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1.
Matern Child Health J ; 26(6): 1181-1186, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1844432

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Understand whether and how Black adolescent daughters' relationships with their single mothers could be strengthened through an intervention to address adverse experiences and stress during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Five Black adolescent daughters of single mothers and five Black single mothers with adolescent daughters were interviewed during the pandemic who participated in a program designed to improve Black adolescent daughter-single mother relationships. RESULTS: Changes in work and school requirements impacted the daughter-mother relationship, with most respondents suggesting their relationships improved during COVID-19 due to involvement in this program. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the stress and strain of COVID-19, involvement in similar programs can strengthen daughter-mother relationships.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Mothers , Adolescent , Female , Humans , Mother-Child Relations , Nuclear Family , Pandemics
2.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 752, 2022 04 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1808359

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: As smart device overdependence among preschoolers could adversely affect their overall development, it is essential to understand the related factors of such overdependence. Mothers have a large influence on preschoolers; however,, the relationship between mothers' emotional intelligence, negative parenting behaviour, preschoolers' attachment instability, and smart device overdependence remain unclear. This study aims to develop and test a structural model to explain smart device overdependence among preschoolers. METHODS: The study collects and analyses data from January to May 2021 from 283 mothers raising children aged 3-6 years in South Korea. Questionnaires regarding mothers' emotional intelligence and negative parenting behaviour, as well as preschoolers' attachment instability and smart device overdependence, were used to collect data. The data were analysed by SPSS23.0 and AMOS 23.0 software and a structural equation model was constructed; p ≤ 0.05 was taken as significant. RESULTS: Mothers' emotional intelligence had a direct negative relationship with mothers' negative parenting behaviour (ß = - 0.44) and an indirect negative relationship with preschoolers' attachment instability (ß = - 0.25) and preschoolers' smart device overdependence (ß = - 0.24). Mothers' negative parenting behaviour had a direct positive relationship with preschoolers' attachment instability (ß = 0.56) and both direct and indirect positive relationships with preschoolers' smart device overdependence (ß = 0.55). Preschoolers' attachment instability had a direct positive relationship with preschoolers's smart device overdependence (ß = 0.46). CONCLUSIONS: Mothers' emotional intelligence, negative parenting behaviour, and preschoolers' attachment instability are associated with preschoolers' vulnerability to smart device overdependence. These results are shown that more attention is needed to these variables in order to reduce preschoolers' overdependence on smart devices. Additionally, we propose to develop and provide interventions based on these results.


Subject(s)
Mothers , Parenting , Child , Emotional Intelligence , Female , Humans , Mother-Child Relations , Mothers/psychology , Republic of Korea , Surveys and Questionnaires
3.
J Psychiatr Res ; 149: 83-86, 2022 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1783593

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to ask whether a substantial external stressor, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, affects the association between postpartum depression (PPD) and mother-infant bonding. Specifically, we aimed to determine whether worry regarding such an external threat differentially affected PPD and bonding by analyzing a longitudinal sample of postpartum women assessed before and during the pandemic. One-hundred forty women responded to online questionnaires at (T1) Pre-COVID-19: Six months postpartum (February 2018 to December 2019), and (T2) During COVID-19: Twenty-one months postpartum (April 2020 to January 2021). The strength of correlation between mother-infant bonding and PPD significantly declined from before (T1: R = 0.64, p < 0.00) to during the pandemic (T2: R = 0.44, p < 0.001; Difference = 0.20, p = 0.05). Furthermore, only PPD correlated with the worry due to the pandemic; thus the PPD-bonding association was weaker among women who were less concerned about the pandemic (F(3, 136) = 15.4, R2 = 0.25). The study suggests that emotions and cognitions related to motherhood, such as mother-infant bonding, may be more resilient to external pressures such as a pandemic than affective states such as PPD. (174 words).


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Depression, Postpartum , Depression, Postpartum/epidemiology , Depression, Postpartum/psychology , Female , Humans , Infant , Mother-Child Relations/psychology , Mothers/psychology , Pandemics , Postpartum Period , Tuberculin
4.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 227, 2022 Mar 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1745477

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression and maternal-infant attachment scores were examined in uninfected women during the COVID 19 pandemic in Kutahya, a rural province in Turkey's North Aegean region. METHODS: This cohort study was conducted in the Kutahya Health Sciences University Hospital obstetrics unit between April 2021 and August 2021. 178 low-risk term pregnant women who gave birth were given the surveys Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale and Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale (MIBQ) 6 weeks after birth. The Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale was used to determine postpartum depression and the Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale was used to determine maternal attachment. RESULTS: In this study, the postpartum depression rate was calculated as 17.4%. When depressed and non-depressed patients were compared, education level, maternal age, BMI, MIBQ score, history of previous pregnancies, route of delivery, previous operation history, economic status, employment status and pregnancy follow-up information were found to be similar (p > 0.05). The ratings on the Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale were found to be similar in depressed and non-depressed patients (p > 0.05). The odds of maternal depression for patients who received guests at home was 3.068 (95%CI [1.149-8.191]) times the odds of patients who did not receive guests at home. CONCLUSIONS: Although a relationship has been found between accepting guests in the postpartum period and postpartum depression, it is necessary to investigate in further studies whether there is a causal relationship.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/psychology , Depression, Postpartum/epidemiology , Mother-Child Relations/psychology , Adult , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Object Attachment , Pregnancy , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Rural Population , Social Determinants of Health , Turkey/epidemiology
5.
Psychoneuroendocrinology ; 137: 105656, 2022 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1586777

ABSTRACT

The current study assessed the associations between pandemic-related stressors and physiological stress, as indexed by hair cortisol concentration (HCC), for mothers and their children (N = 180) aged 5-14-years old (M = 8.91). The associations between maternal HCC and children's HCC and children's behavioral adjustment were also examined. Mothers reported on COVID-19-related behaviors and children's adjustment, and both mother and child participants collected and mailed hair samples between August and November of 2020. Results indicated that higher maternal HCC was correlated with living in a more urban environment, job loss, working from home, exposure to pandemic-related news, and social isolation. Child HCC was correlated with family job loss and social isolation. Mother HCC and child HCC were significantly associated, and this association was moderated by child age; younger children's HCC was more strongly associated with mothers' HCC than older children's HCC. Finally, maternal HCC was associated with greater child internalizing symptoms, but was not associated with children's externalizing symptoms. Child HCC was not associated with child behavior.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Hair , Hydrocortisone , Adolescent , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/psychology , Child , Child Behavior , Child Health , Child, Preschool , Emotions , Female , Hair/chemistry , Humans , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Mental Health , Mother-Child Relations , Mothers , Pandemics , Stress, Physiological
6.
Infant Ment Health J ; 43(1): 24-35, 2022 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1589093

ABSTRACT

This study compared children's and mothers' digital media use and mothers' mental health in two samples: one accessed before (Group 1; N = 257; M = 33.18 years; SD = 4.79) and the other accessed during (Group 2; N = 256; M = 33.51 years; SD = 4.96) the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. Mothers of children up to 3 years old (Group 1: M = 17.95 months, SD = 9.85; Group 2: M = 16.48 months, SD = 10.15) answered an online survey. Bivariate analysis, factorial ANOVA tests, and multiple linear regression were performed. Results suggest that mothers' and children's media use duration was higher during the pandemic only among children over 12 months. Mothers' media use duration (ß = .18) and mothers' intention to offer media (ß = .23) contributed to the explanation of children's media use duration (F(4, 474) = 16.81; p < .001; R2  = .12; R2 adjusted = .117). Higher mothers' common mental disorders symptoms were also positively correlated to mothers' intention to offer media to children both before and during the pandemic. Results suggest that interventions focusing on infants and toddlers screen time reduction should target maternal aspects such as mental health, maternal screen time, and intention to offer media, taking into account the mothers' needs when planning these actions.


Este estudio comparó el uso de los medios digitales por parte de los niños y las madres con la salud mental de las madres en dos grupos muestra: uno al cual se tuvo acceso antes (Grupo 1: N = 257; M = 33.18 años; SD = 4.79) y el otro al cual se tuvo acceso durante (Grupo 2; N = 256; M = 33.51 años; SD = 4.96) la pandemia del COVID-19 en Brasil. Las madres de niños de hasta tres años (Grupo 1: M = 17.95 meses, SD = 9.85; Grupo 2: M = 16.48 meses, SD = 10.15) respondieron una encuesta electrónica. Los análisis bivariados los exámenes factoriales ANOVA, así como múltiples regresiones lineales se llevaron a cabo. Los resultados indican que la duración de uso de los medios por parte de las madres y los niños fue más alta durante la pandemia sólo entre niños de más de 12 meses. La duración de uso de los medios por parte de las madres (ß = 0.18) y la intención de las madres de ofrecer los medios (ß = 0.23) contribuyeron a explicar la duración de uso de los medios por parte de los niños (F(4,474) = 16,81; p < .001; R2 = .12; R2 ajustado = .117). Más altos síntomas de trastornos mentales comunes en las madres se correlacionaron también positivamente con la intención de las madres de ofrecer los medios a los niños tanto antes como durante la pandemia. Los resultados indican que las intervenciones enfocadas en reducir el tiempo frente a la pantalla de infantes y niños pequeñitos deben dirigirse a los aspectos maternos como la salud mental, el tiempo de la madre frente a la pantalla, así como la intención de ofrecer los medios, tomando en cuenta las necesidades de las madres cuando se planeen estas acciones.


Cette étude a comparé l'utilisation des médias numériques des enfants et des mères et la santé mentale des mères chez deux échantillons: l'un accédé avant la pandémie du Covid-19 (Groupe 1; N = 257; M = 33,18 ans; SD = 4,79) et l'autre accédé durant la pandémie du covid-19 (Groupe 2; N = 256; M = 33,51 ans; SD = 4,96) au Brésil. Les mères d'enfants jusqu'à l'âge de trois ans (Groupe 1: M = 17,95 mois, SD = 9,85; Groupe 2: M = 16,48 mois, SD = 10,15) ont répondu à un questionnaire en ligne. Une analyse à deux variables, des tests ANOVA factoriels, et une régression linéaire multiple ont été faits. Les résultats suggèrent que la durée de l'utilisation média des mères et des enfants a été plus élevée durant la pandémie uniquement pour les enfants de plus de 12 mois. La durée de l'utilisation média des mères (ß = 0,18) et l'intention des mères à offrir le média (ß = 0,23) a contribué à l'explication de la durée de l'utilisation média des enfants (F(4, 474) = 16,81; p <,001; R2 = ,12; R2 adjusté = ,117). Plus de symptômes communs de troubles mentaux des mères était aussi lié de manière positive à l'intention des mères d'offrir le média à la fois avant et durant la pandémie. Les résultats suggèrent que les interventions s'attachant à la réduction du temps d'écran des bébés et des petits enfants devraient cibler des aspects maternels comme la santé mentale, le temps d'écran maternel, et l'intention d'offrir le média, prenant en compte les besoins des mères en planifiant ces actions.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Internet , Mental Health , Mother-Child Relations , Mothers , SARS-CoV-2
7.
J Clin Psychiatry ; 82(4)2021 07 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1518675

ABSTRACT

Objective: The conditions created by the COVID-19 pandemic could negatively affect maternal mental health and the mother-infant relationship. The aim of this study is to determine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on depression, anxiety, and mother-infant bonding among women seeking treatment for postpartum depression (PPD).Methods: Baseline data collected in two separate randomized controlled trials of a psychoeducational intervention for PPD in the same geographic region, one prior to COVID-19 (March 2019-March 2020) and one during the COVID-19 pandemic (April-October 2020), were compared. Eligible participants had an Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) score of ≥ 10, were ≥ 18 years of age, had an infant < 12 months old, and were fluent in English. Outcomes included PPD (EPDS), anxiety (Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 [GAD-7]), and mother-infant relationship (Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire [PBQ]). All were measured continuously and dichotomized at accepted clinical cutoffs.Results: Of the 603 participants (305 pre-COVID-19; 298 during COVID-19), mothers enrolled during the COVID-19 pandemic reported higher levels of symptoms of PPD (B = 1.35; 95% CI, 0.64 to 2.06; Cohen d = 0.31) and anxiety (B = 1.52; 95% CI, 0.72 to 2.32; Cohen d = 0.30). During COVID-19, women had 65% higher odds of clinically significant levels of depression symptoms (OR = 1.65; 95% CI, 1.13 to 2.31) and 46% higher odds of clinically relevant anxiety symptoms (OR = 1.46; 95% CI, 1.05 to 2.05). However, there were no statistically significant differences in mother-infant bonding.Conclusions: The findings of this study suggest that rates and severity of PPD and anxiety symptoms among women seeking treatment for PPD have worsened in Canada during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, treatment-seeking mothers have consistently maintained good relationships with their infants. Considering the difficulties women with PPD face when accessing treatment, it is important that strategies are developed and disseminated to safely identify and manage PPD to mitigate potential long-term adverse consequences for mothers and their families.Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifiers: NCT03654261 and NCT04485000.


Subject(s)
Anxiety/etiology , COVID-19/psychology , Depression, Postpartum/etiology , Mother-Child Relations/psychology , Mothers/psychology , Object Attachment , Pandemics , Adolescent , Adult , Anxiety/diagnosis , Anxiety/epidemiology , Anxiety/psychology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Depression, Postpartum/epidemiology , Depression, Postpartum/psychology , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Ontario/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Self Report , Severity of Illness Index , Young Adult
8.
9.
Women Birth ; 34(2): 128-135, 2021 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1454573

ABSTRACT

PROBLEM: Limited literature is available about women who wish to breastfeed but experience unexpected feelings of aversion in reaction to their infant suckling at the breast while breastfeeding. BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding benefits mothers, infants and society yet breastfeeding rates continue to fall below recommendations in part due to inadequate tailored support after hospital discharge. Influences on breastfeeding are complex and include many physiological, psychosocial and cultural factors. AIM: To better understand the experience of women who have feelings of aversion during breastfeeding by synthesising the existing literature. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Maternity and Infant Care databases were searched for relevant literature published between 2000 to 2019. Using Covidence software, five qualitative research studies were identified. Studies were then analysed using meta-ethnographic qualitative synthesis. FINDINGS: Feelings of aversion during breastfeeding were described as visceral and overwhelming; leading to feelings of shame and inadequacy. This synthesis identified five findings; a central conceptual category of "it's such a strong feeling of get away from me" with four key metaphors translated from this central conceptual category: "I do it because I feel it is best for my baby", "I can't control those feelings", "I should be able to breastfeed my son and enjoy it", and "I'm glad I did it". This phenomenon may negatively affect a women's sense of self and impact on the mother-infant relationship. CONCLUSION: Some women who want to breastfeed can experience feelings of aversion while breastfeeding. The feelings of 'aversion' while breastfeeding can inhibit women from achieving their personal breastfeeding goals.


Subject(s)
Breast Feeding/psychology , Maternal Behavior/ethnology , Mothers/psychology , Adult , Affect , Anthropology, Cultural , Breast Feeding/ethnology , Emotions , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Interviews as Topic , Maternal Behavior/psychology , Mother-Child Relations , Pregnancy , Qualitative Research , Self Concept
10.
Matern Child Health J ; 25(6): 870-880, 2021 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1453810

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders can have far reaching negative impact on both maternal mental health and child growth and development. Multimodal group parenting programs have been shown to improve maternal mental health symptoms however, they are often costly to provide and not accessible to many mothers, especially those mothers suffering from mental health symptoms. Therefore, the authors sought to answer the following question by undertaking a systematic review of the literature: are parenting interventions aimed at improving maternal-child interaction also a way to address mental health symptoms (i.e. depression, anxiety, stress) in mothers? METHODS: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were followed. An online platform that supports the systematic review process and quality assessment according to Cochrane guidelines, Covidence, was used in conjunction with an adapted extraction tool to identify relevant studies and extract data for analysis. RESULTS: 11 articles were included in the qualitative synthesis. There was great heterogeneity between study interventions and measurement of outcomes for maternal mental health symptoms which precluded meta-analysis. CONCLUSION: Studies reviewed did not demonstrate consistent evidence to recommend that parenting interventions leads to improvement in maternal mental health symptoms for depression, anxiety or stress. However, there was evidence that participating in parenting programs does not worsen these symptoms and some encouraging evidence that alternative delivery methods, beyond face to face, could, with more research, lead to more financially feasible and sustainable models of delivery of these types of interventions in the future.


Subject(s)
Mental Health , Mothers , Parenting , Anxiety , Female , Humans , Mother-Child Relations , Mothers/psychology
11.
JAMA Psychiatry ; 78(11): 1200-1207, 2021 11 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1396818

ABSTRACT

Importance: Postpartum depression (PPD) affects as many as 20% of mothers, yet just 1 in 10 of these women receives evidence-based treatment. The COVID-19 pandemic has increased PPD risk, reduced treatment access, and shifted preferences toward virtual care. Objective: To determine whether an online 1-day cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)-based workshop added to treatment as usual improves PPD, anxiety, social support, mother-infant relationship quality, and infant temperament more than treatment as usual alone. Design, Setting, and Participants: This randomized clinical trial included 403 women with PPD who were recruited across Ontario, Canada, during the COVID-19 pandemic (April 20 to October 4, 2020). Women with Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) scores of at least 10 who were 18 years or older and had an infant younger than 12 months were eligible. Interventions: Women were randomly assigned to receive a live, interactive online 1-day CBT-based workshop delivered by a registered psychotherapist, psychiatrist, or clinical psychology graduate student in addition to treatment as usual (n = 202) or to receive treatment as usual and wait-listed to receive the workshop 12 weeks later (n = 201). Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was change in PPD (EPDS scores) in experimental and wait list control groups 12 weeks after baseline. Secondary outcomes included maternal anxiety (7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire [GAD-7]), social support (Social Provisions Scale), quality of the mother-infant relationship (Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire), and infant temperament (Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised Very Short Form). Results: Participants all identified as women with a mean (SD) age of 31.8 (4.4) years. The workshop led to significant mean (SD) reductions in EPDS scores (from 16.47 [4.41] to 11.65 [4.83]; B = -4.82; P < .001) and was associated with a higher odds of exhibiting a clinically significant decrease in EPDS scores (odds ratio, 4.15; 95% CI, 2.66-6.46). The mean (SD) GAD-7 scores decreased from 12.41 (5.12) to 7.97 (5.54) after the workshop (B = -4.44; 95% CI, -5.47 to -3.38; P < .001) and participants were more likely to experience a clinically significant change (odds ratio, 3.09; 95% CI, 1.99-4.81). Mothers also reported improvements in bonding (B = -3.22; 95% CI, -4.72 to -1.71; P < .001), infant-focused anxiety (B = -1.64; 95% CI, -2.25 to 1.00; P < .001), social support (B = 3.31; 95% CI, 1.04 to 5.57; P < .001), and positive affectivity/surgency in infants (B = 0.31; 95% CI, 0.05 to 0.56; P < .001). Conclusions and Relevance: In this randomized clinical trial, an online 1-day CBT-based workshop for PPD provides an effective, brief option for mothers, reducing PPD and anxiety as well as improving social support, the mother-infant relationship, and positive affectivity/surgency in offspring. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04485000.


Subject(s)
Anxiety Disorders/therapy , COVID-19 , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Depression, Postpartum/therapy , Internet-Based Intervention , Mother-Child Relations , Psychotherapy, Brief , Social Support , Adult , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant Behavior/physiology , Object Attachment , Ontario , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Temperament/physiology
12.
Infant Ment Health J ; 42(5): 621-635, 2021 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1359790

ABSTRACT

The current COVID-19 pandemic is a challenging time for postpartum mothers, and associated challenges may have a negative impact on their parenting and, consequently, on mother-infant bonding. This study aimed to longitudinally explore whether mothers' self-compassion was associated with mother-infant bonding and whether this relationship was mediated by mindful parenting and parenting stress. A total of 125 Portuguese mothers of infants aged between 0 and 12 months completed an online survey at two assessment points during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic (T1: April-May 2020; T2: June-July 2020). The survey included several questionnaires assessing sociodemographic, clinical, and COVID-19 information; self-compassion; mindful parenting; parenting stress; and mother-infant bonding. Mothers presented significantly higher levels of self-compassion, less impaired mother-infant bonding, and lower levels of depressive symptoms at T2 than T1. Higher levels of self-compassion at T1 predicted less impaired mother-infant bonding at T2, and this relationship was mediated by higher levels of mindful parenting and lower levels of parenting stress (both assessed at T1). These results highlight the relevance of mothers' self-compassion to establishing mother-infant bonding in the postpartum period, particularly during the COVID-19 pandemic, and the important role of mindful parenting and parenting stress in determining this relationship.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Mothers , Empathy , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Longitudinal Studies , Mother-Child Relations , Pandemics , Parenting , Postpartum Period , SARS-CoV-2
13.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 34: eAPE03123, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1342179

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo: Analisar as repercussões da pandemia da COVID-19 em mães-crianças com síndrome congênita do vírus Zika. Métodos: Estudo misto sequencial exploratório (QUAL->QUAN), realizado com 44 mães de crianças com SCZ respondentes de questionário online aplicado entre abril e maio de 2020. Os dados qualitativos foram submetidos à análise de conteúdo temática e os quantitativos à estatística descritiva, com aplicação do teste t de Student emparelhado. A integração dos dados foi realizada de acordo com a técnica joint display . Resultados: O distanciamento físico reconfigura a rotina da mãe-criança, limita a desenvolver atividades no ambiente doméstico, altera hábitos, aumenta a sobrecarga da cuidadora (p<0,05), implica em alteração do padrão do sono e gera sinais de estresse e ansiedade. As mães se preocupam com a diminuição da renda familiar e se esforçam para realizar exercícios de estimulação e atividades escolares no ambiente doméstico após a interrupção dos cuidados profissionais de reabilitação e o fechamento das escolas. Conclusão: A pandemia da COVID-19 repercutiu no incremento de novas tarefas de cuidado com a criança e ambiente doméstico, bem como elevou os níveis de sobrecarga de cuidado das mães, o que pode resultar em alterações importantes na saúde física e mental delas.


Resumen Objetivo: Analizar las repercusiones de la pandemia de COVID-19 en madres-niños con síndrome congénito del virus del Zika. Métodos: Estudio mixto secuencial exploratorio (CUAL->CUAN), realizado con 44 madres de niños con SCZ que respondieron un cuestionario digital aplicado entre abril y mayo de 2020. Los datos cualitativos fueron sometidos al análisis de contenido temático y los cuantitativos a la estadística descriptiva, con aplicación del test-T de Student pareado. La integración de los datos se realizó de acuerdo con la técnica joint display . Resultados: El distanciamiento físico reconfigura la rutina de la madre-niño, limita el desarrollo de actividades en el ambiente doméstico, altera hábitos, aumenta la sobrecarga de la cuidadora (p>0,05), implica la alteración del patrón de sueño y genera señales de estrés y ansiedad. Las madres se preocupan por la reducción de los ingresos familiares y se esfuerzan para realizar ejercicios de estimulación y actividades escolares en el ambiente doméstico luego de la interrupción de los cuidados profesionales de rehabilitación y del cierre de escuelas. Conclusión: La pandemia de COVID-19 repercutió en el aumento de nuevas tareas de cuidado del niño en ambiente doméstico, así como también elevó los niveles de sobrecarga de cuidado de las madres, lo que puede dar como resultado alteraciones importantes de su salud física y mental.


Abstract Objective: To analyze the repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic in mothers-children with Congenital Zika Syndrome. Methods: This is a mixed exploratory sequential study (QUAL-> QUAN), carried out with 44 mothers of children with Congenital Zika Syndrome who answered an online questionnaire applied between April and May 2020. Qualitative data were subjected to thematic content analysis and quantitative data to statistics descriptive, with application of paired Student's t test. Data integration was performed according to the joint display technique. Results: Physical distancing reconfigures the mother-child routine, limits the development of activities in the domestic environment, changes habits, increases caregivers' burden (p<0.05), implies changes in sleep patterns and generates signs of stress and anxiety. Mothers are concerned about the decrease in family income and strive to perform stimulation exercises and school activities in the domestic environment after the interruption of professional rehabilitation care and the closing of schools. Conclusion: The COVID-19 pandemic had an impact on the increase in new tasks of caring for the child and the home environment, as well as raising the levels of care burden for mothers, which can result in important changes in their physical and mental health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Child Care , Caregivers , Zika Virus Infection , Caregiver Burden , COVID-19 , Home Nursing , Mother-Child Relations , Mental Health , Surveys and Questionnaires , Disabled Children , Evaluation Studies as Topic
14.
Neonatal Netw ; 40(3): 161-174, 2021 May 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1259288

ABSTRACT

Early recommendations to separate mothers from their newborns during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic have created a detrimental separation practice. This article presents a review of the latest information regarding the (1) 3 modes of transmission of the virus to the neonate; (2) incidence, clinical signs, and severity of COVID-19 in the neonate; (3) factors to be considered to balance risk and benefits of separation and skin-to-skin contact (SSC) when conducting shared decision making; and (4) compendium of published SSC guidelines; and concludes with recommendations for safe practice of SSC to prevent and/or restrict COVID-19 infection in neonates.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/psychology , Kangaroo-Mother Care Method/psychology , Kangaroo-Mother Care Method/standards , Mother-Child Relations/psychology , Mothers/psychology , Neonatal Nursing/standards , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Adult , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pandemics , Pregnancy , SARS-CoV-2
15.
Neonatal Netw ; 40(3): 183-186, 2021 May 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1259285

ABSTRACT

COVID-19's first wave created chaos for new NICU families as they struggled to cope with the challenge of a fragile infant along with a pandemic. Safety was paramount due to a lack of understanding around how the virus transmits, but much has been learned since then. The next wave of the virus needs to have a rethink around family separation. World leader organization European Foundation for the Care of Newborn Infants (EFCNI) provides insight into the challenges with the first wave and suggests ideas around rethinking how families interact with their baby in the subsequent waves.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/psychology , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal/standards , Intensive Care, Neonatal/psychology , Intensive Care, Neonatal/standards , Mother-Child Relations/psychology , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Adult , Family Separation , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Male , SARS-CoV-2
17.
JAMA ; 325(18): 1837-1838, 2021 May 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1237393
19.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(supl.1): 229-232, Feb. 2021.
Article in English | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1229087

ABSTRACT

Abstract A new virus called Sars-CoV-2, or COVID-19, emerged in late 2019 and caused several changes worldwide. In light of this, countries adopted preventive measures against this pandemic, such as social isolation, use of personal protective equipment (PPE) and special care with people who are at higher risk, such as elderly, people with hypertension or chronic conditions, and recently newborns, pregnant and puerperal women were also included. For puerperal women breastfeeding, it is an extremely important moment, which, in addition to being a natural feeding moment, it is an opportunity to strengthen the mother-baby bond. Aiming at a more cautious approach to avoid possible transmissions of COVID-19 during breastfeeding, preventive measures can hinder this binomial and bring harm to both.


Resumo Um novo vírus denominado Sars-CoV-2, ou COVID-19, surgiu no final do ano de 2019 e causou diversas modificações em todo o mundo. Diante disso, os países estabeleceram medidas preventivas contra essa pandemia, tais quais o isolamento social, uso de equipamentos de proteção individual (EPI's) e cuidado com indivíduos enquadrados nos chamados grupos de risco, como idosos, hipertensos, doentes crônicos e recentemente, as gestantes e puérperas foram inclusas. Para as puérperas, a amamentação é um momento primordial, que, além de um momento de alimentação natural, é uma oportunidade de fortalecer o vínculo mãe-bebê. Visando uma atenção mais cautelosa para uma possível transmissão de COVID-19 durante a amamentação, as medidas preventivas para esse ato podem dificultar esse binômio e trazer prejuízos para ambos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Risk Groups , Breast Feeding , Postpartum Period , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/transmission , Mother-Child Relations , Maternal-Child Health Services
20.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(supl.1): 213-220, Feb. 2021.
Article in English | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1229086

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to present the main evidence, recommendations and challenges for maternal and child health in the context of COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: narrative review of national and international documents and reflections on the theme. Results: the coexistence ofpregnancy/puerperium and COVID-19 infection establishes many challenges. It is extremely important that the conduct should be individually adopted, covering all aspects of health in the mother-child binomial, estimating risks and benefits of each decision. Until now, it is recognized that natural childbirth should be encouraged and breastfeeding maintained, if adequate hygienic-sanitary care is ensured. Cesarean delivery and the isolation and separation of the mother-child contact without breastfeeding, will only be eligible when the clinical status of the mother or child is critical. The child must be included in all stages of health care, as this commonly asymptomatic group plays an important role in the family's transmissibility of the disease. Routine immunization should be provided, as well as clinical assistance when necessary, and families must be assisted in favor of their well-being. Conclusion: at the moment, it is not possible to measure the consequences of this new pandemic on maternal and child health, demanding attention to its evolution and new evidences about the implications in mother and child care.


Resumo Objetivos: apresentar as principais evidências, recomendações e desafios à saúde materno-infantil no contexto da pandemia de COVID-19. Métodos: revisão narrativa de documentos nacionais e internacionais e reflexões sobre a temática. Resultados: a coexistência da gestação/puerpério e infecção por COVID-19 impõe muitos desafios. A conduta adotada deve ser de caráter individual, abrangendo todos os aspectos de saúde do binômio mãe-filho, estimando os riscos e benefícios de cada decisão. Até o momento, reconhece-se que o parto natural deve ser incentivado e a amamentação mantida, desde que assegurados os cuidados higienicossanitários. O parto cirúrgico e o isolamento com separação do contato mãe-filho, sem amamentação, serão elegíveis para casos em que o quadro clínico da mãe ou da criança seja crítico. A criança deve ser incluída em todas as etapas do cuidado em saúde, pois esse grupo comumente assintomático desempenha papel importante na transmissibilidade familiar da doença. Deve-se propiciar a imunização de rotina, oportunizar a assistência clínica, quando necessária, e auxiliar as famílias em prol do bem-estar. Conclusão: o atual momento ainda não nos permite mensurar as consequências dessa nova pandemia no âmbito da saúde materno-infantil, demandando atenção à sua evolução e novas evidências acerca das implicações no cuidado ao binômio mãe-filho.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Maternal and Child Health , Postpartum Period , Maternal-Child Health Services/standards , COVID-19 , Mother-Child Relations , Breast Feeding , SARS-CoV-2 , Natural Childbirth
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