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Syst Rev ; 11(1): 94, 2022 05 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1846868


BACKGROUND: The Coronavirus 2019 pandemic necessitated a rapid uptake of video-based interviewing within the personnel selection process in healthcare. While video-based interviews have been evaluated previously, we identified a gap in the literature on the implementation of video-based interviews and how they compare to their face-to-face counterparts. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted to consolidate the available literature on the benefits and limitations of video-based interviews and to understand the perceived barriers associated with transitioning away from face-to-face interviews. A search strategy, developed in concert with an academic health sciences librarian, was run on Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, PsycInfo, and Cochrane Central. The search was performed on March 31, 2020, and updated on February 21, 2021. Studies that implemented and evaluated the impact of video-based interviewing in healthcare were included in our study. Review articles and editorials were excluded. RESULTS: Forty-three studies were included in our scoping review, of which 17 were conference abstracts and 26 were peer-reviewed manuscripts. The risk of bias was moderate or high in most studies, with only four studies having a low risk of bias. Both financial costs and opportunity costs associated with the selection process were reported to be improved with video-based interviewing, while no studies explored the impact on environmental costs. Technical limitations, which were not prevalent, were easily managed during the interview process. Overall, video-based interviews were well received by both applicants and interviewers, although most participants still reported a preference for face-to-face interviews. CONCLUSIONS: While video-based interviewing has become necessary during the Coronavirus 2019 era, there are benefits from a financial, opportunistic, and environmental point of view that argue for its continued use even after the pandemic. Despite its successful implementation with minimal technical issues, a preference still remains for face-to-face interviews. Reasons for this preference are not clear from the available literature. Future studies on the role of nonverbal communication during the video-based interview process are important to better understand how video-based interviewing can be optimized. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: This scoping review was registered with Open Science Framework.

Coronavirus Infections , Medicine , Humans , Pandemics
J Med Internet Res ; 24(4): e35595, 2022 04 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1834186


BACKGROUND: In 2020 and 2021, people increasingly used the internet to connect socially and professionally. However, people with an acquired brain injury (ABI) experience challenges in using social media, and rehabilitation professionals have reported feeling underprepared to support them in its use. To date, no review of social media skills training to inform ABI rehabilitation has been conducted. OBJECTIVE: This scoping review aimed to examine research on interventions addressing social media skills and safety, with a focus on people living with health conditions; free web-based resources for the general public on social media skills training; and currently available online support groups for people with ABI. METHODS: An integrative scoping review was conducted, with a systematic search strategy applied in March and November 2020 across OvidSP (MEDLINE, AMED, PsycINFO, and Embase), Scopus, Web of Science, CINAHL, Google Scholar, Google, and Facebook. The data collected were critically appraised and synthesized to describe the key content and features of social media training resources. RESULTS: This review identified 47 peer-reviewed academic articles, 48 social media training websites, and 120 online support groups for people with ABI. A key recommendation was interactive training with practical components addressing cybersafety, how to use platforms, and how to connect with others. However, no social media training resources that were relevant and accessible for people with ABI were identified. CONCLUSIONS: Training resources to support people with ABI in safely using social media are limited. The key content to be addressed and the features to be incorporated into web-based social media training were determined, including the need for interactive training that is co-designed and safe and incorporates practical components that support people with ABI. These findings can be used to inform the development of web-based evidence-based support for people with ABI who may be vulnerable when participating in social media.

Brain Injuries , Medicine , Social Media , Brain Injuries/rehabilitation , Humans , Self-Help Groups , Social Skills
Ther Innov Regul Sci ; 56(4): 637-650, 2022 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1803264


The ICH E9(R1) addendum on Estimands and Sensitivity Analyses in Clinical Trials has introduced a new estimand framework for the design, conduct, analysis, and interpretation of clinical trials. We share Pharmaceutical Industry experiences of implementing the estimand framework in the first two years since the final guidance became available with key lessons learned and highlight what else needs to be done to continue the journey in embedding the estimand framework in clinical trials. Emerging best practices and points to consider on strategies for implementing a new estimand thinking process are provided. Whilst much of the focus of implementing ICH E9(R1) to date has been on defining estimands, we highlight some of the important aspects relating to the choice of statistical analysis methods and sensitivity analyses to ensure estimands can be estimated robustly with minimal bias. In particular, we discuss the implications if complete follow-up is not possible when the treatment policy strategy is being used to handle intercurrent events. ICH E9(R1) was introduced just before the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, but a positive outcome from the pandemic has been an acceleration in the adoption of the estimand framework, including differentiating intercurrent events related or not related to the pandemic. In summary, much has been learned on the estimand journey and continued sharing of case studies will help to further advance the understanding and increase awareness across all clinical researchers of the estimand framework.

COVID-19 , Medicine , COVID-19/drug therapy , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Humans , Pandemics , Research Design
Med Klin Intensivmed Notfmed ; 117(3): 175-176, 2022 04.
Article in German | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1800372
BMJ ; 377: o955, 2022 04 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1788942

Medicine , Humans
Dig Dis Sci ; 67(4): 1209-1212, 2022 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1772955


BACKGROUND: Gender-based differences in the use of professional titles during speaker introductions have been described in other medical specialties. AIMS: Our primary aim was to assess gender-based differences in the formality of speaker introductions at the American College of Gastroenterology 2020 Virtual Annual Scientific Meeting. Our secondary aim was to assess gender-based differences in the formality of speaker self-introductions. METHODS: Reviewed presentations from the American College of Gastroenterology Annual Meeting for gender-based differences in professional title use during speaker introductions and self-introductions. RESULTS: Speakers included 29 women (37.2%) and 49 men (62.8%). We found no significant gender differences in the use of professional titles by introducers (t(67) = - 0.775, p = 0.441) or in self-introductions (36.4% of women vs. 41.9% of men, t(63) = 0.422, p = 0.674). CONCLUSION: The lack of gender differences in professional title use may represent a novel advantage of virtual meeting formats or suggest increased attention to gender bias in introductions.

Gastroenterology , Medicine , Educational Status , Female , Humans , Male , Sexism , Societies, Medical , United States
BMJ Lead ; 6(1): 57-59, 2022 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1769942


BACKGROUND: The number of female and black, Asian and minor ethnicity (BAME) healthcare professionals has significantly increased over the last few decades. While this highlights the National Health Service (NHS) workforce as diverse and inclusive, most senior managers and conference panellists remain mainly men from Caucasian backgrounds. METHODS: We reviewed all publicly available data for major Royal College conferences in the UK from 2015 to 2019 to examine how many of the panellists were men or women and how many were Caucasian or BAME. RESULTS: Our first finding was that publicly available data were available for only 20 out of 70 conferences (29%). At 60% (n=12) of conferences, there were a predominance of male speakers. The median percentage of female speakers remained between 35% and 46%. There were no all-male panels. At 20% (n=4) of conferences in the sample, there were no BAME speakers. The median percentage of BAME speakers remained between 9% and 18%. CONCLUSION: Conference panels do not yet reflect the diversity of the NHS workforce. We all have a duty to promote inclusivity and diversity in medicine. One way to do this is via conferences, through appropriate actions by conference organisers, panellists and delegates.

Medicine , State Medicine , Female , Humans , Male , Workforce
BMJ ; 376: o820, 2022 03 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1769886

Medicine , Humans
Lancet ; 399(10332): 1295, 2022 04 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1768613
Br Dent J ; 232(6): 355, 2022 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1762804

Medicine , Dentistry
Iran J Med Sci ; 47(1): 1, 2022 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1761633

Medicine , Publishing , Iran
Postgrad Med J ; 98(1158): 237-238, 2022 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1759409

Communication , Medicine , Humans
J Palliat Med ; 24(11): 1588-1589, 2021 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1746964

Awareness , Medicine , Humans , Perception
BMC Med Educ ; 22(1): 174, 2022 Mar 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1741941


BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has had a devastating effect on people across the globe. Its impact on medical students' education has also been profound. Here, we aimed to comprehensively determine the nature of this impact on their choice of specialty. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted among medical students in Saudi Arabia during the pandemic from May to June 2021. Data collected from 1984 medical students were analyzed. RESULTS: Of the total sample, 810 (40.8%) respondents reported that the pandemic could affect their choice of specialty, with the majority being in the third year (n = 235). Across all class-years, the most common reason chosen was the inability to explore specialties of interest (n = 539, 66.5%). Another reason cited was the inability to support residency application (n = 175, 21.6%). A majority expressed concerns regarding enrollment in research activities. As high as 17.9% (n = 356) of the respondents admitted that they were trying to avoid specialty with frontline exposure to COVID-19, while 353 students (17.8%) were considering local training programs only. While examining certainty levels, of the 1174 (59.2%) students who reported not being affected by the pandemic, 924 (78.7%) had a weak certainty level. The majority were in the third (54.8%, n = 342) and fourth years (44.8%, n = 212). CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first attempt to thoroughly examine the effect of COVID-19 on medical students' choice of specialty. This effect unfurled in 4 out of 10 surveyed students. Many students reported concerns regarding the inability to explore medical specialties and the inadequacy of obtained clinical knowledge. However, a subsidiary effect was observed among students who were assertive about their choice of specialty. These findings shed new light on the exigency of establishing a career counseling framework designed to meet individual learner needs, thereby galvanizing their morale. Further research could explore the long-term implications of the Saudi Commission for Health Specialties Matching System.

COVID-19 , Medicine , Students, Medical , COVID-19/epidemiology , Career Choice , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Pandemics , Saudi Arabia/epidemiology , Students, Medical/psychology
BMJ Open ; 12(3): e056364, 2022 03 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1741636


OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the barriers and facilitators to career progression for female medical clinical academics from the perspectives of female associate professors and professors, with a particular focus on women with caring responsibilities. DESIGN: An exploratory qualitative approach was adopted. Data from semistructured interviews conducted via video calls were analysed using thematic analysis. SETTING: Two major universities in the East Midlands of England. PARTICIPANTS: The sample consisted of 13 female medical clinical academic associate professors and professors representing a range of medical specialties. RESULTS: Female medical clinical academics experienced barriers and facilitators to progress at individual, interpersonal, institutional/procedural and societal levels. CONCLUSIONS: Many barriers experienced at an individual level by female medical clinical academics are heavily influenced by their interpersonal relationships, the academic environment in which they work and broader institutional and procedural issues which, in turn, are influenced by stereotypical societal views on gender roles. Facilitating factors, including measures to increase the numbers of female leaders, may lead to a change of culture that is supportive to aspiring female clinical academics as well as enabling a healthy work/life balance for women and men with caring responsibilities.

Faculty, Medical , Medicine , England , Female , Humans , Male , Qualitative Research , Universities