Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 6 de 6
Filter
1.
ACS Sens ; 7(3): 884-892, 2022 03 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1721394

ABSTRACT

Microfluidic paper-based analytical devices (µPADs) have experienced an unprecedented story of success. In particular, as of today, most people have likely come into contact with one of their two most famous examples─the pregnancy or the SARS-CoV-2 antigen test. However, their sensing performance is constrained by the optical readout of nanoparticle agglomeration, which typically allows only qualitative measurements. In contrast, single-impact electrochemistry offers the possibility to quantify species concentrations beyond the pM range by resolving collisions of individual species on a microelectrode. Within this work, we investigate the integration of stochastic sensing into a µPAD design by combining a wax-patterned microchannel with a microelectrode array to detect silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) by their oxidative dissolution. In doing so, we demonstrate the possibility to resolve individual nanoparticle collisions in a reference-on-chip configuration. To simulate a lateral flow architecture, we flush previously dried AgNPs along a microchannel toward the electrode array, where we are able to record nanoparticle impacts. Consequently, single-impact electrochemistry poses a promising candidate to extend the limits of lateral flow-based sensors beyond current applications toward a fast and reliable detection of very dilute species on site.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Metal Nanoparticles , Electrochemistry , Female , Humans , Microelectrodes , Microfluidics , Pregnancy , SARS-CoV-2 , Silver
2.
Anal Chem ; 94(6): 2812-2819, 2022 02 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1607320

ABSTRACT

The pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has lasted for almost 2 years. Stemming its spread has posed severe challenges for clinical virus detection. A long turnaround time, complicated operation, and low accuracy have become bottlenecks in developing detection techniques. Adopting a direct antigen detection strategy, we developed a fast-responding and quantitative capacitive aptasensor for ultratrace nucleocapsid protein detection based on a low-cost microelectrode array (MEA) chip. Employing the solid-liquid interface capacitance with a sensitivity of picofarad level, the tiny change on the MEA surface can be definitively detected. As a result, the limit of detection reaches an ultralow level of femtogram per milliliter in different matrices. Integrated with efficient microfluidic enrichment, the response time of this sensor from the sample to the result is shortened to 15 s, completely meeting the real-time detection demand. Moreover, the wide linear range of the sensor is from 10-5 to 10-2 ng/mL, and a high selectivity of 6369:1 is achieved. After application and evaluation in different environmental and body fluid matrices, this sensor and the detection method have proved to be a label-free, real-time, easy-to-operate, and specific strategy for SARS-CoV-2 screening and diagnosis.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Coronavirus Nucleocapsid Proteins/isolation & purification , COVID-19/diagnosis , Humans , Microelectrodes , Microfluidics , Phosphoproteins/isolation & purification , SARS-CoV-2
3.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(45)2021 11 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1475573

ABSTRACT

Vaccination against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and other pathogens with pandemic potential requires safe, protective, inexpensive, and easily accessible vaccines that can be developed and manufactured rapidly at a large scale. DNA vaccines can achieve these criteria, but induction of strong immune responses has often required bulky, expensive electroporation devices. Here, we report an ultra-low-cost (<1 USD), handheld (<50 g) electroporation system utilizing a microneedle electrode array ("ePatch") for DNA vaccination against SARS-CoV-2. The low cost and small size are achieved by combining a thumb-operated piezoelectric pulser derived from a common household stove lighter that emits microsecond, bipolar, oscillatory electric pulses and a microneedle electrode array that targets delivery of high electric field strength pulses to the skin's epidermis. Antibody responses against SARS-CoV-2 induced by this electroporation system in mice were strong and enabled at least 10-fold dose sparing compared to conventional intramuscular or intradermal injection of the DNA vaccine. Vaccination was well tolerated with mild, transient effects on the skin. This ePatch system is easily portable, without any battery or other power source supply, offering an attractive, inexpensive approach for rapid and accessible DNA vaccination to combat COVID-19, as well as other epidemics.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines/administration & dosage , COVID-19/immunology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Electroporation/instrumentation , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccines, DNA/administration & dosage , Animals , COVID-19 Vaccines/genetics , COVID-19 Vaccines/immunology , Costs and Cost Analysis , Electroporation/economics , Electroporation/methods , Equipment Design , Female , Genes, Reporter , Humans , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Microelectrodes , Needles , Pandemics/prevention & control , Proof of Concept Study , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Skin/immunology , Skin/metabolism , Transfection , Vaccination/economics , Vaccination/instrumentation , Vaccination/methods , Vaccines, DNA/genetics , Vaccines, DNA/immunology
4.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 11(10)2021 Oct 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1470794

ABSTRACT

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) has been recently studied as an alternative method for cost-effective diagnostics in the context of the current COVID-19 pandemic. Recent reports document that LAMP-based diagnostic methods have a comparable sensitivity and specificity to that of RT-qPCR. We report the use of a portable Arduino-based LAMP-based amplification system assisted by pH microelectrodes for the accurate and reliable diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 during the first 3 min of the amplification reaction. We show that this simple system enables a straightforward discrimination between samples containing or not containing artificial SARS-CoV-2 genetic material in the range of 10 to 10,000 copies per 50 µL of reaction mix. We also spiked saliva samples with SARS-CoV-2 synthetic material and corroborated that the LAMP reaction can be successfully monitored in real time using microelectrodes in saliva samples as well. These results may have profound implications for the design of real-time and portable quantitative systems for the reliable detection of viral pathogens including SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/diagnosis , Molecular Diagnostic Techniques/methods , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques/methods , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , COVID-19/virology , Coronavirus Nucleocapsid Proteins/genetics , Humans , Microelectrodes , Molecular Diagnostic Techniques/instrumentation , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques/instrumentation , Phosphoproteins/genetics , Point-of-Care Systems , RNA, Viral/analysis , RNA, Viral/metabolism , Reaction Time , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Saliva/virology
5.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 206: 114392, 2021 Nov 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1433569

ABSTRACT

The projection of new biosensing technologies for genetic identification of SARS-COV-2 is essential in the face of a pandemic scenario. For this reason, the current research aims to develop a label-free flexible biodevice applicable to COVID-19. A nanostructured platform made of polypyrrole (PPy) and gold nanoparticles (GNP) was designed for interfacing the electrochemical signal in miniaturized electrodes of tin-doped indium oxide (ITO). Oligonucleotide primer was chemically immobilized on the flexible transducers for the biorecognition of the nucleocapsid protein (N) gene. Methodological protocols based on cyclic voltammetry (CV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and atomic force microscopy (AFM) were used to characterize the nanotechnological apparatus. The biosensor's electrochemical performance was evaluated using the SARS-CoV-2 genome and biological samples of cDNA from patients infected with retrovirus at various disease stages. It is inferred that the analytical tool was able to distinguish the expression of SARS-CoV-2 in patients diagnosed with COVID-19 in the early, intermediate and late stages. The biosensor exhibited high selectivity by not recognizing the biological target in samples from patients not infected with SARS-CoV-2. The proposed sensor obtained a linear response range estimated from 800 to 4000 copies µL-1 with a regression coefficient of 0.99, and a detection limit of 258.01 copies µL-1. Therefore, the electrochemical biosensor based on flexible electrode technology represents a promising trend for sensitive molecular analysis of etiologic agent with fast and simple operationalization. In addition to early genetic diagnosis, the biomolecular assay may help to monitor the progression of COVID-19 infection in a novel manner.


Subject(s)
Biosensing Techniques , COVID-19 , Metal Nanoparticles , Antibodies, Immobilized , Electrochemical Techniques , Electrodes , Gold , Humans , Limit of Detection , Microelectrodes , Polymers , Pyrroles , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 172: 112724, 2021 Jan 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1108087

ABSTRACT

The uneven morphology and the trapped charges at the surface of the traditionally used supporting substrate-based 2D biosensors produces a scattering effect, which leads to a irregular signals from individually fabricated devices. Though suspended 2D channel material has the potential to overcome scattering effects from the substrates but achieving reliability and selectivity, have been limiting the using of this biosensor technology. Here, we have demonstrated nanogap electrodes fabrication by using the self-assembly technique, which provides suspension to the 2D-MoS2. These nano-spacing electrodes not only give suspension but also provide robustness strength to the atomic layer, which remains freestanding after coating of the Hafnium oxide (HfO2) as well as linkers and antibodies. For evaluating the electrical characteristics of suspended MoS2 FET, gating potential was applied through an electrolyte on the suspended MoS2 transistor. This helped in achieved a lower subthreshold swing 70 mV/dec and ON/OFF ratio 107. Later, pH detection was conducted at room temperature, which showed an impressive sensitivity of ~880 by changing 1 unit of pH. We have also successfully shown Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria sensing from the suspended MoS2 transistor by functionalizing dielectric layer with E. coli antibodies. The reported biosensor has shown the ~9% of conductance changes with a lower concentration of E. coli (10 CFU/mL; colony-forming unit per mL) as well as maintain the constant sensitivity in three fabricated devices. The obtained enhancement in the sensitivity of devices and its effect on biomolecules detection can be extened to other biomolecules and this type of architecture has the potential to detect COVID-19 viruses based biomolecules.


Subject(s)
Biosensing Techniques/methods , COVID-19 Testing/methods , Disulfides , Molybdenum , Nanostructures/chemistry , Biosensing Techniques/instrumentation , Biosensing Techniques/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/virology , COVID-19 Testing/statistics & numerical data , Coated Materials, Biocompatible/chemistry , Escherichia coli/chemistry , Escherichia coli/isolation & purification , Humans , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Microelectrodes , Microtechnology , Reproducibility of Results , SARS-CoV-2/chemistry , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Sensitivity and Specificity , Static Electricity , Volatilization
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL