Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 58
Filter
2.
Mult Scler ; 28(7): 1159-1162, 2022 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1861992

ABSTRACT

This case report describes a 59-year-old man with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)-positive longitudinal extensive transverse myelitis (LETM) after being vaccinated with the COVID-19 vaccine ChAdOx1 nCoV-19. He presented with urinary retention, gait disturbance, hypoesthesia and brisk reflexes in his lower extremities without paresis. Due to the ineffectiveness of high-dose intravenous methylprednisolone, therapeutic plasma exchange was performed, gradually improving the patient's condition. Vaccination as a trigger for an excessive immunological response seems plausible, though unspecific for the ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccine.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Myelitis, Transverse , Autoantibodies , COVID-19/prevention & control , Humans , Male , Myelin-Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein/immunology , Myelitis, Transverse/chemically induced , Vaccination/adverse effects
3.
BMC Neurol ; 22(1): 185, 2022 May 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1854778

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic and development of new vaccines, the issue of post-vaccination exacerbation or manifestation of demyelinating central nervous system (CNS) disorders has gained increasing attention. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a 68-year-old woman previously diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS) since the 1980s who suffered a rapidly progressive severe sensorimotor paraparesis with loss of bladder and bowel control due to an acute longitudinal extensive transverse myelitis (LETM) after immunization with the mRNA Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine. Detection of Aquaporin-4-antibodies (AQP4) in both serum and CSF led to diagnosis of AQP4-antibody positive neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD). Treatment with intravenous corticosteroids and plasmapheresis led to a slight improvement of the patient's symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Pathogenic mechanisms of post-vaccination occurrence of NMOSD are still unknown. However, cases like this should make aware of rare neurological disorders manifesting after vaccination and potentially contribute to improvement of management of vaccinating patients with inflammatory CNS disorders in the future. So far two cases of AQP4-antibody positive NMOSD have been reported in association with viral vector COVID-19 vaccines. To our knowledge, we report the first case of AQP4-antibody positive NMOSD after immunization with an mRNA COVID-19-vaccine.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Multiple Sclerosis , Myelitis, Transverse , Neuromyelitis Optica , Aged , Aquaporin 4/blood , Aquaporin 4/cerebrospinal fluid , Autoantibodies/blood , Autoantibodies/cerebrospinal fluid , /therapeutic use , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , COVID-19 Vaccines/therapeutic use , Disease Progression , Female , Humans , Multiple Sclerosis/blood , Multiple Sclerosis/cerebrospinal fluid , Multiple Sclerosis/complications , Myelitis, Transverse/chemically induced , Myelitis, Transverse/diagnosis , Myelitis, Transverse/etiology , Neuromyelitis Optica/blood , Neuromyelitis Optica/cerebrospinal fluid , Neuromyelitis Optica/diagnosis , Neuromyelitis Optica/etiology , Pandemics , RNA, Messenger , Vaccination/adverse effects
5.
Vaccine ; 40(24): 3305-3312, 2022 May 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1805293

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Background incidence rates are critical in pharmacovigilance to facilitate identification of vaccine safety signals. We estimated background incidence rates of 11 adverse events of special interest related to COVID-19 vaccines in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: We conducted a population-based retrospective observational study using linked health administrative databases for hospitalizations and emergency department visits among Ontario residents. We estimated incidence rates of Bell's palsy, idiopathic thrombocytopenia, febrile convulsions, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, myocarditis, pericarditis, Kawasaki disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, transverse myelitis, acute myocardial infarction, and anaphylaxis during five pre-pandemic years (2015-2019) and 2020. RESULTS: The average annual population was 14 million across all age groups with 51% female. The pre-pandemic mean annual rates per 100,000 population during 2015-2019 were 191 for acute myocardial infarction, 43.9 for idiopathic thrombocytopenia, 28.8 for anaphylaxis, 27.8 for Bell's palsy, 25.0 for febrile convulsions, 22.8 for acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, 11.3 for myocarditis/pericarditis, 8.7 for pericarditis, 2.9 for myocarditis, 2.0 for Kawasaki disease, 1.9 for Guillain-Barré syndrome, and 1.7 for transverse myelitis. Females had higher rates of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, transverse myelitis and anaphylaxis while males had higher rates of myocarditis, pericarditis, and Guillain-Barré syndrome. Bell's palsy, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, and Guillain-Barré syndrome increased with age. The mean rates of myocarditis and/or pericarditis increased with age up to 79 years; males had higher rates than females: from 12 to 59 years for myocarditis and ≥12 years for pericarditis. Febrile convulsions and Kawasaki disease were predominantly childhood diseases and generally decreased with age. CONCLUSIONS: Our estimated background rates will permit estimating numbers of expected events for these conditions and facilitate detection of potential safety signals following COVID-19 vaccination.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Anaphylaxis/chemically induced , Anaphylaxis/epidemiology , Bell Palsy/chemically induced , Bell Palsy/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Encephalomyelitis, Acute Disseminated/chemically induced , Encephalomyelitis, Acute Disseminated/epidemiology , Female , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/chemically induced , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/epidemiology , Humans , Incidence , Male , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/chemically induced , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/epidemiology , Myelitis, Transverse/chemically induced , Myelitis, Transverse/epidemiology , Myocardial Infarction/chemically induced , Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology , Myocarditis/chemically induced , Myocarditis/epidemiology , Ontario/epidemiology , Pericarditis/chemically induced , Pericarditis/epidemiology , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/chemically induced , Retrospective Studies , Seizures, Febrile/chemically induced , Seizures, Febrile/epidemiology
6.
BMJ ; 376: e068373, 2022 03 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1745759

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the association between covid-19 vaccines, SARS-CoV-2 infection, and risk of immune mediated neurological events. DESIGN: Population based historical rate comparison study and self-controlled case series analysis. SETTING: Primary care records from the United Kingdom, and primary care records from Spain linked to hospital data. PARTICIPANTS: 8 330 497 people who received at least one dose of covid-19 vaccines ChAdOx1 nCoV-19, BNT162b2, mRNA-1273, or Ad.26.COV2.S between the rollout of the vaccination campaigns and end of data availability (UK: 9 May 2021; Spain: 30 June 2021). The study sample also comprised a cohort of 735 870 unvaccinated individuals with a first positive reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction test result for SARS-CoV-2 from 1 September 2020, and 14 330 080 participants from the general population. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Outcomes were incidence of Bell's palsy, encephalomyelitis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, and transverse myelitis. Incidence rates were estimated in the 21 days after the first vaccine dose, 90 days after a positive test result for SARS-CoV-2, and between 2017 and 2019 for background rates in the general population cohort. Indirectly standardised incidence ratios were estimated. Adjusted incidence rate ratios were estimated from the self-controlled case series. RESULTS: The study included 4 376 535 people who received ChAdOx1 nCoV-19, 3 588 318 who received BNT162b2, 244 913 who received mRNA-1273, and 120 731 who received Ad26.CoV.2; 735 870 people with SARS-CoV-2 infection; and 14 330 080 people from the general population. Overall, post-vaccine rates were consistent with expected (background) rates for Bell's palsy, encephalomyelitis, and Guillain-Barré syndrome. Self-controlled case series was conducted only for Bell's palsy, given limited statistical power, but with no safety signal seen for those vaccinated. Rates were, however, higher than expected after SARS-CoV-2 infection. For example, in the data from the UK, the standardised incidence ratio for Bell's palsy was 1.33 (1.02 to 1.74), for encephalomyelitis was 6.89 (3.82 to 12.44), and for Guillain-Barré syndrome was 3.53 (1.83 to 6.77). Transverse myelitis was rare (<5 events in all vaccinated cohorts) and could not be analysed. CONCLUSIONS: No safety signal was observed between covid-19 vaccines and the immune mediated neurological events of Bell's palsy, encephalomyelitis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, and transverse myelitis. An increased risk of Bell's palsy, encephalomyelitis, and Guillain-Barré syndrome was, however, observed for people with SARS-CoV-2 infection.


Subject(s)
Bell Palsy/epidemiology , COVID-19 Vaccines/administration & dosage , COVID-19/prevention & control , Encephalomyelitis/epidemiology , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/epidemiology , Myelitis, Transverse/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2/immunology , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged , Routinely Collected Health Data , Spain , United Kingdom , Vaccination/adverse effects
7.
Turk J Pediatr ; 64(1): 133-137, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1743163

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) includes a wide range of diseases with varying pathophysiology in children and adults. Although the disease mainly affects the respiratory tract, neurological involvement is also reported in the literature. The most common neurological complaints due to COVID-19 are headache, dizziness and anosmia. Acute necrotizing myelitis, acute demyelinating encephalomyelitis (ADEM), acute axonal neuropathy, acute transverse myelitis, and Guillian-Barre syndrome have been reported as neurological dysfunctions associated with COVID-19. CASE: A ten-year-old male patient presented with complaints of fever, headache and generalized muscle pain. The patient developed inability to walk and significant muscle weakness during the disease course, and he was diagnosed with ADEM and transverse myelitis on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). As the etiological agent, COVID-19 was detected in both the respiratory panel sample and the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) sample by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique. Pulse steroid, IVIG, and plasmapheresis treatment were administered. He started to stand with support during follow-up. CONCLUSION: We presented a case of COVID-19 related ADEM and transverse myelitis who responded to pulse steroid, IVIG, and plasmapheresis.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Encephalomyelitis , Myelitis, Transverse , Adult , COVID-19/complications , Child , Encephalomyelitis/complications , Encephalomyelitis/diagnosis , Encephalomyelitis/therapy , Headache , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Myelitis, Transverse/diagnosis , Myelitis, Transverse/etiology , Myelitis, Transverse/therapy
8.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; 18(1): 2040239, 2022 12 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1730548

ABSTRACT

Mass vaccination has been the main policy to overcome the Covid-19 pandemic. Several vaccines have been approved by the World Health Organization. With growing vaccination, safety concerns and adverse events that need prompt evaluation are also emerging. Herein, we report a case of a healthy woman with longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis after vaccination with the AstraZeneca vaccine. The patient was successfully treated after ruling out all the possible causes.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Myelitis, Transverse , Vaccines , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Female , Humans , Myelitis, Transverse/etiology , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccination/adverse effects
9.
J Korean Med Sci ; 37(7): e52, 2022 Feb 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1706942

ABSTRACT

Acute transverse myelitis (ATM) has been reported as rare complication of vaccination. Herein, we report 2 cases of ATM after the administration of an mRNA vaccine for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The first one is an 81-year-old man who received the BNT162b2 vaccine. He presented with bilateral hand weakness. Spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed high signal intensity from the C1 to C3 vertebrae. The second is a 23-year-old woman who received the BNT162b2 vaccine and experienced tingling in her legs. Spine MRI showed a high signal intensity lesion at the conus medullaris. These patients were treated with intravenous methylprednisolone and their symptoms improved slightly. Careful follow-up is needed to identify adverse events after the administration of mRNA vaccines for COVID-19.


Subject(s)
/adverse effects , Hand/physiopathology , Leg/physiopathology , Myelitis, Transverse/pathology , Spinal Cord/physiopathology , Vaccination/adverse effects , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/immunology , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Myelitis, Transverse/diagnosis , Myelitis, Transverse/drug therapy , SARS-CoV-2/immunology , Spine/diagnostic imaging , Young Adult
10.
Am J Emerg Med ; 56: 391.e1-391.e3, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1702213

ABSTRACT

As of January 2022, there have been over 350 million confirmed cases of COVID-19 in the world. The most common symptoms in those infected are fever, cough, malaise, and myalgia, however pulmonary, hematologic, gastrointestinal, renal, and neurologic complications have also been reported. Acute transverse myelitis (ATM) is an uncommon neurological syndrome characterized by acute or subacute spinal cord dysfunction that can lead to paresthesias, sensory and autonomic impairment, and even paralysis. Etiologies are often unclear; however, potential causes include infection, neoplastic, drug or toxin induced, autoimmune, and acquired. Treatment for ATM primarily consists of steroids and plasmapheresis, which often reverses any neurologic symptoms. ATM has rarely been reported as a complication of COVID-19 infections. A 43-year-old female presented to the emergency department for evaluation of progressive numbness and tingling in her legs ten days after developing upper respiratory symptoms from a COVID-19 infection. Physical examination and magnetic resonance imaging confirmed a diagnosis of ATM. During her hospital course, she experienced rapid progression of her paresthesias and developed complete loss of motor function in her upper and lower extremities. Within 48 hours after emergency department arrival, she required intubation due to worsening diaphragmatic and chest wall paralysis. Her treatment included a long-term steroid regimen and plasmapheresis, and unfortunately, she did not have any neurologic recovery. We present a very rare case of ATM progressing to complete quadriplegia following COVID-19 infection.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Myelitis, Transverse , Adult , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/therapy , Female , Humans , Myelitis, Transverse/diagnosis , Myelitis, Transverse/etiology , Myelitis, Transverse/therapy , Paresthesia/complications , Quadriplegia/etiology
11.
BMJ Case Rep ; 15(2)2022 Feb 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1685520

ABSTRACT

Neurological manifestations are common in SARS-CoV-2 infection, including life-threatening acute muscle weakness, due to neuromuscular disorders such as acute transverse myelitis (TM) and Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). These syndromes can rarely coexist and present as an overlap syndrome. Here, we report a patient who developed acute symmetrical proximal lower limb weakness 5 days after diagnosis of COVID-19. GBS was diagnosed due to the presence of motor signs, albumin-cytological dissociation in cerebrospinal fluid examination and axonal damage according to nerve condition tests. However, abnormal areas on MRI of the thoracic spine and lack of improvement with intravenous immunoglobulin supported a diagnosis of TM. Therefore, a possible overlap between GBS and TM was established. To our knowledge, this is the third case report of GBS/TM overlap syndrome after COVID-19. The patient's full and rapid recovery with intravenous corticosteroids and plasmapheresis supports our diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Autoimmune Diseases , COVID-19 , Guillain-Barre Syndrome , Myelitis, Transverse , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/diagnosis , Guillain-Barre Syndrome/drug therapy , Humans , Myelitis, Transverse/diagnosis , Myelitis, Transverse/drug therapy , Myelitis, Transverse/etiology , SARS-CoV-2
12.
Eur J Neurol ; 28(10): 3230-3244, 2021 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1607758

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: An incremental number of cases of acute transverse myelitis (ATM) in individuals with ongoing or recent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have been reported. METHODS: A systematic review was performed of cases of ATM described in the context of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection by screening both articles published and in preprint. RESULTS: Twenty cases were identified. There was a slight male predominance (60.0%) and the median age was 56 years. Neurological symptoms first manifested after a mean of 10.3 days from the first onset of classical, mostly respiratory symptoms of COVID-19. Overall, COVID-19 severity was relatively mild. Polymerase chain reaction of cerebrospinal fluid for SARS-CoV-2 was negative in all 14 cases examined. Cerebrospinal fluid findings reflected an inflammatory process in most instances (77.8%). Aquaporin-4 and myelin oligodendrocyte protein antibodies in serum (tested in 10 and nine cases, respectively) were negative. On magnetic resonance imaging, the spinal cord lesions spanned a mean of 9.8 vertebral segments, necrotic-hemorrhagic transformation was present in three cases and two individuals had additional acute motor axonal neuropathy. More than half of the patients received a second immunotherapy regimen. Over a limited follow-up period of several weeks, 90% of individuals recovered either partially or near fully. CONCLUSION: Although causality cannot readily be inferred, it is possible that cases of ATM occur para- or post-infectiously in COVID-19. All identified reports are anecdotal and case descriptions are heterogeneous. Whether the condition and the observed radiological characteristics are specific to SARS-CoV-2 infection needs to be clarified.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Guillain-Barre Syndrome , Myelitis, Transverse , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(51): e28423, 2021 Dec 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1594101

ABSTRACT

RATIONALE: Transverse myelitis is an infectious or noninfectious inflammatory spinal cord syndrome. We report a rare case of transverse myelitis following vaccination against COVID-19. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 70-year-old male presented with progressive sensorimotor dysfunction of the bilateral lower limbs 7 days after receiving the mRNA-1273 vaccine against COVID-19. Spinal magnetic resonance imaging revealed intramedullary lesions with gadolinium enhancement on the Th1/2 and Th5/6 vertebral levels. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) testing showed a mildly increased level of total protein and positive oligoclonal bands (OCB). DIAGNOSIS: The patient was diagnosed with acute transverse myelitis. INTERVENTION: The patient received 5 days of intravenous methylprednisolone pulse (1000 mg/day) followed by oral prednisolone (30 mg/day with gradual tapering). OUTCOMES: The patient fully recovered from muscle weakness of the lower limbs. He was discharged from our hospital and able to independently walk without unsteadiness. LESSON: This is a rare case of transverse myelitis following COVID-19 vaccination. Positive OCB in CSF in the present case highlights the possibility of autoimmune processes, including polyclonal activation of B lymphocytes, following vaccination.


Subject(s)
/adverse effects , COVID-19 , Myelitis, Transverse , Vaccination , Aged , COVID-19/prevention & control , Contrast Media , Gadolinium , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Methylprednisolone , Myelitis, Transverse/chemically induced , Vaccination/adverse effects
15.
Intern Med ; 61(5): 739-742, 2022 Mar 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1572228

ABSTRACT

Vaccines against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) have been developed and administered worldwide. There have been reports of neurological adverse events following immunization (AEFIs). We herein report a case of refractory longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis in a 75-year-old Japanese man following the first dose of the BNT162b2 vaccine. The patient developed total sensory loss below the umbilicus and complete paralysis in both legs. Although he was treated with steroid therapy and plasma exchange, his recovery was limited, and severe sequelae remained. Further studies, including large epidemiological studies, are required to understand the association between SARS-CoV-2 vaccines and neurological AEFI.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Myelitis, Transverse , Aged , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Humans , Japan , Male , Myelitis, Transverse/drug therapy , Myelitis, Transverse/etiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccination/adverse effects
16.
Neurol Sci ; 43(3): 1569-1573, 2022 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1530331

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: To the best of our knowledge, here we present two post-COVID19 longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (LETM) with atypical presentations CASE PRESENTATIONS: A 44-year-old male who did not have any previous medical condition and a 73-year-old male foreigner who did not have any disease other than type 2 diabetes mellitus were admitted to our neurology clinic in the same period with similar clinical presentations of transverse myelitis. Upon admission, paraplegia and urinary-fecal incontinence were observed in their neurological examination. Neurological complaints had started within approximately 3-4 weeks following the resolution of the COVID-19 infection. Thoracic lower segment LETM was observed on spinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in one of the patients, and long segment myelitis extending from the lower thoracic segment to the conus medullaris was observed in the other one. No significant diagnostic positivity was present in their diagnostic evaluation. In both cases, we assume a post-infectious etiology in terms of secondary immunogenic overreaction following COVID-19. CONCLUSION: Our patients improved with multiple treatments such as methylprednisolone, intravenous immunoglobulin, and plasmapheresis. Whether post-infectious myelitis behaves differently from other viral infections after COVID-19 is currently unclear. Long lag times appear to be a post-infectious neurological complication resulting from the host response to the virus.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Myelitis, Transverse , Adult , Aged , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Myelitis, Transverse/diagnostic imaging , SARS-CoV-2
17.
J Neuroimmunol ; 361: 577739, 2021 12 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1505871

ABSTRACT

We report the case of a patient with symptoms of myelopathy following acute SARS-CoV-2 infection. MRI documented a longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis and further investigation was unremarkable with the exception of positivity for MOG-IgG in serum. This report extends the spectrum of post-COVID-19 neurological syndromes, and documents a very significant improvement to long-term oral corticosteroid therapy in this setting. Further prospective studies are needed to establish the risk of recurrence in this subset of patients.


Subject(s)
Autoantibodies/immunology , COVID-19/complications , Myelin-Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein/immunology , Myelitis, Transverse/virology , Adult , Autoantigens/immunology , COVID-19/immunology , Humans , Male , Myelitis, Transverse/immunology , Myelitis, Transverse/pathology , SARS-CoV-2
19.
BMC Neurol ; 21(1): 395, 2021 Oct 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1468050

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Transverse myelitis (TM) is a relatively uncommon condition, and vaccine-associated myelitis is even rarer. Concern regarding neurological complications following vaccination escalated following the report of TM during the safety and efficacy trials of the COVID-19 vaccine. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the first case of Longitudinal Extensive Transverse Myelitis (LETM) in Malaysia following administration of the chimpanzee adenovirus-vectored (ChAdOx1 nCoV-19) vaccine. A 25-year-old female presented with bilateral lower limb weakness and inability to walk with a sensory level up to T8 with absent visual symptoms. Urgent gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the spine showed long segment TM over the thoracic region. Cerebrospinal fluid autoantibodies for anti-aquaporin-4 and anti-myelin-oligodendrocyte were negative. A diagnosis of LETM following vaccination was made, and the patient was started on a high dose of intravenous methylprednisolone. The patient eventually made a recovery following treatment. CONCLUSION: LETM is a rare but serious adverse reaction following vaccination. Previously reported cases showed an onset of symptoms between 10 to 14 days post-vaccination, suggesting a delayed immunogenic reaction. However, the incidence of myelitis in COVID-19 is much more common, far greater than the risk associated with vaccination.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Myelitis, Transverse , Vaccines , Adult , COVID-19 Vaccines , Female , Humans , Myelin-Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein , Myelitis, Transverse/chemically induced , SARS-CoV-2
20.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(10)2021 Sep 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1438664

ABSTRACT

The adverse effects of the COVID-19 vaccine have been discovered as the rapid application of the vaccines continues. Neurological complications such as transverse myelitis raise concerns as cases were observed in clinical trials. Transverse myelitis is a rare immune-mediated disease with spinal cord neural injury, resulting in neurological deficits in the motor, sensory, and autonomic system. Vaccine-related transverse myelitis is even rarer. We present a case of acute transverse myelitis after vaccination against COVID-19 with the ChAdOx1 nCOV-19 vaccine (AZD1222), which was the first case reported in Taiwan. Although it rarely occurs, post-vaccination neurological complications should not be ignored. As the pandemic of SARS-CoV-2 continues to spread and concern about vaccination efficacy and safety rises, heterologous vaccination were implemented in health public policy in several countries. A literature review of several clinical trials shows promising effects of mix-and-match vaccination. Further study on different combinations of vaccines can be expected.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Myelitis, Transverse , COVID-19 Vaccines , Humans , Myelitis, Transverse/chemically induced , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccination/adverse effects
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL