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1.
World Neurosurg ; 148: e172-e181, 2021 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1078227

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The institution-wide response of the University of California San Diego Health system to the 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic was founded on rapid development of in-house testing capacity, optimization of personal protective equipment usage, expansion of intensive care unit capacity, development of analytic dashboards for monitoring of institutional status, and implementation of an operating room (OR) triage plan that postponed nonessential/elective procedures. We analyzed the impact of this triage plan on the only academic neurosurgery center in San Diego County, California, USA. METHODS: We conducted a de-identified retrospective review of all operative cases and procedures performed by the Department of Neurosurgery from November 24, 2019, through July 6, 2020, a 226-day period. Statistical analysis involved 2-sample z tests assessing daily case totals over the 113-day periods before and after implementation of the OR triage plan on March 16, 2020. RESULTS: The neurosurgical service performed 1429 surgical and interventional radiologic procedures over the study period. There was no statistically significant difference in mean number of daily total cases in the pre-versus post-OR triage plan periods (6.9 vs. 5.8 mean daily cases; 1-tail P = 0.050, 2-tail P = 0.101), a trend reflected by nearly every category of neurosurgical cases. CONCLUSIONS: During the COVID-19 pandemic, the University of California San Diego Department of Neurosurgery maintained an operative volume that was only modestly diminished and continued to meet the essential neurosurgical needs of a large population. Lessons from our experience can guide other departments as they triage neurosurgical cases to meet community needs.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Hospitals, University/organization & administration , Neurosurgery/organization & administration , Neurosurgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Academic Medical Centers/organization & administration , Brain Neoplasms/surgery , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing , COVID-19 Serological Testing , California/epidemiology , Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunts/statistics & numerical data , Elective Surgical Procedures , Endovascular Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Hospital Bed Capacity , Hospital Departments/organization & administration , Humans , Infection Control , Information Dissemination/methods , Intensive Care Units , Laboratories, Hospital , Multi-Institutional Systems , Operating Rooms , Organizational Policy , Personal Protective Equipment/supply & distribution , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , SARS-CoV-2 , Surge Capacity , Triage , Vascular Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Ventilators, Mechanical/supply & distribution , Wounds and Injuries/surgery
2.
Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM ; 2(2): 100118, 2020 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1064729

ABSTRACT

Novel coronavirus disease 2019 is rapidly spreading throughout the New York metropolitan area since its first reported case on March 1, 2020. The state is now the epicenter of coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak in the United States, with 84,735 cases reported as of April 2, 2020. We previously presented an early case series with 7 coronavirus disease 2019-positive pregnant patients, 2 of whom were diagnosed with coronavirus disease 2019 after an initial asymptomatic presentation. We now describe a series of 43 test-positive cases of coronavirus disease 2019 presenting to an affiliated pair of New York City hospitals for more than 2 weeks, from March 13, 2020, to March 27, 2020. A total of 14 patients (32.6%) presented without any coronavirus disease 2019-associated viral symptoms and were identified after they developed symptoms during admission or after the implementation of universal testing for all obstetric admissions on March 22. Among them, 10 patients (71.4%) developed symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019 over the course of their delivery admission or early after postpartum discharge. Of the other 29 patients (67.4%) who presented with symptomatic coronavirus disease 2019, 3 women ultimately required antenatal admission for viral symptoms, and another patient re-presented with worsening respiratory status requiring oxygen supplementation 6 days postpartum after a successful labor induction. There were no confirmed cases of coronavirus disease 2019 detected in neonates upon initial testing on the first day of life. Based on coronavirus disease 2019 disease severity characteristics by Wu and McGoogan, 37 women (86%) exhibited mild disease, 4 (9.3%) severe disease, and 2 (4.7%) critical disease; these percentages are similar to those described in nonpregnant adults with coronavirus disease 2019 (about 80% mild, 15% severe, and 5% critical disease).


Subject(s)
Ambulatory Care , COVID-19/therapy , Cesarean Section , Hospitalization , Labor, Induced , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/therapy , Adult , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Asymptomatic Diseases , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/physiopathology , COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing , Carrier State/diagnosis , Disease Management , Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Female , Fluid Therapy , Gestational Age , Hospitals, Community , Hospitals, University , Humans , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use , Infection Control/methods , Intensive Care Units , Labor, Obstetric , Multi-Institutional Systems , New York City , Obesity, Maternal/complications , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/diagnosis , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/physiopathology , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Telemedicine , Young Adult
3.
Semin Perinatol ; 44(7): 151281, 2020 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1028154

ABSTRACT

Though much of routine healthcare pauses in a public health emergency, childbirth continues uninterrupted. Crises like COVID-19 put incredible strains on healthcare systems and require strategic planning, flexible adaptability, clear communication, and judicious resource allocation. Experiences from obstetric units affected by COVID-19 highlight the importance of developing new teams and workflows to ensure patient and healthcare worker safety. Additionally, adapting a strategy that combines units and staff from different areas and hospitals can allow for synergistic opportunities to provision care appropriately to manage a structure and workforce at maximum capacity.


Subject(s)
Infection Control/organization & administration , Maternal Health Services/organization & administration , Multi-Institutional Systems/organization & administration , Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Hospital/organization & administration , Delivery Rooms/organization & administration , Delivery of Health Care , Female , Humans , Obstetrics , Operating Rooms/organization & administration , Pregnancy , SARS-CoV-2
4.
Eur Neurol ; 83(6): 630-635, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-992126

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) has become a pandemic disease globally. The First Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu Medical College has adopted telestroke to make stroke care accessible in remote areas. During the period January 2020 to March 2020, there was no COVID-19 case reported in our stroke center. A significant reduction of stroke admission was observed between the ischemic stroke group (235 vs. 588 cases) and the intracerebral hemorrhage group (136 vs. 150 cases) when compared with the same period last year (p < 0.001). The mean door-to-needle time (DNT) and door-to-puncture time (DPT) was 62 and 124 min, respectively. Compared to the same period last year, a significant change was observed in DNT (62 ± 12 vs. 47 ± 8 min, p = 0.019) but not in DPT (124 ± 58 vs. 135 ± 23 min, p = 0.682). A total of 46 telestroke consultations were received from network hospitals. Telestroke management in the central hospital was performed on 17 patients. Of them, 3 (17.6%) patients had brain hernia and died in hospital and 8 (47.1%) patients were able to ambulation at discharge and had a modified Rankin Scale of 0-2 at 3 months. The COVID-19 pandemic impacted stroke care significantly in our hospital, including prehospital and in-hospital settings, resulting in a significant drop in acute ischemic stroke admissions and a delay in DNT. The construction of a telestroke network enabled us to extend health-care resources and make stroke care accessible in remote areas. Stroke education and public awareness should be reinforced during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Hemorrhagic Stroke/therapy , Ischemic Stroke/therapy , Telemedicine/methods , Thrombectomy/statistics & numerical data , Thrombolytic Therapy/statistics & numerical data , Time-to-Treatment/statistics & numerical data , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Functional Status , Hospitalization , Hospitals , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Multi-Institutional Systems/organization & administration , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Stroke/epidemiology , Telemedicine/organization & administration , Treatment Outcome
6.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 22(12): 2190-2201, 2020 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-897765

ABSTRACT

AIMS: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has led to changes in health care utilization for different acute cardiovascular diseases. Whether hospitalization rates and in-hospital mortality were affected by the pandemic in patients with acute symptomatic heart failure (HF) was investigated in this study. METHODS AND RESULTS: Administrative data provided by 67 German Helios hospitals were examined for patients with a main discharge diagnosis of HF using ICD codes. Urgent hospital admissions per day were compared for a study period (13 March-21 May 2020) with control intervals in 2020 (1 January-12 March) and 2019 (13 March-21 May), resulting in a total of 13 484 patients excluding all patients with laboratory-proven COVID-19 infection. Incidence rate ratios (IRR) were calculated using Poisson regression. Generalized linear mixed models were used for univariable and multivariable analysis to identify predictors of in-hospital mortality. The number of admissions per day was lower in the study period compared to the same year [IRR 0.69, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.67-0.73, P < 0.01] and the previous year control group (IRR 0.73, 95% CI 0.70-0.76, P < 0.01). Age was similar throughout the intervals, but case severity increased in terms of distribution within New York Heart Association (NYHA) classes and comorbidities. Within the study period, 30-day rates for urgent hospital readmissions were higher compared to the same year but not the previous year control group. In-hospital mortality was 7.3% in the study period, 6.1% in the same year (P = 0.03) and 6.0% in the previous year control group (P = 0.02). In multivariable analysis, age, NYHA class and other predictors of fatal outcome were identified but hospitalization during the study period was not independently associated with mortality. CONCLUSION: Our data showed a significant reduction of urgent hospital admissions for HF with increased case severity and concomitant in-hospital mortality during the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany. Identifying causes of reduced inpatient treatment rates is essential for the understanding and valuation with regard to future optimal management of patients with HF.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Heart Failure/epidemiology , Hospital Mortality/trends , Hospitalization/trends , Acute Disease , Aged , Female , Germany/epidemiology , Heart Failure/therapy , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Multi-Institutional Systems , Multivariate Analysis , Patient Readmission/trends , SARS-CoV-2 , Severity of Illness Index
7.
J Am Med Inform Assoc ; 27(9): 1456-1461, 2020 07 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-817427

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to the rapid expansion of telehealth services as healthcare organizations aim to mitigate community transmission while providing safe patient care. As technology adoption rapidly increases, operational telehealth teams must maintain awareness of critical information, such as patient volumes and wait times, patient and provider experience, and telehealth platform performance. Using a model of situation awareness as a conceptual foundation and a user-centered design approach we describe our process for rapidly developing and disseminating dashboard visualizations to support telehealth operations. We used a 5-step process to gain domain knowledge, identify user needs, identify data sources, design and develop visualizations, and iteratively refine these visualizations. Through this process we identified 3 distinct stakeholder groups and designed and developed visualization dashboards to meet their needs. Feedback from users demonstrated the dashboard's support situation awareness and informed important operational decisions. Lessons learned are shared to provide other organizations with insights from our process.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections , Data Display , Data Visualization , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Telemedicine , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Humans , Mid-Atlantic Region , Multi-Institutional Systems , Organizational Case Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , User-Computer Interface
8.
Head Neck ; 42(7): 1507-1515, 2020 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-614117

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus has altered the health care environment for the management of head and neck cancers. The purpose of these guidelines is to provide direction during the pandemic for rational Head and Neck Cancer management in order to achieve a medically and ethically appropriate balance of risks and benefits. METHODS: Creation of consensus document. RESULTS: The process yielded a consensus statement among a wide range of practitioners involved in the management of patients with head and neck cancer in a multihospital tertiary care health system. CONCLUSIONS: These guidelines support an ethical approach for the management of head and neck cancers during the COVID-19 epidemic consistent with both the local standard of care as well as the head and neck oncological literature.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Head and Neck Neoplasms/therapy , Infection Control/standards , Medical Oncology/standards , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Ambulatory Care/standards , COVID-19 , Combined Modality Therapy , Continuity of Patient Care/standards , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Head and Neck Neoplasms/diagnosis , Humans , Multi-Institutional Systems , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures/standards , Palliative Care/standards , Patient Safety , Pennsylvania , Personal Protective Equipment , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , SARS-CoV-2 , Terminal Care/standards , Tertiary Care Centers
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