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J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia ; 26(3): 221-226, 2021 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1375665


The twelfth annual workshop of the European Network for Breast Development and Cancer focused on methods in mammary gland biology and breast cancer, was scheduled to take place on March 26-28, 2020, in Weggis, Switzerland. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the meeting was rescheduled twice and eventually happened as a virtual meeting on April 22 and 23, 2021. The main topics of the meeting were branching and development of the mammary gland, tumor microenvironment, circulating tumor cells, tumor dormancy and breast cancer metastasis. Novel and unpublished findings related to these topics were presented, with a particular focus on the methods used to obtain them. Virtual poster sessions were a success, with many constructive and fruitful interactions between researchers and covered many areas of mammary gland biology and breast cancer.

Biomedical Research/methods , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Mammary Glands, Human/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Breast Neoplasms/metabolism , Breast Neoplasms/therapy , Combined Modality Therapy , Europe , Female , Humans , Mammary Glands, Human/growth & development , Mammary Glands, Human/metabolism , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm Staging , Neoplastic Cells, Circulating , Prognosis , Tumor Microenvironment
Cell Rep ; 32(13): 108199, 2020 09 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-746086


ACE2 binds the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 and facilitates its cellular entry. Interferons activate ACE2 expression in pneumocytes, suggesting a critical role of cytokines in SARS-CoV-2 target cells. Viral RNA was detected in breast milk in at least seven studies, raising the possibility that ACE2 is expressed in mammary tissue during lactation. Here, we show that Ace2 expression in mouse mammary tissue is induced during pregnancy and lactation, which coincides with the activation of intronic enhancers. These enhancers are occupied by the prolactin-activated transcription factor STAT5 and additional regulatory factors, including RNA polymerase II. Deletion of Stat5a results in decommissioning of the enhancers and an 83% reduction of Ace2 mRNA. We also demonstrate that Ace2 expression increases during lactation in lung, but not in kidney and intestine. JAK/STAT components are present in a range of SARS-CoV-2 target cells, opening the possibility that cytokines contribute to the viral load and extrapulmonary pathophysiology.

Janus Kinases/metabolism , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A/metabolism , Pregnancy/metabolism , STAT5 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2 , Animals , Enhancer Elements, Genetic , Female , Humans , Intestinal Mucosa/metabolism , Kidney/metabolism , Lactation/metabolism , Lung/metabolism , Mammary Glands, Human/metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A/genetics , STAT5 Transcription Factor/genetics , Signal Transduction