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1.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (5): 126-134, 2022.
Article in Russian | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1863437

ABSTRACT

The authors report hybrid treatment of a patient with angina pectoris class II, multiple previous reconstructive interventions on the aortofemoral segment and chronic ischemia of the left lower limb stage IV and concomitant COVID-19. Coronary angiography was performed after regression of infectious disease under antiviral therapy. Occlusion of the left anterior descending artery was observed that required LAD stenting. On the next day, hybrid revascularization of the lower extremities was implemented: thrombectomy and endarterectomy from the branch of the aorto-femoral bypass graft and deep femoral artery at the first stage, stenting of the orifice of proximal branch of aorto-femoral bypass graft at the second stage, endarterectomy from superficial femoral artery, recanalization and stenting of superficial femoral artery and popliteal artery at the third stage and prosthetic- femoral bypass with autologous vein at the fourth stage. Postoperative angiography revealed patent stents and no residual stenoses. The choice in favor of these procedures and step-by-step approach has been substantiated. The authors emphasized effectiveness and safety of this treatment strategy.


Subject(s)
Arterial Occlusive Diseases , COVID-19 , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Femoral Artery/diagnostic imaging , Femoral Artery/surgery , Humans , Ischemia/diagnosis , Ischemia/etiology , Ischemia/surgery , Popliteal Artery/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Vascular Patency
2.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 21(5): 1822-1829, 2022 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1723294

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 is a systemic disease characterized by vascular damage, increased inflammation, and hypercoagulability. Acral ischemic lesions occur as a result of increased inflammation and cutaneous thrombosis. Skin lesions can sometimes be the only symptom of COVID-19. In this respect, recognizing acro-ischemic lesions, which are skin lesions, may help in the early diagnosis of the disease and in predicting the prognosis. In patients with skin lesions without typical symptoms, the diagnosis of COVID-19 should be kept in mind. Herein, we describe five patients affected by COVID-19 which developed acro-ischemic lesions.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Skin Diseases , COVID-19/complications , Humans , Inflammation/pathology , Ischemia/diagnosis , Ischemia/etiology , Skin/pathology , Skin Diseases/pathology
3.
Am J Case Rep ; 23: e935264, 2022 Feb 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1675226

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has a tremendous impact on the respiratory tract. In severe COVID-19 infections, patients may experience shock and multiple organ failure. We described 4 cases of severe arterial thrombosis induced by COVID-19 with and without other stressors and their responses to treatment measures. CASE REPORT In Case 1, a 61-year-old man was hospitalized for COVID-19 pneumonia 2 weeks prior to the presentation of acute upper-limb ischemia after intravenous forearm line insertion. He was classified as IIB and thus underwent emergency thrombectomy followed by 3 months of enoxaparin. Case 2 was a 41-year-old female patient with granulomatosis who was admitted to the Intensive Care Unit due to COVID-19 pneumonia and developed acute upper-limb ischemia. A medical approach using therapeutic heparin was used. Case 3 was a 65-year-old man who was admitted due to COVID-19-related pneumonia and was otherwise medically and surgically free. We assessed and managed a new onset of the lower-limb IIB acute limb ischemia (ALI). Case 4 was a patient with the first COVID-19 presentation of ALI, which was managed accordingly. CONCLUSIONS The development of a thrombotic event in patients with COVID-19 was previously reported. Moreover, different management options and outcomes have been reported in the literature. Therefore, careful planning is needed for procedures such as cannulation or central line insertion to prevent such events. In addition, short-term anticoagulation therapy might be of clinical benefit when planning a procedure or if the patient exhibits minor arterial complications.


Subject(s)
Arterial Occlusive Diseases , COVID-19 , Adult , Aged , Enoxaparin , Female , Humans , Ischemia/etiology , Ischemia/therapy , Male , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Hemodial Int ; 26(2): 183-190, 2022 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1583557

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis have unique risk factors that render them prone to ischemia. To what extent coronavirus infectious disease 2019 (COVID-19) increases this risk is unknown. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included incident patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis from one city in Turkey. A comparison was made between those who developed COVID-19 and those who did not for clinical variables. Independent predictors of acute ischemic complications in the total cohort were assessed using the logistic regression analysis. FINDINGS: By the start of the pandemic in Turkey, 33 of 154 (21.4%) patients developed COVID-19. During the 15 months of median follow-up after the start of the pandemic, 16 (10.4%) patients developed acute ischemic complications. These included acute myocardial infarction (n = 10), acute ischemic stroke (n = 4), acute peripheral artery thrombosis (n = 1), and pulmonary thromboembolism (n = 1). Overall, acute ischemic events occurred more commonly in those who experienced COVID-19 (24.2% vs. 6.6%, p = 0.007). Ischemia-free survival was significantly shorter in the COVID-19 group (p = 0.001). In the eight patients with COVID-19, ischemic complications emerged at a median 185 (range 21-306) days after the diagnosis of COVID-19. While age, dialysis vintage, and experience of COVID-19 were found as factors significantly associated with the development of acute ischemic events in univariate analysis, the association between COVID-19 and acute ischemia remained significant in the multivariate regression model (odds ratio 3.99, 95% CI [1.3, 12.13], p = 0.016). During the pandemic, 23 (14.9%) patients died. Overall survival was significantly shorter among those who developed acute ischemic event (p < 0.001). The hazard ratio of acute ischemic event for death was 6.76 (95% CI [2.92, 15.66], p < 0.001). DISCUSSION: A considerable number of patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis developed acute ischemic complications weeks to months after the resolution of COVID-19. Hemodialysis patients appear to require specific interventions in order to prevent subsequent acute ischemic events after the resolution of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Communicable Diseases , Ischemic Stroke , COVID-19/epidemiology , Humans , Ischemia/etiology , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
6.
Int J Low Extrem Wounds ; 21(2): 197-200, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1582582

ABSTRACT

An 84-year-old male patient with no known comorbidity was admitted to the emergency department with complaints of dyspnea and respiratory distress. The patient was referred to the COVID outpatient clinic, laboratory and radiology tests were performed. Thoracic CT scan of the patient showed large peripheral patchy ground glass densities observed in the lower lobes of both lungs. CT imaging findings were evaluated by an experienced radiologist and reported as COVID-19 pneumonia. The patient, who was self-isolated at home for 5 days, presented to the emergency department again on the fifth day with complaints of respiratory distress, fever, bruising with cough, and loss of peripheral pulse in the left lower extremity. Necessary tests were performed on the patient. An above-knee amputation was performed when a diagnosis of limb ischemic necrosis was made and no revascularization attempt was considered by the CVS department. This case study describes the coexistence of sudden lower extremity thrombosis and Covid-19 in our case without a known chronic disease.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Respiratory Distress Syndrome , Aged, 80 and over , Amputation , COVID-19/complications , Humans , Ischemia/etiology , Ischemia/surgery , Limb Salvage , Lower Extremity/surgery , Male , Peripheral Arterial Disease/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
7.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 76: 285-288, 2021 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1525691

ABSTRACT

The arterial revascularization procedure is still a challenging issue in Covid-19 associated limb ischemia. Herein we aimed to present a case of a 64 year-old woman with acute ischemic signs in upper extremity who was diagnosed as a probable Covid-19 case incidentally after admission. Although late admission and failed recurrent embolectomies lead to an eventful course, intra-arterial thrombolysis seemed to present a benefitable treatment option for our patient.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Ischemia/etiology , Upper Extremity/blood supply , Acute Disease , Amputation , COVID-19/diagnosis , Embolectomy , Female , Humans , Ischemia/diagnostic imaging , Ischemia/physiopathology , Ischemia/therapy , Middle Aged , Regional Blood Flow , Thrombolytic Therapy , Time-to-Treatment , Treatment Outcome
8.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 76: 289-292, 2021 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1525692

ABSTRACT

To describe the case of a young female patient, affected by Systemic Lupus Erythematous, hospitalized for severe SARS-CoV-2 infection pneumonia and presenting a treatment-resistant acute upper limb ischemia. Two days after hospital admission, the patient suffered sudden right upper limb pain associated with mild functional impairment. At physical examination, radial and ulnar pulses were absent, and no flow signal was detected at duplex ultrasound scan. Therefore, an acute limb ischemia diagnoses was posed. Despite several surgical and endovascular revascularization attempts, the patient underwent an above the elbow amputation in 10th postoperative day from first surgical embolectomy, and she died for respiratory failure 25 days after hospitalization. Our case of acute upper limb ischemia seems to confirm that clinical manifestation and fate of thrombotic disorder in COVID-19 patients could be precipitated by concomitant autoimmune diseases.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Ischemia/etiology , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Upper Extremity/blood supply , Acute Disease , Amputation , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/therapy , Disease Progression , Embolectomy , Endovascular Procedures , Fatal Outcome , Female , Humans , Ischemia/diagnostic imaging , Ischemia/physiopathology , Ischemia/therapy , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/diagnosis , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome
9.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(11)2021 Nov 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1522933

ABSTRACT

Hypercoagulable and proinflammatory states induced by the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) lead to thrombotic and embolic events. In this case report, the authors describe how they successfully managed acute critical limb ischaemia in a patient of COVID-19 illness with severe pulmonary disease and high thrombus burden in the infrapopliteal arteries.


Subject(s)
Arterial Occlusive Diseases , COVID-19 , Humans , Ischemia/etiology , Ischemia/surgery , SARS-CoV-2 , Thrombectomy
10.
Int J Clin Pract ; 75(12): e14930, 2021 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1450546

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal complications of COVID-19 have been reported over the last year. One such manifestation is bowel ischaemia. This study thus aims to provide a more holistic review of our current understanding of COVID-19-induced bowel ischaemia. METHOD AND RESULTS: A meticulous search was performed using different keywords in PubMed and Google Scholar. Fifty-two articles were included in our study after applying inclusion and exclusion criteria and performing the qualitative assessment of the studies. A total of 25 702 patients were included in our study after the completion of the qualitative assessment. DISCUSSION: The common symptoms of GIT in COVID-19 patients are as diarrhoea, vomiting, nausea and abdominal pain. The mechanism of bowel ischaemia is associated with the formation of emboli which is related to COVID-19's high affinity for angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 on enterocytes, affecting the superior mesenteric vessels. Clinically, patients present with abdominal pain and vomiting. CT angiography of the abdomen and pelvis showed acute intestinal ischaemia (mesenteric). Management is usually initiated with gastric decompression, fluid resuscitation, and haemodynamic support. Surgical intervention is also sought. CONCLUSION: Intestinal ischaemia presenting in patients with COVID-19 has to be considered when symptoms of severe abdominal pain are present. More research and guidelines are required to triage patients with COVID-19 to suspect intestinal ischaemia and to help in diagnosis and management.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Mesenteric Ischemia , Humans , Ischemia/diagnosis , Ischemia/etiology , Mesenteric Ischemia/diagnosis , Mesenteric Ischemia/etiology , Mesenteric Ischemia/therapy , SARS-CoV-2
11.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 56(2): 201-207, 2022 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1443761

ABSTRACT

We present a 74-year-old gentleman, who presented with foot ischaemia requiring bilateral amputation in the absence of radiological signs of occlusive peripheral arterial disease. He was found to have COVID-19 pneumonitis and concurrent arterial and venous thromboemboli despite no initial respiratory symptoms or signs, nor pre-existing risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Patients who present with foot ischaemia with or without respiratory symptoms or signs warrant a high index of suspicion for COVID-19 infection, particularly in those with no predisposing risk factors.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Venous Thromboembolism , Aged , Humans , Ischemia/diagnostic imaging , Ischemia/etiology , Lower Extremity , Male , Peripheral Arterial Disease/complications , Peripheral Arterial Disease/diagnostic imaging , SARS-CoV-2 , Toes , Treatment Outcome
12.
Semin Vasc Surg ; 34(3): 96-100, 2021 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1434170

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to report our institutional experience with patients with COVID-19 who developed acute limb ischemia during hospitalization and to determine the characteristics and clinical outcomes. Between March 2020 and January 2021, we treated 3 patients who were COVID-19-positive and developed acute limb ischemia after they received thromboprophylaxis. We performed an embolectomy by exposing the popliteal artery below the knee to treat an occlusion of the popliteal and tibial arteries. An infusion of unfractionated heparin was initiated immediately after surgery, maintaining a partial thromboplastin time ratio > 2.5 times the normal value and transferred the patients to the intensive care unit. However, after these patients developed recurrent acute limb ischemia in the same leg, we decided to perform an embolectomy of popliteal and tibial arteries at the ankle and created an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) with tibial veins using polypropylene 7-0. The first patient died from pneumonia after 3 weeks in the intensive care unit; at that time, the foot was viable with triphasic flow in the distal posterior tibial artery and the AVF was patent. The second and third patients are doing well, they can walk without any problems, and the tibial arteries and AFV were patent on duplex ultrasound after 6 months. The AVF allowed part of the flow of tibial arteries to divert into the small veins of the foot that have a low resistance to maintain patency of tibial vessels, despite a hypercoagulable state and extensive thrombotic microangiopathy in patients with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Arteriovenous Fistula , COVID-19 , Venous Thromboembolism , Anticoagulants , Heparin , Humans , Ischemia/diagnostic imaging , Ischemia/etiology , Ischemia/surgery , SARS-CoV-2
14.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(8)2021 Aug 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1356921

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 is caused by the SARS-CoV-2, and its presentation ranges from mild upper respiratory illness to critical disease including acute respiratory distress syndrome and multiorgan dysfunction. While it was initially believed to primarily target the respiratory system, numerous studies have demonstrated it to cause a hypercoagulable state that predisposes to arterial and venous thrombosis. We present a case where a patient with COVID-19 developed acute lower limb ischaemia due to arterial thrombosis in the setting of full-dose enoxaparin, followed by heparin infusion protocol. The patient developed recurrent ischaemia despite thrombolysis in addition to anticoagulation, and eventually required open thrombectomy before making a full recovery.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Humans , Ischemia/drug therapy , Ischemia/etiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Thrombolytic Therapy
15.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 77: 83-85, 2021 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1356139

ABSTRACT

The novel pandemic of coronavirus infection (COVID-19) has been linked with coagulopathy and thromboembolic events, causing limb loss and finally death. The present report describes a case of upper limb ischemia in a patient with COVID-19 infection, who lacked conventional risk factors for acute limb ischemia (ALI).mAn 83 year-old man with intraluminal thrombus and the occlusion of the axillary and brachial arteries, ceasing blood supply to the distal part of the body, was tested positive for the COVID-19 infection. The patient received therapeutic anticoagulation and underwent open thromboembolectomy, which failed to save the patient's life. The link between COVID-19 and thromboembolism remains unknown and needs further studies to be disclosed.


Subject(s)
Axillary Artery , Brachial Artery , COVID-19/complications , Ischemia/etiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Thrombosis/complications , Upper Extremity/blood supply , Acute Disease , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/diagnosis , Humans , Ischemia/diagnosis , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Male , Thrombosis/diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ultrasonography, Doppler
16.
J Vasc Surg ; 75(1): 326-342, 2022 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1351776

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection has been associated with thrombotic complications such as deep vein thrombosis or stroke. Recently, numerous cases of acute limb ischemia (ALI) have been reported although pooled data are lacking. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library for studies published online up to January 2021 that reported cases with SARS-CoV-2 infection and ALI. Eligible studies should have reported early outcomes including mortality. Primary endpoints included also pooled amputation, clinical improvement, and reoperation rates. RESULTS: In total, 34 studies (19 case reports and 15 case series/cohort studies) including a total of 540 patients (199 patients were eligible for analysis) were evaluated. All studies were published in 2020. Mean age of patients was 61.6 years (range, 39-84 years; data from 32 studies) and 78.4% of patients were of male gender (data from 32 studies). There was a low incidence of comorbidities: arterial hypertension, 49% (29 studies); diabetes mellitus, 29.6% (29 studies); dyslipidemia, 20.5% (27 studies); chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, 8.5% (26 studies); coronary disease, 8.3% (26 studies); and chronic renal disease, 7.6% (28 studies). Medical treatment was selected as first-line treatment for 41.8% of cases. Pooled mortality rate among 34 studies reached 31.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 25.4%%-37.7%). Pooled amputation rate among 34 studies reached 23.2% (95% CI, 17.3%-29.7%). Pooled clinical improvement rate among 28 studies reached 66.6% (95% CI, 55.4%%-76.9%). Pooled reoperation rate among 29 studies reached 10.5% (95% CI, 5.7%%-16.7%). Medical treatment was associated with a higher death risk compared with any intervention (odds ratio, 4.04; 95% CI, 1.075-15.197; P = .045) although amputation risk was not different between the two strategies (odds ratio, 0.977; 95% CI, 0.070-13.600; P = .986) (data from 31 studies). CONCLUSIONS: SARS-CoV-2 infection is associated with a high risk for thrombotic complications, including ALI. COVID-associated ALI presents in patients with a low incidence of comorbidities, and it is associated with a high mortality and amputation risk. Conservative treatment seems to have a higher mortality risk compared with any intervention, although amputation risk is similar.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Extremities/blood supply , Ischemia/etiology , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Acute Disease , COVID-19/epidemiology , Global Health , Humans , Incidence , Ischemia/epidemiology
17.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 75: 140-143, 2021 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1340555

ABSTRACT

The incidence of venous and arterial thromboembolic complications in COVID-19 patients is significant. The vast majority of COVID-19 patients spend their quarantine at home in a self-isolation condition. The occurrence of Acute limb ischemia (ALI) is a dangerous event that needs prompt diagnosis and management with time-dependent recanalization outcomes. We present a case series of three COVID-19 patients who suffered from ALI that occurred during home self-isolation, and that were diagnosed and treated with a significant time-delay due to COVID-19 social implications.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Delayed Diagnosis , Diagnostic Errors , Ischemia/diagnostic imaging , Peripheral Arterial Disease/diagnostic imaging , Acute Disease , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Amputation , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/therapy , Embolectomy , Humans , Ischemia/etiology , Ischemia/surgery , Male , Peripheral Arterial Disease/etiology , Peripheral Arterial Disease/surgery , Predictive Value of Tests , Thrombectomy , Thrombolytic Therapy , Time-to-Treatment , Treatment Outcome
18.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 76: 285-288, 2021 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1305205

ABSTRACT

The arterial revascularization procedure is still a challenging issue in Covid-19 associated limb ischemia. Herein we aimed to present a case of a 64 year-old woman with acute ischemic signs in upper extremity who was diagnosed as a probable Covid-19 case incidentally after admission. Although late admission and failed recurrent embolectomies lead to an eventful course, intra-arterial thrombolysis seemed to present a benefitable treatment option for our patient.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Ischemia/etiology , Upper Extremity/blood supply , Acute Disease , Amputation , COVID-19/diagnosis , Embolectomy , Female , Humans , Ischemia/diagnostic imaging , Ischemia/physiopathology , Ischemia/therapy , Middle Aged , Regional Blood Flow , Thrombolytic Therapy , Time-to-Treatment , Treatment Outcome
19.
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol ; 35(8): e487-e489, 2021 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1297752
20.
Urol Int ; 105(9-10): 916-919, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1262425

ABSTRACT

Infection by COVID-19, being a respiratory disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, can predispose to arterial and venous thrombotic disease, in response to excessive inflammation, platelet activation, endothelial dysfunction, and venous stasis. During the COVID-19 pandemic period, the technological and resource availability for the care of these patients with thrombotic disease is critical, marking a factor of morbidity and poor prognosis in these cases. We describe a case of priapism in a patient with COVID-19, during the course of systemic inflammatory response syndrome and respiratory distress syndrome with a procoagulant state, seeking to relate the pathophysiological factors of ischemic priapism in patients with infection with SARS-Cov-2.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Ischemia/etiology , Penile Erection , Penis/blood supply , Priapism/etiology , Adult , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/virology , Fatal Outcome , Humans , Ischemia/diagnosis , Ischemia/physiopathology , Male , Priapism/diagnosis , Priapism/physiopathology , Regional Blood Flow
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