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1.
Med Sci Monit ; 28: e935300, 2022 Mar 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1732485

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND The recurrence of COVID-19 and the continuous escalation of prevention and control policies can lead to an increase in mental health problems. This study aimed to investigate the perceived stress, coping style, resilience, and social support among patients on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) during the COVID-19 epidemic lockdown in China. MATERIAL AND METHODS This cross-sectional observational study enrolled 197 patients on MHD from the Guangdong Province Traditional Chinese Medical Hospital and the Hedong Hospital of Guangzhou Liwan District People's Hospital during July 2021. AMOS 24.0 and PROCESS Macro 3.1 model 6 were used for analyses of moderating mediating effects. RESULTS Perceived stress was negatively correlated with positive coping style (r=-0.305, P<0.001) and resilience (r=-0.258, P<0.001), whereas resilience (r=0.631, P<0.001) and social support (r=0.300, P<0.001) were positively correlated with positive coping style among patients on MHD. In the moderated mediating model, perceived stress had significant direct predictive effects on positive coping style (95% CI -0.33, -0.07), and perceived stress had significant indirect predictive effects on positive coping styles through resilience (95% CI -0.26, -0.06) or social support (95% CI 0.01, 0.06). Perceived stress had significant indirect predictive effects on positive coping style through both resilience and social support (95% CI -0.04, -0.01). CONCLUSIONS Perceived stress not only predicted coping style directly, but also indirectly predicted coping style through resilience and social support. Coping style was affected by internal and external factors during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown period.


Subject(s)
Adaptation, Psychological/physiology , COVID-19/psychology , Kidney Diseases/psychology , Adult , COVID-19/complications , China/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Kidney Diseases/complications , Kidney Diseases/virology , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Renal Dialysis , Resilience, Psychological/physiology , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity , Social Support , Stress, Psychological/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires
2.
Clin J Am Soc Nephrol ; 15(9): 1259-1266, 2020 09 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-647141

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: During the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak, the treatment of families with children on long-term KRT is challenging. This study was conducted to identify the current difficulties, worries regarding the next 2 months, and mental distress experienced by families with children on long-term KRT during the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak and to deliver possible management approaches to ensure uninterrupted treatment for children on long-term KRT. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: A multicenter online survey was conducted between February 10 and 15, 2020, among the families with children on long-term KRT from five major pediatric dialysis centers in mainland China. The primary caregivers of children currently on long-term KRT were eligible and included. Demographic information, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection status, current difficulties, and worries regarding the next 2 months were surveyed using a self-developed questionnaire. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and the General Anxiety Disorder Scale-7 were used to screen for depressive symptoms and anxiety, respectively. RESULTS: Among the children in the 220 families included in data analysis, 113 (51%) children were on dialysis, and the other 107 (49%) had kidney transplants. No families reported confirmed or suspected cases of coronavirus disease 2019. Overall, 135 (61%) and 173 (79%) caregivers reported having difficulties now and having worries regarding the next 2 months, respectively. Dialysis supply shortage (dialysis group) and hard to have blood tests (kidney transplantation group) were most commonly reported. A total of 29 (13%) caregivers had depressive symptoms, and 24 (11%) had anxiety. After the survey, we offered online and offline interventions to address their problems. At the time of the submission of this paper, no treatment interruption had been reported. CONCLUSIONS: The coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak has had physical, mental, logistical, and financial effects on families with children on long-term KRT.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus/pathogenicity , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Family/psychology , Kidney Diseases/therapy , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Renal Replacement Therapy , Adaptation, Psychological , Adolescent , Adult , Age Factors , COVID-19 , Caregivers/psychology , Child , China/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/psychology , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Cost of Illness , Family Relations , Female , Health Care Surveys , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Health Services Accessibility , Host Microbial Interactions , Humans , Kidney Diseases/psychology , Male , Mental Health , Middle Aged , Patient Safety , Pneumonia, Viral/psychology , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , Renal Replacement Therapy/adverse effects , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2 , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
3.
Transplant Rev (Orlando) ; 34(4): 100567, 2020 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-638515

ABSTRACT

The global pandemic of severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which causes the novel beta coronavirus 2019 disease (COVID-19), has become an unprecedented medical, economic, and psychosocial crisis. The pandemic and its management strategies have resulted in immense challenges for health systems, not only in caring for those with COVID-19 but also in the ongoing management of chronic medical conditions. Kidney transplant recipients present a unique challenge given their need for ongoing monitoring and management as well as their higher risk of COVID-19 infection. In the absence of clear guidelines, it is unclear how to best provide routine care to this unique patient population during the pandemic. Rigorous medical and psychosocial patient-centered risk stratification strategies are needed to avoid adverse outcomes in stable solid organ transplant recipients. This review will focus on the challenges faced by kidney transplant recipients and health care providers and provides strategies to address these issues.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Kidney Diseases/complications , Kidney Diseases/psychology , Kidney Transplantation , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Humans , Kidney Diseases/surgery , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2
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