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Liver Int ; 43(3): 580-587, 2023 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2193006


We explored the shared pathophysiological mechanisms between COVID-19 and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) by integrating multi-omics data. We studied common genetic risk factors and underlying biological processes using functional enrichment analysis. To understand the sex-specific pathways involved in the clinical course of SARS-CoV-2 infection, we processed sex-stratified data from COVID-19 genome-wide association datasets. We further explored the transcriptional signature of the liver cells in healthy and COVID-19 tissue specimens. We also integrated genetic and metabolomic information. We found that COVID-19 and NAFLD share biological disease mechanisms, including pathways that regulate the inflammatory and lipopolysaccharide response. Single-cell transcriptomics revealed enrichment of complement-related pathways in Kupffer cells, syndecan-mediated signalling in plasma cells, and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition in hepatic stellate cells. The strategy of pathway-level analysis of genomic and metabolomic data uncovered l-lactic acid, Krebs cycle intermediate compounds, arachidonic acid and cortisol among the most prominent shared metabolites.

COVID-19 , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Male , Female , Humans , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/genetics , Multiomics , Genome-Wide Association Study , SARS-CoV-2 , Liver/metabolism
Eur J Med Res ; 27(1): 251, 2022 Nov 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2115714


BACKGROUND: Patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) may be more susceptible to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and even more likely to suffer from severe COVID-19. Whether there is a common molecular pathological basis for COVID-19 and NAFLD remains to be identified. The present study aimed to elucidate the transcriptional alterations shared by COVID-19 and NAFLD and to identify potential compounds targeting both diseases. METHODS: Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) for COVID-19 and NAFLD were extracted from the GSE147507 and GSE89632 datasets, and common DEGs were identified using the Venn diagram. Subsequently, we constructed a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network based on the common DEGs and extracted hub genes. Then, we performed gene ontology (GO) and pathway analysis of common DEGs. In addition, transcription factors (TFs) and miRNAs regulatory networks were constructed, and drug candidates were identified. RESULTS: We identified a total of 62 common DEGs for COVID-19 and NAFLD. The 10 hub genes extracted based on the PPI network were IL6, IL1B, PTGS2, JUN, FOS, ATF3, SOCS3, CSF3, NFKB2, and HBEGF. In addition, we also constructed TFs-DEGs, miRNAs-DEGs, and protein-drug interaction networks, demonstrating the complex regulatory relationships of common DEGs. CONCLUSION: We successfully extracted 10 hub genes that could be used as novel therapeutic targets for COVID-19 and NAFLD. In addition, based on common DEGs, we propose some potential drugs that may benefit patients with COVID-19 and NAFLD.

COVID-19 , MicroRNAs , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Humans , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/genetics , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/metabolism , Gene Regulatory Networks , Systems Biology , Gene Expression Profiling , Computational Biology , COVID-19/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics