Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 14 de 14
Filter
1.
Leukemia ; 35(12): 3444-3454, 2021 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1493064

ABSTRACT

Patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) may be more susceptible to Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) due to age, disease, and treatment-related immunosuppression. We aimed to assess risk factors of outcome and elucidate the impact of CLL-directed treatments on the course of COVID-19. We conducted a retrospective, international study, collectively including 941 patients with CLL and confirmed COVID-19. Data from the beginning of the pandemic until March 16, 2021, were collected from 91 centers. The risk factors of case fatality rate (CFR), disease severity, and overall survival (OS) were investigated. OS analysis was restricted to patients with severe COVID-19 (definition: hospitalization with need of oxygen or admission into an intensive care unit). CFR in patients with severe COVID-19 was 38.4%. OS was inferior for patients in all treatment categories compared to untreated (p < 0.001). Untreated patients had a lower risk of death (HR = 0.54, 95% CI:0.41-0.72). The risk of death was higher for older patients and those suffering from cardiac failure (HR = 1.03, 95% CI:1.02-1.04; HR = 1.79, 95% CI:1.04-3.07, respectively). Age, CLL-directed treatment, and cardiac failure were significant risk factors of OS. Untreated patients had a better chance of survival than those on treatment or recently treated.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/mortality , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/complications , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/mortality , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/virology , Humans , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/therapy , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/virology , Mortality , Prognosis , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2 , Severity of Illness Index , Survival Analysis
2.
Leukemia ; 36(2): 476-481, 2022 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1437661

ABSTRACT

We studied clinical and immunological outcome of Covid-19 in consecutive CLL patients from a well-defined area during month 1-13 of the pandemic. Sixty patients (median age 71 y, range 43-97) were identified. Median CIRS was eight (4-20). Patients had indolent CLL (n = 38), had completed (n = 12) or ongoing therapy (n = 10). Forty-six patients (77%) were hospitalized due to severe Covid-19 and 11 were admitted to ICU. Severe Covid-19 was equally distributed across subgroups irrespective of age, gender, BMI, CLL status except CIRS (p < 0.05). Fourteen patients (23%) died; age ≥75 y was the only significant risk factor (p < 0.05, multivariate analysis with limited power). Comparing month 1-6 vs 7-13 of the pandemic, deaths were numerically reduced from 32% to 18%, ICU admission from 37% to 15% whereas hospitalizations remained frequent (86% vs 71%). Seroconversion occurred in 33/40 patients (82%) and anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies were detectable at six and 12 months in 17/22 and 8/11 patients, respectively. Most (13/17) had neutralizing antibodies and 19/28 had antibodies in saliva. SARS-CoV-2-specific T-cells (ELISpot) were detected in 14/17 patients. Covid-19 continued to result in high admission even among consecutive and young early- stage CLL patients. A robust and durable B and/or T cell immunity was observed in most convalescents.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Neutralizing/immunology , Antibodies, Viral/immunology , B-Lymphocytes/immunology , COVID-19/complications , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/immunology , SARS-CoV-2/immunology , T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antibodies, Neutralizing/blood , Antibodies, Viral/blood , COVID-19/immunology , COVID-19/transmission , COVID-19/virology , Combined Modality Therapy , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/therapy , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/virology , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification
7.
Blood ; 138(18): 1768-1773, 2021 11 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1322916
10.
Cell ; 183(7): 1901-1912.e9, 2020 12 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-950119

ABSTRACT

Long-term severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) shedding was observed from the upper respiratory tract of a female immunocompromised individual with chronic lymphocytic leukemia and acquired hypogammaglobulinemia. Shedding of infectious SARS-CoV-2 was observed up to 70 days, and of genomic and subgenomic RNA up to 105 days, after initial diagnosis. The infection was not cleared after the first treatment with convalescent plasma, suggesting a limited effect on SARS-CoV-2 in the upper respiratory tract of this individual. Several weeks after a second convalescent plasma transfusion, SARS-CoV-2 RNA was no longer detected. We observed marked within-host genomic evolution of SARS-CoV-2 with continuous turnover of dominant viral variants. However, replication kinetics in Vero E6 cells and primary human alveolar epithelial tissues were not affected. Our data indicate that certain immunocompromised individuals may shed infectious virus longer than previously recognized. Detection of subgenomic RNA is recommended in persistently SARS-CoV-2-positive individuals as a proxy for shedding of infectious virus.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/immunology , Common Variable Immunodeficiency/immunology , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/immunology , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Aged , Antibodies, Viral/blood , Antibodies, Viral/immunology , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/virology , Common Variable Immunodeficiency/blood , Common Variable Immunodeficiency/complications , Common Variable Immunodeficiency/virology , Female , Humans , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/blood , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/complications , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/virology , Respiratory Tract Infections/blood , Respiratory Tract Infections/complications , Respiratory Tract Infections/immunology , Respiratory Tract Infections/virology , SARS-CoV-2/immunology , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity
12.
Cancer Treat Res Commun ; 25: 100214, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-841265

ABSTRACT

During this COVID-19 pandemic, patients with symptoms such as fever, cough, sore throat, and coryza were advised to have RT-PCR testing for SARS-CoV-2 infection. We described here an elderly female with chronic lymphocytic leukemia, who presented with atypical symptoms that were not directly attributable to COVID-19. This patient was admitted to the non-COVID-19 ward for supportive care. Later, her chest x-ray revealed pneumonia that was confirmed to be COVID-19 by RT-PCR testing several days later. In resource-poor settings where molecular testing results suffered from delays or were altogether unavailable, the use of diagnostic imaging such as a chest x-ray could serve as a quick guide in the assessment and management of these patients especially if the imaging results suggest COVID-19 infection.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/diagnosis , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/diagnostic imaging , Neoplasms/diagnosis , Pharyngitis/diagnosis , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , COVID-19/virology , Cough/complications , Cough/diagnosis , Cough/diagnostic imaging , Cough/virology , Female , Humans , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/complications , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/diagnosis , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/virology , Neoplasms/complications , Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Neoplasms/virology , Pandemics , Pharyngitis/complications , Pharyngitis/diagnostic imaging , Pharyngitis/virology , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity , X-Rays
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL