacted LVIS stent may exhibit a flow-diverting effect comparable to that of the PED.


Subject(s)
Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Intracranial Aneurysm/therapy , Stents , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/therapy , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Cerebral Angiography , Computer Simulation , Hemodynamics , Humans , Hydrodynamics , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Prosthesis Design , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/diagnostic imaging
5.
Neurosurgery ; 87(3): 516-522, 2020 09 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1455333

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Pipeline embolization device (PED; Medtronic) and stent-assisted coiling (SAC) are established modalities for treatment of intracranial aneurysms. OBJECTIVE: To comparatively assess the efficacy of these techniques. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients with aneurysms treated at our institution with either PED from 2013 to 2017 or SAC from 2009 to 2015. All large (>10 mm), ruptured, fusiform, anterior communicating artery, posterior circulation aneurysms, and patients with no available follow-up imaging were eliminated before running the propensity score matching (PSM). Patients were matched using nearest neighbor controlling for: age, gender, smoking, exact location, maximal diameter, and presence of multiple aneurysms. Total hospital costs for equipment and implants were calculated from procedure product and hospital billing records, and compared between the propensity-matched pairs. RESULTS: Out of 165 patients harboring 202 aneurysms; 170 (84.2%) were treated with the PED, and 32 (15.8%) were treated using SAC. PSM resulted in 23 matched pairs; with significantly longer follow up in the SAC group (mean 29.8 vs 14.1 mo; P = .0002). Complete occlusion rates were not different (82.6 vs 87%; P = .68), with no difference between the groups for modified Rankin Scale on last clinical follow-up, procedural complications or retreatment rates. Average total costs calculated from the hospital records, including equipment and implants, were not different between propensity-score matched pairs (P = .48). CONCLUSION: PED placement and SAC offer equally efficacious occlusion rates, functional outcomes, procedural complication rates, and cost profiles for small unruptured anterior circulation saccular aneurysms which do not involve the anterior communicating artery.


Subject(s)
Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Embolization, Therapeutic/instrumentation , Endovascular Procedures/instrumentation , Intracranial Aneurysm/therapy , Stents , Adult , Aged , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Propensity Score , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
6.
Clin Neurol Neurosurg ; 209: 106931, 2021 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1385293

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The collateral effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on interventional stroke care is not well described. We studied this effect by utilizing stroke device sales data as markers of interventional stroke case volume in the United States. METHODS: Using a real-time healthcare device sales registry, this observational study examined trends in the sales of thrombectomy devices and cerebral aneurysm coiling from the same 945 reporting hospitals in the U.S. between January 22 and June 31, 2020, and for the same months in 2018 and 2019 to allow for comparison. We simultaneously reviewed daily reports of new COVID-19 cases. The strength of association between the cumulative incidence of COVID-19 and procedural device sales was measured using Spearman rank correlation coefficient (CC). RESULTS: Device sales decreased for thrombectomy (- 3.7%) and cerebral aneurysm coiling (- 8.5%) when comparing 2019-2020. In 2020, thrombectomy device sales were negatively associated with the cumulative incidence of COVID-19 (CC - 0.56, p < 0.0001), with stronger negative correlation during April (CC - 0.97, p < 0.0001). The same negative correlation was observed with aneurysm treatment devices (CC - 0.60, p < 0.001), with stronger correlation in April (CC - 0.97, p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The decline in sales of stroke interventional equipment underscores a decline in associated case volumes. Future pandemic responses should consider strategies to mitigate such negative collateral effects.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Commerce/trends , Stroke/epidemiology , Thrombectomy/trends , Vascular Access Devices/trends , COVID-19/prevention & control , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/epidemiology , Intracranial Aneurysm/therapy , Pandemics , Stroke/therapy , Thrombectomy/economics , United States/epidemiology , Vascular Access Devices/economics
7.
World Neurosurg ; 153: e259-e264, 2021 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1366706

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic is a pressing public health issue. Although most cases do not result in severe illness requiring hospitalization, there is increasing evidence that SARS-CoV-2-induced inflammation can exacerbate pre-existing diseases. We sought to describe the characteristics of patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage who were actively or very recently infected with SARS-CoV-2. METHODS: We reviewed subarachnoid hemorrhage cases of patients who also were positive for SARS-CoV-2 at 5 high-volume cerebrovascular centers in the United States from March 2020 to January 2021. Cases of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 10 patients were identified, consisting of 5 women (50%) and 5 men (50%). Median age was 38.5 years. Four of the 10 patients (40%) were asymptomatic with respect to SARS-CoV-2-related symptoms, 3 patients (30%) had mild-to-moderate symptoms, and 3 patients (30%) had severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), with pneumonia and sepsis. Of the 10 cases, 4 had dissecting pseudoaneurysms (40%), 3 in the posterior circulation and 1 in the anterior circulation. Among 6 saccular/blister aneurysms, 4 (67%) were ≤4 mm in largest diameter. CONCLUSIONS: Our experience with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage in patients positive for COVID-19 reveals a possibly distinct pattern compared with traditional aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, namely a high frequency of small aneurysms, dissecting pseudoaneurysms, and young patients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Intracranial Aneurysm/complications , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/complications , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/epidemiology , Adult , Age Factors , COVID-19/epidemiology , Female , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
8.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(7)2021 Jul 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1307884

ABSTRACT

A rare case of a hypoplastic internal carotid artery (ICA) terminating in the ophthalmic artery with multiple intracranial saccular aneurysms in the contralateral ICA, anterior communicating artery fenestration and triple A2 was identified. The aetiology and pathogenesis of ICA hypoplasia are subjected to certain hypotheses. Developing several collaterals to preserve the blood supply of the ipsilateral cerebral hemisphere could result in aneurysm formation due to flow overload on the contralateral vasculature, but it could also result in hemicranial hypoplasia, cerebral atrophy and deep watershed infarcts, as in our case.


Subject(s)
Intracranial Aneurysm , Ophthalmic Artery , Anterior Cerebral Artery , Carotid Artery, Internal/diagnostic imaging , Cerebral Angiography , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Intracranial Aneurysm/etiology , Ophthalmic Artery/diagnostic imaging
9.
J Neuroophthalmol ; 41(4): e761-e763, 2021 Dec 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1232245

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: It is recommended that every patient with a new third nerve palsy undergo urgent neuroimaging (computed tomography angiography or magnetic resonance angiography) to exclude a posterior communicating artery aneurysm. Because of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, our institution noted a significant decline in the number of patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage presenting to the hospital. We report one such example of a patient who developed new-onset severe headache and vomiting and did not seek medical attention because of COVID-19. Two months later, she was noted to have ptosis during a routine follow-up and was found to have a complete, pupil-involving third nerve palsy. Computed tomography angiography was performed and revealed an irregular bilobed saccular aneurysm (7 × 9 × 5 mm) of the right posterior communicating (PComm) artery, but no acute hemorrhage was visible on CT. On MRI, immediately adjacent to the aneurysm, there was a small subacute hematoma in the right medial temporal lobe with surrounding vasogenic edema. This case had a fortunate and unique outcome as she had a contained hematoma adjacent to the ruptured PComm aneurysm and did not experience severe morbidity from the subarachnoid hemorrhage nor did she rebleed in the interval in which she did not seek care. This case highlights the importance of providing neuro-ophthalmic care even during a pandemic.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, Ruptured/diagnostic imaging , COVID-19/complications , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Oculomotor Nerve Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Aged , Aneurysm, Ruptured/complications , Cerebral Angiography , Female , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/complications , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Oculomotor Nerve Diseases/complications
12.
Stroke Vasc Neurol ; 6(4): 542-552, 2021 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1153702

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: During the COVID-19 pandemic, decreased volumes of stroke admissions and mechanical thrombectomy were reported. The study's objective was to examine whether subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) hospitalisations and ruptured aneurysm coiling interventions demonstrated similar declines. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, retrospective, observational study across 6 continents, 37 countries and 140 comprehensive stroke centres. Patients with the diagnosis of SAH, aneurysmal SAH, ruptured aneurysm coiling interventions and COVID-19 were identified by prospective aneurysm databases or by International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, codes. The 3-month cumulative volume, monthly volumes for SAH hospitalisations and ruptured aneurysm coiling procedures were compared for the period before (1 year and immediately before) and during the pandemic, defined as 1 March-31 May 2020. The prior 1-year control period (1 March-31 May 2019) was obtained to account for seasonal variation. FINDINGS: There was a significant decline in SAH hospitalisations, with 2044 admissions in the 3 months immediately before and 1585 admissions during the pandemic, representing a relative decline of 22.5% (95% CI -24.3% to -20.7%, p<0.0001). Embolisation of ruptured aneurysms declined with 1170-1035 procedures, respectively, representing an 11.5% (95%CI -13.5% to -9.8%, p=0.002) relative drop. Subgroup analysis was noted for aneurysmal SAH hospitalisation decline from 834 to 626 hospitalisations, a 24.9% relative decline (95% CI -28.0% to -22.1%, p<0.0001). A relative increase in ruptured aneurysm coiling was noted in low coiling volume hospitals of 41.1% (95% CI 32.3% to 50.6%, p=0.008) despite a decrease in SAH admissions in this tertile. INTERPRETATION: There was a relative decrease in the volume of SAH hospitalisations, aneurysmal SAH hospitalisations and ruptured aneurysm embolisations during the COVID-19 pandemic. These findings in SAH are consistent with a decrease in other emergencies, such as stroke and myocardial infarction.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Intracranial Aneurysm , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Intracranial Aneurysm/epidemiology , Intracranial Aneurysm/therapy , Pandemics , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/diagnostic imaging , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/epidemiology , Treatment Outcome
13.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(47): 3768-3774, 2020 Dec 22.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1004770

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the improvement of emergency admission screening and perioperative management protocols in the scenario of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and its regular prevention and control for patients with ruptured intracranial aneurysms, which are the most common emergency cases with the most urgent needs for emergent surgery. Methods: The response protocol of the emergency surgical management of ruptured intracranial aneurysm during the epidemic period (from January to March, 2020) at Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University was reviewed. The prognosis of emergent aneurysm surgery under different levels of protection or during the same period of 2019 and 2020 was further compared to describe the operation and prognosis under the new management protocol. Results: A total of 127 emergency cases with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage were referred to Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 20 to March 25, 2020, and 42 cases(33.1%) underwent emergent aneurysm clipping after multi-desciplinary consultation. Admissions of emergency cases required epidemiological, laboratory, and imaging screenings for COVID-19, with additional throat swab virus nucleic acid screening afterwards. During the same period, 9 cases of COVID-19 were confirmed in the emergency screening, and no false negative cases were found. Compared with the same period in 2019, the interval between emergency visits and emergency craniotomy did not increase significantly due to the preoperative screening ((37±17) hours during the epidemic period versus (29±12) hours at the same period in 2019, P=0.058). There was no significant difference in the incidence of perioperative adverse events and postoperative neurological dysfunction (P=0.779). According to the screening results, the corresponding operative and postoperative management protocol and protection standards were adopted. There was no significant difference in the prognosis of emergent surgery between patients with a negative initial screening and those who were to be excluded or suspected in the initial screening (P=0.678). Although viral nucleic acid screening tended to prolong the time interval before surgical intervention ((36±15) hours before nucleic acid screening versus (40±20) hours after nucleic acid screening, P=0.453), there was no statistically significant difference in the preoperative adverse events and postoperative neurological function (P=0.653). Conclusion: The current protocol of COVID-19 screening and stratified emergent surgery management based on screening results can effectively identify suspected and confirmed COVID-19 cases, thereby ensuring timely, safe and effective emergent surgery and prohibiting nosocomial spread.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, Ruptured , COVID-19 , Intracranial Aneurysm , Aneurysm, Ruptured/surgery , Emergency Service, Hospital , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Treatment Outcome
14.
World Neurosurg ; 148: e209-e217, 2021 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1003130

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The occurrence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has overwhelmed the blood supply chain worldwide and severely influenced clinical procedures with potential massive blood loss, such as clipping surgery for aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). Whether acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) is safe and effective in aneurysm clipping remains largely unknown. METHODS: Patients with aSAH who underwent clipping surgery within 72 hours from bleeding were included. The patients in the ANH group received 400 mL autologous blood collection, and the blood was returned as needed during surgery. The relationships between ANH and perioperative allogeneic blood transfusion, postoperative outcome, and complications were analyzed. RESULTS: Sixty-two patients with aSAH were included between December 2019 and June 2020 (20 in the ANH group and 42 in the non-ANH group). ANH did not reduce the need of perioperative blood transfusion (3 [15%] vs. 5 [11.9%]; P = 0.734). However, ANH significantly increased serum hemoglobin levels on postoperative day 1 (11.5 ± 2.5 g/dL vs. 10.3 ± 2.0 g/dL; P = 0.045) and day 3 (12.1 ± 2.0 g/dL vs. 10.7 ± 1.3 g/dL; P = 0.002). Multivariable analysis indicated that serum hemoglobin level on postoperative day 1 (odds ratio, 0.895; 95% confidence interval, 0.822-0.973; P = 0.010) was an independent risk factor for unfavorable outcome, and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that it had a comparable predictive power to World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies grade (Z = 0.275; P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: ANH significantly increased postoperative hemoglobin levels, and it may hold the potential to improve patients' outcomes. Routine use of ANH should be considered in aneurysm clipping surgery.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, Ruptured/surgery , Blood Transfusion, Autologous/methods , Bloodless Medical and Surgical Procedures/methods , Hemodilution/methods , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Neurosurgical Procedures/methods , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/surgery , Adult , Aged , Blood Transfusion/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19 , Female , Hemoglobins/metabolism , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Perioperative Care , SARS-CoV-2 , Surgical Instruments
15.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 13(11): 1022-1026, 2021 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-991864

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Existing travel restrictions limit the mobility of proctors, significantly delaying clinical trials and the introduction of new neurointerventional devices. We aim to describe in detail technical and legal considerations regarding international teleproctoring, a tool that could waive the need for in-person supervision during procedures. METHODS: International teleproctoring was chosen to provide remote supervision during the first three intracranial aneurysm treatments with a new flow diverter (currently subject of a clinical trial) in the US. Real-time, high-resolution transmission software streamed audiovisual data to a proctor located in Canada. The software allowed the transmission of images in a de-identified, HIPAA-compliant manner. RESULTS: All three flow diverters were implanted as desired by operator and proctor and without complication. The proctor could swap between images from multiple sources and reported complete spatial and situational awareness, without any significant lag or delay in communication. Procedural times and radiologic dose were similar to those of uncomplicated, routine flow diversion cases at our institution. CONCLUSIONS: International teleproctoring was successfully implemented in our clinical practice. Its first use provided important insights for establishing this tool in our field. With no clear horizon for lifting the current travel restrictions, teleproctoring has the potential to remove the need for proctor presence in the angiography suite, thereby allowing the field to advance through the continuation of trials and the introduction of new devices in clinical practice. In order for this tool to be used safely and effectively, highly reliable connection and high-resolution equipment is necessary, and multiple legal nuances have to be considered.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Endovascular Procedures , Intracranial Aneurysm , Canada , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , SARS-CoV-2
16.
World Neurosurg ; 148: e197-e208, 2021 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-989401

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been at its peak for the past 8 months and has affected more than 215 countries around the world. India is now the second most-affected nation with more than 48,000,000 cases and 79,000 deaths. Despite this, and the fact that it is a lower-middle-income nation, the number of deaths is almost one third that of the United States and one half that of Brazil. However, there has been no experience published from non-COVID-19-designated hospitals, where the aim is to manage noninfected cases with neurosurgical ailments while keeping the number of infected cases to a minimum. METHODS: We analyzed the number of neurosurgical cases (nontrauma) done in the past 5 months (March-July 2020) in our institute, which is the largest neurosurgical center by volume in southern India, and compared the same to the concurrent 5 months in 2019 and 5 months preceding the pandemic. We also reviewed the total number of cases infected with COVID-19 managed during this time. RESULTS: We operated a total of 630 cases (nontrauma) in these 5 months and had 9 COVID-19 infected cases operated during this time. There was a 57% (P = 0.002) reduction in the number of cases operated as compared with the same 5 months in the preceding year. We employed a dual strategy of rapid antigen testing and surgery for cases needing emergency intervention and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction test for elective cases. The hospital was divided into 3 zones (red, orange, and green) depending on infectivity level with minimal interaction. Separate teams were designated for each zone, and thus we were able to effectively manage even infected cases despite the absence of pulmonology/medical specialists. CONCLUSIONS: We present a patient management protocol for non-COVID-19-designated hospitals in high-volume centers with the constraints of a lower-middle-income nation and demonstrate its effectiveness. Strict zoning targeted testing and effective triage can help in management during the pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Neurosurgical Procedures/trends , Telemedicine/trends , Tertiary Care Centers/organization & administration , Ambulatory Care/trends , Aneurysm, Ruptured/surgery , Brain Neoplasms/surgery , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing , COVID-19 Serological Testing , Cerebrovascular Disorders/surgery , Humans , India/epidemiology , Infection Control , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Neural Tube Defects/surgery , Patient Selection , Personal Protective Equipment , Radiosurgery , SARS-CoV-2 , Spinal Diseases , Spinal Injuries
17.
Clin Neurol Neurosurg ; 201: 106425, 2021 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-965057

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed at evaluating the impact on the early outcome of patients with ruptured intracranial aneurysms. METHODS: Our study prospectively included 26 consecutive patients with ruptured intracranial aneurysm managed at our institution in context of COVID-19 pandemic between March 1st, 2020 and April, 26th, 2020 (2020 group). A group control included other 28 consecutive patients managed at the same institution for the same disease in 2019, during the same time frame (2019 group). On admission, poor neurological status was defined as WFNS score >3. Severe radiological status was defined by the presence of intracerebral hematoma, or/and acute hydrocephalus requiring further EVD or/and the presence of vasospasm on presentation. Statistical analysis was performed to compare the 2 distinct groups. RESULTS: Rates of poor neurological presentation and severe radiological presentation on hospital admission were higher in the 2020 group (p = 0.01 and p = 0.02, respectively). The delayed hospital admission was 2.7 days in 2020 group and 0.75 days in 2019 group (p = 0.005). Therefore, vasospasm's rate on presentation was also higher in the 2020 group (p = 0.04). CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is one of the first studies demonstrating influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on patients with urgent and severe intracranial aneurysmal disease. In case of recurrent COVID-19 pandemic, educating the population concerning specific symptoms such as sudden headache, neurological deficit or even sudden chest pain should be emphasized.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, Ruptured/diagnostic imaging , Aneurysm, Ruptured/epidemiology , COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , COVID-19/epidemiology , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Intracranial Aneurysm/epidemiology , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cohort Studies , Female , France/epidemiology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Prospective Studies
18.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 30(2): 105429, 2021 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-899244

ABSTRACT

The current Coronavirus pandemic due to the novel SARS-Cov-2 virus has proven to have systemic and multi-organ involvement with high acuity neurological conditions including acute ischemic strokes. We present a case series of consecutive COVID-19 patients with cerebrovascular disease treated at our institution including 3 cases of cerebral artery dissection including subarachnoid hemorrhage. Knowledge of the varied presentations including dissections will help treating clinicians at the bedside monitor and manage these complications preemptively.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, Dissecting/mortality , COVID-19/mortality , Hemorrhagic Stroke/mortality , Hospital Mortality , Intensive Care Units , Intracranial Aneurysm/mortality , Ischemic Stroke/mortality , Patient Admission , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aneurysm, Dissecting/diagnosis , Aneurysm, Dissecting/therapy , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/therapy , Female , Hemorrhagic Stroke/diagnosis , Hemorrhagic Stroke/therapy , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnosis , Intracranial Aneurysm/therapy , Ischemic Stroke/diagnosis , Ischemic Stroke/therapy , Male , Middle Aged , New York City/epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors
19.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 13(2): e1, 2021 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-883391

ABSTRACT

This is a report of the first three cases of endovascular aneurysm treatment that were proctored by a remote interventionalist using a novel high-resolution low-latency streaming technology. The proctor was located in a neurovascular centre and supported the treating interventional teams in two distant cities (up to 800 km/500 miles apart). All aneurysms were treated using the Woven EndoBridge (WEB) embolisation system, either electively or following subarachnoid haemorrhage. On-site proctoring was not possible due to travel restrictions during the COVID-19 pandemic. WEB placement was feasible in all cases. Good rapport between proctors and treating physicians was reported, enabled by the high-resolution image transmission and uninterrupted feedback/discussion via audiostream. No clinical complications were encountered. Short-term follow-up revealed adequate occlusion of all treated aneurysms. The employed streaming technology provided effective remote proctoring during complex aneurysm cases, including the management of technical complications.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Neurosurgical Procedures/methods , Pandemics , Telemedicine/methods , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Communication , Embolization, Therapeutic , Feedback , Humans , Treatment Outcome , Videoconferencing
20.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(10)2020 Oct 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-814252

ABSTRACT

This is a report of the first three cases of endovascular aneurysm treatment that were proctored by a remote interventionalist using a novel high-resolution low-latency streaming technology. The proctor was located in a neurovascular centre and supported the treating interventional teams in two distant cities (up to 800 km/500 miles apart). All aneurysms were treated using the Woven EndoBridge (WEB) embolisation system, either electively or following subarachnoid haemorrhage. On-site proctoring was not possible due to travel restrictions during the COVID-19 pandemic. WEB placement was feasible in all cases. Good rapport between proctors and treating physicians was reported, enabled by the high-resolution image transmission and uninterrupted feedback/discussion via audiostream. No clinical complications were encountered. Short-term follow-up revealed adequate occlusion of all treated aneurysms. The employed streaming technology provided effective remote proctoring during complex aneurysm cases, including the management of technical complications.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Intracranial Aneurysm/therapy , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Telemedicine/methods , Angiography, Digital Subtraction/methods , COVID-19 , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , SARS-CoV-2
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