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Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(48): e28092, 2021 Dec 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1550619


RATIONALE: Complications from COVID-19 vaccines have yet to be sufficiently analyzed because they are rapidly approved without long-term data. In particular, there are no case reports of lymphedema in a healthy patient following vaccination. Herein, we report a patient who underwent transient lymphedema after vaccination with BNT16b2. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 79-year-old woman with pitting edema in both lower legs after administration of a second dose of Pfizer vaccine was referred to our clinic. In the absence of clinical evidence of swelling during the laboratory evaluation, we suspected deep vein thrombosis. However, ultrasonographic findings revealed no evidence of venous thrombosis or varicose veins. DIAGNOSIS: On the basis of lymphoscintigraphy, the patient was diagnosed with transient lymphedema with decreased lymphatic transport in both lower extremities. INTERVENTION: The patient received intensive physiotherapy, including complex decongestive physiotherapy and pneumatic pump compression, to improve the lymphatic circulation. Furthermore, the patient was trained to apply a multilayer compressive bandage to the lower extremities. OUTCOMES: At 2 months follow-up after rehabilitative treatment, the patient's symptoms improved without recurring lymphedema. LESSONS: In the absence of clinical evidence of swelling during laboratory evaluation or ultrasonographic investigations suggesting deep vein thrombosis, we should consider the possibility of lymphatic disorders.

COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , COVID-19/prevention & control , Lymphedema/diagnostic imaging , Lymphedema/etiology , Aged , BNT162 Vaccine , COVID-19 Vaccines/administration & dosage , ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 , Female , Humans , Lymphoscintigraphy , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccination/adverse effects
J Invest Surg ; 35(2): 469-474, 2022 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-978550


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Sampling of the sentinel lymph node (SLN) in breast cancer provides accurate information about the condition of the axilla in 95% of cases. Technically in detecting SLN; radioactive substance, dyers or both are used. During the COVID-19 (Coronavirus disease 2019) pandemic, delayed images were not taken in lymphoscintigraphy to reduce the risk of transmission by shortening the waiting time in our center. In this study, the effects of early and delayed lymphoscintigraphic images and only early images on our clinical practice were evaluated. METHODS: We investigated the data of 147 patients in this study who underwent SLNB due to early-stage breast cancer at our institute during the COVID-19 pandemic period (PP) (March/April/May 2020) and within 3 months before the pandemic were evaluated. RESULTS: Patients were divided into two groups, before pandemic (BP) and PP. BP consisted of patients whose early and delayed images were taken in lymphoscintigraphy whereas PP consisted of those with early images only. There were 74 patients in the BP group and 73 patients in the PP group. Early phase increased uptake was not observed in 23 patients, and increased uptake was obtained from 22 of these patients with delayed imaging in BP period. In PP, increased uptake was not observed in 12 patients. SLN was not detected in 2 patients in the BP group and 7 in the PP group. It was found that the sensitivity, NPV and accuracy of the SLNB procedure performed after taking delayed images was higher. CONCLUSIONS: In the present study, we believe that if technically possible, delayed images taken during the lymphoscintigraphy can assist the surgeon in terms of SLN detection and the number of SLNs removed.

Breast Neoplasms , COVID-19 , Axilla , Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Female , Humans , Lymph Nodes/diagnostic imaging , Lymphatic Metastasis , Lymphoscintigraphy , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
In Vivo ; 34(3 Suppl): 1667-1673, 2020 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-527842


BACKGROUND: COVID-19 pandemic required a marked re-allocation of healthcare resources, including at Breast Units. A patient-tailored program was developed to assess its efficacy regarding prevention of COVID-19 infection among patients with breast cancer undergoing surgery and healthcare workers (HCWs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From March 9th to April 9th 2020, 91 patients were selected for elective surgery by means of: i) Pre-hospital screening aimed at avoiding hospitalization of symptomatic or suspicious COVID-19 patients, and ii) prioritisation of surgical procedure according to specific disease features. RESULTS: Eighty-five patients (93.4%) were fit for surgery, while five patients (5.5%) were temporarily excluded through 'telephone triage'; another two patients were excluded at in-hospital triage. A total of 71 out of 85 patients (83.5%) were diagnosed with invasive cancer, most of whom were undergoing breast-conserving surgery (61 out of 85 patients, 71.8%). The mean in-hospital stay was 2.2 days (SD=0.7 days). After hospital discharge, no patient needed re-admission due to post-operative complications; moreover, no COVID-19 infection among patients or HCWs was detected. CONCLUSION: Safe breast cancer surgery was accomplished for both patients and HCWs by means of a careful preoperative selection of patients and in-hospital preventative measures. This screening program can be transferred to high-volume Breast Units and it may be useful in implementing European Community recommendations for prevention of COVID-19 infection.

Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma/surgery , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Elective Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Infection Control/methods , Mastectomy/statistics & numerical data , Pandemics/prevention & control , Patient Selection , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Breast Neoplasms/nursing , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Testing , Carcinoma/drug therapy , Carcinoma/epidemiology , Carcinoma/nursing , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Combined Modality Therapy , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Female , Hospital Units/organization & administration , Humans , Italy/epidemiology , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Lymphatic Metastasis/diagnostic imaging , Lymphoscintigraphy , Mastectomy, Segmental/statistics & numerical data , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Patient Discharge , Protective Devices , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy , Symptom Assessment , Telemedicine , Triage