Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.265
Filter
2.
Support Care Cancer ; 31(7): 376, 2023 Jun 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20240047

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore the challenges of access to treatment and quality of life in female cancer survivors living in rural areas of Iran within the global pandemic context (COVID-19). METHODS: We conducted a qualitative exploratory study where we recruited nine female-identifying individuals diagnosed with cancer, 23 family members, and five healthcare providers from a hospital affiliated with the Birjand University of Medical Sciences in Iran. Data was collected using semi-structured interviews and analyzed using Braun and Clarke's reflective thematic analysis. RESULTS: The three themes constructed were lack of strength from fighting on two fronts (subthemes: (i) fear related to longevity and life span, (ii) disruption of emotional relationships and family functioning, (iii) loneliness and fear of the future, (iv) village culture and double whammy, and (v) isolation and rejection in a rural community); changes during treatment (subthemes: (i) confusion related to treatment and (ii) the hope found during treatment "bottlenecks"); and spiritual growth and clarifying values (subthemes: (i) patience and resilience and (ii) clarifying life values and opportunities when facing uncertainty about the future). CONCLUSION: This study highlights the importance of further evaluating interventions to mitigate barriers to supportive care for female cancer survivors living in rural areas with low-resource contexts during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Neoplasms , Humans , Female , Pandemics , Quality of Life , Iran , Neoplasms/therapy , Qualitative Research
3.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 23(1): 620, 2023 Jun 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20237266

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In Iran, tracking of patients and its associated data recording in private healthcare centers are poor, and thus a majority of patients suffering from Covid-19 are treated without any control on the isolation and quarantine processes. The present study aims to investigate the factors contributed to referral to private or public healthcare centers that provide Covid-19 care services. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2021 to January 2022 in Tabriz, Iran. We invited a total of 258 and 202Covid-19 patients from governmental and private healthcare centers, respectively, to participate in the study by convenient sampling method. Applying a self-administered questionnaire, we collected data on the reason of referring to the healthcare centers, patient's waiting time, quality of healthcare services received by the patients, patients' level of satisfaction, accessibility, insurance coverage, perceived severity of the disease, and the level of staff compliance from health protocols. Logistic regression model was used for data analysis by using SPSS-26 software. RESULTS: Adjusted for other variables, higher socio-economic status (AOR (Adjusted Odds Ratio) = 6.64), older age (AOR = 1.02), referral of friends and family members (AOR = 1.52), shorter waiting time (AOR = 1.02) and higher satisfaction (AOR = 1.02) were contributed to referral to private centers. Better accessibility (AOR = 0.98) and wider insurance coverage (AOR = 0.99) were also contributed to referral to governmental centers. CONCLUSION: Providing more appropriate insurance coverage by private healthcare centers, and promoting their level of accessibility seems to promote patients' referral to such centers. Moreover, establishing an accurate system for recording patients' information and follow up in private centers might promote the role of private healthcare centers in managing the overload of patients on healthcare system during such epidemics.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , Iran/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Facilities , Referral and Consultation
4.
BMC Med Educ ; 23(1): 398, 2023 Jun 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20236775

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Since the coronavirus outbreak, many countries have replaced traditional education with virtual education in order to prevent the disease spread, and also avoid stopping education. The aim of the present study was to assess the virtual education status at Khalkhal University of Medical Sciences during the covid-19 pandemic from the perspective of students and faculty members. METHODS: This is a descriptive-cross-sectional study that was conducted between December 2021and February 2022. The study population included faculty members and students who were selected by consensus. Data collection instruments included demographic information form and a virtual education assessment questionnaire. Data analysis was carried out using independent T-test, one sample T-test, Pearson Correlation, and ANOVA test in SPSS software. RESULTS: A total of 231 students and 22 faculty members of Khalkhal University of Medical Sciences participated in the present study. The response rate was 66.57%. The mean and standard deviation of assessment scores of students (3.3 ± 0.72) were lower than those of faculty members (3.94 ± 0.64), which showed a statistically significant difference (p < 0.01). User access to the virtual education system (3.8 ± 0.85) and lesson presentation (4.28 ± 0.71) obtained the highest scores from the perspective of students and faculty members, respectively. There was a statistically significant association between employment status and the assessment score of faculty members (p = 0.01), and the field of study (p < 0.01), the year of university entrance (p = 0.01), and the assessment score of students. CONCLUSION: The results showed a higher than mean assessment score in both groups of faculty members and students. There was a difference between faculty members and students in terms of virtual education scores in the parts that require the creation of better processes and more complete capabilities in the systems, which seems that more detailed planning and reforms will improve the process of virtual education.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , Cross-Sectional Studies , COVID-19/epidemiology , Iran/epidemiology , Pandemics , Faculty , Students
5.
Front Public Health ; 11: 1120694, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20235987

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in air quality index (AQI) values before, during, and after lockdown, as well as to evaluate the number of hospitalizations due to respiratory and cardiovascular diseases attributed to atmospheric PM2.5 pollution in Semnan, Iran in the period from 2019 to 2021 during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Daily air quality records were obtained from the global air quality index project and the US Environmental Protection Administration (EPA). In this research, the AirQ+ model was used to quantify health consequences attributed to particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of <2.5 µm (PM2.5). Results: The results of this study showed positive correlations between air pollution levels and reductions in pollutant levels during and after the lockdown. PM2.5 was the critical pollutant for most days of the year, as its AQI was the highest among the four investigated pollutants on most days. Mortality rates from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) attributed to PM2.5 in 2019-2021 were 25.18% in 2019, 22.55% in 2020, and 22.12% in 2021. Mortality rates and hospital admissions due to cardiovascular and respiratory diseases decreased during the lockdown. The results showed a significant decrease in the percentage of days with unhealthy air quality in short-term lockdowns in Semnan, Iran with moderate air pollution. Natural mortality (due to all-natural causes) and other mortalities related to COPD, ischemic heart disease (IHD), lung cancer (LC), and stroke attributed to PM2.5 in 2019-2021 decreased. Conclusion: Our results support the general finding that anthropogenic activities cause significant health threats, which were paradoxically revealed during a global health crisis/challenge.


Subject(s)
Air Pollutants , COVID-19 , Environmental Pollutants , Humans , Air Pollutants/adverse effects , Iran/epidemiology , Pandemics , COVID-19/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Particulate Matter/adverse effects
6.
BMC Public Health ; 23(1): 936, 2023 05 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20235968

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on healthcare services is likely to affect birth outcomes including the delivery mode. However, recent evidence has been conflicting in this regard. The study aimed to assess changes to C-section rate during the COVID-19 pandemic in Iran. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of electronic medical records of women delivered in the maternity department of hospitals in all provinces of Iran before the COVID-19 pandemic (February-August 30, 2019) and during the pandemic (February-August 30, 2020). Data were collected through the Iranian Maternal and Neonatal Network (IMAN), a country-wide electronic health record database management system for maternal and neonatal information. A total of 1,208,671 medical records were analyzed using the SPSS software version 22. The differences in C-section rates according to the studied variables were tested using the χ2 test. A logistic regression analysis was conducted to determine the factors associated with C-section. RESULTS: A significant rise was observed in the rates of C-section during the pandemic compared to the pre-pandemic (52.9% vs 50.8%; p = .001). The rates for preeclampsia (3.0% vs 1.3%), gestational diabetes (6.1% vs 3.0%), preterm birth (11.6% vs 6.9%), IUGR (1.2% vs 0.4%), LBW (11.2% vs 7.8%), and low Apgar score at first minute (4.2% vs 3.2%) were higher in women who delivered by C-section compared to those with normal delivery (P = .001). CONCLUSIONS: The overall C-section rate during the first wave of COVID-19 pandemic was significantly higher than the pre-pandemic period. C-section was associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Thus, preventing the overuse of C-section especially during pandemic becomes an urgent need for maternal and neonatal health in Iran.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Premature Birth , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Cesarean Section , Iran/epidemiology , Pandemics , COVID-19/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Electronic Health Records
7.
BMC Psychiatry ; 23(1): 359, 2023 05 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20244120

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy is one of the most critical times in a woman's life that is accompanied by a lot of worry, fear, and stress for the mother, and fear of contracting diseases and losing the children are among the most important of them. The present study investigated the relationship between the social determinants of health and fear of contracting infectious diseases in pregnant women using path analysis. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 330 pregnant Iranian women in Kashan from September 21th, 2021, to May 25th, 2022, using a multi-stage method. Data were collected through demographic and obstetric details, fear of COVID-19, perceived social support, socioeconomic status, and pregnancy-related anxiety questionnaires. The collected data were then analyzed using SPSS-21 and Lisrel-8 software. RESULTS: According to the path analysis results, among the variables that have a causal relationship with fear of contracting infectious diseases through only one path, pregnancy anxiety (B = 0.21) had the highest positive relationship and social support had the highest negative relationship (B=-0.18) in the direct path. Among the variables that have a causal relationship with fear of contracting infectious diseases in both paths, socioeconomic status (B=-0.42) had the highest negative causal relationship with fear of contracting infectious diseases. CONCLUSION: According to the path analysis results, the fear of contracting infectious diseases in pregnant women in Kashan is moderate and prevalent, which indicates the necessity of screening pregnant women for such problems during epidemics. Moreover, to prevent this fear and its adverse consequences, the following strategies are recommended: helping promote mothers' and women's awareness, offering social support through healthcare providers, and taking measures to mitigate pregnancy-related anxiety in high-risk individuals and groups.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Communicable Diseases , Pregnancy , Child , Female , Humans , Pregnant Women , Iran/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Social Determinants of Health , Fear
8.
BMC Med Educ ; 23(1): 436, 2023 Jun 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20244112

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: After the Coronavirus pandemic, many educational routines were stopped for the safety of medical staff. To achieve educational goals, we have implemented new policies in our hospitals. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of such strategies. METHOD: This survey-based study uses questionnaires to assess newly implemented educational strategies. We surveyed 107 medical staff of the orthopedic department of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, including faculty members, residents, and students. The survey contained three series of questionnaires for these groups. RESULTS: The maximum satisfaction for all three groups was observed in the platform and facilities for using e-classes, and the cost- and time-saving capabilities (Respectively, faculty members (FM): 81.8%, residents (R): 95.2%, students/interns (S/I): 87.0%; FM: 90.9%, R: 88.1%, S/I: 81.5%). The new policies have been shown to reduce the stress level of most trainees, increase the quality of knowledge-based education, increase the opportunity for reexamining educational content, expand discussion and research opportunities, and improve work conditions. There was a broad acceptance of the virtual journal clubs and morning reports. However, there were discrepancies between residents and faculty members on issues such as the evaluation of trainees, the new educational curriculum, and flexible shift schedules. Our strategies failed to improve skill-based education and patient treatment status. Most participants indicated that e-learning should be used with face-to-face training post-pandemic (FM: 81.8%, R: 83.3%, S/I: 75.9%). CONCLUSION: Our efforts to optimize the educational system during this crisis have generally improved trainees' work conditions and educational experience. Most participants believed that e-learning and virtual methods should be used alongside traditional training as a complementary component after the pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Education, Medical , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Iran/epidemiology , Educational Status
9.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 30(33): 80655-80675, 2023 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20243708

ABSTRACT

Taxis pose a higher threat to global climate change and human health through air emissions. However, the evidence on this topic is scarce, especially, in developing countries. Therefore, this study conducted estimation of fuel consumption (FC) and emission inventories on Tabriz taxi fleet (TTF), Iran. A structured questionnaire to obtain operational data of TTF, municipality organizations, and literature review were used as data sources. Then modeling was used to estimate fuel consumption ratio (FCR), emission factors (EFs), annual FC, and emissions of TTF using uncertainty analysis. Also, the impact of COVID-19 pandemic period was considered on the studied parameters. The results showed that TTF have high FCRs of 18.68 L/100 km (95% CI=17.67-19.69 L/100 km), which are not affected by age or mileage of taxis, significantly. The estimated EFs for TTF are higher than Euro standards, but the differences are not significant. However, it is critical as can be an indication of inefficiency of periodic regulatory technical inspection tests for TTF. COVID-19 pandemic caused significant decrease in annual total FC and emissions (9.03-15.6%), but significant increase in EFs of per-passenger-kilometer traveled (47.9-57.3%). Annual vehicle-kilometer-traveled by TTF and the estimated EFs for gasoline-compressed natural gas bi-fueled TTF are the main influential parameters in the variability of annual FC and emission levels. More studies on sustainable FC and emissions mitigation strategies are needed for TTF.


Subject(s)
Air Pollutants , COVID-19 , Humans , Air Pollutants/analysis , Vehicle Emissions/analysis , Iran , Pandemics , Uncertainty , Gasoline/analysis , Motor Vehicles , Environmental Monitoring/methods
10.
J Infect Dev Ctries ; 17(1): 129-134, 2023 01 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20242325

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) are among the most common nosocomial infections with different clinical and microbiological characteristics. We studied these characteristics in critically ill patients. METHODOLOGY: This research was a cross-sectional study conducted on intensive care unit (ICU) patients with CAUTI. Patients' demographic and clinical information and laboratory data, including causative microorganisms and antibiotic susceptibility tests, were recorded and analyzed. Finally, the differences between the patients who survived and died were compared. RESULTS: After reviewing 353 ICU cases, 80 patients with CAUTI were finally included in the study. The mean age was 55.9 ± 19.1 years, 43.7% were male and 56.3% were female. The mean length of infection development since hospitalisation and hospital stay were 14.7 (3-90) and 27.8 (5-98) days, respectively. The most common symptom was fever (80%). The microbiological identification showed that the most isolated microorganisms were Multidrug-resistant (MDR) Enterobacteriaceae (75%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (8.8%), Gram-positive uropathogens (8.8%) and Acinetobacter baumannii (5%). Fifteen patients (18.8%) died among whom infections with A. baumannii (75%) and P. aeruginosa (57.1%) were associated with more death (p = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Although A. baumannii and P. aeruginosa can be the most important pathogens for death, MDR Enterobacteriaceae are still a serious concern as causes of CAUTIs.


Subject(s)
Acinetobacter baumannii , Cross Infection , Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Iran/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Critical Illness , Cross Infection/microbiology , Catheters , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Intensive Care Units , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial
11.
Urol J ; 17(6): 560-561, 2021 Jan 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20242698

ABSTRACT

In this correspondence the authors try to show that guidelines and recommendations including what was published by EAU rapid reaction group must be further updated and tailored according to different epidemiologic data in different countries. The authors assign the countries worldwide in three categories. First category comprises countries that experience the secondary surges smoother than the first one. The second category include countries with stronger or -merging and rising-secondary surges and the third category encompasses countries with successful initial response and secondary stronger but still more controllable surges. Authors proclaim that after passing the first baffling impact we find out that postponement strategies preached in many of these scout treatises are no more suitable at least for the countries delineated in the second category and can culminate in performance of procedures in worse. The authors proffer Iranian Urology Association COVID-19 Taskforce Pamphlet(IUA-CTP) as a paragonic document mentioning it's the time we must recognise the wide variability of the situation in different regions and any advisory position must consider this huge variance in epidemiologic profile.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Urologic Surgical Procedures/standards , Appointments and Schedules , Elective Surgical Procedures/standards , Humans , Iran/epidemiology , Practice Guidelines as Topic , SARS-CoV-2
12.
Acta Neurol Taiwan ; 32(2): 74-78, 2023 Jun 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2325741

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: During corona virus pandemic, various neurological complications of COVID-19 have been reported. Recent studies demonstrated different pathophysiology for neurological manifestations of COVID-19 such as mitochondrial dysfunction and damage to cerebral vasculature. In addition, mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) syndrome is a mitochondrial disorder with a variety of neurological symptoms. In this study, we aim to assess a potential predisposition in mitochondrial dysfunction of COVID-19, leading to MELAS presentation. METHODS: We studied three previously healthy patients with the first presentation of acute stroke-like symptoms, following COVID-19 infection. We analyzed the patients' clinical data and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) lesions that presented to the neurological center of a university-affiliated hospital in Tehran, Iran, from September 2020 to August 2021. RESULTS: All cases are characterized by a temporoparietal abnormality in imaging studies and electroencephalogram (EEG). Based on electrodiagnostic tests, three patients were diagnosed with myopathy. In two brothers with relatively the same symptoms, one performed muscle biopsy finding myopathic process, and genetic testing confirmed a 3243A>G point mutation in a heteroplasmic state in one of our patients. CONCLUSION: Although MELAS is not a prevalent condition, the recent increase in the number of these patients in our center might indicate the potential role of COVID-19 in triggering the silent pre- existing mitochondrial dysfunction in these patients.


Subject(s)
Acidosis, Lactic , COVID-19 , MELAS Syndrome , Nervous System Diseases , Stroke , Male , Humans , MELAS Syndrome/complications , MELAS Syndrome/genetics , MELAS Syndrome/diagnosis , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/pathology , Iran , Acidosis, Lactic/complications , Acidosis, Lactic/pathology , Stroke/etiology , Nervous System Diseases/complications , Nervous System Diseases/pathology , Mitochondria/pathology
13.
BMC Pediatr ; 23(1): 241, 2023 05 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2324667

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, SARS-CoV-2 has evolved into independent new forms, variants of concern (VOCs). While epidemiological data showed increased transmissibility of VOCs, their impact on clinical outcomes is less clear. This study aimed to investigate the differences between the clinical and laboratory features of children infected with VOCs. METHODS: This study included all cases with SARS-CoV-2-positive nasopharyngeal swabs obtained from patients referred to Children's Medical Center (CMC), an Iranian referral hospital, between July 2021 and March 2022. The inclusion criteria for this study included all patients, regardless of age, who had a positive test anywhere in the hospital setting. Exclusion criteria for the study included those whose data was obtained from non-hospital outpatient settings, or referred from another hospital. The SARS-CoV-2 genome area encoding the S1 domain was amplified and sequenced. The type of variant in each sample was identified based on the mutations in the S1 gene. Demographic characteristics, clinical data, and laboratory findings were collected from the patient's medical records. RESULTS: This study included 87 pediatric cases with confirmed COVID-19, with a median age of 3.5 years (IQR: 1-8.12). Data from sequencing reveals the type of variants as 5 (5.7%) alpha, 53 (60.9%) Delta, and 29 (33.3%) Omicron. The incidence of seizure was higher in patients with Alpha and Omicron infection compared to the Delta group. A higher incidence of diarrhea was reported in Alpha-infected patients, and a higher risk of disease severity, distress, and myalgia was associated with Delta infection. CONCLUSION: Laboratory parameters did not mostly differ among the patients infected with Alpha, Delta, and Omicron. However, these variants may manifest different clinical features. Further studies with larger sample sizes are required to fully understand the clinical manifestations of each variant.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Humans , Child , Infant , Child, Preschool , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Child, Hospitalized , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/epidemiology , Iran/epidemiology , Pandemics , Referral and Consultation
14.
BMC Med Educ ; 23(1): 342, 2023 May 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2323810

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: With the advent of the COVID-19 pandemic, many higher education programs in Iran, including prosthetics and orthotics (P&O), had to shift to the online environment all at once. This unanticipated transition was challenging for the educational system. However, online education is superior in some aspects to conventional methods, and this situation may offer opportunities. This study was carried out from September 2021 to March 2022 to investigate the challenges and opportunities of online education in the P&O sector in Iran based on the opinions of students and faculty members. Relevant recommendations will also be discussed. METHODS: In this qualitative study, semi-structured interviews were conducted in both oral and written formats. Purposive and snowball sampling techniques were used to recruit undergraduate and postgraduate P&O students, as well as P&O faculty members, for this qualitative study. The data gathered from interviews with study participants were analyzed by thematic analysis. RESULTS: Based on the data analysis, many sub-themes of the three main themes were recognized: (1) challenges: technical, socioeconomic, environmental distractors, supervision and evaluation, workload, digital competence, interactions, motivation, sessions-related issues, class time, hands-on and clinical training; (2) opportunities: technological innovations, infrastructure development, flexible learning environment, student-centered learning, availability of contents, time and cost saving, high concentration, more self-confidence; (3) recommendations: technical infrastructure, team dynamics, hybrid courses, time management, awareness. CONCLUSION: Online education of P&O during the era of the COVID-19 pandemic was accompanied by a series of challenges. Technical issues and the gravity of hands-on training in this field were significant challenges. This era, however, provided the opportunity to facilitate the establishment of needed infrastructure and support technological innovations for online education. Considering hybrid (mixed online and on-site) courses was recommended to improve the quality of learning.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Education, Distance , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Iran , Pandemics , Students
15.
BMC Womens Health ; 23(1): 277, 2023 05 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2323655

ABSTRACT

Single-parent adolescents are vulnerable individuals and it is necessary to improve their health, particularly during epidemics. This study aimed to investigate the effects of virtual logotherapy (VL) on health-promoting lifestyle (HPL) among single-parent adolescent girls during the COVID-19 pandemic. This single-blind randomized clinical trial was conducted on 88 single-parent adolescent girls recruited from the support organization for vulnerable individuals in Tehran, Iran. They were randomly allocated to a control and an intervention group through block randomization. Participants in the intervention group received VL in three-five person groups in 90 min biweekly sessions. The Adolescent Health Promotion Short-Form was used to assess HPL. Data were analyzed using the SPSS software (v. 26.0) and through the independent-sample t, Chi-square, Fisher's exact, and Mann-Whitney U tests. There was no significant difference between the intervention and the control groups respecting the pretest mean score of HPL (73.58±16.74 vs. 72.80±9.30; P=0.085). However, the posttest mean score of HPL in the intervention group (82 with an interquartile range of 78-90) was significantly more than the control group (71.50 with an interquartile range of 63.25-84.50) (P=0.001). Moreover, after adjusting the effects of the significant between-group differences respecting pretest mean scores, the pretest-posttest differences of the mean scores of HPL and all its dimensions in the intervention group were significantly more than the control group (P<0.05). VL is effective in significantly improving HPL among single-parent adolescent girls. Healthcare authorities are recommended to use VL for health promotion among single-parent adolescents.Trial registrationThis research was registered (17/05/2020) in the www.thaiclinicaltrials.org with registration number: TCTR20200517001.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Pandemics , Logotherapy , Single-Blind Method , Iran , Healthy Lifestyle , Parents
16.
J Health Popul Nutr ; 42(1): 43, 2023 05 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2323463

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: On March 11, 2020, the WHO declared the outbreak of the infectious disease COVID-19 as a pandemic. The health strategies of nations lead to possible changes in lifestyle and increase poor eating habits. Hence, the purpose of this study is to compare food consumption during COVID-19 pandemic in Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used secondary data from the Households Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) conducted annually by the Statistical Centre of Iran. Food cost data of HIES included the amount of all food items in household food baskets during the last month. Then, they were classified into six food groups to evaluate their energy intake. The consequence of food consumption was analyzed as a function of socioeconomic status (SES) variables and residence pre- and post-COVID-19 pandemic. RESULTS: In total, 75,885 households (83.5% male) were included in the study. Among the population of urban and rural areas as well as in different SES categories, people tended to increase the consumption of meat (P < 0.05) and fresh foods, especially vegetable groups (P < 0.001) and decrease the consumption of fruit (P < 0.001), fat and sweets groups (P < 0.05) and also in energy intake (P < 0.05). Macronutrient changes were different in the category of SES, urban and rural. CONCLUSION: Our study indicated that the COVID-19 pandemic had different effects on food groups, energy and macronutrients consumption, which could be due to possible changes in food patterns as a result of the pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Humans , Male , Female , Health Expenditures , Iran/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , COVID-19/epidemiology , Income , Fruit
17.
Air Med J ; 42(4): 271-275, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2322887

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a severe acute respiratory infection, has spread rapidly around the world. To expand and enhance knowledge regarding virus prevention/transmission, this study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of emergency medical services (EMS) workers as a part of the health care system because of their essential role in the front lines of the COVID-19 outbreak. METHODS: An online cross-sectional survey was conducted on EMS workers to assess their knowledge, attitudes, and practices toward COVID-19. The questionnaire included 5 topics: demographic information, knowledge and attitude questions, professional behavior of employees during the epidemic, and anxiety score. RESULTS: A total of 86 EMS workers answered the questionnaire, and 55.63% of the respondents answered the knowledge questions correctly; knowledge appeared to have no correlation to their education, age, or experience. In addition, there was no apparent correlation between the infection rate and exposure to an infected or suspected patient. CONCLUSION: The findings of the present study indicate that more than half of the EMS workers have good knowledge about the epidemic, and the level of knowledge was not related to their demographic characteristics. The results of professional behaviors showed a high level of compliance with the principles and guidelines by workers, and the absence of a relationship between employees' contamination and exposure to infected patients supports the awareness and legality of EMS workers.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Emergency Medical Services , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Iran/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Surveys and Questionnaires , Health Personnel
18.
19.
Head Face Med ; 19(1): 19, 2023 May 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2325167

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There is evidence of the occurrence of headache after vaccination against COVID-19. However, only a few studies have examined the headache characteristics and related determinants, especially among healthcare workers with a history of COVID-19 infection. METHODS: We evaluated the incidence of headaches after injection of different types of COVID-19 vaccine to determine factors relating to the incidence of headache after vaccination among the Iranian healthcare workers who had previously contracted COVID-19. A group of 334 healthcare workers with a history of COVID-19 infection were included and vaccinated (at least one month after recovery without any COVID-19 related symptoms) with different COVID-19 vaccines. The baseline information, headache characteristics and vaccine specifications were recorded. RESULTS: Overall, 39.2% reported experiencing a post-vaccination headache. Of those with a previous history of headache, 51.1% reported migraine-type, 27.4% tension-type and 21.5% other types. The mean time between vaccination and headache appearance was 26.78 ± 6.93 h, with the headache appearing less than 24 h after vaccination in most patients (83.2%). The headaches reached its peak within 8.62 ± 2.41 h. Most patients reported a compression-type headache. The prevalence of post-vaccination headaches was significantly different according to the type of vaccine used. The highest rates were reported for AstraZeneca, followed by Sputnik V. In regression analysis, the vaccine brand, female gender and initial COVID-19 severity were the main determinants for predicting post-vaccination headache. CONCLUSION: Participants commonly experienced a headache following vaccination against COVID-19. Our study results indicated that this was slightly more common in females and in those with a history of severe COVID-19 infection.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , Female , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Iran/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Headache/epidemiology , Headache/etiology , Vaccination/adverse effects , Health Personnel
20.
BMC Infect Dis ; 23(1): 339, 2023 May 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2325067

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Besides impaired respiratory function and immune system, COVID-19 can affect renal function from elevated blood urea nitrogen (BUN) or serum creatinine (sCr) levels to acute kidney injury (AKI) and renal failure. This study aims to investigate the relationship between Cystatin C and other inflammatory factors with the consequences of COVID-19. METHODS: A total of 125 patients with confirmed Covid-19 pneumonia were recruited in this cross-sectional study from March 2021 to May 2022 at Firoozgar educational hospital in Tehran, Iran. Lymphopenia was an absolute lymphocyte count of less than 1.5 × 109/L. AKI was identified as elevated serum Cr concentration or reduced urine output. Pulmonary consequences were evaluated. Mortality was recorded in the hospital one and three months after discharge. The effect of baseline biochemical and inflammatory factors on odds of death was examined. SPSS, version 26, was used for all analyses. P-vale less than 0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: The highest amount of co-morbidities was attributed to COPD (31%; n = 39), dyslipidemia and hypertension (27%; n = 34 for each) and diabetes (25%; n = 31). The mean baseline cystatin C level was 1.42 ± 0.93 mg/L, baseline creatinine was 1.38 ± 0.86 mg/L, and baseline NLR was 6.17 ± 4.50. Baseline cystatin C level had a direct and highly significant linear relationship with baseline creatinine level of patients (P < 0.001; r: 0.926). ). The average score of the severity of lung involvement was 31.42 ± 10.80. There is a direct and highly significant linear relationship between baseline cystatin C level and lung involvement severity score (r = 0.890, P < 0.001). Cystatin C has a higher diagnostic power in predicting the severity of lung involvement (B = 3.88 ± 1.74, p = 0.026). The mean baseline cystatin C level in patients with AKI was 2.41 ± 1.43 mg/L and significantly higher than patients without AKI (P > 0.001). 34.4% (n = 43) of patients expired in the hospital, and the mean baseline cystatin C level of this group of patients was 1.58 ± 0.90 mg/L which was significantly higher than other patients (1.35 ± 0.94 mg/L, P = 0.002). CONCLUSION: cystatin C and other inflammatory factors such as ferritin, LDH and CRP can help the physician predict the consequences of COVID-19. Timely diagnosis of these factors can help reduce the complications of COVID-19 and better treat this disease. More studies on the consequences of COVID-19 and knowing the related factors will help treat the disease as well as possible.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , COVID-19 , Humans , Biomarkers , Cystatin C , Prospective Studies , Creatinine , Cross-Sectional Studies , COVID-19/complications , Iran/epidemiology , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Acute Kidney Injury/diagnosis
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL