Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 5 de 5
Filter
1.
J Neuroimaging ; 32(1): 104-110, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1769736

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Treatment of elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) is central to neurocritical care, but not all patients are eligible for invasive ICP-monitoring. A promising noninvasive option is ultrasound measurement of the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD). However, meta-analyses of ONSD for elevated ICP show wide confidence intervals. This might be due to baseline variations, inter-rater variability, and varying measurement methods. No standardized protocol has been validated. Corrections for eyeball diameter (ED) and optic nerve diameter (OND) may compensate for baseline variations. We evaluated a protocol and compared two different measurement methods for ONSD ultrasound. METHODS: Two operators, blinded to each other's measurements, measured ONSD, ED, and OND twice in 20 patients. ONSD was measured with two different methods in use: internal (ONSDint) or external (ONSDext) of the dura mater. Intra-class correlation (ICC) was calculated for inter-rater and intra-rater reliability. RESULTS: ICCs for inter-rater reliability of ONSDext and ONSDint (95% confidence interval) were 0.96 (0.93, 0.98) and 0.88 (0.79, 0.94), respectively. ICCs for intra-rater reliability of ONSDext and ONSDint were 0.97 (0.94, 0.99) and 0.93 (0.87, 0.96), respectively. There was no significant bias or difference in intra-rater reliability between operators. CONCLUSIONS: ONSD can be measured with an excellent inter- and intra-rater reliability and low risk of inter-rater bias, when using this protocol. ONSDext yields a higher inter- and intra-rater reliability than ONSDint. Corrections for ED and OND can be performed reliably.


Subject(s)
Intracranial Hypertension , Central Nervous System , Humans , Intracranial Hypertension/diagnostic imaging , Intracranial Pressure/physiology , Optic Nerve/diagnostic imaging , Reproducibility of Results , Ultrasonography/methods
2.
Curr Opin Crit Care ; 28(2): 176-183, 2022 04 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1642421

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We aim to provide the current evidence on utility and application of neuromonitoring tools including electroencephalography (EEG), transcranial Doppler (TCD), pupillometry, optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD), cerebral near-infrared spectroscopy (cNIRS), somatosensory-evoked potentials (SSEPs), and invasive intracranial monitoring in COVID-19. We also provide recent evidence on management strategy of COVID-19-associated neurological complications. RECENT FINDINGS: Despite the common occurrence of neurological complications, we found limited use of standard neurologic monitoring in patients with COVID-19. No specific EEG pattern was identified in COVID-19. Frontal epileptic discharge was proposed to be a potential marker of COVID-19 encephalopathy. TCD, ONSD, and pupillometry can provide real-time data on intracranial pressure. Additionally, TCD may be useful for detection of acute large vessel occlusions, abnormal cerebral hemodynamics, cerebral emboli, and evolving cerebral edema at bedside. cNIRS was under-utilized in COVID-19 population and there are ongoing studies to investigate whether cerebral oxygenation could be a more useful parameter than peripheral oxygen saturation to guide clinical titration of permissive hypoxemia. Limited data exists on SSEPs and invasive intracranial monitoring. SUMMARY: Early recognition using standardized neuromonitoring and timely intervention is important to reduce morbidity and mortality. The management strategy for neurological complications is similar to those without COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Brain Injuries , COVID-19 , Humans , Intracranial Pressure/physiology , Pandemics/prevention & control , SARS-CoV-2 , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Transcranial/methods
3.
J Nerv Ment Dis ; 209(9): 640-644, 2021 09 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1316851

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: This study aimed to determine pain characteristics in patients with persistent headache after COVID-19 and to investigate the role of increased intracranial pressure (ICP) in the pathogenesis of this headache. This is a case-control study comparing the parameters and measurements indicating increased ICP based on magnetic resonance imaging between COVID-19-diagnosed patients with persistent headache and a control group. Optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) and eyeball transverse diameter (ETD) were performed on the left eye of each participant. Seventeen of the patients (53.12%) met the diagnostic criteria for new daily persistent headache. Seven patients (21.87%) had migraine, and eight (25%) had tension headache characteristics. No significant difference was observed between the patient and control groups in terms of the ONSD and ETD values. It is possible that the etiopathogenesis is multifactorial. We consider that future studies that will evaluate ICP measurements in large patient groups can present a different perspective for this subject.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Headache/etiology , Intracranial Hypertension/pathology , Intracranial Hypertension/virology , Intracranial Pressure , Adult , Case-Control Studies , Eye/pathology , Female , Humans , Intracranial Hypertension/diagnostic imaging , Intracranial Hypertension/physiopathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Optic Nerve/pathology , SARS-CoV-2 , Young Adult
4.
J Pediatr ; 233: 263-267, 2021 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1176124

ABSTRACT

Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) is characterized by fever and multiorgan system dysfunction. Neurologic complications of MIS-C are not well described. We present 4 patients with MIS-C who had intracranial hypertension and discuss the unique management considerations when this occurs concurrently with significant myocardial dysfunction.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Intracranial Hypertension/etiology , Intracranial Pressure/physiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/complications , Adolescent , COVID-19/epidemiology , Child , Female , Humans , Intracranial Hypertension/physiopathology , Male , Pandemics , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/epidemiology
5.
World Neurosurg ; 138: e955-e960, 2020 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-274866

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic poses a substantial threat to the health of health care personnel on the front line of caring for patients with COVID-19. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services have announced that all nonessential planned surgeries and procedures should be postponed until further notice and only urgent procedures should proceed. Neurologic surgeries and procedures should not be delayed under the circumstance in which it is essential at saving a life or preserving functioning of the central nervous system. METHODS: With the intent to advise the neurosurgery team on how to adequately prepare and safely perform neurosurgical procedures on confirmed and suspected patients with COVID-19, we discuss considerations and recommendations based on the lessons and experience shared by neurosurgeons in China. RESULTS: Perioperative and intraoperative strategies, considerations, as well as challenges arisen under the specific circumstance have been discussed. In addition, a case of a ruptured aneurysm in a suspected patient with COVID-19 is reported. It is advised that all health care personnel who immediately participate in neurosurgical surgeries and procedures for confirmed and suspected patients with COVID-19 should take airborne precautions and wear enhanced personal protective equipment. CONCLUSIONS: Following the proposed guidance, urgent neurosurgical surgeries and procedures can be safely performed for the benefit of critical patients with or suspected for COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, Ruptured/surgery , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Infection Control/methods , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Neurosurgical Procedures/methods , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/surgery , Air Filters , Aneurysm, Ruptured/complications , Aneurysm, Ruptured/diagnostic imaging , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Testing , China , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Computed Tomography Angiography , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Craniotomy/methods , Drainage , Emergencies , Hematoma/complications , Hematoma/diagnostic imaging , Hematoma/surgery , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/complications , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Intracranial Pressure , Intraoperative Care , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Monitoring, Physiologic , Operating Rooms , Pandemics , Perioperative Care , Personal Protective Equipment , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Practice Guidelines as Topic , SARS-CoV-2 , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/complications , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , United States
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL