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2.
Med Humanit ; 48(2): 211-220, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1854388

ABSTRACT

The essay outlines the ways in which narrative approaches to COVID-19 can draw on imaginative literature and critical oral history to resist the 'closure' often offered by cultural representations of epidemics. To support this goal, it analyses science and speculative fiction by Alejandro Morales and Tananarive Due in terms of how these works create alternative temporalities, which undermine colonial and racist medical discourse. The essay then examines a new archive of emerging autobiographical illness narratives, namely online Facebook posts and oral history samples by 'long COVID' survivors, for their alternate temporalities of illness.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , COVID-19/complications , Humanities , Humans , Narration
3.
Lancet ; 399(10333): 1376-1377, 2022 04 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1783854
4.
BMJ Open ; 12(2): e057934, 2022 02 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1700402

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To identify outcomes reported in peer-reviewed literature for evaluating the care of adults with acute dental pain or infection.DesignSystematic narrative review. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Primary research studies published in peer-reviewed literature and reporting care for adults with acute dental pain or infection across healthcare settings. Reports not in English language were excluded. STUDY SELECTION: Seven databases (CINAHL Plus, Dentistry and Oral Sciences Source, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science) were searched from inception to December 2020. Risk of bias assessment used the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme checklist for randomised controlled trials and Quality Assessment Tool for Studies of Diverse Design for other study types. OUTCOMES: Narrative synthesis included all outcomes of care for adults with acute dental pain or infection. Excluded were outcomes about pain management to facilitate treatment, prophylaxis of postsurgical pain/infection or traumatic injuries. RESULTS: Searches identified 19 438 records, and 27 studies (dating from 1993 to 2020) were selected for inclusion. Across dental, pharmacy, hospital emergency and rural clinic settings, the studies were undertaken in high-income (n=20) and low/middle-income (n=7) countries. Two clinical outcome categories were identified: signs and symptoms of pain/infection and complications following treatment (including adverse drug reactions and reattendance for the same problem). Patient-reported outcomes included satisfaction with the care. Data collection methods included patient diaries, interviews and in-person reviews. DISCUSSION: A heterogeneous range of study types and qualities were included: one study, published in 1947, was excluded only due to lacking outcome details. Studies from dentistry reported just clinical outcomes; across wider healthcare more outcomes were included. CONCLUSIONS: A combination of clinical and patient-reported outcomes are recommended to evaluate care for adults with acute dental pain or infection. Further research is recommended to develop core outcomes aligned with the international consensus on oral health outcomes. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020210183.


Subject(s)
Acute Pain , Pharmacies , Acute Pain/therapy , Adult , Delivery of Health Care , Humans , Narration
5.
Nurs Outlook ; 70(1): 3-4, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1699731
6.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(4)2022 02 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1690239

ABSTRACT

Due to its major impact on Dutch care homes for older people, the COVID-19 pandemic has presented care staff with unprecedented challenges. Studies investigating the experiences of care staff during the COVID-19 pandemic have shown its negative impact on their wellbeing. We aimed to supplement this knowledge by taking a narrative approach. We drew upon 424 personal narratives written by care staff during their work in a Dutch care home during the COVID-19 pandemic. Firstly, our results show that care staff have a relational-moral approach to good care. Residents' wellbeing is their main focus, which they try to achieve through personal relationships within the triad of care staff-resident-significant others (SOs). Secondly, our results indicate that caregivers experience the COVID-19 mitigation measures as obstructions to relational-moral good care, as they limit residents' wellbeing, damage the triadic care staff-residents-SOs relationship and leave no room for dialogue about good care. Thirdly, the results show that care staff experiences internal conflict when enforcing the mitigation measures, as the measures contrast with their relational-moral approach to care. We conclude that decisions about mitigation measures should be the result of a dialogic process on multiple levels so that a desired balance between practical good care and relational-moral good care can be determined.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Aged , COVID-19/epidemiology , Humans , Narration , Nursing Homes , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
7.
Mem Cognit ; 50(2): 397-406, 2022 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1687087

ABSTRACT

Memories are not always accurately recalled, and one factor that influences memory is the goal of retrieval. Evidence suggests that retrieving a memory to fit a social goal affects the content that is recollected, yet the nature of this effect, and whether this effect remains stable over time, is not fully understood. To this end, we compared the effect of retrieving a complex event (i.e., a narrative) motivated by a social versus an accuracy goal both immediately and after a 24-hour consolidation period. Three groups of young adults encoded audio narratives and recalled these narratives immediately (Session 1) and again after a 24-hour delay (Session 2). One group recalled the narratives to meet a social goal across both sessions (social); another group recalled the narratives for an accuracy goal across both sessions (accuracy); and a final group initially recalled the narratives for a social goal (Session 1) and then for an accuracy goal (Session 2; mixed). We found no effect of group on the number of details that described the overall theme (central details); however, a social goal significantly reduced the number of specific (episodic) details and altered the order in which the details were described. When the goal of retrieval changed across session (i.e., mixed group), the reduction in specific details remained but not the effect on detail order. These results demonstrate that socially motivated memory retrieval selectively alters the specific episodic content contained in the memory, leaving intact the thematic knowledge and overall structure of the memory.


Subject(s)
Goals , Memory, Episodic , Humans , Mental Recall , Narration , Young Adult
8.
PLoS One ; 17(2): e0262905, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1666763

ABSTRACT

Religious responses to COVID-19 as portrayed in a major news source raise the issue of conflict or cooperation between religious bodies and public health authorities. We compared articles in the New York Times relating to religion and COVID-19 with the COVID-19 statements posted on 63 faith-based organizations' web sites, and with the guidance documents published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and World Health Organization (WHO) specifically for religious bodies. We used computational text analysis to identify and compare sentiments and topics in the three bodies of text. Sentiment analysis showed consistent positive values for faith-based organizations' texts throughout the period. The initial negative sentiment of religion-COVID-19 coverage in the New York Times rose over the period and eventually converged with the consistently positive sentiment of faith-based documents. In our topic modelling analysis, rank order and regression analysis showed that topic prevalence was similar in the faith-based and public health sources, and both showed statistically significant differences from the New York Times. We conclude that there is evidence of both narratives and counter-narratives, and that these showed demonstrable shifts over time. Text analysis of public documents shows alignment of the interests of public health and religious bodies, which can be discerned for the benefit of communities if parties are trusted and religious messages are consistent with public health communications.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Health Promotion/methods , Narration , Pandemics/prevention & control , Religion and Science , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/virology , Humans , New York/epidemiology , Newspapers as Topic , Public Health , Social Media
9.
J Am Assoc Nurse Pract ; 34(1): 1-2, 2022 01 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1631065
10.
Nurs Open ; 9(2): 908-919, 2022 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1616038

ABSTRACT

AIM: The review aimed to present a synthesis of nurses' preparedness for infectious disease and the components of emergency preparedness. DESIGN: Narrative synthesis. METHODS: A systematic search and screening for relevant studies were conducted to locate the relevant articles. The included studies were examined for scientific quality using the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool. The findings of included studies were synthesized by a narrative synthesis approach. RESULTS: Totally 15 studies were included, and 4 themes associated with nurses' preparedness for pandemic were identified: knowledge and skills, psychological preparation, external resources, and attitude and intention. CONCLUSIONS: Most nurses express a positive willingness to respond to epidemics, although they do not believe they are adequately prepared. Some measures should be taken for improving nurses' emergency preparedness, including providing ongoing training, protective equipment, safe working environment and psychological intervention, improving nurses' resilience and accelerating the sharing of scientific information about epidemics.


Subject(s)
Civil Defense , Pandemics , Disease Outbreaks/prevention & control , Humans , Narration , Pandemics/prevention & control
11.
Movimento (Porto Alegre) ; 27: e27070, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1614467

ABSTRACT

Resumo A implementação do ensino remoto em decorrência da pandemia da covid-19 se configurou como uma nova e complexa realidade para as comunidades escolares. Neste contexto, o objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar as experiências de professores-pesquisadores de Educação Física com o ensino remoto em Institutos Federais. Embasada na perspectiva freireana e na teoria social da aprendizagem, a pesquisa foi desenvolvida com abordagem qualitativa e colaborativa através do método da narrativa autobiográfica. Oito professores-pesquisadores participaram do estudo. Os dados foram gerados a partir de narrativas produzidas pelos professores-pesquisadores e foram analisados através de comparações constantes. Como resultados, quatro temas foram identificados: novos cenários e desafios; aproximação e colaboração entre pares; conectando com os estudantes; e repensando as aulas de Educação Física. Em conclusão, as experiências docentes envolveram respostas transformadoras frente aos limites encontrados no ensino remoto, incluindo a escuta dos estudantes e a formação de um grupo de estudos e aprendizagem colaborativa.


Resumen La implementación de la enseñanza remota como resultado de la pandemia COVID-19 se ha convertido en una realidad nueva y compleja para las comunidades escolares. En este contexto, el objetivo de este trabajo ha sido analizar las experiencias de profesores-investigadores de Educación Física con la enseñanza remota en Institutos Federales. Con base en la perspectiva freireana y en la teoría social del aprendizaje, la investigación se desarrolló con enfoque cualitativo y colaborativo, a través del método de la narrativa autobiográfica. Ocho profesores-investigadores participaron del estudio. Los datos se generaron a partir de narrativas elaboradas por los profesores-investigadores y se analizaron mediante comparaciones constantes. Como resultados, se identificaron cuatro temas: nuevos escenarios y desafíos; aproximación y colaboración entre pares; conectando con los estudiantes; y repensando las clases de Educación Física. En conclusión, las experiencias docentes implicaron respuestas transformadoras frente a los límites encontrados en la enseñanza remota, incluyendo escuchar a los estudiantes y formar un grupo de estudios y aprendizaje colaborativo.


Abstract The implementation of remote learning as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic has become a new and complex reality for school communities. In this context, the aim of this study was to analyse the experiences of Physical Education teacher-researchers with remote learning in federal institutes. Based on the Freirean perspective and social learning theory, the study was developed with a qualitative and collaborative approach, through autobiographical narrative method. Eight teacher-researchers participated in the study. Data were generated from narratives produced by teacher-researchers and were analysed through constant comparisons. As findings, four themes were identified: new scenarios and challenges; collaboration among peers; connecting with students; and rethinking Physical Education classes. In conclusion, teachers' experiences involved transformative responses to the limits faced in remote learning, including listening to students' voice, and forming a study group for collaborative learning.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Physical Education and Training , Pandemics , Interdisciplinary Placement , COVID-19 , Learning , Narration
12.
Movimento (Porto Alegre) ; 27: e27070, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1609142

ABSTRACT

Resumo A implementação do ensino remoto em decorrência da pandemia da covid-19 se configurou como uma nova e complexa realidade para as comunidades escolares. Neste contexto, o objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar as experiências de professores-pesquisadores de Educação Física com o ensino remoto em Institutos Federais. Embasada na perspectiva freireana e na teoria social da aprendizagem, a pesquisa foi desenvolvida com abordagem qualitativa e colaborativa através do método da narrativa autobiográfica. Oito professores-pesquisadores participaram do estudo. Os dados foram gerados a partir de narrativas produzidas pelos professores-pesquisadores e foram analisados através de comparações constantes. Como resultados, quatro temas foram identificados: novos cenários e desafios; aproximação e colaboração entre pares; conectando com os estudantes; e repensando as aulas de Educação Física. Em conclusão, as experiências docentes envolveram respostas transformadoras frente aos limites encontrados no ensino remoto, incluindo a escuta dos estudantes e a formação de um grupo de estudos e aprendizagem colaborativa.


Resumen La implementación de la enseñanza remota como resultado de la pandemia COVID-19 se ha convertido en una realidad nueva y compleja para las comunidades escolares. En este contexto, el objetivo de este trabajo ha sido analizar las experiencias de profesores-investigadores de Educación Física con la enseñanza remota en Institutos Federales. Con base en la perspectiva freireana y en la teoría social del aprendizaje, la investigación se desarrolló con enfoque cualitativo y colaborativo, a través del método de la narrativa autobiográfica. Ocho profesores-investigadores participaron del estudio. Los datos se generaron a partir de narrativas elaboradas por los profesores-investigadores y se analizaron mediante comparaciones constantes. Como resultados, se identificaron cuatro temas: nuevos escenarios y desafíos; aproximación y colaboración entre pares; conectando con los estudiantes; y repensando las clases de Educación Física. En conclusión, las experiencias docentes implicaron respuestas transformadoras frente a los límites encontrados en la enseñanza remota, incluyendo escuchar a los estudiantes y formar un grupo de estudios y aprendizaje colaborativo.


Abstract The implementation of remote learning as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic has become a new and complex reality for school communities. In this context, the aim of this study was to analyse the experiences of Physical Education teacher-researchers with remote learning in federal institutes. Based on the Freirean perspective and social learning theory, the study was developed with a qualitative and collaborative approach, through autobiographical narrative method. Eight teacher-researchers participated in the study. Data were generated from narratives produced by teacher-researchers and were analysed through constant comparisons. As findings, four themes were identified: new scenarios and challenges; collaboration among peers; connecting with students; and rethinking Physical Education classes. In conclusion, teachers' experiences involved transformative responses to the limits faced in remote learning, including listening to students' voice, and forming a study group for collaborative learning.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Physical Education and Training , Pandemics , Interdisciplinary Placement , COVID-19 , Learning , Narration
13.
Lit Med ; 39(2): 219-226, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1574368

Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Humans , Narration
14.
J Med Internet Res ; 23(2): e25429, 2021 02 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1575482

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: As the number of COVID-19 cases increased precipitously in the United States, policy makers and health officials marshalled their pandemic responses. As the economic impacts multiplied, anecdotal reports noted the increased use of web-based crowdfunding to defray these costs. OBJECTIVE: We examined the web-based crowdfunding response in the early stage of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States to understand the incidence of initiation of COVID-19-related campaigns and compare them to non-COVID-19-related campaigns. METHODS: On May 16, 2020, we extracted all available data available on US campaigns that contained narratives and were created between January 1 and May 10, 2020, on GoFundMe. We identified the subset of COVID-19-related campaigns using keywords relevant to the COVID-19 pandemic. We explored the incidence of COVID-19-related campaigns by geography, by category, and over time, and we compared the characteristics of the campaigns to those of non-COVID-19-related campaigns after March 11, when the pandemic was declared. We then used a natural language processing algorithm to cluster campaigns by narrative content using overlapping keywords. RESULTS: We found that there was a substantial increase in overall GoFundMe web-based crowdfunding campaigns in March, largely attributable to COVID-19-related campaigns. However, as the COVID-19 pandemic persisted and progressed, the number of campaigns per COVID-19 case declined more than tenfold across all states. The states with the earliest disease burden had the fewest campaigns per case, indicating a lack of a case-dependent response. COVID-19-related campaigns raised more money, had a longer narrative description, and were more likely to be shared on Facebook than other campaigns in the study period. CONCLUSIONS: Web-based crowdfunding appears to be a stopgap for only a minority of campaigners. The novelty of an emergency likely impacts both campaign initiation and crowdfunding success, as it reflects the affective response of a community. Crowdfunding activity likely serves as an early signal for emerging needs and societal sentiment for communities in acute distress that could be used by governments and aid organizations to guide disaster relief and policy.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Crowdsourcing/statistics & numerical data , Financial Support , COVID-19/economics , Cost of Illness , Cross-Sectional Studies , Crowdsourcing/economics , Government , Humans , Narration , Natural Language Processing , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , United States/epidemiology
15.
Vet Rec ; 189(10): 381, 2021 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1536185
16.
PLoS One ; 16(11): e0260238, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1526698

ABSTRACT

Simulation may be an effective educational strategy for undergraduate nursing students to experience evidence-based practice. The aim of this scoping review is to explore such simulations to discover the design characteristics that best achieve this goal. In this review, we will consider studies in which the focus was on evidence-based practice-related simulation programs for undergraduate students in academic, clinical, or virtual settings. We will also focus on the active learning strategies applied in such simulation programs. This scoping review will be conducted in accordance with the Joanna Briggs Institute methodology. Studies will be searched in Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE; PubMed), the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), the Education Resources Information Center (ERIC), and the Excerpta Medica database (EMBASE). Sources of unpublished studies/gray literature will not be included in this scoping review. Data extraction will be undertaken by using a data-extraction tool developed by the reviewers, based on the National League for Nursing Jeffries Simulation Theory. Via a narrative summary and tabulated results, we will describe how the simulation programs were designed or implemented in an undergraduate curriculum.


Subject(s)
Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate/methods , Evidence-Based Practice/methods , Students, Nursing/statistics & numerical data , Curriculum/statistics & numerical data , Educational Status , Humans , Narration
17.
Community Ment Health J ; 57(1): 144-152, 2021 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1453785

ABSTRACT

This Is My Brave (TIMB) is a contact-based mental illness stigma reduction program set in theaters. A randomized controlled trial of TIMB, compared the effect of TIMB videos to a comparison and control condition video. Pre- and post-surveys (153 adults) assessed mental illness stigma, beliefs about recovery and empowerment, and willingness to seek treatment. Univariate ANCOVAs revealed participants in the TIMB video condition experienced a greater reduction in perceived difference from people with mental illnesses than the comparison and control groups. Participants in the comparison and TIMB video conditions experienced greater reductions in social distance than the control group. Contrary to our hypothesis, participants in the TIMB video condition did not endorse improved beliefs about recovery and empowerment as compared to the comparison and control groups. These findings provide evidence for TIMB as an effective program for stigma reduction, particularly reducing perceived difference from people with mental illnesses and decreasing desired social distance.


Subject(s)
Communication , Mental Disorders , Social Stigma , Adult , Humans , Mental Disorders/therapy , Narration , Surveys and Questionnaires
18.
Health Aff (Millwood) ; 40(9): 1354-1358, 2021 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1409184

ABSTRACT

A Denver program is helping people capture images and write narratives to help in their mental health recovery.


Subject(s)
Mental Disorders , Mental Health Recovery , Humans , Mental Disorders/therapy , Mental Health , Narration
19.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0256358, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1381281

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Seldom in history does one get a 'front row seat'-with large-scale dynamic data-on how online news media narratives shift with a global pandemic. News media narratives matter because they shape societal perceptions and influence the core tent poles of our society, from the economy to elections. Given its importance-and with the benefit of hindsight-we provide a systematic framework to analyze news narratives of Covid-19, laying the groundwork to evaluate policy and risk communications. OBJECTIVES: We leverage a 10-billion-word-database of online news, taken from over 7,000 English newspapers and magazines across 20 countries, culminating in 28 million articles. First, we track the volume of Covid-19 conversations across 20 countries from before to during the pandemic (Oct'19 to May'20). Second, we distill the phases of global pandemic narratives, and elucidate regional differences. METHODS: To track the volume of Covid-19 narratives, we identified 10 target terms-Coronavirus, Covid-19, Covid, nCoV, SARS-CoV-2, Wuhan Virus, Virus, Disease, Epidemic, Pandemic-and tracked their combined monthly prevalence across eight months from October 2019 through May 2020. Globally, across 20 countries, we identified 18,042,855 descriptors of the target terms. Further, these descriptors were analysed with natural language processing models to generate the top five topics of Covid-19 that were labelled by two independent researchers. This process was repeated across six continents to distil regional topics. RESULTS: Our model found four phases of online news media narratives: Pre-pandemic, Early, Peak and Recovery. Pre-pandemic narratives (Oct'19-Dec'19) were divergent across regions with Africa focused on monkeypox, Asia on dengue fever, and North America on Lyme disease and AIDS. Early (Jan-Feb'20) and Peak Pandemic (Mar-May'20) evidenced a global convergence, reflecting the omnipresence of Covid-19. The brief transition from early to peak pandemic narratives underscored the pandemic's rapid spread. Emerging from the embers of the pandemic's peak were nascent recovery words that are regionally divergent-Oceania focused on hope and an uncertain future while North America centered on re-opening the economy and tackling discrimination. CONCLUSIONS: Practically, we presented a media barometer of Covid-19, and provided a framework to analyse the pandemic's impact on societal perceptions-laying the important groundwork for policy makers to evaluate policy communications, and design risk communication strategies.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Mass Media , Narration , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Social Media , Humans
20.
Soc Sci Med ; 286: 114326, 2021 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1364478

ABSTRACT

Callard and Perego depict long Covid as the first illness to be defined by patients who came together on social media. Responding to their call to address why patients were so effective in making long Covid visible and igniting action to improve its care, we use narrative inquiry - a field of research that investigates the place and power of stories and storytelling. We analyse a large dataset of narrative interviews and focus groups with 114 people with long Covid (45 of whom were healthcare professionals) from the United Kingdom, drawing on socio-narratology (Frank), therapeutic emplotment (Mattingly) and polyphonia (Bakhtin). We describe how storytelling devices including chronology, metaphor, characterisation, suspense and imagination were used to create persuasive accounts of a strange and frightening new condition that was beset with setbacks and overlooked or dismissed by health professionals. The most unique feature of long Covid narratives (in most but not all cases) was the absence, for various pandemic-related reasons, of a professional witness to them. Instead of sharing their narratives in therapeutic dialogue with their own clinician, people struggled with a fragmented inner monologue before finding an empathetic audience and other resonant narratives in the online community. Individually, the stories seemed to make little sense. Collectively, they provided a rich description of the diverse manifestations of a grave new illness, a shared account of rejection by the healthcare system, and a powerful call for action to fix the broken story. Evolving from individual narrative postings to collective narrative drama, long Covid communities challenged the prevailing model of Covid-19 as a short-lived respiratory illness which invariably delivers a classic triad of symptoms; undertook and published peer-reviewed research to substantiate its diverse and protracted manifestations; and gained positions as experts by experience on guideline development groups and policy taskforces.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , COVID-19/complications , Communication , Humans , Narration , SARS-CoV-2
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