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1.
Pan Afr Med J ; 40: 67, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1497893

ABSTRACT

Adverse consequences of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination which have been reported in scientific papers are varied. One possible but rare consequence is myocarditis, which may have a diversity of clinical manifestations. We report a case of a 70-year-old man who presented to the hospital for some syncope, 3 days after his first COVID-19 AstraZeneca Vaccination. Initial electrocardiogram (ECG) showed a long QT interval (QTc = 600 milliseconds). Laboratory tests revealed elevated troponin and lack of evidence of viral infection. Further investigations revealed the vaccine-induced myocarditis and arrhythmias linked to it. Within one week of magnesium treatment, the QT interval was completely corrected, and the patient discharged with no typical syncope attacks. This case like the previous reported one confirms that myocarditis is a complication of COVID-19 vaccine, but implies its clinical manifestations may be varied and even may happen after the single dose of vaccination.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Long QT Syndrome/etiology , Syncope/etiology , Aged , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/diagnosis , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/etiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/administration & dosage , Electrocardiography , Humans , Long QT Syndrome/diagnosis , Long QT Syndrome/drug therapy , Magnesium/administration & dosage , Male , Myocarditis/diagnosis , Myocarditis/etiology , Syncope/diagnosis , Vaccination/adverse effects , Vaccination/methods
2.
Mo Med ; 118(1): 68-73, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1068428

ABSTRACT

Magnesium and vitamin D each have the possibility of affecting the immune system and consequently the cytokine storm and coagulation cascade in COVID-19 infections. Vitamin D is important for reducing the risk of upper respiratory tract infections and plays a role in pulmonary epithelial health. While the importance of vitamin D for a healthy immune system has been known for decades, the benefits of magnesium has only recently been elucidated. Indeed, magnesium is important for activating vitamin D and has a protective role against oxidative stress. Magnesium deficiency increases endothelial cell susceptibility to oxidative stress, promotes endothelial dysfunction, reduces fibrinolysis and increases coagulation. Furthermore, magnesium deficient animals and humans have depressed immune responses, which, when supplemented with magnesium, a partial or near full reversal of the immunodeficiency occurs. Moreover, intracellular free magnesium levels in natural killer cells and CD8 killer T cells regulates their cytotoxicity. Considering that magnesium and vitamin D are important for immune function and cellular resilience, a deficiency in either may contribute to cytokine storm in the novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) infection.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Cytokine Release Syndrome/etiology , Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation/etiology , Immune System Diseases/etiology , Magnesium Deficiency/complications , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Animals , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/drug effects , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/drug therapy , COVID-19/virology , Humans , Killer Cells, Natural/drug effects , Magnesium/administration & dosage , Magnesium/pharmacology , Magnesium/therapeutic use , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , SARS-CoV-2/drug effects , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Vitamin D/administration & dosage , Vitamin D/pharmacology , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Vitamins/administration & dosage , Vitamins/pharmacology , Vitamins/therapeutic use
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